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Electronics Industry/Education 
Suggestions!(Theory plus Practice-PM 
Rajeev Gandhi, is the key) 
Prof Sanjeev Bahadur 
si...
IIT Delhi-Deptt of Elect Engg teaches 
Electronics,Communications,IEC
Trend in Production of 
Electronic Goods-India
Presentation discusses 
 CEERI(CSIR-Electronics Lab) Pilani 
 CEL-Solar Products 
 DEAL, Dehradun 
 BEL, Delhi 
 CDAC...
CEERI Pilani Lab
CEERI Electronics 
Pilani(CSIR Lab) 
 Agri Electronics Group: Current Activities 
 Sponsored Projects: 
 1.) Embedded O...
See Nature of Multi 
Disciplinary Engg facilities 
 2.)To develop and Install Embedded Monitoring and Control System for ...
CEERI Pilani-Continued 
 WP-1 : Coal Combustion and Gasification Technologies (CSIR-CIMFR, CSIR-CMERI, CSIR-CEERI, CSIR-N...
CEERI Pilani-CSIR 
 Embedded Linux based Instrumentation and control system for Pilot scale 
circulating fluidized bed ga...
CEERI,Pilani 
 Achievements of Agri Electronics Group: 
 Completed Projects till December 2013: 
 1.) Remotely Monitore...
CEERI-Smart Pond 
Management System for Fresh 
Water Aquaculture 
 Sponsored : DBT, Implementation: CSIR-CEERI, ICAR-CIFA...
 Electronics System : Areas of 
Research•Agri-Electronics•Embedded 
Systems•Digital Systems•Power 
Electronics 
 Electro...
CEERI,Pilani 
 Semiconductor : Areas of 
Research•Hybrid Mircrocircuits•IC 
Design•MEMS and Microsensors• 
Sensors and Na...
MEMS and Microsensors 
Group 
 Current Activities Research Areas:•Design, Development of MEMS 
Pressure Sensors 1.Design,...
Springer Research Journals 
 Electric, Electronics and Communication Engineering ISSN No.International 
Journal of Electr...
CEL-Solar Photovoltaic Group 
 The function of this business unit is to manufacture and market 
Solar Voltaic Cells, Modu...
CEL Solar Panel Applications
SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC 
MODULES PM10 
 CEL’s Solar Photovoltaic Modules, type PM10 are manufactured using Mono 
Crystalline S...
DEAL,(Defence Electronics 
Appn Lab)Dehradun 
 DEAL is committed to provide the required 
resources, infrastructure and a...
Areas of Work 
DEAL,Dehradun 
 Areas of Work 
 Data Links 
 Software Radios 
 Satellite Communication 
 Microwave & M...
DEAL ,Dehradun(See 
Multidisciplinary Engg 
Disciplines) 
 Facilities Available 
 Center for Advanced Mechanical Enginee...
DLRL Hyderabad 
 VISION: 
 To Be a Center of excellence in the 
field of Electronic Warfare 
 MISSION :Design and devel...
DLRL's core competence lies in Design & Development 
of Electronic Warfare systems, Technologies & 
Components. They are l...
DLRL-Projects 
 SAMYUKTA SAMYUKTA is a joint DRDO and Army integrated EW programme. This 
programme, which is software an...
RADAR FINGER PRINTING 
SYSTEM 
 .RADAR FINGER PRINTING SYSTEM:The system has 
the capability of providing ‘Unique Identif...
FINGER PRINTING 
SYSTEM-DLRL 
 FINGER PRINTING SYSTEMThe system has the capability 
of providing ‘Unique Identification o...
Bharat Electronics Limited 
(BEL 
 Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) is a 
state-owned electronics company with about 
nin...
BEL designs, develops and 
manufactures products 
 Telecommunications 
 Sound and Vision Broadcasting 
 Opto-electronic...
BEL 
 Defence Communications 
 Solar systems 
 Naval systems 
 ADC&RS 
 IACCS 
 A low-cost tablet pc being used in 
...
CDAC- Centre for Development 
of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) 
 Centre for Development of 
Advanced Computing (C-DAC), 
Pun...
CDAC, Pune 
 C-DAC, Pune is also recognized for promoting the concept of 
multilingual computing in the country to take I...
CDAC- High Performance 
Computing (HPC) 
 High Performance Computing (HPC) plays an 
important role in both scientific ad...
CDAC Pune 
 As part of the mandate to generate 
manpower to address the growing 
demand for trained manpower in the 
adva...
The supercomputing systems 
and facilities of C-DAC 
 The supercomputing systems and facilities of C-DAC are used to solv...
Computer Aided engineering 
group in C-DAC 
 CAE is mainly used to analyze the robustness and performance 
of various typ...
CDAC Pune 
 Computational Structural Mechanics 
team is engaged in the areas of 
earthquake engineering, computational 
m...
Integrated Electronics And Circuits 
IIT Delhi 
 The Integrated Electronics and Circuits (IEC) group comprises of 12 facu...
IIT Delhi 
 M.Tech. Programmes [duration : 2 
years/4 semester] 
 Master of Technology is a 2 Post- 
Graduate Program ye...
IIT Delhi
IEC Group- IIT Delhi 
 The IEC group is involved in standalone as well as collaborative 
reasearch encompassing various f...
The Computer Technology Group 
 The Computer Technology Group pursues research in broad areas of 
Computer Networking, Se...
IIT Delhi 
 Multilingual OCRs for Indian Scripts (A Rs.11 crore multi-institutional 
project, coordinated by the group, s...
NIT Hamirpur(B Tech 
Syllabus) 
 Scheme of Courses and Syllabus for 
 B.Tech Electronics & Communication Engineering 
 ...
NIT syllabus 
 Basic Core Courses 
 S. No Course No. Course Title Credits 
 1 PH-101 Engineering Physics 4 
 2 MA-111 ...
Professional Core Courses 
 S. No Course No. Course Title Credits 
 1 EC-211 Analog Electronics 4 
 2 EC-212 Digital El...
NIT Hamirpur 
 16 EC-322 Wireless Communication 4 
 17 EC -323 Industrial Electronics 4 
 18 EC-411 Data Communication ...
Electives NIT Hamirpur 
 EC -310 (a) Electronic Measurement & 
Instrumentation 3 
 EC-310 (b) MEMS & Sensor Design 
 II...
NIT-B.Tech 
(Electronics/Comm) 
 Scheme of Courses and Syllabus for 
 B.Tech Electronics & Communication Engineering 
 ...
Various CAD tools used in 
Industry/Labs/IIT’s
CircuitCREATOR™ CAE 
system 
 CircuitCREATOR™ CAE system is the most complete and high performance solution for electroni...
LogicSim is a java software 
 LogicSim is a java software that helps you simulate digital 
circuits. You can design and s...
EAGLE PCB Software 
 The EAGLE Light Edition can be used for free! 
 How do I get it? 
 Follow these steps to install t...
Ansys FEA ver 15 software 
 ANSYS simulation software enables 
organizations to confidently predict how 
their products w...
ANSYS offers a 
comprehensive software 
 ANSYS offers a comprehensive software suite that spans the 
entire range of phys...
RF/Microwave Circuit Design Software 
Microwave Office 
 RF/Microwave Circuit Design Software Microwave Office 
 The Mic...
CircuitMaker 
 CircuitMaker is the most powerful, 
easy-to-use schematic capture and 
simulation tool in its class. Using...
PSpice Student 
 PSpice Student is an analog circuit 
simulator that was specially designed 
for Electrical Engineering s...
