Writing Process IT Tema3

1,389 views

Published on

Tutorial del proceso de escritura en inglés para estudiantes hispanohablantes.

Published in: Education, Business
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,389
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
41
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
30
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • ESTE ES UN TUTORIAL DE ESCRITURA EN INGLES PARA ESTUDIANTES DE HABLA HISPNAN DE NIVEL INTERMEDIO. ESTE TUTORIAL CONTINE TODOS LOS PASOS NECESARIOS PARA ELABORAR UN ESCRITO ORGANIZADO Y COHERENTE
  • EN PRINCIPIO HAY QUE DESTACAR LA IMPORTANCIA DE ESCRIBIR CORRECTAMENT PUESTO QUE SE PUEDEN TENER GRAN CANTIDAD DE BUENAS IDEAS
  • Writing Process IT Tema3

    1. 1. THE WRITING PROCESS Prof. Patricia Murillo
    2. 2. Importance of good writing <ul><li>You can have fantastic ideas, but if those ideas are not presented in an organized fashion , you will fail to get your meaning across to your readers. </li></ul>
    3. 3. The writing process <ul><li>The purpose of the writing process is to help you give structure and unity to the creation of an understandable and coherent piece of writing. </li></ul>
    4. 4. The process of writing involves… <ul><li>Prewriting. </li></ul><ul><li>Organizing. </li></ul><ul><li>Revising. </li></ul><ul><li>Editing. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Overview Writing Process Prewriting Organizing Revising Editing ideas topic technique organize & develop ideas expand & clarify ideas identify form errors & use checklist
    6. 6. Overview Writing Process Prewriting Organizing Revising Editing ideas topic technique organize & develop ideas expand & clarify ideas identify form errors & use checklist
    7. 8. Prewriting <ul><li>Generate ideas. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What, why, how…? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not necessary to write complete sentences. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Narrow a topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Choose a prewriting technique. </li></ul>
    8. 9. Prewriting techniques <ul><li>Listing </li></ul><ul><li>Clustering </li></ul><ul><li>Charting </li></ul>
    9. 10. Listing <ul><li>Topic: Ideal job / teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Like children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Like to work in a school </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Like to help others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Patient </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interesting work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Convenient schedule </li></ul></ul>
    10. 11. Clustering Ideal job : Teacher Convenient schedule Like children Interesting work Creative Extra time for baby son Enjoy spending time with them Understand them Have great ideas Try new material Always learning Cluster Diagram
    11. 12. Cluster Diagram Download diagram
    12. 13. Charting Competitive Well paid 5. Accountant Long hours Plenty of demand 4. Technician Stressful Good salary 3. Manager Competitive Flexible schedule 2. Dentist Demanding Vacation 1. Teacher Disadvantages Advantages Ideal job:
    13. 14. Charting Download diagram
    14. 15. Overview Writing Process Prewriting Organizing Revising Editing ideas topic technique organize & develop ideas expand & clarify ideas identify form errors & use checklist
    15. 17. Organizing <ul><li>Helps you to organize and develop your ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>Organize your ideas using: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tree diagrams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outlines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Make sure to have : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Topic sentence (TS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supporting sentences (SS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concluding sentence (CS) </li></ul></ul>
    16. 18. Tree Diagram A tree diagram helps connect ideas to a main topic! Ideal job : Teacher Like children Creative Enjoy spending time with them Convenient schedule Understand them Have great ideas Try new material Extra time to care for her baby son Can take an evening course
    17. 19. Tree Diagram A tree diagram helps connect ideas to a main topic! Download diagram
    18. 20. Outline <ul><li>Topic Sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supporting sentence 1. (Reason, advantage) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Detail. (supports the reason) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supporting sentence 2. (Reason, disadvantage) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Detail. (supports the disadvantage) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concluding sentence </li></ul></ul>An outline helps you to organize your ideas before you write.
    19. 21. Outline <ul><li>_______________________________ (TS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>__________________________________ (SS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>__________________________________________ (detail) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>__________________________________________ (detail) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>__________________________________ (SS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>__________________________________________ (detail) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>__________________________________________ (detail) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>__________________________________ (CS) </li></ul></ul>A outline helps you to organize your ideas before you write. Download diagram
    20. 22. Topic sentence <ul><li>States the main </li></ul><ul><li>idea of the paragraph. </li></ul>
    21. 23. Supporting sentences <ul><li>Explain the main idea with specific details and examples. </li></ul><ul><li>You can start them with : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First of all, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Then, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finally, </li></ul></ul>
    22. 24. Concluding sentence <ul><li>Restates the main idea of the topic sentence : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For all these reasons,… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It can also : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Suggest a solution : For all these reasons, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Express an opinion : In my opinion, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give a recommendation : I think that, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make a prediction : In the future,…Children will,… People are going to… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Catch the reader's attention with : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A question : Wouldn ' t you like to…? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An interjection : Come and join me…! </li></ul></ul>
    23. 25. Paragraph format <ul><li>Has a five to seven space indentation . </li></ul><ul><li>Is a collection of related sentences dealing with a single topic . </li></ul><ul><li>Develops only one main idea . </li></ul><ul><li>Has from three to eleven sentences . </li></ul><ul><li>If your paragraph gets too long or begins to transition </li></ul><ul><li>into a new idea, it is time to start a new paragraph . </li></ul>A paragraph…
