Spanish3(2)

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Notes on the subjunctive mood's uses.

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Spanish3(2)

  1. 1. Phrases that set you up for… <ul><li>THE SUBJUNCTIVE!! </li></ul>
  2. 2. Phrases used to express… W ISHES *Ojal á que… (may it be that…) *desear que… (to desire that…) *querer (e-ie) que… (to want…) *aconsejar que… ( to advise that…) *exigir que… (to demand that…) *insisitir en que…. ( to insist that…) *mandar que… (to command that…) *recomendar (e-ie) que… (to recommend that…) *suplicar que… (to plead that…) *pedir (e-i) que… (to ask that…) *sugerir (e-ie) que… ( to suggest that…) *esperar que… (to hope that…) *rogar (o-ue) que… (to beg that…)
  3. 3. Phrases used to express… EMOTIONS <ul><li>Me alegro de que… (I’m glad that…) </li></ul><ul><li>Siento que…/Lamento que… (I’m sorry that…) </li></ul><ul><li>Tengo miedo de que… (I’m afraid that…) </li></ul><ul><li>Es rid ículo que… (It is ridiculous that…) </li></ul><ul><li>Es triste que… (It is sad that…) </li></ul><ul><li>Es una lástima que… (It is a shame that…) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Phrases used to express… DOUBT or DENIAL <ul><li>Dudar que… (to doubt that…) </li></ul><ul><li>No creer que… (to not believe that…) </li></ul><ul><li>No es cierto que… (it is not true that…) </li></ul><ul><li>No es seguro que… (it is not certain that…) </li></ul><ul><li>No es verdad que…(it is not true that…) </li></ul><ul><li>Quiz ás/Quizá… (maybe…) </li></ul><ul><li>No estar seguro que… (to be unsure that…) </li></ul><ul><li>Tal vez…(Maybe…) </li></ul><ul><li>Negar (e-ie) que… (to deny that…) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Phrases used to express… IMPERSONAL EXPRESSIONS <ul><li>Es bueno que…(It is good that…) </li></ul><ul><li>Es malo que… (It is bad that…) </li></ul><ul><li>Es l ógico que… (It is logical that…) </li></ul><ul><li>Es mejor que… (It is best that…) </li></ul><ul><li>Es necesario que… (It is necessary that…) </li></ul><ul><li>Es posible que…(It is possible that…) </li></ul><ul><li>Es probable que…(It is probable that…) </li></ul><ul><li>Es raro que…(It is strange that…) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Phrases used to express… Negation/non-existence <ul><li>No hay ____ que…( there is no___ that…) </li></ul><ul><li>No hay nadie que…(There is no one that…) </li></ul><ul><li>No hay nada que… </li></ul><ul><li>(there is nothing that…) </li></ul><ul><li>No hay ning ún/ninguna _____ que… (there is none that…) </li></ul><ul><li>Buscar/querer/necesitar/ conocer/haber/____que…(to look for/need/want/to know/to be(exist ___ that…) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Phrases used to express…General expressions <ul><li>Dejar que… (to allow) </li></ul><ul><li>Permitir que…(to permit) </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibir que…(to prohibit) </li></ul><ul><li>A menos que… (unless…) </li></ul><ul><li>En caso de que… </li></ul><ul><li>(in case…) </li></ul><ul><li>Con tal de que…(on the condition that…) </li></ul><ul><li>Para que… (in order for…) </li></ul><ul><li>Antes de que… (Before…) </li></ul>
  8. 8. WATCH OUT FOR THESE ZINGERS!! <ul><li>TENER QUE= TO HAVE TO--Goes with INFINITIVE, not SUBJUNCTIVE </li></ul><ul><li>HAY QUE= SAME AS TENER QUE </li></ul><ul><li>ES NECESARIO/ES IMPORTANTE/ES BUENO/MALO…whatever (without QUE)= goes with INFINITIVE </li></ul><ul><li>ES CIERTO/No HAY DUDA/ES VERDAD…GOES WITH INDICATIVE because you are not showing doubt or denial--be careful!!!! AAARGH!!! </li></ul>
  9. 9. Now let’s try a few translations <ul><li>W: Mom and I want Dad to feed the cows. </li></ul><ul><li>E: It is sad that the dog is barking. </li></ul><ul><li>D: Fernando doubts that we have homework. </li></ul><ul><li>D: I deny that my sister is funny. </li></ul><ul><li>I: It is possible that it is drizzling (hacer una llovizna) </li></ul><ul><li>N: There is no one that speaks French (franc és). </li></ul><ul><li>G: My parents allow my cousins to eat sweets. </li></ul>

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