Mathworks(Signal to Noise Ratio) 
 Product Capabilities 
 Technical Computing 
 Simulation and Model-Based Design 
 Yo...
 r = snr(pxx,f,'psd') specifies the 
input pxx as a one-sided power 
spectral density (PSD) estimate. The 
argument f is ...
Telemetry 
 Telemetry is the highly automated communications process by 
which measurements are made and other data colle...
LG- TV’s and Music systems
Solid State devices 
 Solid State Devices: They are Electronic device that operates on 
the basis of the electric, magnet...
HP Desktop computers
Digital signal processing 
(DSP) 
 Digital signal processing (DSP) is the mathematical manipulation of an 
information si...
Major policy initiatives of 
Government of India 
 Major policy initiatives of Government of India which have a 
direct b...
Policies-Deit,DIPP,Mfg Policy 
 • National Policy on Electronics, DeitY 
, 2012(4.13 MB) 
• DeitY Logo for ESDM jpeg(838 ...
 • Presentation : Electronics India , Second Sunrise, October 2013(927 KB) 
• Indian ESDM Market - Analysis of Opportunit...
 Electronics & IT Industry: 
 Statistics 
 Electronic System Design & Manufacturing 
 Software and Services Sector 
 ...
Transfer of Technology 
 Applied Materials (1 MB) 
 C-DAC (1 MB) 
 Coral Telecom (827 KB) 
 Digital Radio Mondiale (DR...
Semiconductor devices are 
electronic components 
 Semiconductor devices are electronic components that exploit the 
elec...
Laser- Light amplification by 
stimulated emission of radiation 
 A laser is a device that emits light through a process ...
Team Work and resource 
commitment leads to success! 
 All departments/NGO’s have wonderful people, great 
policies ,expe...
Conclusions: 
 1. Multidisciplinary Engineering Disciplines are used in 
Engg/Electronic Companies 
 2.Theory plus Pract...
Electronics industry
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Electronics industry

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Electronics Industry,CEERI,IIT Delhi,DEAL,CEL,DLRL,BEL,NIT,Prime Minister Rajeev Gandhi,Dr Udai Pareek,Theory plus Practice,Learning by Doing

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Electronics industry

  1. 1. Electronics Industry/Education Suggestions!(Theory plus Practice-PM Rajeev Gandhi, is the key) Prof Sanjeev Bahadur sidbee@rediffmail.com lotusindia2011@rediffmail.com
  2. 2. IIT Delhi-Deptt of Elect Engg teaches Electronics,Communications,IEC
  3. 3. Trend in Production of Electronic Goods-India
  4. 4. Presentation discusses  CEERI(CSIR-Electronics Lab) Pilani  CEL-Solar Products  DEAL, Dehradun  BEL, Delhi  CDAC, Pune  DLRL  IIT,DELHI (Electrical Engg Department)  NIT Syllabus  Springer Research Journals  Various CAD/CAM tools/ Simulation Software  Govt of India-Manufacturing Policies
  5. 5. CEERI Pilani Lab
  6. 6. CEERI Electronics Pilani(CSIR Lab)  Agri Electronics Group: Current Activities  Sponsored Projects:  1.) Embedded Odor-Vision Sensing (OVS) System for Detection of Food Freshness  Sponsoring Agency: DBT/DST, New Delhi Objectives:  To design, develop and assemble the odour-vision sensor head, chamber and its interface to the embedded hardware / software platform  To construct the flow-injection system for calibration and tuning the OVS system for specific food odour using appropriate neural network  To acquire, store and analyse responses from odour/gas sensors array to different odours/vapours and he images of various food samples to generate the data base library for food items  To implement wireless networking of different OVS systems within the region  To investigate and validate the developed with the standard analytical systems like GC-MS and ALPHA-E-nose system available in AEG CSIR-CEERI  Deliverables:  A cost effective odour-vision sensing (OVS) system for food application
  7. 7. See Nature of Multi Disciplinary Engg facilities  2.)To develop and Install Embedded Monitoring and Control System for RO Desalination Plants  Sponsoring Agency: DST, New Delhi Objectives:  To develop a cost effective embedded automation system for 1000 LPH RO Plants (Brackish water TDS: 2000- 5000 ppm).  To design and develop embedded hardware and software platform for monitoring and controlling of the sensors, pressure regulators, flow controllers, control valves and water quality measurement chamber.  To acquire, store and analyze the water quality at different stages of operation, using measurement chamber for efficient and productive operation of the plant.  Deliverables:  Installation of five RO automation systems at different places in Rajasthan along with CSIR-CSMCRI, Bhavnagar.  Network Projects:  1.) Clean Coal Technology (TapCoal-CSC 0102) WP-1 : Coal Combustion and Gasification Technologies (CSIR-CIMFR, CSIR-CMERI, CSIR-CEERI, CSIR-NCL, CSIR-NEERI) Objectives:  Development of Embedded Linux based Instrumentation and Control System for Pilot scale circulating fluidized bed gasifier. Measurement of gas composition, temperature and differential pressure (at high temperature)  Maintaining the stable fluidized bed (experimental) conditions (temperature 700°C, Air flow rate: 5-10 m3/h, Coal feed rate: 10 Kg/h) in real time using the Embedded Linux Systems  Controlling of heat exchangers and blowers.  Deliverables:
  8. 8. CEERI Pilani-Continued  WP-1 : Coal Combustion and Gasification Technologies (CSIR-CIMFR, CSIR-CMERI, CSIR-CEERI, CSIR-NCL, CSIR-NEERI) Objectives:  Development of Embedded Linux based Instrumentation and Control System for Pilot scale circulating fluidized bed gasifier. Measurement of gas composition, temperature and differential pressure (at high temperature)  Maintaining the stable fluidized bed (experimental) conditions (temperature 700°C, Air flow rate: 5-10 m3/h, Coal feed rate: 10 Kg/h) in real time using the Embedded Linux Systems  Controlling of heat exchangers and blowers.  Deliverables:  Embedded Linux based Instrumentation and control system for Pilot scale circulating fluidized bed gasifier Unit  2.) Advanced Microsensors and Microsystems: (Design, Development and Applications (Micro-SenSys) WP-23 -Application : Water and Food Objectives:  Embedded reconfigurable smart sensor’s system for water and food applications  Development of appropriate non-contact type smart sensing and decision making systems for freshness of food like vegetables, bakery and dairy products.  Deliverables:  Prototype of Embedded reconfigurable multi-sensor’s systems. Prototype of Odor Vision Sensing Systems for food freshness.  5.)Clean Water: Sustainable Options WP2:Development of real time wireless embedded multi-sensor system for monitoring and analysing water quality parameters (CSIR-NEERI, CSIR- CSIR-CEERI, CSIR-NCL, CSIR-CGCRI, and CSIR-CSIO) Objectives:  Development and demonstration of field usable devices for water quality monitoring  Development and demonstration of improved technological options for water quality enhancement Enhanced knowledge utilization and dissemination.  Deliverables:  Prototype of real time wireless embedded multi-sensor system for water quality monitoring  Lab. scale demonstration of the developed system network using field water sensors  [Home] [About CEERI] [R&D Programs] [Contact] Copyright © CEERI Pilani.