    24. 26. Outline <ul><li>My ideal job is to be a teacher. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Like children. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enjoy spending time with them. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Understand them. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Convenient schedule. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Extra time for baby son. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Take evening course. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For all these reasons,… </li></ul></ul>
    25. 27. Write your paragraph <ul><li>I want to be a teacher! </li></ul><ul><li>I would like to be a teacher. I like this job for several reasons. First of all, I like children very much. I enjoy spending time with children and organizing new games for them. I also understand them well, and I always try to see the world from their point of view. Second, I think that teachers have a very convenient schedule because they finish their work in the afternoon. This is excellent for me because I can go home early, and care for my baby son. I am also considering to enroll in my neighborhood college for an evening course, so that I can continue with my education. For all these reasons, I think that teaching is the perfect job for me. </li></ul>
    26. 28. Write your paragraph <ul><li>I want to be a teacher! </li></ul><ul><li>I would like to be a teacher. I like this job for several reasons. First of all, I like children very much. I enjoy spending time with children and organizing new games for them. I also understand them well, and I always try to see the world from their point of view. Second, I think that teachers have a very convenient schedule because they finish their work in the afternoon. This is excellent for me because I can go home early, and care for my baby son. I am also considering to enroll in my neighborhood college for an evening course, so that I can continue with my education. For all these reasons, I think that teaching is the perfect job for me. </li></ul><ul><li>My ideal job is to be a teacher. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Like children. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enjoy spending time with them. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Understand them. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Convenient schedule. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Extra time for baby son. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Take evening course. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For all these reasons,… </li></ul></ul>Outline
    27. 29. Check paragraph format <ul><li>I want to be a teacher! </li></ul><ul><li>I would like to be a teacher. I like this job for several reasons. First of all, I like children very much. I enjoy spending time with children and organizing new games for them. I also understand them well, and I always try to see the world from their point of view. Second, I think that teachers have a very convenient schedule because they finish their work in the afternoon. This is excellent for me because I can go home early, and care for my baby son. I am also considering to enroll in my neighborhood college for an evening course, so that I can continue with my education. For all these reasons, I think that teaching is the perfect job for me. </li></ul><ul><li>Has a five to seven space indentation. </li></ul><ul><li>Is a collection of related sentences dealing with a single topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Develops only one main idea. </li></ul><ul><li>Has from three to eleven sentences. </li></ul>Your paragraph has:
    28. 30. Overview Writing Process Prewriting Organizing Revising Editing ideas topic technique organize & develop ideas expand & clarify ideas identify form errors & use checklist
    29. 32. Revising <ul><li>Focus on content. </li></ul><ul><li>Expand and polish your writing. </li></ul><ul><li>Check for unity and coherence. </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen introduction ( topic sentence) and conclusion. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What…? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Clarify and expand the support of your ideas. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why, how…? </li></ul></ul>
    30. 33. Make sure to follow the outline <ul><li>I want to be a teacher! </li></ul><ul><li>I would like to be a teacher. I like this job for several reasons. First of all, I like children very much. I enjoy spending time with children and organizing new games for them. I also understand them well, and I always try to see the world from their point of view. Second, I think that teachers have a very convenient schedule because they finish their work in the afternoon. This is excellent for me because I can go home early, and care for my baby son. I am also considering to enroll in my neighborhood college for an evening course, so that I can continue with my education. For all these reasons, I think that teaching is the perfect job for me. </li></ul><ul><li>My ideal job is to be a teacher. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Like children. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enjoy spending time with them. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Understand them . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Convenient schedule. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Extra time for baby son. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Take evening course. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For all these reasons,… </li></ul></ul>
    31. 34. Overview Writing Process Prewriting Organizing Revising Editing ideas topic technique organize & develop ideas expand & clarify ideas identify form errors & use checklist
    32. 36. Editing <ul><li>Focus on grammar and form . </li></ul><ul><li>Identify weak features and errors . </li></ul><ul><li>Use a checklist . </li></ul><ul><li>Write your final paragraph with all the corrections. </li></ul>
    33. 37. Checklist <ul><li>Does the topic sentence (TS) state the main idea of the paragraph? </li></ul><ul><li>Do I have at least 2 supporting sentences ( SS). </li></ul><ul><li>Do all the SS support the main idea? Adjectives? </li></ul><ul><li>Do I have a concluding sentence (CS)? </li></ul><ul><li>Am I using the appropriate verb tense? </li></ul><ul><li>Do I have grammar, spelling, or vocabulary errors? </li></ul><ul><li>Do I have punctuation errors? Correct use of capitals? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the paragraph formatted correctly? </li></ul>Download checklist
    34. 38. Some topics for you to practice… <ul><li>My room at home </li></ul><ul><li>A typical night at my home </li></ul><ul><li>My dream house </li></ul><ul><li>Why I like/don't like to cook </li></ul><ul><li>My best friend </li></ul><ul><li>The ideal man/woman </li></ul><ul><li>How I would spend $1000 </li></ul><ul><li>My ideal vacation </li></ul><ul><li>The differences between a good driver and bad driver </li></ul><ul><li>An accident </li></ul><ul><li>The day the airline lost my luggage </li></ul><ul><li>The high cost of living </li></ul><ul><li>When I lost my wallet </li></ul><ul><li>Why I usually/seldom/never read the newspaper </li></ul><ul><li>My favorite sport </li></ul><ul><li>The career woman and housework </li></ul><ul><li>Why I like/don't like motorcycles </li></ul><ul><li>Why I prefer hot/cold weather </li></ul><ul><li>My favorite TV show </li></ul><ul><li>Ten things I can't do without </li></ul>
    35. 39. Sources <ul><li>Mills, R., Frazier, L. (2004). NorthStar: reading and writing. Activity book. Basic . Second edition. New York: Pearson Education, Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>The Owl at Purdue. (2008). On Paragraphs . Retrieved Oct 15, 2008, from: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/606/01/ </li></ul>

    ×