Art1204 romanticism

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Art1204 romanticism

  1. 1. The Spirit of the Age (1790-1850) e  A sense of a shared vision among the Romantics. e  Early support of the French Revolution. e  Rise of the individual à alienation. e  Dehumanization of industrialization. §  Radical poetics / politics à an obsession with violent change.
  2. 2. Enlightenment Society is good, curbing violent impulses! Civilization corrupts! Romanticis m Early 19c A Growing Distrust of Reason e  The essence of human experience is subjective and emotional. e  Human knowledge is a puny thing compared to other great historical forces. e  “Individual rights” are dangerous efforts at selfishness à the community is more important.
  3. 3. The Romantic Movement e  Began in the 1790s and peaked in the 1820s. e  Mostly in Northern Europe, especially in Britain and Germany. e  A reaction against classicism. e  The “Romantic Hero:” Ø  Greatest example was Lord Byron Ø  Tremendously popular among the European reading public. Ø  Youth imitated his haughtiness and rebelliousness.
  4. 4. Characteristics of Romanticism The Engaged & Enraged Artist: § The artist apart from society. § The artist as social critic/revolutionary. § The artist as genius.
  5. 5. Wandering Above the Sea of Fog Caspar David Friedrich, 1818
  6. 6. Characteristics of Romanticism The Individual/ The Dreamer: § Individuals have unique, endless potential. § Self-realization comes through art Ø  Artists are the true philosophers.
  7. 7. The Dreamer Gaspar David Friedrich, 1835
  8. 8. Solitary Tree Caspar David Friedrich, 1823
  9. 9. Characteristics of Romanticism Glorification of Nature: §  Peaceful, restorative qualities [an escape from industrialization and the dehumanization it creates]. §  Awesome, powerful, horrifying aspects of nature. Ø  Indifferent to the fate of humans. Ø  Overwhelming power of nature.
  10. 10. An Avalanche in the Alps Philip James de Loutherbourg, 1803
  11. 11. The Deluge Francis Danby, 1840
  12. 12. Tree of Crows Caspar David Friedrich, 1822
  13. 13. Shipwreck – Joseph Turner, 1805
  14. 14. The Raft of the Medusa Théodore Géricault, 1819
  15. 15. Isaac Newton – William Blake, 1795
  16. 16. Rain, Steam, and Speed Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1844
  17. 17. Rain, Steam, & Speed (details)
  18. 18. The Slave Ship Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1842
  19. 19. The Slave Ship (details)
  20. 20. Flatford Mill – John Constable, 1817
  21. 21. The Corn Field John Constable, 1826
  22. 22. The Hay Wain - John Constable, 1821
  23. 23. Characteristics of Romanticism Revival of Past Styles: §  Gothic & Romanesque revival. §  “Neo-Gothic” architectural style. §  Medieval ruins were a favorite theme for art and poetry.
  24. 24. Salisbury Cathedral from the Bishop’s Ground John Constable, 1825
  25. 25. Salisbury Cathedral from the Meadows John Constable, 1831
  26. 26. Eldena Ruin Gaspar David Friedrich, 1825
  27. 27. Winter Landscape with Church Gaspar David Friedrich, 1811
  28. 28. Characteristics of Romanticism The Supernatural: § Ghosts, fairies, witches, demons. § The shadows of the mind—dreams & madness. § The romantics rejected materialism in pursuit of spiritual self-awareness. § They yearned for the unknown and the unknowable.
  29. 29. Abbey in an Oak Forest Caspar David Friedrich, 1809-1810
  30. 30. Mad Woman With a Mania of Envy Theodore Gericault, 1822-1823
  31. 31. Pity - William Blake, 1795
  32. 32. The Great Red Dragon and the Woman Clothed with the Sun William Blake, 1808-1810
  33. 33. Nightmare (The Incubus) Henry Fuseli, 1781
  34. 34. Saturn Devours His Son Francisco Goya, 1819-1823
  35. 35. Greece on the Ruins of Missolonghi Eugène Delacroix, 1827
  36. 36. Liberty Leading the People Eugène Delacroix, 1830
  37. 37. Detail of the Musket Bearer Delacoix, himself
  38. 38. Napoleon at the St. Bernard Pass David, 1803
  39. 39. The Shooting of May 3, 1808 Francisco Goya, 1815
  40. 40. Characteristics of Romanticism Exoticism: §  The sexy “other.” §  A sense of escape from reality. §  A psychological/moral justification of imperialism?
  41. 41. Grand Canal, Venice Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1835
  42. 42. The Fanatics of Tangiers Eugène Delacroix, 1837-1838
  43. 43. The Sultan of Morocco and His Entourage Eugène Delacroix, 1845
  44. 44. Women of Algiers in Their Apartment Eugène Delacroix, 1834
  45. 45. The Turkish Bath Jean Auguste Ingres, 1852-1863
  46. 46. The Royal Pavillion at Brighton John Nash, 1815-1823
  47. 47. God as the Architect - William Blake, 1794
  48. 48. The Cathedral Gaspar David Friedrich, 1818
  49. 49. The Cathedral (details) Gaspar David Friedrich, 1818
  50. 50. The Political Implications e  Romanticism could reinforce the greatest themes of political liberalism or political conservatism. e  Contributed to growing nationalist movements. Ø  The concepts of the Volk and the Volkgeist. Ø  The uniqueness of cultures was emphasized.

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