  9. 9. CEERI Pilani-CSIR  Embedded Linux based Instrumentation and control system for Pilot scale circulating fluidized bed gasifier Unit  2.) Advanced Microsensors and Microsystems: (Design, Development and Applications (Micro-SenSys) WP-23 -Application : Water and Food Objectives:  Embedded reconfigurable smart sensor’s system for water and food applications  Development of appropriate non-contact type smart sensing and decision making systems for freshness of food like vegetables, bakery and dairy products.  Deliverables:  Prototype of Embedded reconfigurable multi-sensor’s systems. Prototype of Odor Vision Sensing Systems for food freshness.  5.)Clean Water: Sustainable Options WP2:Development of real time wireless embedded multi-sensor system for monitoring and analysing water quality parameters (CSIR-NEERI, CSIR- CSIR-CEERI, CSIR-NCL, CSIR-CGCRI, and CSIR-CSIO)
  10. 10. CEERI,Pilani  Achievements of Agri Electronics Group:  Completed Projects till December 2013:  1.) Remotely Monitored and Controlled High Capacity RO Plant for desalination of Sea Water Sponsored : DST (WTI), Implementation: CSMCRI & CEERI Technical/Scientific Achievements The following tasks were successfully completed during the period at CSMCRI Bhavnagar by CEERI Pilani and CSMCRI team:  Installation and testing of Embedded Controller along with PC wireless connectivity for the two stage sea water desalination RO plant at CSMCRI.  The various operating modes of running the RO plant are tested for two stages successfully. (process mode, water wash mode, chemical wash mode)  Remote control and monitoring of the plant is implemented using LabVIEW software.  The plant is successfully controlled and tested remotely from Nov. 2012 to Dec. 2013 
  11. 11. CEERI-Smart Pond Management System for Fresh Water Aquaculture  Sponsored : DBT, Implementation: CSIR-CEERI, ICAR-CIFA Bhubaneswar This is combined project with CIFA, Bhuvaneshwar funded by DBT, Govt. of India. The developed Embedded Platform based systems monitor all critical parameters of the pond and predicts the stress factor on the fish / prawn so that the farmer can take preventive action in advance. Wireless protocol is developed for integrating different systems developed under this project. Systems developed under this project are:  Embedded Smart Motorized Boat for Water and Aquaculture (large Ponds)  Auto Feeder System (Small Ponds)  Water Quality Systems
  12. 12.  Electronics System : Areas of Research•Agri-Electronics•Embedded Systems•Digital Systems•Power Electronics  Electron Tubes : Areas of Research• Gyrotron•Klystron•Magnetrons  Plasma Devices•Traveling Wave Tubes Semiconductor : Areas of Research•Hybrid Mircrocircuits•IC Design•MEMS and Microsensors• Sensors and Nanotechnology• Photonics and Optoelectronics• Semiconductor
  13. 13. CEERI,Pilani  Semiconductor : Areas of Research•Hybrid Mircrocircuits•IC Design•MEMS and Microsensors• Sensors and Nanotechnology• Photonics and Optoelectronics• Semiconductor Materials and Technology
  14. 14. MEMS and Microsensors Group  Current Activities Research Areas:•Design, Development of MEMS Pressure Sensors 1.Design, Fabrication, Packaging for Testing and Calibration 2.Piezoresistive, Piezoelectric Pressure Sensors 3.Bulk and Surface Micromachined Capacitive Pressure Sensors 4.Piezoresistive Load Cells 5.DRIE based MEMS Absolute Pressure Sensor•Design and Development of MEMS Ultrasonic Transducers 1.Development of Process Technolgy and Device Fabrication 2.Packaging, Testing and Characterization 3.Development of "Wafer-Bonding" Technology for Membrane Formation•Design and Development of Bio- Sensors 1.Design and Fabrication of Micro-Cantilever for Bio- Sensing 2.Design and Fabrication of ISFET 3.Design and Development of "Lab-on-Chip" Microfluidics 4.Design and Fabrication of Microsensors for Biomedical, Food and Environmental Applications•Design and Development of MEMS Inertial Sensors 1.Design and Simulations of Rate MEMS Gyroscopes 2.Design and Simulations of LIGA Technology based Interdigitated Comb Drive Accelerometer 3.Fabrication of Accelerometer with DaCM using DRIE•Design and Development of Micro-Wave MEMS 1.Design and Simulation for parameter extraction of RF Switches, Phase Shifters, Inductors, Antenna, Wave Guide, RF couplers, Filters, Resonators Fabrication of Phase Shifter Devices•Fabrication of MEMS Ultrasonic Transducer for Non-Destructive Testing
  15. 15. Springer Research Journals  Electric, Electronics and Communication Engineering ISSN No.International Journal of Electrical Engineering [IJEE]0974-2158 International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering [IJECE] 0974-2166 International Journal of Electronic and Electrical Engineering [IJEEE] 0974- 2174 International Journal of Electronics Networks, Devices and Field [IJENDF] 0974-2182 International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering [IJEC] 0974- 2190International Journal of Microcircuits and Electronic [IJME] 0974-2204 International Journal of Photonics [IJP]0974-2212 International Journal of Industrial Electronics and Control [IJIEC] 0974-2220 Advances in Wireless and Mobile Communications [AWMC] 0973-6972 International Journal of Wireless Networks and Communications [IJWNC] 0975-6507International Journal of Electronics Engineering Research [IJEER] 0975-6450International Journal of Applied Engineering Research [IJAER] 1087-1090 International Journal of Wireless Communication and Simulation [IJWCS] 2231-1254Advances in Electronic and Electric Engineering [AEEE] 2231-1297 Global Journal of Electronic and Communication Research [GJECR] 2249- 314X International Journal of Electronic and Communication Research [IJECR] 2231-1246 International Journal of Mobile Communication & Networking [IJMCN] 2231- 1203Global Journal of Electronic and Communication Engg . & Technology [GJECET] International Journal of Communication Engineering and Technology [IJCET]
  16. 16. CEL-Solar Photovoltaic Group  The function of this business unit is to manufacture and market Solar Voltaic Cells, Modules and complete systems in India & Abroad.Central Electronics Limited (CEL) is the pioneer and one of the largest manufacturers of Solar-Photovoltaic (SPV) Cells, Modules and Systems in India. Through own R&D efforts, spread over a decade of continuous efforts, the company has converted a laboratory concept into an industrial technology.CEL , with its commitment to harness the solar energy, has opened up new vistas in the field of solar photovoltaic.  Backed by an integrated production facility to manufacture Mono- Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells and Modules with the state-of-the-art screen-printing technology, the company has supplied more than 5 Lakhs SPV Systems in India and abroad, covering both rural and industrial applications. CEL is in process of enhancing its modules manufacturing capacity to 40 MWp and the production is expected to start by August 2014.  CEL products conform to stringent National & International Standards. The PV modules are tested for IEC 61215/61730by TUV, Rheinland.  Our modules have been successfully tested by Solar Energy Centre (SEC) of the Ministry of Non-conventional Energy Sources (MNES), Govt. of India.
