Child labour

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  • State Programme Implementation and Monitoring Unit (SPMC)in various states.Financial Implication for NPMC per plan periodworks out to Rs. 1,12,60,000/- (Annexure V). National and Monitoring Cell (NPMC). Financial Implication for SPMC per plan periodworks out to Rs. 9,28,00,000/- (Annexure VI).
  • Child labour

    1. 1. Child Labour Prepared by: Priyanka Singh
    2. 2. Overview • Child labour • Child Labourer • Causes behind Child Labour • Consequences of Child Labour • Departments working on child labour • Schemes for child Protection and Rights • Yearly budget of ministry for child Protection and Rights • Stake holders (NGOs/ VOs/ INGOs) • India :Stake holders • A.P :Stake holders • Hyderabad : Stake holders • Famous Activists working against Child Labour • I.T working on Child labour • Child Labour Day • Significance of Child Labour day in U.N.O • Module on Child Labour
    3. 3. Child Labour • Child labour refers to ▫ the employment of children at regular and sustained labour ▫ This practice is considered exploitative by many international organizations and ▫ is illegal in many countries.
    4. 4. Child Laborers • Poor children who are forced to work because of poverty, hunger and fear. • School dropouts who work for at least 12 hours daily to feed themselves and their families.
    5. 5. Report In 2000, the ILO estimates, • 246 million child workers (5-17) aged -child Labour, ▫ 171 million -hazardous work (unsafe for physical or mental health, and moral development). ▫ 8.4 million children -'unconditional' worst forms of child Labour (forced and bonded Labour, the use of children in armed conflict, trafficking in children and commercial sexual exploitation)
    6. 6. Percentage of child labor found during our field visit of TAPAS 71.58% 28.42% Child Labor Trafficked victim after the age of 18 Trafficked victim before the age of 18
    7. 7. Latest News:18 June,2012 (The Hindu) http://www.thehindu.com/news/states/andhra-pradesh/article3541962.ece Child labour: AP plan to be replicated in other States “Of over 36,000 cases identified, there are several instances where the same child has been rescued over four times. As we cannot forcibly keep children away from their parents, the problem has to be addressed at a much larger level by providing adequate adult employment,” said by the officials was reported in the news. Re-victimization of Child : “However, of the 36, 621 incidents of child labour identified, only 13,774 have been rehabilitated and admitted into schools in 15 years. While most children are forced into work by their parents to ease financial burden, most „rescued' children are being sent back to their parents who again put them into employment” reported in the news.
    8. 8. Latest News: 25 June, 2012 (The Hindu) Not so harsh: CLPR Act only prohibits certain „hazardous‟ employment among children and regulates others, while the APSE Act prohibits all employment among children.– File Photo: PTI http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-andhrapradesh/article3567538.e Cost of lost childhood is merely Rs.100
    9. 9. APSE Act imposes a fine of just Rs.100 for first-time employers of child labour. A.P. Shops and Establishments‟ (APSE) Act & Child Labour Prohibition and Regulation‟ (CLPR) Act has stipulates a pittance as penalty. “While CLPR Act imposes a fine of Rs.10, 000 along with a month-long imprisonment on violators, APSE Act imposes a fine of merely Rs.100 for first- time employers of child labour. Those are caught a second time are fined between Rs.250 and Rs.500 under APSE Act” reported in the Hindu on 25 june,2012.
    10. 10. Reason behind Child Labour Parental Illiteracy Orphans Unemployment of elders Urbanization Poverty Overpopulation http://indianmatters.in/index.php?page=eyeopner/eomaster&inter=EO110110001_3
    11. 11. Effects of Child Labour • Child labour deprives a child of a proper childhood. • Suffers physical and mental torture. • Becomes mentally and emotionally mature too fast which is a dangerous sign. • Child labour creates and perpetuates poverty. • Condemns the child to a life of unskilled, badly paid work. • Ultimately this leads to child labor with each generation of poor children undercutting wages
    12. 12. Departments working on child labour • Child labour is a matter on which both the Union Government and state governments can legislate. Dept. working for Child labor: • Ministry of Labour and Employment • Department of Education • Ministry of Women & Child Development • Ministry of Rural Development
    13. 13. Schemes for Child Welfare a) Schemes of Department of Education ▫ Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) ▫ Mid Day Meal Scheme b) Schemes of Ministry of Women & Child Development: ▫ ICPS scheme for providing food and shelter to the children withdrawn from work through their schemes of Shelter Homes, etc ▫ Balika Samridhi Yojana and admission of children withdrawn from into residential schools under SC/ST/OBC Schemes.
