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Land Tenure Security through the Social Tenure Domain Model (STDM)

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A presentation by Emanuel Adiba from the Uganda Land Alliance during the Learning Route on Securing Land Resource Rights through Inclusive Business Models that took place between the 3rd and the 10th of December 2015

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Land Tenure Security through the Social Tenure Domain Model (STDM)

  1. 1. LEARNING ROUTE ON LAND TENURE SECURITY FROM THE EXEPERIENCE OF IBM AND PILOTING OF SOCIAL TENURE DOMAIN MODEL(STDM). Presented by Emmanuel Adiba GIS Officer 4th December 2015 Grand Imperial hotel Kampala. 1
  2. 2. 2 Presentation outline  Introduction. STDM defined. Features of a good land tool. STDM identifying gaps. Implementation process. Needs to be addressed.
  3. 3. 3 Introduction and Background.  In Uganda land infrastructure is not readily available and the land information system has it’s limitations as it does not cover informal and customarily tenures that have not been registered. The existing Land information system (LIS) requires extensions to include all existing types of tenures and yet institutional changes are hard to implement thus need to design a pro poor land recordation system for the urban and rural poor. These conventional approaches of land information systems are good but expensive to the extent that most people can not afford. Informal customary tenure are not included in the LIS which is not designed for this purpose. The Social tenure domain model (STDM)closes this gap.
  4. 4. 4 Social Tenure Domain Model Defined. STDM is a pro poor land information tool that offers a complimentary land administration system that is pro poor, gender sensitive, affordable and sustainable. STDM supports areas falling outside formal tenures and cadastral systems such as informal settlements and rural area governed by customary laws and traditional practices. Any form of right, responsibility or restriction in a formal or informal system is considered as a social tenure relationship in STDM. Its focus is on all relationships between people and their land.
  5. 5. 5  STDM focuses on a continuum of Land rights rather than focusing on individual titling.  Any of these rights should not be seen as a preferred form, rather as one of appropriate types of tenure and claims.
  6. 6. FEATURES OF A GOOD LAND TOOL 6 LAND TOOL is a practical way to solve a problem in land administration and management. It is a way to put principles, policies and legislation into effect Affordable – it should be cheap enough both for the poor to afford as well as government . Pro poor – It should take into account the situation and needs of the poor into account and giving them a voice in decisions Equitable and gender responsive - the tool should seek to treat everyone fairly with particular attention to inequalities faced by women as compared to men. Pro poor – It should take into account the situation and needs of the poor in and give them a voice in decisions. Equitable and gender responsive - the tool should seek to treat everyone fairly with particular attention to inequalities faced by women as compared to men.
  7. 7. 7 STDM- Identifying the gap Individual land titling often works against the needs and aspiration of poor people because it is costly and time consuming. It gives the poor a platform to engage with land industry to undertake land management. Communities are often discriminative against women in contradiction to the national laws and policies. STDM will close this gap. STDM accepts everybody’s type of tenure and claims. It enables inclusion of all land and all people.  Ordinary people can use the software. STDM allows for recording of all the possible types of tenures as it records what is observed on ground in terms of tenure as agreed with the local communities
  8. 8. 8 1. Planning and Consultation • Baseline Studies to assess community response • Assess existing land conflicts 2. Mobilization and sensitization •To create awareness •To promote a community owned process 3. Training on STDM •To equip team with knowledge on relevant land laws and polices •To equip team with skills on how to use the GPS and STDM soft ware. 4.Interview and data collection •Household Survey approach STDM PROCESS
  9. 9. 9 STDM PROCESS CONT 5. Dispute Resolution • ALC responsible for resolution Traditional leaders play an important role. 6. Boundary Clearing •The community members will be responsible for their respective parcels 7. Plotting using GPS •Plotting of parcels •Giving the parcels numbers •Taking photos of the beneficiaries • Entering of data into the software • Generation of reports 8.Data capture and Analysis
  10. 10. 10 MAPPING AND HOUSEHOLD ALLOCATION OF NUMBERS
  11. 11. 12 Needs to be addressed. Legal and institutional issues. Capacity building. Awareness creation. Test and pilot in various settings. Promote gender component. Address systems maintenance. SUCCESS STORY FROM FORMATION OF CLA https://youtu.be/2US60_OcL98
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