  17. 17. CEL Solar Panel Applications
  18. 18. SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES PM10  CEL’s Solar Photovoltaic Modules, type PM10 are manufactured using Mono Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells. These are high quality and  high performance modules suitable for power generation. These modules have excellent durability to withstand extreme temperature  and weather conditions of the high altitudes, deserts and coastal regions.  FEATURES  z Uses mono crystalline silicon Solar Cells.  z Suitable for DC 12V/24V systems or multiple there-of.  z Encapsulation of cells using UV stabilized polymer (EVA) and protective back cover using Tedler-Polyester-Tedlar.  z High transmission toughened glass superstrate and anodized aluminum frame for mounting.  z Long service Life.  APPLICATIONS:SOLAR PV MODULE PM10:SPECIFICATION:  Physical Parameters  Environmental Rating  **Specification subject to change without prior notice due to continuous in-house improvements.  1. Lighting 6. Telecommunication  2. Television 7. Refrigeration  3. Water Pumping 8. Railway Signaling  4.Rural Electrification 9. Remote Resort Power  5. Power Plants
  19. 19. DEAL,(Defence Electronics Appn Lab)Dehradun  DEAL is committed to provide the required resources, infrastructure and an effective & efficient Quality Management System for timely completion of the design and development of the products,which shall be conforming consistently to the stated & implied needs of the user.  DEAL is also committed to ascertain the continuous improvements through the periodic review of Quality Management System
  20. 20. Areas of Work DEAL,Dehradun  Areas of Work  Data Links  Software Radios  Satellite Communication  Microwave & Millimeter Systems  Image Processing & Analysis
  21. 21. DEAL ,Dehradun(See Multidisciplinary Engg Disciplines)  Facilities Available  Center for Advanced Mechanical Engineering (CAME).  MIC.  Computer Aided Design  Product Assurance  EMI / EMC 
  22. 22. DLRL Hyderabad  VISION:  To Be a Center of excellence in the field of Electronic Warfare  MISSION :Design and development, Evaluation and ToT leading to productionization and Induction of World Class Electronic Warfare Systems. Establish Self Reliance in this Critical Technology.
  23. 23. DLRL's core competence lies in Design & Development of Electronic Warfare systems, Technologies & Components. They are listed as under: SYSTEMS  Design of Electronic Warfare Systems (COMINT/ELINT/ESM/ECM)  Development of hardware and software of sub systems  System integration and evaluation on various platforms - vehicles, ships, submarines, helicopters, aircrafts, airborne pods  TECHNOLOGIES  Multi octave band antennas and radomes  Multi octave band Microwave/Millimeter Wave components & super components  Narrow band/wide band intercept receivers  Broad band high accuracy Direction Finding receivers  High power transmitters for ECM  Multi beam jammer transmitters  Frequency Memory Loops & Digital Radio Frequency Memories for jammers. 
  24. 24. DLRL-Projects  SAMYUKTA SAMYUKTA is a joint DRDO and Army integrated EW programme. This programme, which is software and integration intensive, is meant to develop an indigenous production base for futuristic integrated EW systems. It has communication & non-communication segments and the whole system is meant for mobile, tactical battlefield use. The system comprising of about 140 entities has the capabilities for surveillance, interception, monitoring, analysis, recording, location fixing and jamming of all communicatiion and radar signals (from HF to MMW band).  SANGRAHA SANGRAHA is a joint EW Programme of DRDO and Navy. The system comprises of a family of EW suites for different Naval platforms capable of intercepting, detecting and classifying pulsed, CW, PRF agile, frequency agile and chirp radars. The systems employ modular approach facilitating deployment on a variety of platforms viz. helicopters, vehicles, small ships etc. Certain specific platforms apart from ESM also have ECM capabilities. State-of-the-art technologies like Multiple Beam Phased array jammers are employed in the system for simultaneous handling of multiple threats.  DIVYA DRISHTIDivya Drishti is a joint SI Dte – DRDO programme, with the aim of interception, monitoring, direction finding and analysis (IMDFAS) of communication signals. The system will be installed at various locations on static and mobile stations. All stations will be connected through a satellite communication network. The system caters to the mission of building aircraft flight profile (Mission Analysis)  .SUJAVSujav is an integrated compact communication EW system, developed for various users in different configurations. It covers HF, VHF & UHF ranges and available in cluster configuration for Army use or in suite configuration for Navy’s ground as well as onboard usage. It has full capability to detect, locate & jam frequency agile communications as well as monitoring & recording of conventional
  25. 25. RADAR FINGER PRINTING SYSTEM  .RADAR FINGER PRINTING SYSTEM:The system has the capability of providing ‘Unique Identification of emitters among a class of emitters’ based on intra-pulse analysis of Radar waveforms. The system measures the frequency, phase and amplitude variations within the Radar pulse. Intra pulse analysis extracts as many parameters (features) of Radar pulses as possible with fine grain accuracy. Self-reliance in this critical area has been achieved paving the way for installation of the system in various configurations on various platforms.  AEW&C (CSM): It is a Communication Support Measures (CSM) system being developed for AEW&C programme. The system will have the capability to search, intercept, detect, direction finding, monitor, identification, record & analyse communication signals and can report of voice, data transmission in fixed frequency and frequency hopping modes.
  26. 26. FINGER PRINTING SYSTEM-DLRL  FINGER PRINTING SYSTEMThe system has the capability of providing ‘Unique Identification of emitters among a class of emitters’ based on intra-pulse analysis of Radar waveforms. The system measures the frequency, phase and amplitude variations within the Radar pulse.  Intra pulse analysis extracts as many parameters (features) of Radar pulses as possible with fine grain accuracy. Self-reliance in this critical area has been achieved paving the way for installation of the system in various configurations on various platforms. AEW&C (CSM) It is a Communication Support Measures (CSM) system being developed for AEW&C programme.  The system will have the capability to search, intercept, detect, direction finding, monitor, identification, record & analyse communication signals and can report of voice, data transmission in fixed frequency and frequency hopping modes.
  27. 27. Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL  Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) is a state-owned electronics company with about nine factories, and few regional offices in India.  It is owned by the Indian Government & primarily manufactures advanced electronic products for the Indian Armed Forces. BEL is one of the eight PSUs under Ministry of Defence, Government of India. It has even earned the government's Navratna status.  As of 1 April 2012, BEL's order book is estimated to be around 257 billion (US$4.2 billion)
  28. 28. BEL designs, develops and manufactures products  Telecommunications  Sound and Vision Broadcasting  Opto-electronics  Information Technology  Semiconductors  Missiles  Sonars  Composite Communication System (CCS)  Fire-control system  Radar  Electronic Warfare Systems  Simulators  Tank electronics
  29. 29. BEL  Defence Communications  Solar systems  Naval systems  ADC&RS  IACCS  A low-cost tablet pc being used in Socio-Economic Caste Census 2011  Biometrics Capturing for Nation Population Register.  Encrypters for Ministry of Home Affairs  IFF(Identify Friend or Foe) secondary Radar  SSMC(Static Sensor Monitoring & Control) some products are manufactured by Bharat Electronics Ltd. with help of ToT (Transfer of Technology)  Locations[  Units of Bharat Electronics Limited are in the following cities of India:
  30. 30. CDAC- Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC)  Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC), Pune occupies a special place in the evolution of the organization as a premier hub for cutting edge R&D. Bestowed with the distinction of being the first C-DAC centre to be established in the country, C-DAC, Pune has been at the forefront of the organizations R&D initiatives and spearheading several national programmes of strategic importance. C-DAC, Pune is credited for the first indigenously developed PARAM supercomputer and establishing the nationâ?Ts credentials as an enabler of advanced technologies. While placing India on the select world map of supercomputing nations, C-DAC, Pune has continued to pioneer the open frame architecture to deliver PARAM Yuva, which was also Indiaâ?Ts fastest supercomputer and rated 64 among world's top supercomputers.  C-DAC, Pune is also recognized for promoting the concept of
  31. 31. CDAC, Pune  C-DAC, Pune is also recognized for promoting the concept of multilingual computing in the country to take IT to the grassroots level by defining the standards for the adoption of Indian languages on computers. Since then, the centre has made great strides in this arena through products and technologies that have created a new platform for multilingual users in India as well as abroad.  The expertise garnered through the years of experience has also led C-DAC, Pune to diversify its activities to other domains of advanced R&D namely geomatics, human-centred design & computing, health informatics, and education & training.  This in turn has elevated C-DAC, Pune into the role of a mentor and an incubator of innovation, in the greater national interest.
