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Meaning
Origin
Types of Drugs
Drug Identification
By: Priyanka Singh
 Narcotic: A drug that produces numbness
or stupor; often taken for pleasure or to
reduce pain; extensive use can lead to...
 Derived from Greek word ‘narkotikos’
means lethargy or sluggishness
(weakness)
Drugs
Narcotics
Opioum Morphine Heroin Codeine
Non-
narcotics
LSD
Amphetamin
es
Barbiturates
 A. Depressants
 B. Stimulants
 C. Hallucinogens
To get rid of mental tension
Ex. Rich Person becomes Bankrupt, Failure/Cheating in Love and so on.
 Opium
Keys: milky whi...
To extend stamina
Ex. Students, Truck Drivers, Night Watchman use it to
increase alertness and to awake for long time
 Co...
Change in mood and behavior
Ex. Fun in festival like Holi; Tradition & Culture of
early Kings, Zamindars, Village people.....
 Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act
 GOI announced in 1985
 Further amended in 1988 to provide detention
po...
 Forensic Science Laboratories are equipped with
sophisticated analytical instruments
IMP: 5 grams in respect of all narc...
Sl.no Nature of Physical
Evidence
Nature of Examination
Conducted
Type of analytical information laboratory can provide
1....
.
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Drugs: Meaning & Types

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Drugs: Meaning & Types

  1. 1. Meaning Origin Types of Drugs Drug Identification By: Priyanka Singh
  2. 2.  Narcotic: A drug that produces numbness or stupor; often taken for pleasure or to reduce pain; extensive use can lead to addiction.
  3. 3.  Derived from Greek word ‘narkotikos’ means lethargy or sluggishness (weakness)
  4. 4. Drugs Narcotics Opioum Morphine Heroin Codeine Non- narcotics LSD Amphetamin es Barbiturates
  5. 5.  A. Depressants  B. Stimulants  C. Hallucinogens
  6. 6. To get rid of mental tension Ex. Rich Person becomes Bankrupt, Failure/Cheating in Love and so on.  Opium Keys: milky white juice obtained from the pod of poppy plants Produced: M.P, U.P, Rajasthan (India)  Morphine Keys: Raw Opium, odorless (without smell) white crystalline powder, 10 Kg Opium=1 Kg Morphine  Heroin Keys: Derived from Morphine, Impure Heroin=Brown Sugar, Capsules or Powder  Codeine Keys: Derived from Morphine, Tablets, Capsules, and Liquid  Synthetic opiates Keys: Milder than Morphine or Heroin  Barbiturates Keys: Derived from Barbituric acid, Tablets, Powders and Capsules, Out of 25, 5 Barbituric derivatives are Amobarbital, Secobarbital, Phenobarbital, Pentobarbital & Butabarbital,
  7. 7. To extend stamina Ex. Students, Truck Drivers, Night Watchman use it to increase alertness and to awake for long time  Cocaine Keys: Active alkaloid obtained from coca leaves; white crystalline powder  Amphetamine Keys: synthetic non-narcotic dangerous drugs; capsule, tablet or liquid  Methamphetamine Keys: another form of amphetamine; capsule, tablet or liquid
  8. 8. Change in mood and behavior Ex. Fun in festival like Holi; Tradition & Culture of early Kings, Zamindars, Village people..  Marijuana Keys: Derived from charas; Hashish used in preparing Cigars & smoked as Ganja; leaf used as Bang  LSD (Lysergic Acid Diethylamide) Ex. Whiskey Keys: Derived from Ergot (Fungus grown on rye); Tasteless, Odorless, Colorless liquid; tablet, crystalline powder in capsule or liquid
  9. 9.  Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act  GOI announced in 1985  Further amended in 1988 to provide detention powers to the Central and State Government enforcement agencies  To meet the growing menace of drug abuse.
  10. 10.  Forensic Science Laboratories are equipped with sophisticated analytical instruments IMP: 5 grams in respect of all narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances except in the case of Opium, Ganja and Charas where a quantity of 24 grams is required for the chemical test
  11. 11. Sl.no Nature of Physical Evidence Nature of Examination Conducted Type of analytical information laboratory can provide 1. Illicit distilled liquor a. Physical Examination b. Chemical Tests c. Steam distillation d. Instrumental Methods e. Analysis a. Whether any alcohol/higher alcohol detected b. Composition of alcohol c. Whether it is adulterated or mixed with any other poison d. Quantitative estimation whether it is positive 2. Toddy (a mixed drink made of liquor and water with sugar and spices) and Toddy Adulteration a. Physical Examination b. Chemical Tests c. Steam Distillation d. Instrumental Methods e. Analysis a. Whether any alcohol/seductive/cholorohydrate is detected b. Composition of alcohol c. Whether it is adulterated or mixed with any other poison d. Quantitative estimation where it is positive -3. Plant Materials a. Physical Examination b. Chemical Test c. Steam Distillation d. Instrumental Methods e. Analysis a. Whether any plant alkaloids like Ganja, Opium and other narcotic drugs detected b. Nature of the Poison c. Quantitative estimation where it is positive. 4. Tablets etc. a. Physical Examination b. Chemical Tests c. Steam distillation d. Instrumental Methods e. Analysis a. Whether any narcotic drugs/ psychotropic substance is detected. b. Nature of the poison. c. Quantitative estimation where it is positive.
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