Introduction To Ap Style


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This lecture discusses basic AP style rules, such as how to cite names, titles, places and dates.

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Introduction To Ap Style

  1. 1. Introduction to AP Style
  2. 2. AP Style is… <ul><li>A standardized way of referencing people, places, dates and things. </li></ul><ul><li>All news organizations recognize AP style. </li></ul><ul><li>Bring your AP Stylebooks to class, from now on. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Most Important AP Style References
  4. 4. Referencing people <ul><li>On first reference, list the person’s full name. </li></ul><ul><li>On second reference, just list their last name. Do not include Mr., Ms. or titles, like Dr. </li></ul><ul><li>For instance: Jane Kim said she enjoys skating… Kim also stated that skating could be dangerous. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Referencing people <ul><li>Always put the person’s name before the word “said.” It is more important to identify the person’s name first. </li></ul><ul><li>Only put “said” first if the person’s job title is long. </li></ul><ul><li>For instance: “This place is incredible,” said John Jackson, president of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Referencing times <ul><li>Strike this from your vocabulary: “at about.” </li></ul><ul><li>Something either happened specifically at some time or about some time. </li></ul><ul><li>No: “ At about 5 a.m., the 7-11 was robbed.” </li></ul><ul><li>Yes: “ At 5 a.m., the 7-11 was robbed.” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Referencing times <ul><li>Always make sure the time is listed with a single number, followed by a.m. or p.m. </li></ul><ul><li>No: At 9:00 a.m., the store will open. </li></ul><ul><li>Yes: At 9 a.m. the store will open. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Referencing dates <ul><li>Abbreviate the following months in dates: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jan. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feb. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aug. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sept. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oct. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nov. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dec. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. For example… <ul><li>No: “A burglar robbed the store on September 11, 2008.” </li></ul><ul><li>Yes: “A burglar robbed the store on Sept. 11, 2008.” </li></ul>
  10. 10. When not part of a date… <ul><li>Use the whole month name when it is not part of a date: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“In January 2008, we celebrated New Years’ Day.” </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Other notes: <ul><li>No first person in a hard news story! </li></ul><ul><li>No editorializing. </li></ul><ul><li>Use inverted pyramid structure. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Addresses <ul><li>If you have a full, numbered address to print, then abbreviate the street. </li></ul><ul><li>i.e. He robbed the house at 314 E. 22 nd St . </li></ul><ul><li>If you only have the street name though, spell out the street. </li></ul><ul><li>i.e. The robbery was at East 33 rd Street and Greenmount Avenue . </li></ul>
  13. 13. Titles are always abbreviated <ul><li>In the first reference, and onward, you may abbreviate titles. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gov. (Governor) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lt. Gov. (Lieutenant Governor) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rep. (Representative) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Rev. (Reverend) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sen. (The Senator) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. You also need to note political affiliations <ul><li>If you are writing about a Senator or a member of the House of Representatives, note their political affiliation. </li></ul><ul><li>You can note it using party and state abbreviations. </li></ul><ul><li>Or you can note it within the sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>i.e. Sen. Hillary Clinton, D-N.Y., said she hates Republican Gov. Sarah Palin of Alaska. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Numbers <ul><li>Spell out all numbers less than ten. Use Arabic numerals for values greater than 10. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>i.e. Sen. Barack Obama (D-Ill.) has two daughters, but he was not prepared for the mob of nearly 200 screaming 14-year-olds. </li></ul></ul>