  32. 32. CDAC- High Performance Computing (HPC)  High Performance Computing (HPC) plays an important role in both scientific advancement and economic competitiveness of a nation - making production of scientific and industrial solutions faster, less expensive, and of higher quality.  HPC is a key component in many applications: designing vehicles and airplanes; designing high-rise buildings and bridges; discovery of drugs; discovery and extraction of new energy sources like oil and natural gas; weather forecasting; and many more.
  33. 33. CDAC Pune  As part of the mandate to generate manpower to address the growing demand for trained manpower in the advanced areas of Information Technology, C-DAC, Pune established its Advanced Computing Training School (ACTS). Currently the centre offers a variety of course options including for international collaborations.
  34. 34. The supercomputing systems and facilities of C-DAC  The supercomputing systems and facilities of C-DAC are used to solve computationally challenging problems in a number of areas of practical significance. These include:  Computational Atmospheric Science  Mesoscale modeling  Climate system model  Medium range weather forecasting  Air quality modeling and management  Computational Biology  Genome sequence assembly  Microarray data analysis  Structure-based drug discovery  Protein folding  Molecular Dynamics simulation  Computational Fluid Dynamics  Viscous, compressible, unsteady flows  Laminar natural convection flows  Fluid flow and heat transfer for heat exchangers  Simulation of fire in high rise buildings  Computational Structural Mechanics  Stress analysis of fibre reinforced composite structures  Fracture mechanics  Nonlinear stability analysis  Seismic vulnerability analysis  Hazard assessment of civil structures
  35. 35. Computer Aided engineering group in C-DAC  CAE is mainly used to analyze the robustness and performance of various types of components, engineering assemblies and structures. The term encompasses simulation, validation, and optimization of engineering products and tools. In the future, CAE systems will be major providers of information to support design teams in decision making. Thus it helps mankind in various aspects like saving in efforts by analyzing a product from different perspective using modeling and simulations. It facilitates analysis of complicated structures.  Computer Aided engineering group in C-DAC mainly aims at using Super Computers in the field of Stress analysis using FEA (Finite Element Analysis) and Computational fluid dynamics.  CAE group comprises of two sub teams Computational Structural Mechanics and Computational Fluid Dynamics .
  36. 36. CDAC Pune  Computational Structural Mechanics team is engaged in the areas of earthquake engineering, computational mechanics, and composite materials using high-performance computing and grid infrastructure.  Earthquake Engineering is a thrust area because of its demand for high performance computers.
  37. 37. Integrated Electronics And Circuits IIT Delhi  The Integrated Electronics and Circuits (IEC) group comprises of 12 faculty members. The group offers an M.Tech. Programme in Integrated Electronics and Circuits. In addition, a number of group members contribute actively to the M.Tech. Programme in VLSI design, Tool and Technology (VDTT), which became operational since July 1996.The VDTT programme is industry sponsored and is interdisciplinary. Each programme has a typical intake of 15 students. There are typically 10 Ph.D. students in the group.The IEC faculty is actually involved in research and development activities in Digital Signal Processing, VLSI Design, Analog Circuit Design, Artificial Neural Networks, Circuit Testing, Fault-Tolerance, Fail-Safe Design, Microelectronics and Power Devices and regularly in publish in reputed international journals and conference proceedings.  Many IEC faculties are associated with the editorial boards of leading journals and programme committees of reputed conferences. The IEC group members contribute actively to the Memorandum of Understanding between IIT Delhi and the Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute, Pilani as well as another with the Defense Research and Development Organization. Students have access to the Electronics, IMPACT, VLSI and VDTT laboratories which have several networked PCs, workstations and public domain and commercial software packages for circuit and VLSI design and digital signal processing. Several hardware facilities for circuit prototyping, testing and signal processing are also available.
  38. 38. IIT Delhi  M.Tech. Programmes [duration : 2 years/4 semester]  Master of Technology is a 2 Post- Graduate Program year Program for specializing in certain areas of Electrical Engineering.  Electrical Department offers M.Tech program in the following specializations .
  39. 39. IIT Delhi
  40. 40. IEC Group- IIT Delhi  The IEC group is involved in standalone as well as collaborative reasearch encompassing various fields like VLSI Design, Analog Circuit Design, Artificial Neural Networks, Fault-tolerant Design, Microelectronics and Power Devices, Digital Signal Processing, etc.  It runs the oldest VLSI program in the country(Since 1976) . The distinguished faculty members have authored and co-authored several books. Research papers are regularly published in reputed journals and conference proceedings and students are encouraged to contribute to the same. A number of international and national awards have been conferred upon the group members. Many of the faculty members are associated with the editorial boards of leading journals and the programme committees of several conferences.  The group contributes actively to the Memorandum of Understanding between IIT delhi and leading reasearch organisations in the country like the Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute, Pilani (CEERI) and Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) as well as a number of industry leaders in VLSI design.
  41. 41. The Computer Technology Group  The Computer Technology Group pursues research in broad areas of Computer Networking, Sensor Networks, Embedded Systems, Parallel and Distributed Processing, Big Data Analysis, CAD for VLSI, Computer Vision and Image Analysis, Biometrics, Pattern Recognition, Machine Learning, Data Analytics, Neural Networks, Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing, Multimedia Systems, Graph Theory, Systems Biology, Bioinformatics, and Music and Audio Processing. The group comprises of faculty members, and PhD, M.S.(Research), M.Tech and Dual Degree students. It may be interesting to note that the Computer Technology programme has been selected as one of the top 5 Masters programmes in the entire institute. There were three programmes from the Electrical Engineering Department in this elite group, the other two programmes being the Integrated Electronics and Circuits (IEC) programme, and the VLSI Design: Tool and Technologies (VDTT) programme (which is jointly run with the Department of Computer Science and Engineering. This is indeed a great honour for the group, since the other three Computer-related Masters programmes do not figure in this list of top 5 - the M.Tech in Computer Science and Engineering of the Department of Computer Science and Engineering, the M.Tech in Computer Applications of the Department of Mathematics, and the M.S.(R) of the Shashi and Amar Nath School of Information Technology.
