PROEXPOSURE Before and after: how genocide changed Rwanda's women
proexposure.co.uk Rwanda: before and after How genocide changed Rwanda’s women Photos by Annie Bungeroth
Between April and June 1994 a million Tutsis and moderate Hutus were killed in 100 days.
Most of the dead were Tutsis - and most of those who perpetrated the violence were Hutus.
During the genocide militia groups, notably the Interahamwe, systematically set out to murder all the Tutsis they could capture. Exhumed skeletons of victims of the 1994 massacre at the Murambi Technical School is now a genocide museum
Around 50,000 became widows and it’s estimated that between 250,000 and 500,000 were raped.
Of these, 67 per cent are now HIV positive as a direct result.
“ The genocide has changed us,” says Liberate Mukagihana, 45. Before the genocide she was a farmer.
Today, she is a trained paralegal involved in complex genocide cases including murder, rape, and kidnap.
She works for free, one of 80 volunteers trained and supported by Avega East, a Rwandan widow’s association founded by survivors for survivors.
“ Most women don’t know their rights but if a few of us are trained, we can spread the word. I think women are courageous, we share our skills and help each other,” says Liberate.
“ I don’t just want to survive, I want to live again and I want others to do the same.”
In post-genocide Rwanda, women are intrinsically involved in power, politics and peace. In 2008, Rwanda’s female MPs made history by becoming the first in the world to outnumber their male counterparts at 56 per cent.
Contact Us [email_address] T: ++44 (0) 20 7275 8472 proexposure.co.uk PROEXPOSURE CIC Reg No 6487298 Rwanda: before and after How genocide changed Rwanda’s women Journalist Sarah Davison visited Rwanda to see how women are coping after genocide with Annie Bungeroth.