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Case Analysis:
PROCASUR
Learning Route
Mbiri Gikonyo
Background
 Livelihoods in sub-saharan Africa intrinsically
tied to and dependent on land and the
environment
 Sustainab...
Poverty and NRM/C.C
 Poverty closely tied to environmental
degradation and sustainable livelihoods
 Poverty impacts C.C ...
3 cases
 Upper Tana Natural Resources Management
Project (UTaNRMP) - aims at reversing
environmental degradation while at...
Analysis aspects
 Aspects of integrated approach
 Aspects of community participation
 Aspects of capacity building
 Li...
SWOT ANALYSIS
 STRENGTHS
 WEAKNESSES
 OPPORTUNITIES
 THREATS
UPPER TANA all projects as one
case
 Importance of the integrated approach
 These is a nexus between poverty and
environ...
Lessons learned – UTaNRMP
cont’
 Small investments in livelihood improvement
have a huge bearing on natural resources
man...
Lessons learned – UTaNRMP
cont’ – school greening
 Creation of environmental awareness is
important to NRM and CC
 Impor...
School greening
 School as demonstration site, or entry points
to community NRM
Irrigation project
 Capacity building in governance is key to
community livelihood projects – sustainability,
ownership
...
Irrigation project
 Community cohesion created
 Networks create opportunities and synergies
PELIS
 NRM can be a starting point for livelihood
improvement
 Communities can fully engage in NRM when
they accrue imme...
PELIS
 For protection and conservation of NR,
communities must own and accrues benefits
 NRM and livelihoods need not co...
WRUA
 For successful NRM, communities must be
co-managers
 Contradicting policies and legislature
compound NRM
 It is i...
WRUA
 WRUA engaged in CC adaptation by
improving water efficiency
 There can be productive NRM practices
 Importance of...
CCAFS
 Diversification of livelihoods is very important
in adapting to and coping with the impacts of
climate change
 Li...
CCAFS
 Climate/weather information has to be
localized – importance of data collection
 Climate/weather information need...
ALP
 Diversification of livelihoods is very important
in adapting to and coping with the impacts of
climate change.
 Cha...
ALP
 Capacity building of vulnerable groups is
important in enhancing their ability to cope
with climate change.
 Local ...
ALP
 Adaptation also has to address organizational
capacity of community groups
 Weather information is probabilistic – ...
THANK YOU FOR LISTENING
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Learning Route on Natural Resource Management and Climate Change Adaptation best practices, the experience in Kenya; 6-13 July 2014: Overview of the Learning Route: Case Analysis

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The Learning Route on Natural Resource Management and Climate Change Adaptation best practices, the experience in Kenya; took place between the 6-13 July 2014 in several counties in Kenya.

The objective of this learning route is to scale up through peer to peer learning the Kenyan best multi stakeholders' strategies, tools and practices to fight environmental degradation and to adapt to climate change with the aim of improving the livelihoods of people living in affected communities.

The learning Route has been developed by International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) CARE (relief agency) in Kenya and the Cgiar Research Program on Climate Change & Food Security, in partnership with Procasur Africa.

Here we have an overview of the all the experiences of the three host case studies that were visited:
Case 1: Mount Kenya East Pilot Project (MKEPP), the Upper Tana Natural Resource Manangement Project (UTANRMP)
Case 2: the CCAFS and dryland Agriculture site in Wote (Makueni)
Case 3: The Community of Balich and the Adaptation Learning Programme (Garissa)

Published in: Environment
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Learning Route on Natural Resource Management and Climate Change Adaptation best practices, the experience in Kenya; 6-13 July 2014: Overview of the Learning Route: Case Analysis