  42. 42. IIT Delhi  Multilingual OCRs for Indian Scripts (A Rs.11 crore multi-institutional project, coordinated by the group, sponsored by the MCIT, Government of India)  Autonomous Robotics (a Rs.9 crore project involving 5 groups, two in the EE Department, sponsored by the BRNS, Government of India)  Wireless Sensor Networks (a Rs.4.32 crore project, sponsored by the NAIP)  National Programme in Perception Engineering (a Re.1 crore multi-institutional project, jointly coordinated by the group, sponsored by the MCIT, Goverment of India) Currently in Phase II (a multi-institutional project, sponsored by the MCIT, Government of India, with the IITD outlay itself Rs.2.6082 crores)  Satellite Communication (a Rs.65 lakhs project, sponsored by the ADA, Government of India)  Indian Digital Heritage Project (a multi-institutional project coordinated by the group, sponsored by the DST, Goverment of India)  3-D TV (sponsored by the DST, Government of India)  Green sensor networks (sponsored by Alcatel) 
  43. 43. NIT Hamirpur(B Tech Syllabus)  Scheme of Courses and Syllabus for  B.Tech Electronics & Communication Engineering  4 Department Electives  Department  Electives  Course No. Course Title Credits  DE- I EC -314 (a) Electronic Device Modeling 3  EC -314 (b) T.V. & Radar  EC -314 (c) MEMS & Sensor Design  DE- II EC-324 (a) Digital & Analog VLSI Design 3  EC-324 (b) Satellite Communication  DE- III EC-415 (a) System Design using HDL 3  EC-415 (b) Mobile Communication  EC-415 (c) Biomedical Electronics  DE- IV EC-422 (a) Image Processing 3  EC-422 (b) Wireless Sensor Networks  EC-422 (c) VLSI Testing & Testability  DE- V EC-423 (a) Optical Networks 3  EC-423 (b) Spread Spectrum & CDMA  EC-423 (c) VLSI Interconnect & Packaging  EC-423 (d) Nanoelectronics  Total Credits 15  Compulsory credits from basic and professional courses = 190  Credits for Department Elective & Open Elective Courses = 21  Total credits = 211
  44. 44. NIT syllabus  Basic Core Courses  S. No Course No. Course Title Credits  1 PH-101 Engineering Physics 4  2 MA-111 Engineering Mathematics-I 4  3 ME-101 Engineering Mechanics & Strength of Materials 4  4 EE-101 Basic Electrical Engineering 4  5 HS-101 Communication Skills 3  6 CS-101 Computer Fundamentals & Programming 4  7 MA-121 Engineering Mathematics–II 4
  45. 45. Professional Core Courses  S. No Course No. Course Title Credits  1 EC-211 Analog Electronics 4  2 EC-212 Digital Electronics & Logic Design 4  3 EC-213 Communication Theory 4  4 EC -214 Electromagnetic Field Theory 4  5 EC-215 Network Analysis & Synthesis 4  6 EC-221 Linear Integrated Circuits 4  7 EC-222 Electronic Switching Circuits 4  8 EC-223 Analog Communication Systems 4  9 EC-224 VLSI & MEMS Technology 4  10 EC -225 Electronic Measurement & Instrumentation 4  11 EC -311 Microprocessor Theory & Applications 4  12 EC-312 Digital Communication Systems 4  13 EC-313 Antenna and Wave Propagation 4  14 EC-315 Signal and Wave Shaping 4  15 EC-321 Microcontroller & Embedded Systems 4
  46. 46. NIT Hamirpur  16 EC-322 Wireless Communication 4  17 EC -323 Industrial Electronics 4  18 EC-411 Data Communication & Computer Networks 4  19 EC-412 Digital Signal Processing 4  20 EC- 413 Optical & Network Communication Systems 4  21 EE- 416 Control Systems 4  22 EC-421 Microwave Devices & Systems 4  23 CS-426 Computer Architecture & Organization 4  Laboratories 14  25 Industrial Training 2  26 Seminar/ Colloquium 2  27 Project 6  Total Credits 116  Open Electives
  47. 47. Electives NIT Hamirpur  EC -310 (a) Electronic Measurement & Instrumentation 3  EC-310 (b) MEMS & Sensor Design  II EC -320(a) Biomedical Electronics 3  EC-320(b) HDL based FPGA Design  EC-320(c) Reliability Engineering  Total
  48. 48. NIT-B.Tech (Electronics/Comm)  Scheme of Courses and Syllabus for  B.Tech Electronics & Communication Engineering  4 Department Electives  Department  Electives  Course No. Course Title Credits  DE- I EC -314 (a) Electronic Device Modeling 3  EC -314 (b) T.V. & Radar  EC -314 (c) MEMS & Sensor Design  DE- II EC-324 (a) Digital & Analog VLSI Design 3  EC-324 (b) Satellite Communication  DE- III EC-415 (a) System Design using HDL 3  EC-415 (b) Mobile Communication  EC-415 (c) Biomedical Electronics  DE- IV EC-422 (a) Image Processing 3  EC-422 (b) Wireless Sensor Networks  EC-422 (c) VLSI Testing & Testability  DE- V EC-423 (a) Optical Networks 3  EC-423 (b) Spread Spectrum & CDMA  EC-423 (c) VLSI Interconnect & Packaging  EC-423 (d) Nanoelectronics  Total Credits
  49. 49. Various CAD tools used in Industry/Labs/IIT’s
  50. 50. CircuitCREATOR™ CAE system  CircuitCREATOR™ CAE system is the most complete and high performance solution for electronic design using IBM and compatible personal computers. The integrated system includes Schematic Capture, Symbol Editor, Circuit Simulation, PCB Layout Editor, Automatic Router, Gerber Viewer and complete CAM (Computer Aided Manufacturing) support.  CircuitCREATOR Platinum Plus™ is the true professional level system and includes Professional Schematic Design and Capture, full interactive Symbol Editor, Circuit Simulation, professional Printed Circuit Board Design, and Layout, Automatic Routing, Gerber Viewer and CamCreator – Computer Aided Manufacturing Support.  CircuitCREATOR Platinum™ all the functionality of the Platinum Plus version except CAM Support capability.  CircuitCREATOR Pro™ includes professional Schematic Design and Capture, full interactive Symbol Editor, professional Printed Circuit Board Design and Layout, Automatic Routing and Gerber Viewer.  CircuitCREATOR STD Plus™ includes Standard Schematic Design and Capture, full interactive Symbol Editor, Printed Circuit Board Design and Layout and Auto Router.  CircuitCREATOR Std™ includes Standard Schematic Design and Capture, full interactive Symbol Editor, standard Printed Circuit Board Design and Layout.  CircuitCREATOR Tutor™ is the ideal system for the educational institution, instructors and students. It includes Schematic Capture, Symbol Editor, Circuit Simulation, PCB Layout Editor, Automatic Router, and student workbook titled “Electronic Design, Simulation and PCB Design Using CircuitCREATOR”. The book is a step-by-step instructional guide along with a Question & Answer section at the end of each chapter and proposed student projects. It also includes the Instructor’s Manual which includes the answers to the student projects.  CircuitDESIGN Tutor™ includes full Schematic Design and Capture, Circuit Simulator, full interactive Symbol Editor and award winning book titled “Circuit Design and Simulation Using SpiceCREATOR”. The engineering curriculum workbook explains with easy-to-follow step-by-step directions how to enter a schematic design, and perform various analysis such as DC, AC, Transient, Noise and Distortion. It also explains different type of Filter Design such as Butterworth, Chebychev, Bessel, and Gaussian. Includes student projects and Instructor’s Manual.
