Arh2050 gothic

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Arh2050 gothic

  1. 1. Gothic Architecture Art Appreciation – ART1204 Professor Will Adams
  2. 2. BYZANTINE ROMANESQUE GOTHIC ART Mosaics, icons Reliefs, stylized sculpture Stained glass, more natural sculpture ARCHITECTURE Central-dome Church Barrel-vaulted Church Pointed Arch Cathedral EXAMPLE Hagia Sophia St. Sernin Chartres DATE 532-537 Begun 1080 1194-1260 PLACE Constantinople Toulose, France Chartres, France Differences In Style
  3. 3. Romanesque Gothic Radiating chapels and apse: Separate compartments. Unified, unbroken space. Vault: Mostly barrel-vaults, some groin-vaults. Groin-vaulted cathedrals. Arch type: Rounded arches. Pointed arches. Main vault support: Thick walls, buttresses. Exterior flying buttresses. Clerestory: Small windows. Large stained-glass windows. Differences In Design
  4. 4. Elevation: Horizontal, modest height. Vertical, soaring. Exterior: Plain, little decoration, solid. Ornate, delicate, lots of sculpture. Sculptural decoration: Thin, elongated, abstract figures. More realistic proportions and individualized features. Mood: Dark, gloomy. Tall, light-filled. Example: St. Sernin, Toulouse, France. Chartres Cathedral, France. Romanesque Gothic Differences In Look
  5. 5. Church of St. Sernin 1070-1120 ROMANESQUE Amiens Cathedral, 1220-1236 HIGH FRENCH GOTHIC Tallest and Largest cathedral in France Differences In Layout
  6. 6. Church of St. Sernin 1070-1120 ROMANESQUE Amiens Cathedral, 1220-1236 HIGH FRENCH GOTHIC Differences In Floorplans
  7. 7. Church of St. Sernin, 1070-1120 ROMANESQUE Amiens Cathedral, 1220-1236 HIGH FRENCH GOTHIC Differences In Facades
  8. 8. Church of St. Sernin 1070-1120 ROMANESQUE Amiens Cathedral, 1220-1236 HIGH FRENCH GOTHIC Differences in Buttressing
  9. 9. Church of St. Sernin, 1070-1120 ROMANESQUE Amiens Cathedral, 1220-1236 HIGH FRENCH GOTHIC Differences In Fenestration
  10. 10. Church of St. Sernin, 1070-1120 ROMANESQUE Amiens Cathedral, 1220-1236 HIGH FRENCH GOTHIC Differences In Naves
  11. 11. From the TYMPANUM of Church of St. Sernin, 1070-1120 From the TYMPANUM of Amiens Cathedral, 1220-1236 Differences In Tympanums
  12. 12. From the TYMPANUM of Church of St. Sernin, 1070-1120 From the TYMPANUM of Amiens Cathedral, 1220-1236 Differences In Sculpture
  13. 13. Typical Gothic Cross- Section
  14. 14. Cologne Cathedral 1248-1880 2nd largest Gothic Cathedral in the World Cologne Cathedral
  15. 15. Heights of Famous Buildings 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 Feet 481 515 986 1250 1368 2717 Khufu's Pyramid Cologne Cathedral Eiffel Tower (Paris) Empire State Bldg (NYC) World Trade Center (NYC) Burj Khalifa (Dubai) Building Height Comparison
  16. 16. ENGLISH ‘Early English' Period (1175-1250) ‘Decorated' Period (1250-1300) ‘Perpendicular' Period (1350-1400) FRENCH Early Gothic (1130-1190) High Gothic (1190–1240) Rayonnant Gothic (1240– 1350) Late Gothic or the Flamboyant style (1350– 1520) Various Gothic Styles
  17. 17. Abbey Church of St. Denis Begun 1136-1140 by Abbot Suger EARLY FRENCH GOTHIC Early French Gothic
  18. 18. Chartres Cathedral Reims Cathedral Amiens Cathedral Notre Dame Cathedral Much of the 1200s Tall Cathedrals that focused on artistic imagery as well as height High French Gothic
  19. 19. Emphasis on more light and windows St. Chapelle in Paris Rayonnant French Gothic
  20. 20. Late Gothic or FLAMBOYANT style Very dramatic s-curved or flame tracery Flamboyant French Gothic
  21. 21. ‘Early English' Period (1175-1250) Wells Cathedral, below, became Britain's first all- pointed and all- Gothic cathedral when it was rebuilt in 1175. It is considered one of the most beautiful of Britain's cathedrals, and one of the most influential as well. Its style became the template of the new trend in British cathedrals. Early English Gothic
  22. 22. Wells Cathedral ENGLISH GOTHIC Amiens Cathedral FRENCH GOTHIC Comparing English & French Gothic
  23. 23. Gloucester Cathedral ENGLISH PERPENDICULAR GOTHIC Chartres Cathedral HIGH FRENCH GOTHIC Comparing English & French Gothic
  24. 24. Canterbury Cathedral EARLY ENGLISH GOTHIC Notre Dame Cathedral HIGH FRENCH GOTHIC Comparing English & French Gothic
  25. 25. ‘Decorated' Period (1250-1300) The main characteristic of this era is the ‘bar tracery'. Here, designs in masonry ranging from the simple to the flamboyant, are set on to windows. The result is that the stonework supports of the building can become lighter. Lincoln Cathedral, England English decorated gothic
  26. 26. English decorated gothic
  27. 27. ‘Perpendicular' Period (1350-1400) This style of Gothic architecture in England is referred to as ‘Perpendicular' because of its stark, rigid exterior lines. There are elements of an Egyptian influence due to the frequent visits many English merchants, artists, and pilgrims were making to the east. Gloucester Cathedral, England English Perpendicular Gothic
  28. 28. ‘Perpendicular' Period (1350-1400) New vaulting techniques came into use that were more decorative in nature; some of these were the net vault of Gloucester Cathedral pictured below. The Perpendicular stage in Gothic became the standard for cathedral building for nearly two hundred years, or until the Reformation. Gloucester Cathedral, England English Perpendicular Gothic
  29. 29. Do you recognize the interior of Gloucester Cathedral? English Perpendicular Gothic
  30. 30. At Gloucester Cathedral (the modern film set for Harry Potter’s school, Hogwarts) creative masons create Perpendicular architecture and the elaborate and imaginative beauties of fan vaulting English Perpendicular Gothic
  31. 31. Westminster Abbey (Collegiate Church of St Peter, Westminster) 1245-1517 It is the traditional place of coronation and burial site for English monarchs. ENGLISH PERPENDICULAR GOTHIC English Perpendicular Gothic
  32. 32. English Perpendicular Gothic
  33. 33. The End

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