    14. 14. Continue… c) Schemes of Ministry of Rural Development ▫ Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA). ▫ Swarnjayanti Grameen Rozgar Yojana (SGRY) ▫ Indira Awas Yojana (IAY) d) Scheme of Ministry of Labour & Employment ▫ Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) ▫ Skilled Development Initiative Scheme (SDIS)
    15. 15. Continue… e) Other Social security schemes ▫ Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme ▫ National Family Benefit Scheme ▫ Janani Suraksha Yojna ▫ Handloom Weavers‟ Comprehensive Welfare Scheme ▫ Handicraft Artsans‟ Comprehensive Welfare Scheme ▫ Pension to Master craft persons ▫ National scheme for Welfare of Fishermen ▫ Janashree Bima Yojana
    16. 16. National Legislation and Policies Against Child Labour in India • The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986 • The Factories Act, 1948 • The Mines Act, 1952 • The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) of Children Act, 2000 • The Minimum Wages Act, 1948 • The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009
    17. 17. The yearly budget of ministry for child Protection and Right • Financial Implication for NPMC (National Programme Implementation and Monitoring Cell) per plan period works out to Rs. 1,12,60,000/- (Annexure V) • Financial Implication for SPMC per plan period works out to Rs. 9,28,00,000/- (Annexure VI). (Ref:http://planningcommission.nic.in/aboutus/committee/wrkgrp1 2/wg_vulnerable_groups.pdf) Planning Commission, Government of India- 12th Five Year Plan (2012-17)
    18. 18. Child Labor: Proposed financial requirement for 600 Project Societies Expenditure per Year Expenditure per Plan Period Project Society( 600) 1,09,32,00,000 6,43,80,00,000 NCLP(National Child labour Projects) School (23,400) $ 12,40,20,00,000 62,01,00,00,000 Residential Schools( 600) 66,78,00,000 3,43,02,00,000 NPMC 15,68,000 1,12,60,000 SPMC (38) 3,29,84,000 17,63,20,000 Project Evaluation 0 5,00,00,000 Total 14,19,75,52,000 72,11,57,80,000 $ at an average of @ 40 schools / NCLP Project Society
    19. 19. Stake holders to fight against Child Labor • Save the Children (2008)- INGO • UNICEF (United Nations Children‟s Fund) - INGO • IJM (International Justice Mission)- INGO • IREWOC (International Researcher on working Children)- INGO • Give India the power to damage lives- Private organization (donation platform) • Good Weave- INGO • Vibha: A Bright future for children- INGO • Others
    20. 20. India :Stake holders • Child Line-1098 Night & Day (1996)- National NGO • Cry: Child Rights and You- National NGO • M. Venkatarangaiya Foundation- National NGO • Pratham: Universalization of Primary Education- National NGO • Avani- National NGO • Prayas- National NGO • Sneh Prayas- National NGO • Voluntary Health Association of Tripura- National NGO • Others (approximately 166 NGOs are working against child labour in India)
    21. 21. A.P :Stake holders • National Educational Minorities Society- Guntur, A.P • Rural Integrated Development Organisation (RIDO)-Chittoor, A.P • Rural Organisation for Social Emancipation - Guntur, A.P • Yanadi Education Society ( YES ) -Guntur, A.P • Women Activities for Voluntary Empowerment ( WAVE )-Nellore, A.P • Visakha Rural Development Society- Visakhapatnam, A.P • Strides Society -Visakhapatnam, A.P • SKCV Children‟s Trust-Vijayawada, A.P • Others
    22. 22. Hyderabad: Stake Holders • Cry: Child Rights and You (Begumpet, Hyderabad) • M. Venkatarangaiya Foundation (West Marredpally, Secunderabad) • Others
    23. 23. Famous Activists working against Child Labour • Shantha Sinha, ▫ an anti-child labour activist , ▫ founder of Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiya Foundation ▫ heads the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights(NCPCR), 2007 • Mr Thomas Chandy of NGO Save the Children India • Mr Ashok Kumar, National Convener of Campaign Against Child Labour (CACL) • Dola Mahapatra of NGO ChildFund India