  51. 51. LogicSim is a java software  LogicSim is a java software that helps you simulate digital circuits. You can design and simulate digital logic circuits with logic gates like AND, OR, FlipFlop, etc. under almost all operational systems. You can create your own gates by saving a circuit as a “module” and reuse this module in another circuit.  The following types of logic gates are included:  Basic: AND, NAND, OR, NOR, XOR (Antivalence), Equivalence, NOT  Flip Flops: RS, D, T, JK, JKMS  Timers: Clock generator, MonoFlop, Turn on delay, Turn off delay  Inputs: Switch, number-input for decimal and hexadecimal values  Outputs: LED, LCD for decimal and hexadecimal values  LogicSim – Digital logic circuits simulator -
  52. 52. EAGLE PCB Software  The EAGLE Light Edition can be used for free!  How do I get it?  Follow these steps to install the free EAGLE Light Edition on your system:  Go to the Download area and get the file that contains the EAGLE program installation data for your operating system (Linux, Windows or Mac).  Install the file you have downloaded onto your system.  When you first start EAGLE, you will be asked whether you have a personalized license disk, or whether you want to run EAGLE as Freeware. To use the Freeware license select the “Run as freeware” button.  Limitations  The following limitations apply to the EAGLE Light Edition in general:  The useable board area is limited to 100 x 80 mm (4 x 3.2 inches).  Only two signal layers can be used (Top and Bottom).  The schematic editor can only create one sheet .  Apart from these three limitations the EAGLE Light Edition can do anything the Professional Edition can do. You can even load, view and print drawings that exceed these limits!  The Freeware version of EAGLE Light adds these limitations:  Support is only available via email or through our forum (no fax or phone support).  Use is limited to non-profit applications or evaluation purposes.  What does “non-profit” mean?  The definition of non-profit is fairly simple and straightforward:  If you earn (or save) money by using the Freeware version of EAGLE Light, you have to register it.  This allows anybody who wishes to use EAGLE Light for their private hobby projects to do so. Also students can use this version for any educational projects. It is even ok to use this version in a commercial environment, as long as you just want to evaluate the program. As soon as you start using it for commercial projects, you will have to register it. As an exception to this, board manufacturers may use the Freeware Light Edition to generate production data (e.g. Gerber files) from board files they have received from EAGLE users.
  53. 53. Ansys FEA ver 15 software  ANSYS simulation software enables organizations to confidently predict how their products will operate in the real world.  We believe that every product is a promise of something greater.
  54. 54. ANSYS offers a comprehensive software  ANSYS offers a comprehensive software suite that spans the entire range of physics, providing access to virtually any field of engineering simulation that a design process requires. Organizations around the world trust ANSYS to deliver the best value for their engineering simulation software investment.  Simulation-Driven Product Development takes engineering simulation to another level ― the unequalled depth and breadth of our software coupled with its unmatched engineered scalability, comprehensive multiphysics foundation and adaptive architecture set our technology apart from other CAE tools. These ANSYS Advantages add value to the engineering design process by delivering efficiency, driving innovation and reducing physical constraints, enabling simulated tests that might not be possible otherwise.
  55. 55. RF/Microwave Circuit Design Software Microwave Office  RF/Microwave Circuit Design Software Microwave Office  The Microwave Office® design suite is the most comprehensive software solution for designers of all types of RF and microwave circuits, from integrated microwave assemblies to monolithic microwave integrated circuits (MMICs) and everything in between.  Renowned for its intuitive user-interface, the unique architecture of Microwave Office software seamlessly integrates powerful, innovative tools and technologies with application-specific tools from partner companies to bring their high-frequency designs to life quickly and easily. From design capture (schematic and layout) through to harmonic balance and time-domain simulation to synthesis and optimization and EM extraction and verification, Microwave Office software represents the future of high-frequency design.  Microwave Office Capabilities & Applications
  56. 56. CircuitMaker  CircuitMaker is the most powerful, easy-to-use schematic capture and simulation tool in its class. Using CircuitMaker's advanced schematic capabilities, you can design electronic circuits and output netlists for TraxMaker and other PCB design tools and autorouters.  You can also perform fast, accurate simulations of digital, analog and mixed analog/digital circuits using CircuitMaker's Berkeley SPICE3f5/XSpice-based simulator.
  57. 57. PSpice Student  PSpice Student is an analog circuit simulator that was specially designed for Electrical Engineering students in need of simulating circuits and of solving circuits-related calculations.  If you find yourself in the posture of not understanding a bit of what your professor is teaching you in Circuit Theory class, then you should definitely try this software.
  58. 58. Mathworks(Signal to Noise Ratio)  Product Capabilities  Technical Computing  Simulation and Model-Based Design  Your Application  Acquire, process, and analyze images and video for algorithm development and system design  Acquire, process, and analyze images and video for algorithm development and system design
  59. 59.  r = snr(pxx,f,'psd') specifies the input pxx as a one-sided power spectral density (PSD) estimate. The argument f is a vector of the frequencies at which the estimates of pxx occur. The computation of noise excludes the power of the first six harmonics, including the fundamental
  60. 60. Telemetry  Telemetry is the highly automated communications process by which measurements are made and other data collected at remote or inaccessible points and transmitted to receiving equipment for monitoring. The word is derived from Greek roots: tele = remote, and metron = measure. Systems that need external instructions and data to operate require the counterpart of telemetry, telecommand.  Although the term commonly refers to wireless data transfer mechanisms (e.g., using radio, ultrasonic, or infrared systems), it also encompasses data transferred over other media such as a telephone or computer network, optical link or other wired communications like phase line carriers. Many modern telemetry systems take advantage of the low cost and ubiquity of GSM networks by using SMS to receive and transmit telemetry data.
  61. 61. LG- TV’s and Music systems
  62. 62. Solid State devices  Solid State Devices: They are Electronic device that operates on the basis of the electric, magnetic, or optical properties of a solid material, especially one that uses a solid crystal in which an orderly three-dimensional arrangement of atoms, ions, or molecules is repeated throughout the entire
  63. 63. HP Desktop computers
  64. 64. Digital signal processing (DSP)  Digital signal processing (DSP) is the mathematical manipulation of an information signal to modify or improve it in some way. It is characterized by the representation of discrete time, discrete frequency, or other discrete domain signals by a sequence of numbers or symbols and the processing of these signals.  The goal of DSP is usually to measure, filter and/or compress continuous real-world analog signals. Usually, the first step is conversion of the signal from an analog to a digital form, by sampling and then digitizing it using an analog-to-digital converter (ADC), which turns the analog signal into a stream of discrete digital values. Often, however, the required output signal is also analog, which requires a digital-to-analog converter (DAC). Even if this process is more complex than analog processing and has a discrete value range, the application of computational power to signal processing allows for many advantages over analog processing in many applications, such as error detection and correction in transmission as well as data compression.  Digital signal processing and analog signal processing are subfields of signal processing. DSP applications include audio and speech signal processing , sonar and radar signal processing, sensor array processing, spectral estimation, statistical signal processing, digital image processing, signal processing for communications, control of systems, biomedical signal processing, seismic data processing, among others. DSP algorithms have long been run on standard computers, as well as on specialized processors called digital signal processors, and on purpose-built hardware such as
  65. 65. Major policy initiatives of Government of India  Major policy initiatives of Government of India which have a direct bearing on Electronic System Design and Manufacturing sector:  India is one of the fastest growing markets for electronics. The demand is projected to reach USD 400 Billion by 2020. Government of India (GoI) has launched the National Policy on Electronics 2012 (NPE 12) with the vision to make India a globally competitive destination for Electronics System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM). Besides, India has large young talent, low wage costs and Government of India.  The National Telecom Policy 2012 (NTP, 2012) works in conjunction with NPE, 2012 and provides for creating a design and manufacturing ecosystem for telecom equipment.
