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National policy on education

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TOPIC - national policy on education 1986
SUBJECT - secondary education school management & teacher education
CLASS - b.ed

Published in: Education
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National policy on education

  1. 1. TEACHER EDUCATION NATIONAL POLICY ON EDUCATION Submitted To Submitted By Ms. Anisha Pahal Priyanka Kumari Chaurasia (Teacher Assistant)
  2. 2. NATIONAL POLICY ON EDUCATION 1986
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION The national policy on education is an extensive document that covers all aspects of education from elementary to university level and even adult education in both rural and urban India. This policy formulated by the government of India to promote education amongst India’s people. The first NPE a promulgated in 1968 by the government of prime minister Indira Gandhi, and the second by prime minister Rajiv Gandhi in 1986.
  4. 4. “EDUCATION MUST PROMOTE NATIONAL COHESION AND WORK ETHICS . THE GRANDEUR OF OUR FREEDOM STRUGGLE AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE FOR NATIONAL INTEGRATION HAS TO BE BROUGHT HOME TO EVERY STUDENT. THE CURRICULAR AND THE TEXT BOOKS SHOULD CURB PAROCIAL COMMUNAL INTERPRETATION OF OUR COMPOSITE CULTURE” 5 JANUARY 1985 RAJIV GANDHI ADDRESS THE NATION
  5. 5. The NPE contain XII Parts and 157 paragraphs on different aspects of education.
  6. 6. NATIONAL POLICY ON EDUCATION IS DIVIDED INTO 12 ESSENTIAL PARTS 1. Introductory definition 2. The Essence and role of education 3. National system of education • All- round development • acculturating role • manpower development for different levels of economy • education is a unique investment •Concept of national system of education •common educational structure (10+2+3) followed all over the country. •Equal opportunity. •based on a national curricular framework •Promotion of link and other language •Emphasis on research and development •Life- long education •Institutions of national importance
  7. 7. 4. Education for equality EDUCATION FOR WOMEN'S EQUALITY THE EDUCATION OF SCHEDULED CASTES THE EDUCATION OF SCHEDULED TRIBES OTHER EDUCATIONALLY BACKWARD SECTIONS AND AREAS MINORITIES HANDICAPPED ADULT EDUCATION
  8. 8. 5. REORGANISATION OF EDUCATION AT DIFFERENT STAGES • ELEMENTARY EDUCATION • CHILD-CENTRED APPROACH • SCHOOL FACILITIES • SECONDARY EDUCATION • VOCATIONALISATION • HIGHER EDUCATION • OPEN UNIVERSITY AND DISTANCE LEARNING
  9. 9. 7. TECHNICAL AND MANAGEMENT EDUCATION- INNOVATION, RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 8. MAKING THE SYSTEM WORK
  10. 10. 8. REORIENTING THE CONTENT AND PROCESS OF EDUCATION THE CULTURAL PERSPECTIVE VALUE EDUCATION LANGUAGES BOOKS AND LIBRARIES MEDIA AND EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY WORK EXPERIENCE EDUCATION AND ENVIRONMENT POPULATION EDUCATION MATHEMATICS TEACHING SCIENCE EDUCATION SPORTS AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION YOGA THE ROLE OF YOUTH THE EVALUATION PROCESS AND EXAMINATION REFORM
  11. 11. 9. THE TEACHER 10. THE MANAGEMENT OF EDUCATION 11. RESOURCES AND REVIEW 12. THE FUTURE • TEACHER EDUCATION • NATIONAL LEVEL • STATE LEVEL • DISTRICT AND LOCAL LEVEL
  12. 12. MERITS OF NATION POLICY ON EDUCATION 1. Educational works 2. National system of education 3. Uniform pattern of education 4. Nation core curriculum 5. Delinking degree from jobs 6. Establishment of navodaya schools 7. Role of the central government 8. Financial suggestions 9. Equal educational opportunities 10. Encouraging talents and efficiency 11. Indian education service 12. Vocationalisation
  13. 13. DEMERITS OF NATIONAL POLICY ON EDUCATION  “Neighbourhood school” has been completely neglected  Silence over ‘public school’ and their commercialisation  No check on minority school and their exploitation  Too much expectation from community help  Basic education is neglected at the school stage  Multiplicity of authorities in education has been recommended
  14. 14.  No mention of increasing working hours in the schools for the optimum utilisation of human resources  No suggestion is given on the reservation policy for admission, but economic condition should be the criterion for reservation.  Targets in different areas of reforms have not been fixed.  Primary, secondary and higher secondary schools are not working in unison and there is no linkage envisaged among them.

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