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© CONVION 16/06/2014 Fontell www.convion.fi
Erkko Fontell, CEO
erkko.fontell@convion.fi
2
Convion
• Convion Ltd. has taken over the Wärtsilä fuel cell
development program from 1.1.2013
• Convion will provide fu...
© CONVION
Fuel CellTechnologies
FC
Type
Anode
Fuel
Cathode
oxidant
Operating
temp (°C)
Efficiency
(LHV) Application
PEM H2...
© CONVION
Energy efficinecy in small scale
Stationary gas power plant
Power generation 630 MW
District heating power 580 M...
 Electrical efficiency between 53 – 65% net AC
 Total energy efficiency > 85%
 Fuel flexibility including Natural gas, ...
7
Customer value propositions
Energy Efficiency
Excellent electrical efficieny combined with heat recovery
Further improve...
8
Convion C50 Product
© CONVION 16-Jun-14 Fontell / Convion
SOFC Process
9© CONVION 16-Jun-14 Fontell / Convion
10
Convion C50 product targets
Performance Targets
Net power output 58kW (3x400-440V AC 50/60Hz)
Energy efficiency (LHV)
E...
11
Heat balance - Sankey diagram
© CONVION 16-Jun-14 Fontell / Convion
Conversion
losses
Net AC
Power out
Exhaust heat, Tc...
• Hot exhaust of SOFC is suited for warming of hot water
• High heat pump efficiency for space heating
Case: building inte...
Typical heat pump performance
Compressor power, kW 29
Heating power, ground heat source, kW 107
COP, EN 14511 0/35 °C 3.7
...
• By combining a locally installed SOFC CHP system with
• CO2 emissios from heating may be reduced to 89 kg CO2/MWh
• Furt...
• Reliability and independence of on-site power
generation facilitate safe and resilient operations
• Increased dependabil...
ASSUMPTIONS:
- Grid unavailability per year is
1 hour
- Critical loads can be powered
by N parallel SOFC units with
one re...
• Since cost as €/MWh is higher with new energy technologies the
other attributes may compensate the higher investment cos...
© CONVION
Global Fuel Cell Market
 Global FC deliveries have grown
annually close to 40% since 2006.
Over 50% growth (in ...
Residential fuel cell
• Japan/Ene-Farm is leading the implementation
of small residential fuel cells, close to 40 000
unti...
26
Conclusion
• Fuel cells are being commercialized both in small scale
and large scale applications
• Fuel cell can incre...
Thank you
© CONVION Tekniikantie 12, FI-02150 Espoo, Finland www.convion.fi
Erkko Fontell, CEO / erkko.fontell@convion.fi
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SOFC-polttokenno