    24. 24. Information Technology: Child labour • Virtual meeting with the use of IT The third edition of the International Meeting against Child Labour is partnered with ▫ Telefonica Foundation supported by ▫ the International Labor Organization (ILO) – IPEC Program and ▫ the United Nations Children‟s Fund (UNICEF) and ▫ sponsored by the Promotional Program of the Educational Reform of Latin America (PREAL in Spanish) and ▫ the Mayor‟s Office of Bogota, Colombia
    25. 25. World Day Against Child Labour • The International Labour Organization (ILO) launched the first World Day Against Child Labour in 2002. • June 12th, is intended to serve as a catalyst for the growing worldwide movement against child labour
    26. 26. Significance of Child Labour day (June12th) in U.N.O • World Day 2012 events are taking place in more than 50 countries around the world against child labour. (Report: 8 June,2012. ILO) • Events : ▫ high level policy debates ▫ public debates ▫ media events ▫ awareness-raising campaigns ▫ cultural performances and ▫ other public activities involving governments, employers and workers, other UN organizations and non-governmental organizations. Ref: http://www.ilo.org/ipec/Campaignandadvocacy/wdacl/2012/WCMS_182562/lang--
    27. 27. Module on Child Labour Rescue Reintegration Rehabilitation Prosecution Prevention Operation Protection Child labourer Police Police NGOs/VOs NGOs/ VOs/Protecti on Homes Punishment to Offenders Home/School / Orphanage Policies Check-up (Schemes/ Law)
    28. 28. An Indian migrant boy works in a sari factory on World Day Against Child Labor in Katmandu, Nepal. (AP Photo/Niranjan Shrestha) (Ref: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/06/13/world-day-against-child- labor_n_1593042.html#slide=1090024) Photographs of Child Labour
    29. 29. A young Indian bonded child laborer rests his head in his hands after being rescued during a raid by workers from Bachpan Bachao Andolan, or Save the Childhood Movement, at a garment factory in New Delhi, India, Tuesday, June 12, 2012 (AP Photo/Kevin Frayer) (Ref: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/06/13/world-day-against-child- labor_n_1593042.html#slide=1090024)
    30. 30. A young Indian bonded child laborer cries as he is walked away after being rescued during a raid by workers from Bachpan Bachao Andolan, or Save the Childhood Movement, at a garment factory in New Delhi, India, Tuesday, June 12, 2012. (AP Photo/Kevin Frayer) (Ref: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/06/13/world-day-against-child- labor_n_1593042.html#slide=1090024)
    31. 31. Raids on factories in the Indian capital revealed dozens of migrant kids hard at work Tuesday despite laws against child labor. Police rounded up 26 children from three textiles factories and a metal processing plant, but dozens more are believed to have escaped. (AP Photo/Kevin Frayer) (Ref: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/06/13/world-day-against-child- labor_n_1593042.html#slide=1090024)
    32. 32. A young boy cleans parts of a truck on World Day Against Child Labor in New Delhi, India, Tuesday, June 12, 2012. This day serves as a catalyst for the growing worldwide movement against child labor. (AP Photo/Saurabh Das) (Ref: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/06/13/world-day-against- child-labor_n_1593042.html#slide=1090024)
    33. 33. References: • http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/06/13/w orld-day-against-child- labor_n_1593042.html#slide=1090024 • http://www.ilo.org/ipec/Campaignandadvocacy /wdacl/2012/WCMS_182562/lang-- en/index.htm • http://planningcommission.nic.in/aboutus/com mittee/wrkgrp12/wg_vulnerable_groups.pdf • http://indianmatters.in/index.php?page=eyeop ner/eomaster&inter=EO110110001_3 • http://labour.nic.in/annrep/files2k1/lab5.pdf
    34. 34. Thank You so much Lets contribute to the fight against child labour!

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