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Dr.Amit Hemant Mishal
• BSc. B.Ed. M.Ed. (Gold Medalist ) ,M.A. (Education) , M.A.
(Sociology ), Ph.D.(Education),PGDHE, DSM,Master Trainer in
Life Skills, JRF-NET,SET,PET 9Education), CTET Qualified
• Associate Professor CCYM’S Hashu Advani College of Special
Education https://www.hashuadvanismarak.org/hacse/
• COURSE A4(a)Module 2
• -B Ed Special Education – Hearing Impairment/ B Ed Special
Education-- Learning Disability University of Mumbai
• Useful for Lesson Planning in Science Pedagogy – Content-
Animal Husbandry
What can you see in this picture?
See properly the pictures in the next slide and say
what is all together known as?
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
Cattle farming
Poultry farming
Pisciculture Apiculture
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
So students today we will be learning about use
,care and rearing of animals in the lesson
Animal
husbandry
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
Milk ,meat- used as food
• Farm work-physical labour.
• Cowdung pats- fuels,cattledung-fuels
• Due to biotechnology now-fuel + fertilizer
• Primitive man-used animals as food,used skins to
ptotect from heat,cold,rain.
• Skin of dead used to make articles-
purses,belts,water-skins,horse’s harness,foot wear,
garments.
USES OF ANIMALS
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
• Animals for meat-given supplementary food like milch
animals and those do physical work.
• Pigs-given rice husks,bone meal,leftovers from our
food.
• Goats –wheat husks,corn,linsee oil-cake.
• Commercially feed for boilers is available.
• Animals need dry feed equal to2-2.5% of their own
body weight daily.(milch animals higher perccentage.
• Enough Clean water- drinking.
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
SHELTER
• Cattle sheds –on height to the ground,in dry
place,should allow water to drain away easily.
• Area should be such that tied animals can move
comfortably.
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
Troughs for feeding – properly bulit.
• Drinking water –close to the shed.
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
Shed floor be built ,tiled ,should have
slope enough to allow urine to flow
away.
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
Food,shelter,health
Basic needs-food,shelter.
Grass ,straw,horsegram-main food of
cows,buffaloes,horses.
Supplementary food-given to cows,buffaloes –
as can give more milk,oxen and horses can do
more work.
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
• Milch animals-fermented fodder/ambon
every day.
• Ambon –fermented mixture of oil
cake,grainmeal and jaggery.(fermentation
increases nutritive value of the feed.
• Milch animals –fed oilcake of cotton seed.
• Horses gram soaked in water.
• Bullocks are also given ambon.
• These food make animals strong and robust.
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
HEALTH
• Daily care necessary to keep animals in good
health.
• Shed-clean.
• Floor-regularly washed with germicides-to
prevent diseases , protect animals from
flies,fleas and gnats.
• Deworm animals regularly.
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
Sheep –prone to get ticks, lice.tick found on
their necks,shoulders and around anus-cause
wounds,suck blood.often maggots grow in
these wounds.hence protection of sheeps
from ticks-important.
Medicines not available for some animal
diseases.
eg bird flu and ranikhet diseases cannot be
cured.
There is no cure for dogs or other animals
who get rabies.
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
Vaccination-necessary to prevent such
diseases .
Animal is ill-take to veterinary hospital
at once for proper treatment.if time is
lost you may loose animal too.
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
CROSSBRED STRAINS OF ANIMALS
• Like hybrid plants-hybrid strain of animals can
be obtained.
• Yield from such animals-greater,profits greater.
• Indian cow-5-6 litres of milk every day.
• If crossed with jersey,Holstein or red dean bull
, yield from the offsprings rises to 10-12 litres
daily.
• Cows of the khanderi,devani,khilari,dangi
varieties of maharashtra have ben selected for
cross – breeding at the national level.
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
OCCUPATIONS COMPLEMENTARY TO AGRICULTURE
• Cows,buffaloes----milk
• Bullocks,horses,asses,oxen ----physical labour
• Bullocks,horses, camels----transport.
• Many more ways animals are useful.
• As these animals feed mostly on plants,animals
husbandry has become a complementary business to
farming.-includes keeping sheep,poultry and pigs.