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SOFC-polttokenno

  1. 1. © CONVION 16/06/2014 Fontell www.convion.fi Erkko Fontell, CEO erkko.fontell@convion.fi
  2. 2. 2 Convion • Convion Ltd. has taken over the Wärtsilä fuel cell development program from 1.1.2013 • Convion will provide fuel cell solution for distributed power generation applications • By commercializing 50 - 300kW products based on SOFC technology © CONVION 16-Jun-14 Fontell / Convion
  3. 3. © CONVION Fuel CellTechnologies FC Type Anode Fuel Cathode oxidant Operating temp (°C) Efficiency (LHV) Application PEM H2 Air 60 – 100 30 – 40 Portable Small residential Transportation AFC H2 O2 60 – 120 30 – 40 Portable Small residential Transportation PAFC H2 Air 150 – 250 35 – 45 50 – 70 * Med. Residential Commercial MCFC H2, CO, NH3, CH4 Air+CO2 550 – 700 45 – 55 80 – 90 Industrial Commercial Large residential SOFC H2, CO, NH3, CH4 Air 650 – 850 45 – 55 80 – 90 * Industrial Commercial Large residential The most common fuel cell types, named according to their electrolyte Low temperature Intermediate temperature High temperature
  4. 4. © CONVION Energy efficinecy in small scale Stationary gas power plant Power generation 630 MW District heating power 580 MW Gas turbine efficiency 35 % Power generation efficiency 49 % Transmission losses* -3 - 7 % Source : Helsingin energia * Energia teollisuus ry. Convion fuel cell Power generation 50 -300 kW Power for heating 20 -120 kW Fuel cell efficiency >60 % Power generation efficiency >53 % Transmission losses 0 %
  5. 5.  Electrical efficiency between 53 – 65% net AC  Total energy efficiency > 85%  Fuel flexibility including Natural gas, Biogas and Hydrogen  Zero NOx, SOx and particulate emissions  Independent and secure power source And further increase customers energy efficiency, sustainability and power security Convion C50 – C300 products can meet the needs of future CHP solutions 6 C50, 50kW fuel cell power unit 3xC50, 150kW fuel cell power unit © CONVION 16-Jun-14 Fontell / Convion
  6. 6. 7 Customer value propositions Energy Efficiency Excellent electrical efficieny combined with heat recovery Further improvement when combined with heat pump applications: block of flats, hotels, offices, small industries Industrial self generation Increased power independence, efficiency and security applications: industry processes, shopping centers, biogas utlisation, LNG boil-off, etc. Power security Highly reliable power solutions based on duplicated power source for critical loads applications:Telecom, data centers, hospitals, other critical loads © CONVION 16-Jun-14 Fontell / Convion
  7. 7. 8 Convion C50 Product © CONVION 16-Jun-14 Fontell / Convion
  8. 8. SOFC Process 9© CONVION 16-Jun-14 Fontell / Convion
  9. 9. 10 Convion C50 product targets Performance Targets Net power output 58kW (3x400-440V AC 50/60Hz) Energy efficiency (LHV) Electrical (net , AC) Total (exhaust 60°C) > 53 % > 80 % Heat recover Exhaus gas flow Exhaust gas temperature 650 kg/h 222 °C Emissions NOx Particulates(PM10) CO2 (NG, nominal load ) CO2 (with heat recovery) < 2 ppm < 0.09 mg/kWh 354 kg/MWh 234 kg/MWh Fuels Natural gas, City gas, Biogas Dimensions (L x W x H) power unit aux. equipment 3,6 x 1,90 x 2,3 m 3,3 x 0,6 x 2,2 m Noise level < 70 dB(A) at 1 m Installation Temperature Indoor / outdoor -20 – +40°C © CONVION 16-Jun-14 Fontell / Convion
  10. 10. 11 Heat balance - Sankey diagram © CONVION 16-Jun-14 Fontell / Convion Conversion losses Net AC Power out Exhaust heat, Tcool 40°C 2.1% residual heat in exhaust Own power consumption Heat losses LHV in 114.75 kW 8.42kg/h NG ηel= 52% ηtot= 81.6% 7.5% 9.7% 2.6% 3kW 2.4lkW 3.5% Heat gain 59.5kW 34kW 15.9kW heat to environment INDOOR INSTALLATION, ηtot= 97.9%
  11. 11. • Hot exhaust of SOFC is suited for warming of hot water • High heat pump efficiency for space heating Case: building integration with high efficiency © CONVION 16-Jun-14 Fontell / Convion 14
  12. 12. Typical heat pump performance Compressor power, kW 29 Heating power, ground heat source, kW 107 COP, EN 14511 0/35 °C 3.7 Cooling power when connected to ventilation, kW 103 COPc, 12/7 °C, 36/42 °C 2.7 C50 combined with a heat pump - Annual variability of heating and cooling demands balance each other;  over 6000h utilization/ year for the heat pump - Heat pump, ventilation and building automation form near constant base load best suited for SOFC system, variable load can be covered from grid - In case of a grid failure, critical loads may be served by appropriately sized SOFC with Convion’s proprietary load following technology © CONVION 16-Jun-14 Fontell / Convion (source: Oilon) 16
  13. 13. • By combining a locally installed SOFC CHP system with • CO2 emissios from heating may be reduced to 89 kg CO2/MWh • Further reduction of emissions may be achieved by placing the SOFC installation into a building, thus utilizing lost low grade heat • As a reference, CO2 emissions of independent heat generation for district heating in Finland are, on average, 226kg CO2/MWh*  Reduction of CO2 emissions is 60% with Convion products (*Source: Motiva) Efficient, building integrated energy supply © CONVION 16-Jun-14 Fontell / Convion 17
  14. 14. • Reliability and independence of on-site power generation facilitate safe and resilient operations • Increased dependability increase customer value • C50 units are capable of grid independent operation • Maintenance interval is longer and reliability higher compared with combustion engines • C50 products be arranged in a parallel without sacrificing efficiency • Parallel units may be maintained independently Increased dependability 18© CONVION 16-Jun-14 Fontell / Convion
  15. 15. ASSUMPTIONS: - Grid unavailability per year is 1 hour - Critical loads can be powered by N parallel SOFC units with one redundant module - SOFC unavailability due to scheduled and reactive maintenance is independent of state of power grid or state of other SOFC units Grid parallel N+1 redundant SOFC configuration 0 0,5 1 1,5 2 2,5 0,95 0,96 0,97 0,98 0,99 1 Unavailabilityinminutes/year Single SOFC system availability Grid parallel N+1 configuration 5+1/ Grid 4+1/ Grid 3+1/ Grid 2+1/ Grid 1+1/ Grid © CONVION 16-Jun-14 Fontell / Convion 19
  16. 16. • Since cost as €/MWh is higher with new energy technologies the other attributes may compensate the higher investment costs • Fuel cells can increase customer value by providing higher energy efficiency, better power security and power independence Case; power security has a significant value Added value from fuel cells © CONVION 16-Jun-14 Fontell / Convion 20
  17. 17. © CONVION Global Fuel Cell Market  Global FC deliveries have grown annually close to 40% since 2006. Over 50% growth (in delivered MW) for 2012  In stationary SOFC started to replace PEMFC in residential applications. In larger stationary applications SOFC has fastest growth  SOFC seen as future winner due to better cost potential.  FC market potential and expectations are high SOURCE : FC todat Industry review 2013 http://www.fuelcelltoday.com/analysis/industry-review 14/8/13 0 50 100 150 200 250 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 E2013 MW/Technology MCFC SOFC PAFC PEMFC
  18. 18. Residential fuel cell • Japan/Ene-Farm is leading the implementation of small residential fuel cells, close to 40 000 untis have been installed • CFCL / BlueGen leading in energy efficiency with 60% net Ac, • Callux project in Germany, 560 units installed by end of 2013 • Alcore, small wall mounted fuel to complement existing heating systems • Other - Ceres Power, UK - Dantherm Power, DK - AVL, BOSCH, Vaillant, Weissman, Plansee, Germany 23© CONVION 16-Jun-14 Fontell / Convion
  19. 19. 26 Conclusion • Fuel cells are being commercialized both in small scale and large scale applications • Fuel cell can increase customer’s energy efficiency and power security • Convion will provide fuel cell solution for distributed power generation applications • Convion is looking for interested partners for fuel cell demonstrations starting 2015 © CONVION 16-Jun-14 Fontell / Convion
  20. 20. Thank you © CONVION Tekniikantie 12, FI-02150 Espoo, Finland www.convion.fi Erkko Fontell, CEO / erkko.fontell@convion.fi

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