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3D printing and product safety slides i3dpc

  1. THE IMPACT OF 3D PRINTING ON CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY Gail Greatorex Product Safety Solutions Melbourne, Australia Inside 3D Printing Conference Melbourne 2015
  2. It’s a really exciting time in consumer products We can all work to make it a safe time 2
  3. Consumer product safety Focus today on: Consumer level 3D printers – and how they can impact product safety 3
  4. Consumer product safety How do we usually know products are safe? 4
  5. Typical consumer goods system Designer – Supplier – Manufacturer – Distributor – Retailer 5
  6. Design  Hazard assessment – user, environment  Hazard recognition, likelihood 6
  7. Compliance with regulations  Product bans  Safety standards for design and performance 7
  8. Residual risks Addressed through:  User instructions – assembly, installation, maintenance  Warnings 8
  9. Production specs  Raw materials  Production equipment  Environment conditions 9
  10. Mass production  Consistent output  Enables quality assurance 10
  11. Testing Production samples which are . . . representative of production output 11
  12. Supply chain  Established roles  Clear relationships  Contractual obligations 12
  13. Somewhere in Australia A group of friends are about to start dabbling in 3D printing 13
  14. One of the friends . . . Kyle Kyle acquires a consumer level 3D printer He’s excited to explore what he can make with this new device 14
  15. Kyle’s friend, Elly Elly has always felt she had untapped creative talent She downloads some 3D print software and starts designing some household products 15
  16. Kyle and Elly’s friend, Simon . . . Simon knows somebody who is importing 3D printing filament Simon supplies Kyle with these raw materials for a good price 16
  17. Elly has a friend who’s having a baby . . . Elly has been invited to the baby shower. She wants to give a teething ring as a gift, but that seems a bit plain . . . So she designs a teething ring with some extra little animal shapes around it 17
  18. Kyle makes a teething ring 3D printed from Elly’s design Elly’s friend loves the teething ring No-one realises the rings contain a banned plastic softener 18
  19. Demand for the new design Elly and Kyle start printing more to sell online 19
  20. Kyle gets excited . . . Now Kyle thinks there might be some money in making toys He finds toy designs online at 20
  21. . . . and over-excited Kyle tries to speed up the printing process by turning up the heat in his apartment He doesn’t read the designer’s instructions about the temperature needed to cure the finished product 21
  22. A new and thriving business Kyle’s Kreations Inc is off and running, selling:  Kyle’s Keep KleenTM bath toys  Kyle’s Krazy Kars™ toys  Elly’s Ezi-teethe™ teething rings 22
  23. 3D Printing and Product Safety What does this story tell us? What are the issues for consumer product safety? 23
  24. 3D Printing and Product Safety • Anyone can buy a 3D printer • Anyone can access designs online • . . . and vary them to suit their needs • And supply them to others 24
  25. 3D Printing and Product Safety • Novice and untrained designers! • Novice and untrained producers! (prosumers) 25
  26. 3D Printing and Product Safety • Making and supplying banned products • Not recognising hazards and how to avoid them • Not providing instructions or warnings 26
  27. 3D Printing and Product Safety • Raw materials - Quality? Consistency? • Product output - Quality? Consistency? • Opportunities for checks and balances (testing, QA audits, supply chain cross-checks)?  27
  28. 3D Printing and Product Safety And these are not the only issues consumer product safety and 3D printing There are many more . . . 28
  29. In pairs Discuss how you think prosumer level 3D printing can impact product safety 29
  30. In pairs Discuss ways to address negative product safety implications 30
  31. Consumer product safety is a big issue for 3D Printing . 31
  32. All players have a role . . . 32
  33. Everyone . . . . . . will need to be alert to the issues 33
  34. Strategies for the 3DP industry  Make consumer product safety a priority for its growing market  Support and educate customers in product safety - including prosumers and 3D print shops 34
  35. Strategies for the 3DP industry  Work with product design developers and design schools  Monitor the safety of feedstock and actively manage associated risks 35
  36. White paper White paper: 3D Printing and Consumer Product Safety Available free at 36
  37. Thank you for participating 37