  66. 66. Policies-Deit,DIPP,Mfg Policy  • National Policy on Electronics, DeitY , 2012(4.13 MB) • DeitY Logo for ESDM jpeg(838 KB) cdr(415 KB) pdf(388 KB) • Usage of Brand"Electronics India" logo, DeitY, June 2014 (553 KB) • National Telecom Policy ,Dept of Telecom ,2012 • National Manufacturing Policy (2012), DIPP,Ministry of Commerce & Industry, 2012 • Semiconductor IC Layout Design Rules 2001 • Semiconductor IC Layout Design Act 2000
  67. 67.  • Presentation : Electronics India , Second Sunrise, October 2013(927 KB) • Indian ESDM Market - Analysis of Opportunity and Growth plan, An IESA - Frost & Sullivan Report, January 2014 (4.4 MB) • Indian ESDM Disability Identification Study, An IESA - Ernst & Young Report, January 2014 (2.4 MB) • Communications Need Assessment Study for ESDM Sector 2013(4.19 MB) • Promotion of Electronics/ IT Hardware Manufacturing(Annual Plan 2012-13), DeitY , 2012 (23 KB) • IT Industry Performance Annual Review for 2012-13 (7.51 MB) • IT Industry Performance Annual Review for 2011-12 (2.41 MB) • Recommendation on "Telecom Equipment Manufacturing Policy",TRAI,2011(93.06 KB) • Report of Taskforce to Suggest Measures to stimulate growth of IT, ITES and Electronics Hardware Manufacturing Industry in India,DeitY,2009 (4961 KB) Union Budget Provisions• Electronics Related Interventions in Budget 2014–2015 (74 KB) • Electronics Related Interventions in Budget 2013–2014.Electronics India B2B Platform  Transfer of Technology  Applied Materials (1 MB)  C-DAC (1 MB)  Coral Telecom (827 KB)  Digital Radio Mondiale (DRM) (2.7 MB)  EFY Exports (12 KB)  EOS Power (51 KB)  GMR (2.0 MB)  Indic Electronics (65 KB)  Infineon (268 KB)  Interra Systems (288 KB)  Interra Systems - Design Services Overview.pdf(1.6 MB)  Kaynes Technology (279 KB)  Linepro Controls (12 KB)  Olympic Pharmacare (20 KB)  SAMEER (3.85 MB)  SGS Tekniks Manufacturing (142 KB)  Srishti ESDM (747 KB)  Suventure Services (46 KB)  Synopsys (52 KB)  TE Connectivity (657 KB)  VNL Shyam (9.2 MB)  Joint Venture/Technology Acquisition  Accurex Biomedical (13 KB)  Bhagyashree Industries (50 KB)  BHEL (320 KB)  Compucare (225 KB)
  68. 68.  Electronics & IT Industry:  Statistics  Electronic System Design & Manufacturing  Software and Services Sector  Industry Promotion Activities  Schemes and Policies of Electronic Hardware  export promotion schemes dpl elec  Policies  google  Interim Extension Issued by Deity under CRS  Details of approved (in-princliple) Greenfield EMCs  FAQs in ESDM sector  FAQs on various aspects related to Foreign Direct Investment in ESDM sector  Notification under Baggage rules  Application Formats for the MSME Scheme  Policies  FAQs  Semiconductor  Incentive Schemes  Information Technology Investment Region (ITIR) /Electronic Manufacturing Clusters(EMC)  R&D and IP Development  Promotion of Exports  Tariff Structure  Human Resource Development  Standards  e-waste Management  Preference for Domestically Manufactured Electronic Goods(PMA)  Product Specific Initiatives  Electronics India B2B Platform  ITA  International Collaboration  State Policies  Industry Associations  National Awards Scheme  e-Newsletter & Press Releases  MSMEs
  69. 69. Transfer of Technology  Applied Materials (1 MB)  C-DAC (1 MB)  Coral Telecom (827 KB)  Digital Radio Mondiale (DRM) (2.7 MB)  EFY Exports (12 KB)  EOS Power (51 KB)  GMR (2.0 MB)  Indic Electronics (65 KB)  Infineon (268 KB)  Interra Systems (288 KB)  Interra Systems - Design Services Overview.pdf(1.6 MB)  Kaynes Technology (279 KB)  Linepro Controls (12 KB)  Olympic Pharmacare (20 KB)  SAMEER (3.85 MB)  SGS Tekniks Manufacturing (142 KB)  Srishti ESDM (747 KB)  Suventure Services (46 KB)  Synopsys (52 KB)  TE Connectivity (657 KB)  VNL Shyam (9.2 MB)  Joint Venture/Technology Acquisition  Accurex Biomedical (13 KB)  Bhagyashree Industries (50 KB)  BHEL (320 KB)  Compucare (225 KB)  OEN India (161 KB)  Vetril Electronics (94 KB)  
  70. 70. Semiconductor devices are electronic components  Semiconductor devices are electronic components that exploit the electronic properties of semiconductor materials, principally silicon, germanium, and gallium arsenide, as well as organic semiconductors. Semiconductor devices have replaced thermionic devices (vacuum tubes) in most applications. They use electronic conduction in the solid state as opposed to the gaseous state or thermionic emission in a high vacuum.  Semiconductor devices are manufactured both as single discrete devices and as integrated circuits (ICs), which consist of a number —from a few (as low as two) to billions—of devices manufactured and interconnected on a single semiconductor substrate, or wafer.  Semiconductor materials are useful because their behavior can be easily manipulated by the addition of impurities, known as doping. Semiconductor conductivity can be controlled by introduction of an electric or magnetic field, by exposure to light or heat, or by mechanical deformation of a doped monocrystalline grid; thus, semiconductors can make excellent sensors. Current conduction in a semiconductor occurs via mobile or "free" electrons and holes , collectively known as charge carriers . Doping a semiconductor such as silicon with a small amount of impurity atoms, such as phosphorus or boron, greatly increases the number of free electrons or holes within the semiconductor. When a doped semiconductor contains excess holes it is called "p-type", and when it contains excess free electrons it is known as "n-type", where p (positive for
  71. 71. Laser- Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation  A laser is a device that emits light through a process of optical amplification based on the stimulated emission of electromagnetic radiation. The term "laser" originated as an acronym for "light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation A laser differs from other sources of light because it emits light coherently. Spatial coherence allows a laser to be focused to a tight spot, enabling applications like laser cutting and lithography. Spatial coherence also allows a laser beam to stay narrow over long distances (collimation), enabling applications such as laser pointers.  Lasers can also have high temporal coherence which allows them to have a very narrow spectrum, i.e., they only emit a single color of light. Temporal coherence can be used to produce pulses of light—as short as a femtosecond.  Lasers have many important applications. They are used in common consumer devices such as optical disk drives, laser printers, and barcode scanners. Lasers are used for both fiber-optic and free-space optical communication. They are used in medicine for laser surgery and various skin treatments, and in industry for cutting and welding materials. They are used in military and law enforcement devices for marking targets and measuring range and speed.
  72. 72. Team Work and resource commitment leads to success!  All departments/NGO’s have wonderful people, great policies ,experts –Key lies in determining strengths of different teams, analyze competition and monitoring results, visualize the future, focussed implementation.  Organization should grow@20% per year as there is 10% inflation in India  Syllabus should be designed considering job descriptions in Electronics, Manufacturing,Testing,QC,Maintenance so that IETE students gets proper jobs easily!  Human Ego should not come in the way of an organization’s development.
  73. 73. Conclusions:  1. Multidisciplinary Engineering Disciplines are used in Engg/Electronic Companies  2.Theory plus Practice as recommended by former PM Rajeev Gandhi at IIT Delhi  3.Learning by Doing as Dr Udai Pareek’s research indicated is best way of teaching/learning  4.Students need jobs and work to pay off their loans/EMI’s  6.Mugging and Cramming are the worst ways of learning-IBM  Thank you-Sanjeev Bahadur

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