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e-Learning policy by Mohamed Amin Embi

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e-Learning Policy in Malaysian Higher Education Institutions by Mohamed Amin Embi (MEIPTA)

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e-Learning policy by Mohamed Amin Embi

  1. 1. e-Learning Policy in Malaysian Higher Education Institutions<br />By:<br />Prof. Dr. Mohamed AminEmbi<br />
  2. 2. Key Findings on e-Learning Policies<br />A total of 16 HEIs or 38.5% have e-Learning policies. This means that the majority (61.5%) or 16 HEIs do not have e-Learning policies yet. <br />For the HEIs that have e-Learning policies, the parties involved in developing the policies are made up of the top management and representatives of faculties/centres/departments only. This shows that none of the HEIs involved the students and external stakeholders in the formulation of their respective e-Learning policies. <br />The e-Learning policies are commonly approved by the Senate (60%) or the top management (40%) of the respective institutions. <br />
  3. 3. According to the e-Learning administrators who formed the sample population in this study, the various approaches used to disseminate e-Learning policies to the campus communities include formal training programmes (80%), university web sites (70%), circulars (60%), pamphlets (60%), and induction programmes (40%). <br />Most of the HEIs (90%) that have e-Learning policies also have their own implementation plans. <br />Most of the HEIs (70%) that have e-Learning policies made the use of e-Learning (70%) compulsory for lecturers and students. <br />Less than half of the HEIs surveyed (40%) have implemented their respective e-Learning policies for more than 3 years or for between 1–3 years, while only two HEIs (20%) have implemented their e-Learning policies for less than a year. <br />
  4. 4. The components least detailed in e-Learning policies as compared to other components are the incentives, awards, and quality assurance components. <br />For the majority (90%) of the HEIs, e-Learning policy is part of their respective strategic plans. <br />For most of the HEIs (70%), e-Learning is part of their respective KPI. <br />Out of the ten HEIs with e-Learning policies, four have no clear e-Learning implementation plans. <br />According to e-Learning administrators, in terms of the level of awareness of the e-Learning policy among the academic staff of their respective institutions, six HEIs are at the level of 76–100%, one HEI is at 51–75%; three HEIs are at the level of 26–50% and four other HEIs are at the level of awareness between 0–25%. <br />
  5. 5. For the majority of the HEIs (12 out of 20) to date, their respective e-Learning implementation plans have achieved a success rate of 0 to 50%, while only eight HEIs have achieved a success rate of between 51% to 100%. <br />In general, support from management, faculty/school/department, and students are at the level of 76–100%, while support from the lecturers is at the level of 25–50%. This shows that the support from the lecturers is less than that of other stakeholders. <br />80% of the lecturer sample confirmed that there was an e-Learning policy at their respective institution. <br />The majority (92.5%) of the lecturers are aware and know about the e-Learning policy in their respective HEIs. <br />
  6. 6. According to them, information about the policy was obtained mainly from institutional websites (58%), circulars (57.4%), and formal training programmes conducted by their respective HEIs. <br />Only 5% of the lecturers stated that they did not comply with the e-Learning policy in their respective HEIs. A total of 30.6% complied fully, and 58.7% complied with a part of the policy, while 5.7% are not sure whether they complied or not. <br />
  7. 7. Lecturers’ response on the existing e-Learning policy<br />
  8. 8. Awareness of e-Learning policy among lecturers<br />
  9. 9. Compliance with e-Learning policy among academic staff<br />
  10. 10. Number/Percentage of HEIs having e-Learning policies<br />
  11. 11. The stakeholders involved in formulating e-Learning policies<br />
  12. 12. Approving bodies of e-Learning policies <br />
  13. 13. How e-Learning policy is disseminated and promoted<br />
  14. 14. Number/Percentage of HEIs having e-Learning policy implementation plans<br />
  15. 15. Number/Percentage of HEIs making e-Learning compulsory <br />
  16. 16. Duration of e-Learning policy implementation<br />
  17. 17. The components included in e-Learning policies<br />
  18. 18. Number/Percentage of HEIs that make e-Learning policies a part of their institutional strategic plan<br />
  19. 19. Number/Percentage of HEIs that make e-Learning policies a part of their institutional KPIs<br />
  20. 20. Number/Percentage of HEIs with clear e-Learning policy implementation plan<br />
  21. 21. Level of awareness of e-Learning policy among academic staff<br />
  22. 22. Level of success in implementing e-Learning<br />
  23. 23. Levels of stakeholder support/commitment<br />

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