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Post-Soviet Ukraine


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Post-Soviet Ukraine

  1. 1. Post-Soviet Ukraine April 11, 2007
  2. 2. I In 2004, Ukraine reached a critical juncture on its path to democratic consolidation. II III IV V
  3. 3. I Ukraine turned away from the autocratic path of Russia with its Orange Revolution. II III IV V
  4. 4. I How did Ukraine overcome its problems to move gingerly towards democracy? II III IV V
  5. 5. We can examine Ukraine from the three I "treatments" and theories of democratization. II III IV V
  6. 6. I Ukraine had a lot of help from the outside and a division between East and West. II III IV V
  7. 7. In the beginning, Ukraine's post-Soviet I political development closely followed Russia's. II III IV V
  8. 8. ‣ Ukraine's second president, Leonid I Kuchma, was a cross between Yeltsin and Putin. II III IV V
  9. 9. I ‣‣ He was a former factory manger, closely connected with Ukraine's own oligarchs. II III IV V
  10. 10. I ‣‣ During his time in office, being a journalist in Ukraine was very deadly. II III IV V
  11. 11. ‣‣ Kuchma utilized "administrative I resources" to solidify his power and support. II III IV V
  12. 12. ‣ Under Kuchma, it seemed Ukraine lacked I the norms and culture to make democracy work. II III IV V
  13. 13. I ‣‣ The media was heavily biased against the political opposition. II III IV V
  14. 14. I ‣‣ Political opposition was harassed and rumors were used to suppress support. II III IV V
  15. 15. I ‣‣ Parliament was controlled by pro-Kuchma parties backed by the oligarchs. II III IV V
  16. 16. I ‣ Kuchma attempted to manipulate the 2004 election in favor of his chosen successor. II III IV V
  17. 17. ‣‣ Viktor Yanukovych beat Viktor I Yushchenko in a second-round runoff in Nov 2004. II III IV V
  18. 18. I ‣‣ The validity of the second-round election results were challenged. II III IV V
  19. 19. I ‣‣ The subsequent overturning of those results is called the Orange Revolution. II III IV V
  20. 20. I The Orange Revolution was a break from Ukraine’s past. II III IV V
  21. 21. I ‣ There are several key decisions that make the Orange Revolution a critical juncture. II III IV V
  22. 22. I ‣‣ Yushchenko's supporters choose to peacefully protest the rigged election. II III IV V
  23. 23. I ‣‣ Ukraine's Supreme Court choose to hear the fraud case and rule against Kuchma. II III IV V
  24. 24. I ‣‣ Kuchma choose to support the findings of the Supreme Court. II III IV V
  25. 25. I ‣ One reason these choices were possible was the divide between East and West. II III IV V
  26. 26. I ‣‣ Eastern Ukraine leans towards Russia. Western Ukraine leans towards Europe. II III IV V
  27. 27. I ‣‣ Yanukovych's fraudulent victory was seen as a sign of Russian interference. II III IV V
  28. 28. I ‣‣ Westerners did not want to see their political victory stolen by the Russians. II III IV V
  29. 29. I ‣ The other major reason these choices were possible was the influence of the West. II III IV V
  30. 30. I ‣‣ The protesters were helped by foreign NGOs who helped them organize. II III IV V
  31. 31. I ‣‣ The Supreme Court was counseled on elections by legal experts from the U.S. II III IV V
  32. 32. I ‣‣ The obvious fraud cut off any legitimacy Kuchma might have had if he denied it. II III IV V
  33. 33. I The Orange Revolution was possible because a small group of people had efficacy. II III IV V
  34. 34. I How did Ukraine overcome its problems to move gingerly towards democracy? II III IV V
  35. 35. I By the finding an issue that demanded their attention and getting help from the outside. II III IV V
  36. 36. I In the short-term, Ukraine made a sudden and unexpected turn towards democracy. II III IV V
  37. 37. I In the long-term, the success of the Orange Revolution is still being evaluated. II III IV V