  1. 1. Case Analysis: PROCASUR Learning Route Mbiri Gikonyo
  2. 2. Background  Livelihoods in sub-saharan Africa intrinsically tied to and dependent on land and the environment  Sustainable livelihoods require NRM  C.C affects livelihoods  Cases about NRM, C.C and Rural Livelihoods  NRM part of C.C mitigation
  3. 3. Poverty and NRM/C.C  Poverty closely tied to environmental degradation and sustainable livelihoods  Poverty impacts C.C adaptation and vulnerability
  4. 4. 3 cases  Upper Tana Natural Resources Management Project (UTaNRMP) - aims at reversing environmental degradation while at the same time improving livelihoods;  Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security programme (CCAFS) – provision of localized climate information for CC adaptation  Adaptation Learning Programme in Africa (ALP) implemented by CARE International - Multi- stakeholder participatory scenario planning to adapt to climate change
  5. 5. Analysis aspects  Aspects of integrated approach  Aspects of community participation  Aspects of capacity building  Livelihood improvement and poverty alleviation  Innovation  Link to climate change  Link to NRM  Sustainability
  6. 6. SWOT ANALYSIS  STRENGTHS  WEAKNESSES  OPPORTUNITIES  THREATS
  7. 7. UPPER TANA all projects as one case  Importance of the integrated approach  These is a nexus between poverty and environmental management  Livelihood improvement for poor rural communities is important for effective natural resources management  Communities are too poor to invest in the environmental management and also need to accrue tangible benefits for natural resources management to be sustainable
  8. 8. Lessons learned – UTaNRMP cont’  Small investments in livelihood improvement have a huge bearing on natural resources management  Communities can engage in NRM where they see clear benefits accruing to them
  9. 9. Lessons learned – UTaNRMP cont’ – school greening  Creation of environmental awareness is important to NRM and CC  Importance to create awareness at an early age – easy to change attitudes/mindsets at early age  Children can influence the whole community  Punishment vs NRM
  10. 10. School greening  School as demonstration site, or entry points to community NRM
  11. 11. Irrigation project  Capacity building in governance is key to community livelihood projects – sustainability, ownership  It is important to incorporate vulnerable groups- schools CSR, domestic water  Irrigation is part of CC adaptation – also allows for diversification  NRM components are incorporated in project – by-laws
  12. 12. Irrigation project  Community cohesion created  Networks create opportunities and synergies
  13. 13. PELIS  NRM can be a starting point for livelihood improvement  Communities can fully engage in NRM when they accrue immediate livelihood benefits  Communities can easily manage themselves if their capacity is built  Participatory management of natural resources is key to successful NRM
  14. 14. PELIS  For protection and conservation of NR, communities must own and accrues benefits  NRM and livelihoods need not compete as they can be integrated
  15. 15. WRUA  For successful NRM, communities must be co-managers  Contradicting policies and legislature compound NRM  It is important for community groups to have legal standing  NRM has to start with awareness creation  Importance of community governance structures for sustainability
  16. 16. WRUA  WRUA engaged in CC adaptation by improving water efficiency  There can be productive NRM practices  Importance of Governance and transfer of leadership skills  Exotic vs indigenous
  17. 17. CCAFS  Diversification of livelihoods is very important in adapting to and coping with the impacts of climate change  Livestock is key for CC adaptation especially in ASALs  There is great need for linkage between different stakeholders in climate change management matters
  18. 18. CCAFS  Climate/weather information has to be localized – importance of data collection  Climate/weather information needs to be shared in formats that locals can understand- language, modes  It is easier to share information to groups  Formalizing groups increases sustainability  It is important to give evidence – data and information
  19. 19. ALP  Diversification of livelihoods is very important in adapting to and coping with the impacts of climate change.  Changes in gender roles are some of the ways to adapt to the impacts of climate change.  Changing production systems may help in coping with the impacts of climate change.
  20. 20. ALP  Capacity building of vulnerable groups is important in enhancing their ability to cope with climate change.  Local communities are rich in knowledge that can be used to mitigate the impacts of climate change.  There is need to address the underlying causes of community vulnerability to CC including policy
  21. 21. ALP  Adaptation also has to address organizational capacity of community groups  Weather information is probabilistic – need to consider and plan for all possible scenarios  Plans vs advisories  Important to integrate into existing programmes/plans - CIDP
  22. 22. THANK YOU FOR LISTENING

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