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Perception de compétences technologiques de futurs enseignants en début de formation aux TIC : bilan de l’an 1.

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Perception de compétences technologiques de futurs enseignants en début de formation aux TIC : bilan de l’an 1.

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Perception de compétences technologiques de futurs enseignants en début de formation aux TIC : bilan de l’an 1.

  1. 1. StéphaneVilleneuve, Ph.D. - UQAM Patrick Giroux, Ph.D. - UQAC Carole Raby, Ph.D. – UQAM Martine Peters, Ph.D. - UQO 1er mai 2014, Colloque international sur lesTIC en éducation 1
  2. 2.  Depuis plusieurs années, comme chargé de cours (chargé d’enseignement), questionnaire aux étudiants  Suite à une thèse portant sur la maitrise de la compétence professionnelleTIC (compétence 8), une mise à jour des compétences technologiques à différents niveaux sera aidante pour les formateurs en formation des maitres.  Subventionnée par le CRIFPE. 3
  3. 3.  « Les internautes de 18 à 24 ans passent significativement plus de temps que les autres groupes d’âge sur Internet, notamment en se connectant à l'aide d'un appareil mobile » (CEFRIO, 2013) 5
  4. 4.  « Les plus jeunes internautes réalisent des activités sur les médias sociaux de façon quotidienne dans des proportions supérieures à l’ensemble alors que cette tendance bascule à partir de 45 ans. » (CEFRIO, 2013) 6
  5. 5.  ETATS-UNIS  78% des adolescents possèdent un cellulaire et 47%, un téléphone intelligent » (Pew Internet, 2013). 7
  6. 6.  ETATS-UNIS  78% des adolescents possèdent un cellulaire et 47%, un téléphone intelligent » (Pew Internet, 2013). 8 Pew Internet, 2013
  7. 7. 9
  8. 8.  La compétence des enseignants à intégrer les TIC est une préoccupation importante en formation des maitres (Chai & Lim, 2011; Fox, 2007; Guoyuan Sang,Valcke, Braak, &Tondeur, 2010;Teo, Chai, Hung, & Lee, 2008)  Une maitrise de base est nécessaire pour permettre une intégration desTIC 10
  9. 9.  Si les futurs enseignants maitrisent en surface lesTIC, il n’est pas surprenant d’observer que les enseignants les utilisent peu en classe (OCDE, 2009;Yunus, 2007).  Futurs enseignants présentent des carences au niveau de cette maîtrise et de l’intégration des technologies et ce, même pour des outils de base (Enochsson & Rizza 2009) 11
  10. 10. Pedagogical Knowledge (PK) Content Knowledge (CK) 12 Technical Knowledge (TK) TPCK TCKTPK PCK Mishra, P., & Koehler, M. J. (2006). Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge: A new framework for teacher knowledge. Teachers College Record. 108(6), 1017-1054.
  11. 11. Décrire le niveau de maitrise d’outils technologiques des futurs enseignants en début de formation (avant de débuter le cours sur lesTIC) 14
  12. 12.  SCIENTIFIQUE  Mise à jour et évolution des compétences technologiques (CT) dans le temps (3 ans)  SOCIALE  En faire profiter les professeurs universitaires pour orienter les cours deTIC dans les différents baccalauréats en enseignement  Avoir un portrait de la maitrise des outils par les jeunes universitaires à la formation enseignante 15
  13. 13. 16
  14. 14.  Collecte débutée à l’automne 2013  Futurs enseignants de tous niveaux (primaire à universitaire)  1363 futurs enseignants (questionnaire) 17 17,882,2%
  15. 15. 18 Université Pourcentage 12,8 1,8 8,1 3,3 12,0 26,8 1,2 5,6 28,4 Provenance des répondants
  16. 16. 19 Préscolaire- primaire 61% Secondaire 24% Formation professionnelle 2% Collégial 12% Universitaire 1%
  17. 17.  Informations générales (9 questions)  Les technologies possédées et importance  Degré de perception de maitrise des outils (1 question – 29 sous-questions)  Importance et responsabilité (Patrick Giroux) 20
  18. 18.  Habiletés fortes : 80 % et plus de maîtrise de l’outil pour les choix de réponse « Bon », «Très bon » et « Excellent » regroupés.  Habiletés en cours de maîtrise : Entre 50 % et 79 % de maîtrise de l’outil pour les choix de réponse « Bon », «Très bon » et « Excellent » regroupés.  Habiletés à développer : 49 % et moins de maîtrise de l’outil pour les choix de réponse « Bon », «Très bon » et « Excellent » regroupés. 24
  19. 19. 0.2 0.2 2.8 27.0 58.5 11.3 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 Je ne sais pas Nul Novice Bon Très bon Expert %
  20. 20. 0.3 1.9 14.9 43.9 34.6 4.4 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 Je ne sais pas Nul Novice Bon Très bon Expert %
  21. 21. 0.6 3.6 12.1 31.5 37.4 14.8 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 Je ne sais pas Nul Novice Bon Très bon Expert %
  22. 22. 0.4 3.5 8.1 22.4 41.5 24.1 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 Je ne sais pas Nul Novice Bon Très bon Expert %
  23. 23. 0.2 0.6 3.7 23.0 45.0 27.5 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 Je ne sais pas Nul Novice Bon Très bon Expert %
  24. 24.  Traitement de texte  Logiciel de présentation  Logiciel de messagerie instantanée  Réseaux sociaux  Courrier électronique  5 outils sur 29 seulement 30