• Other animal based occupations include
sericulture,pearl farming,pisciculture and obtaining
lac.such complementary occupations help to
enhance income. Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
(Live-stock farming)
 Livestock farming includes:
 Sheep farming
 Poultry
 Bee-keeping or Apiculture
 Silk-worm farming or sericulture
 Fish farming or pisciculture.
 Livestock means additional occupation to
agriculture.It includes maintaining sheep,
poultry,bees,fish,silkworms.
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
Animal husbandry : The branch of agriculture
which deals with the feeding , shelter , health,and breeding
of domestic animals is called animal husbandry. It is the
scientific and systematic management of livestock.
Animal Husbandry practices include:
Proper feed and clean drinking water.
Proper shelter.
Proper methods for breeding.
Prevention and cure of diseases.
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
SHEEP REARING
A farmer can easily keep sheep as no expendicture to feed
them.
Sheep can live on bor,babhul trees, shrubs,on stubble and
waste of jowar,groundnuts,horsegram etc.
Sheeps are mainly reared for the wool,meat and leather.
Dropings give good manure to the fields. Their manure is sold
as it contains nitrogen,phosphorous,potassium. In the excreta
than in that of other animals.
They are easily kept as they do not require any special feeding
only shrubs,bushes
One sheep can yield about 1.5 to 2Kg. of wool & 10-12Kg. Of
meat. Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
Sheep farming
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
Clean water
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
POULTRY FARMING
• Eggs and meat of birds are a rich source of proteins
and vitamins.
• Birds like fowl,chickenand ducks are reared for the
purpose of eggs and meat. This is known as POULTRY
FARMING
• Poultry-kept for meat,eggs.
• Hens-kept for laying eggs—layers.
• Hens kept for meat– broilers.
• Hens that eat less and lay more eggs are selected as
layers.
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
Poultry Farming
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
Bones of dead animals-make fertilizers,
known as bonemeal,also
needles,combs,other ornamental articles.
Substance seperated from bones before
making fertilizers –used to obtain glue or
gelatine.
Cords made from gut(intestine) of animals
–used to stich cuts made during surgery.,
used to make strings of string instruments.
Hair from manes,tails of pigs ,camels are
usedfor making paint brushes.
Animal fat-used
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
Since no indian variety of hens meet this requirement ,
foreign variety – white leghorn is used.
Some variety like the English leghorn can lay about 200-250
eggs a year.White leghorn,Rhode Island are reared for meat
Each hen needs 125 grams of nourishing diet every day ,
200-250 eggs in a year.
An egg meant for eating is not a fertilized egg,so there is no
possibility of obtaining a chick from it.such eggs are called
TABLE EGGS.
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
• Birds kept for meat must have more flesh.
• They are fed more –gain more weight in their fleshy parts.
Varieies prefered for this Rhode Island Red,White Leghorn.
In a period of 8-10 weeks—weight becomes – 1300-1500
grams.(birds preferred for eating)
Poultry : Poultry are reared for both meat and egg,each
having different species.Hens that are
reared for egg – Layers.
reared for meat –
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
White leghorn Rhode Island
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
PEARL CULTURE
• Since ancient times pearls-important.
• Pearls used-making ornaments,decorative
articles as also in embridary.-great
demand.hence rise to pearl industries.
• Pearls obtained from marine animal—oyster.
• Previously entirely depended on nature to obtai
pearls.
• Now a technique of inserting a grain of sand
inside the oysters body at the right time,has
been developed.
• Such pearls are called cultured pearls.
• Cultured pearls are not artificial pearls
manufactured in a factory.
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
LAC INDUSTRY
Sealing Wax used in offices to seal envelopes—
material is called LAC.
• Used for making variety of beads,costume
jewellery.
• The attractive red coloured lac is a material
secreted by the lac insect.these insects live on
cactii or on the flame of the forest(palas) tree.
• Lac is producedc only in INDIA.
• It is produced because of its commercial value.
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
SERICULTURE
• The rearing of silkworm for the commercial
production of silk is called sericulture.
• Man learnt to rear silkworms to obtain high
quality silk fibre that they yield.
• Sericulture is a profitable business.
• There are several varieties of silkworm.
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
TYPES OF SILKWORM
 THE SILKWORMS THAT
FEED ON MULBERRY
LEAVES.
