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Vocationalisation of education at the secondary level

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Vocationalisation of education at the secondary level

  1. 1. •BHAGAT PHOOL SINGH MAHILA VISHYAVIDHYALYA BPS ITTR •SONIPAT, HARYANA SESSION 2014-2015
  2. 2. VOCATIONALISATION OF EDUCATION AT THE SECONDARY LEVEL SUBMITTED TO SUBMITTED BY MS. ANISHA PAHAL PREETI (TEACHER ASSISTANT)
  3. 3. MEANING THE TERMS VOCATIONAL EDUCATION , VOCATIONALISATION OF EDUCATION , OCCUPATIONAL EDUCATION , JOB-ORIENTED EDUCATION AND EDUCATION FOR THE WORLD OF WORK , ETC.ARE USED INTERCHANGEABLY EXCEPT WHERE SPECIAL MENTION IS MADE OF A PARTICULAR TYPE OF EDUCATION IN A PARTICULAR OR ENVIRONMENT.
  4. 4. DEFINITION 1. The American Educator `s Encyclopaedia (1982) 2. Carter V. Good In ‘Dictionary of Education’ (1973) 3. UNESCO [1947] 4. The National Working Group[1985]
  5. 5. NEEDS ‘Eat the bread at the sweat of the brow ’ , thus goes a Biblical injunction. …The Education Commission …The Adiseshiah Committee 1978 …The National Policy on Education
  6. 6. The Policy pointed out of the following merits:- 1.Enhancement of Employability 2.Reduction in Mismatch 3.Alternative Courses 4.Dignity of Labour 5.Self – Employment 6.Increased Productivity 7.Maximum Utilisation Of Resources
  7. 7. TARGET SET AND ACHIVED IN NPE • Target Set in NPE, 1986 • Target Set in NPE, 1992 • Present Position
  8. 8. SLOW PROGRESS AND PROBLEMS OF VOCATIONALISATION 1.General indifference to Vocational pursuits. 2.Vocational courses as dumping ground. 3.Lack of equipment. 4.Lack of trained vocational teachers. 5.Non- determination of equivalence of vocational degrees.
  9. 9. 6.Limited choice of vocational courses. 7.Inadequate guidance and counselling facilities. 8.Lack of research. 9. Lack of systamatic vocational set up. 10.Evaluation difficulties.
  10. 10. SUGGESTIONS FOR ACCELERATING VOCATIONALISATION • Vocational institutions not to be regarded as dumping ground for drop-outs and educationally background pupils. • Vocational courses should be terminal in characters. • Training of village worker for agriculture extension programme. • Compulsory introduction of work experience in all primary and secondary schools. • Pre- occupation education and vocational guidance. • Placement or organised transfer from vocational schools to industries.
  11. 11. • Part- time vocational courses for self- employed persons. • Provision of building and equipment . • Training of vocational teachers. • Low fees for vocational courses. • Study of manpower needs. • District and state vocational committees. • School industry link.
  12. 12. • Problems related to reorientation and training . • Problems related to evaluation . • Redesigning of Teacher Training Courses. • Problems related to the determination of equivalence of diplomas/certificate and degrees. • Problems related to research. • Easy loans. • Work benches and practice schools.
  13. 13. THANKYOU

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