  25. 25. 1.9 18.0 24.7 28.7 20.8 5.9 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 Je ne sais pas Nul Novice Bon Très bon Expert %
  26. 26. 1.9 12.9 23.8 33.1 22.0 6.3 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 Je ne sais pas Nul Novice Bon Très bon Expert %
  27. 27. 0.9 6.0 14.2 29.6 34.0 15.3 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 Je ne sais pas Nul Novice Bon Très bon Expert %
  28. 28. 1.4 8.6 23.5 30.9 26.7 8.9 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 Je ne sais pas Nul Novice Bon Très bon Expert %
  29. 29.  Wiki  Caméra numérique  Vidéoconférence  Site de partage vidéo 35
  30. 30. 1.2 18.9 37.1 28.5 12.1 2.2 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 Je ne sais pas Nul Novice Bon Très bon Expert %
  31. 31. 20.6 42.8 24.6 8.3 2.9 0.8 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 Je ne sais pas Nul Novice Bon Très bon Expert %
  32. 32. 39 17.6 41.0 24.9 11.0 4.5 1.0 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 Je ne sais pas Nul Novice Bon Très bon Expert %
  33. 33. 68.1 15.7 11.4 3.3 1.2 0.3 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 Je ne sais pas Nul Novice Bon Très bon Expert %
  34. 34. 9.1 43.6 27.0 11.0 7.7 1.6 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 Je ne sais pas Nul Novice Bon Très bon Expert %
  35. 35. 45.8 24.8 16.8 8.5 3.4 0.7 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 Je ne sais pas Nul Novice Bon Très bon Expert %
  36. 36. 10.7 32.6 24.2 19.0 10.6 2.9 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 Je ne sais pas Nul Novice Bon Très bon Expert %
  37. 37. 27.1 36.4 19.9 8.9 6.5 1.2 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 Je ne sais pas Nul Novice Bon Très bon Expert %%
  38. 38. 23.4 27.6 24.8 15.9 5.8 2.5 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 Je ne sais pas Nul Novice Bon Très bon Expert %
  39. 39. 15.4 20.8 29.1 20.3 11.1 3.3 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 Je ne sais pas Nul Novice Bon Très bon Expert %
  40. 40. 64.2 17.5 12.6 4.0 1.5 0.2 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 Je ne sais pas Nul Novice Bon Très bon Expert %
  41. 41. 49.2 20.4 15.9 9.2 4.0 1.3 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 Je ne sais pas Nul Novice Bon Très bon Expert %
  42. 42. 67.7 18.4 9.7 3.3 0.5 0.4 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 Je ne sais pas Nul Novice Bon Très bon Expert %
  43. 43. 67.5 17.8 8.7 3.5 1.5 1.0 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 Je ne sais pas Nul Novice Bon Très bon Expert %
  44. 44. 71.7 15.8 8.9 2.5 0.7 0.4 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 Je ne sais pas Nul Novice Bon Très bon Expert %
  45. 45.  Chiffrier électronique  Logiciel de création de pages Web  Logiciel de traitement de l’image  Blogues  Signets sociaux  Baladodiffusion  Microblogues  Portfolio électronique  Logiciel de montage vidéo  Logiciel de montage audio  Logiciel de recherche bibliographique  Forums de discussion 56
  46. 46.  Logiciel de dépôt de fichier  Exerciseur  Logiciel de collaboration  TBI  Télévoteurs  Logiciel de cartes conceptuelles  Liste de distribution  Fil RSS 57
  47. 47. 17% des outils technologiques sont perçus comme étant fortement maitrisés en début de formation 58
  48. 48. 14% des outils technologiques sont perçus comme étant fortement maitrisés en début de formation 59
  49. 49. 69% des outils technologiques sont perçus comme étant faiblement maitrisés en début de formation 60
  50. 50.  5 facteurs émergent 61
  51. 51. 62
  52. 52.  ...de la présence des technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC) à l'école ?  3,96 ± 0,83  Test-t: Ne montre aucune différence au niveau du genre  Tendance:  Femmes (x=3,97)  Hommes (x=3,88) 63
  53. 53.  ...de la maitrise des technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC) en éducation par les ENSEIGNANTS ?  4,25 ± 0,82  Test-t: Ne montre aucune différence au niveau du genre  Tendance  Femmes (x=4,26)  Hommes (x=4,17) 64
  54. 54.  ...de la maitrise des technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC) en éducation par les ÉLÈVES ?  3,78 ± 0,82  Test-t: Ne montre aucune différence au niveau du genre  Tendance  Femmes (x=3,79)  Hommes (x=3,76) 65
  55. 55. 1. Maitrise par les enseignants 2. Présence desTIC en éducation 3. Maitrise par les élèves 66
  56. 56. 67
  57. 57.  Outils simples d’utilisation ou directement liés à leur divertissement personnel = maitrise élevée  Constat: Formation auxTIC semble toujours pertinente à moins que soit intégrées massivement les outils de façon transversale 68
  58. 58.  La tâche est cependant lourde et représente un défi : 15 semaines de cours vs 21 outils qui ne sont pas du tout maitrisés  Approche-programme se doit d’être plus présente 69
  59. 59. 70 Toutes les images proviennent de FreeDigitalPhotos.net
  60. 60. Toutes les images proviennent de FreeDigitalPhotos.net 71

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