 THE SILKWORMS THAT
FEED ON AIN LEAVES.
 THEY GIVE SILK
YARN OF FINE
QUALITY.
 THEY YIELD THE
TUSSORE SILK.
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
Life – cycle of silkworm
• Similar to that of a mosquito
• 4 stages egg,larva,pupa,and imago(adult moth)
• It is in the larve stage that the silkworms need the
leaves to eat.
• The salivary gland that opens into the mouth of the
mature larva secretes a sticky substance.
• The reaction of this substance with air changes it
into thread.
• The larva winds this thread around itself to form a
cacoon.
• The cacoons are boiled in water to obtain silk yarn.
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
LIFE CYCLE OF SILKWORM
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
SILKWORM LIFE STAGES
SILKWORM MOTHS
MATING.
FEMALE SILKWORM
MOTH DEPOSITING
EGGS.
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
SILKWORM LIFE STAGES
YOUNG SILKWORM
EATING MULBERRY
LEAVES.
MATURE SILKWORM
NEARLY READY TO SPIN A
COCOON AND PUPATE.
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
SILKWORM LIFE STAGES
CLUSTER OF
SILKWORM
COCOONS
COCOONS WITH ONE CUT
OPEN TO VIEW PUPA
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
SILKWORM LIFE STAGES
SILKWORM MOTH EMERGING
FROM COCOON
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
SERICULTURE
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
PISCICULTURE(FISH FARMING)
• Man eating fish ages-freshwater and sea fish.
• Earlier man caught fish available from nature.
• Desired variety of fish –grown from their seeds
in the sea or in other water bodies and are
used for eating.
Rearing fish on a large scale is called
PISCICULTURE.
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
• The government makes good quality fish seed or spawn
available for the purpose.
• Fish are included in sea foods.
• Fish forms a staple diet for people living next to
the sea.Fish farming includes 2 kinds : fresh
water or sea water.Many fishes e.g. Pomfret,
Bombayduck,Lobsters,evabs,tuna etc. are
commercially important fishes.Farming in spawns
is done. Some fresh water fish are
KATLA,ROHU,MRUGAL
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
FISH FARMING
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
We learnt today about uses of
animals, some occupations under
Animal Husbandry.
What are the occupations included under
animal husbandry?
What are the four stages of life-cycle of a silk-
worm?
What is poultry farming?
Name any 2 types of fishes in pisiculture?
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)

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Animal husbandry

  • 1. Dr.Amit Hemant Mishal • BSc. B.Ed. M.Ed. (Gold Medalist ) ,M.A. (Education) , M.A. (Sociology ), Ph.D.(Education),PGDHE, DSM,Master Trainer in Life Skills, JRF-NET,SET,PET 9Education), CTET Qualified • Associate Professor CCYM’S Hashu Advani College of Special Education https://www.hashuadvanismarak.org/hacse/ • COURSE A4(a)Module 2 • -B Ed Special Education – Hearing Impairment/ B Ed Special Education-- Learning Disability University of Mumbai • Useful for Lesson Planning in Science Pedagogy – Content- Animal Husbandry
  • 2. What can you see in this picture? See properly the pictures in the next slide and say what is all together known as? Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 3. Cattle farming Poultry farming Pisciculture Apiculture Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 4. So students today we will be learning about use ,care and rearing of animals in the lesson Animal husbandry Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 5. Milk ,meat- used as food • Farm work-physical labour. • Cowdung pats- fuels,cattledung-fuels • Due to biotechnology now-fuel + fertilizer • Primitive man-used animals as food,used skins to ptotect from heat,cold,rain. • Skin of dead used to make articles- purses,belts,water-skins,horse’s harness,foot wear, garments. USES OF ANIMALS Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 6. • Animals for meat-given supplementary food like milch animals and those do physical work. • Pigs-given rice husks,bone meal,leftovers from our food. • Goats –wheat husks,corn,linsee oil-cake. • Commercially feed for boilers is available. • Animals need dry feed equal to2-2.5% of their own body weight daily.(milch animals higher perccentage. • Enough Clean water- drinking. Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 7. SHELTER • Cattle sheds –on height to the ground,in dry place,should allow water to drain away easily. • Area should be such that tied animals can move comfortably. Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 8. Troughs for feeding – properly bulit. • Drinking water –close to the shed. Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 9. Shed floor be built ,tiled ,should have slope enough to allow urine to flow away. Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 10. Food,shelter,health Basic needs-food,shelter. Grass ,straw,horsegram-main food of cows,buffaloes,horses. Supplementary food-given to cows,buffaloes – as can give more milk,oxen and horses can do more work. Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 12. • Milch animals-fermented fodder/ambon every day. • Ambon –fermented mixture of oil cake,grainmeal and jaggery.(fermentation increases nutritive value of the feed. • Milch animals –fed oilcake of cotton seed. • Horses gram soaked in water. • Bullocks are also given ambon. • These food make animals strong and robust. Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 13. HEALTH • Daily care necessary to keep animals in good health. • Shed-clean. • Floor-regularly washed with germicides-to prevent diseases , protect animals from flies,fleas and gnats. • Deworm animals regularly. Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 14. Sheep –prone to get ticks, lice.tick found on their necks,shoulders and around anus-cause wounds,suck blood.often maggots grow in these wounds.hence protection of sheeps from ticks-important. Medicines not available for some animal diseases. eg bird flu and ranikhet diseases cannot be cured. There is no cure for dogs or other animals who get rabies. Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 15. Vaccination-necessary to prevent such diseases . Animal is ill-take to veterinary hospital at once for proper treatment.if time is lost you may loose animal too. Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 16. CROSSBRED STRAINS OF ANIMALS • Like hybrid plants-hybrid strain of animals can be obtained. • Yield from such animals-greater,profits greater. • Indian cow-5-6 litres of milk every day. • If crossed with jersey,Holstein or red dean bull , yield from the offsprings rises to 10-12 litres daily. • Cows of the khanderi,devani,khilari,dangi varieties of maharashtra have ben selected for cross – breeding at the national level. Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 17. OCCUPATIONS COMPLEMENTARY TO AGRICULTURE • Cows,buffaloes----milk • Bullocks,horses,asses,oxen ----physical labour • Bullocks,horses, camels----transport. • Many more ways animals are useful. • As these animals feed mostly on plants,animals husbandry has become a complementary business to farming.-includes keeping sheep,poultry and pigs. • Other animal based occupations include sericulture,pearl farming,pisciculture and obtaining lac.such complementary occupations help to enhance income. Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 18. ANIMAL HUSBANDRY (Live-stock farming)  Livestock farming includes:  Sheep farming  Poultry  Bee-keeping or Apiculture  Silk-worm farming or sericulture  Fish farming or pisciculture.  Livestock means additional occupation to agriculture.It includes maintaining sheep, poultry,bees,fish,silkworms. Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 19. Animal husbandry : The branch of agriculture which deals with the feeding , shelter , health,and breeding of domestic animals is called animal husbandry. It is the scientific and systematic management of livestock. Animal Husbandry practices include: Proper feed and clean drinking water. Proper shelter. Proper methods for breeding. Prevention and cure of diseases. Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 20. SHEEP REARING A farmer can easily keep sheep as no expendicture to feed them. Sheep can live on bor,babhul trees, shrubs,on stubble and waste of jowar,groundnuts,horsegram etc. Sheeps are mainly reared for the wool,meat and leather. Dropings give good manure to the fields. Their manure is sold as it contains nitrogen,phosphorous,potassium. In the excreta than in that of other animals. They are easily kept as they do not require any special feeding only shrubs,bushes One sheep can yield about 1.5 to 2Kg. of wool & 10-12Kg. Of meat. Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 23. POULTRY FARMING • Eggs and meat of birds are a rich source of proteins and vitamins. • Birds like fowl,chickenand ducks are reared for the purpose of eggs and meat. This is known as POULTRY FARMING • Poultry-kept for meat,eggs. • Hens-kept for laying eggs—layers. • Hens kept for meat– broilers. • Hens that eat less and lay more eggs are selected as layers. Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 25. Bones of dead animals-make fertilizers, known as bonemeal,also needles,combs,other ornamental articles. Substance seperated from bones before making fertilizers –used to obtain glue or gelatine. Cords made from gut(intestine) of animals –used to stich cuts made during surgery., used to make strings of string instruments. Hair from manes,tails of pigs ,camels are usedfor making paint brushes. Animal fat-used Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 26. Since no indian variety of hens meet this requirement , foreign variety – white leghorn is used. Some variety like the English leghorn can lay about 200-250 eggs a year.White leghorn,Rhode Island are reared for meat Each hen needs 125 grams of nourishing diet every day , 200-250 eggs in a year. An egg meant for eating is not a fertilized egg,so there is no possibility of obtaining a chick from it.such eggs are called TABLE EGGS. Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 27. • Birds kept for meat must have more flesh. • They are fed more –gain more weight in their fleshy parts. Varieies prefered for this Rhode Island Red,White Leghorn. In a period of 8-10 weeks—weight becomes – 1300-1500 grams.(birds preferred for eating) Poultry : Poultry are reared for both meat and egg,each having different species.Hens that are reared for egg – Layers. reared for meat – Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 28. White leghorn Rhode Island Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 29. PEARL CULTURE • Since ancient times pearls-important. • Pearls used-making ornaments,decorative articles as also in embridary.-great demand.hence rise to pearl industries. • Pearls obtained from marine animal—oyster. • Previously entirely depended on nature to obtai pearls. • Now a technique of inserting a grain of sand inside the oysters body at the right time,has been developed. • Such pearls are called cultured pearls. • Cultured pearls are not artificial pearls manufactured in a factory. Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 30. LAC INDUSTRY Sealing Wax used in offices to seal envelopes— material is called LAC. • Used for making variety of beads,costume jewellery. • The attractive red coloured lac is a material secreted by the lac insect.these insects live on cactii or on the flame of the forest(palas) tree. • Lac is producedc only in INDIA. • It is produced because of its commercial value. Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 31. SERICULTURE • The rearing of silkworm for the commercial production of silk is called sericulture. • Man learnt to rear silkworms to obtain high quality silk fibre that they yield. • Sericulture is a profitable business. • There are several varieties of silkworm. Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 32. TYPES OF SILKWORM  THE SILKWORMS THAT FEED ON MULBERRY LEAVES.  THE SILKWORMS THAT FEED ON AIN LEAVES.  THEY GIVE SILK YARN OF FINE QUALITY.  THEY YIELD THE TUSSORE SILK. Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 33. Life – cycle of silkworm • Similar to that of a mosquito • 4 stages egg,larva,pupa,and imago(adult moth) • It is in the larve stage that the silkworms need the leaves to eat. • The salivary gland that opens into the mouth of the mature larva secretes a sticky substance. • The reaction of this substance with air changes it into thread. • The larva winds this thread around itself to form a cacoon. • The cacoons are boiled in water to obtain silk yarn. Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 34. LIFE CYCLE OF SILKWORM Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 35. SILKWORM LIFE STAGES SILKWORM MOTHS MATING. FEMALE SILKWORM MOTH DEPOSITING EGGS. Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 36. SILKWORM LIFE STAGES YOUNG SILKWORM EATING MULBERRY LEAVES. MATURE SILKWORM NEARLY READY TO SPIN A COCOON AND PUPATE. Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 37. SILKWORM LIFE STAGES CLUSTER OF SILKWORM COCOONS COCOONS WITH ONE CUT OPEN TO VIEW PUPA Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 38. SILKWORM LIFE STAGES SILKWORM MOTH EMERGING FROM COCOON Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 41. PISCICULTURE(FISH FARMING) • Man eating fish ages-freshwater and sea fish. • Earlier man caught fish available from nature. • Desired variety of fish –grown from their seeds in the sea or in other water bodies and are used for eating. Rearing fish on a large scale is called PISCICULTURE. Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 42. • The government makes good quality fish seed or spawn available for the purpose. • Fish are included in sea foods. • Fish forms a staple diet for people living next to the sea.Fish farming includes 2 kinds : fresh water or sea water.Many fishes e.g. Pomfret, Bombayduck,Lobsters,evabs,tuna etc. are commercially important fishes.Farming in spawns is done. Some fresh water fish are KATLA,ROHU,MRUGAL Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)
  • 46. We learnt today about uses of animals, some occupations under Animal Husbandry. What are the occupations included under animal husbandry? What are the four stages of life-cycle of a silk- worm? What is poultry farming? Name any 2 types of fishes in pisiculture? Dr.Amit Mishal,Ph.D (Education)