Exceptional children psychology priyanka

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topic - exceptional children
subject - psychology
class- b.ed

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Exceptional children psychology priyanka

  1. 1. BHAGAT PHOOL SINGH MAHILA VISHYAVIDHYALYA BPS ITTR SONIPAT, HARYANA SESSION
  2. 2. Development of learner and learning CONCEPT, TYPES, CHARACTERISTICS OF GIFTED, VISUAL IMPAIRMENT, ORTHOPEDIC Handicapped Submitted to submitted by Ms. Sushila sharma priyanka kumari chaurasia Teaching Assistant . 14060266
  3. 3. CONCEPT, TYPES, CHARACTERISTICS OF GIFTED, VISUAL IMPAIRMENT, ORTHOPEDIC HANDICAPPED
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION TELFORD AND SAWRETY (1977) The term exceptional children refers to those children who deviate from the normal In physical, mental, emotional or social characteristics of such a degree that they require special social educational services to develop their maximum capacity. kirk, Gallagher, anastasiow and coleman (2006) Exceptional child is a child who differs from the average or normal child in (i) Mental characteristics (ii) Sensory abilities (iii) Communication abilities (iv) Behaviour and emotional development (v) Physical characteristics These difference must occur to such an extent that the child requires either a modification of school practise or special education services to develop his or her unique capabilities
  5. 5. TYPES OF EXCEPTIONAL CHILDREN EXCEPTIONAL CHILDREN MENTALLY EXCEPTIONAL CHILDREN - GIFTED CHILDREN CREATIVE CHILDREN SENSORY EXCEPTIONAL CHILDREN – VISUALLY IMPAIRED HEARNING IMPAIRMENT PHYSICALLY HANDICAPED CHILDREN - ORTHOPAEDICALLY HANDICAPPED ACADEMICALLY EXCEPTIONAL CHILDREN – LEARNING DISABLED SLOW LEARNER MULTIPULE HANDICAPPED CHILDREN – CHILDREN WITH CELEBRAL PALSY CHILDREN WITH MULTIPLE DIABLLITY
  6. 6. Gifted children ECYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA ANY CHILD WHO IS NATURALLY ENDOWED WITH A HIGH DEGREE OF GENERAL MENTAL ABILITY OR EXTRAORDINARY ABILITY IN A SPECIFIC SPHERE OF ACTIVITY OR KNOWLEDGE. IN MOST COUNTRIES THE PREVAILING DEFINITION IS AN INTELLIGENCE QUOTIENT (IQ) OF 130 OR ABOVE. NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR GIFTED CHILDREN GIFTED INDIVIDUALS ARE THOSE WHO DEMONSTRATE OUTSTANDING LEVLES OF APTITUDE (DEFINED AS AN EXCEPTIONAL ABILITY TO REASON AND LEARN)OR COMPETENCE (DOCUMENTED PERFORMANCE) IN ONE OR MORE DOMAINS. DOMAINS INCLUDE ANY STRUCTURED AREA OF ACTIVITY WITH ITS OWN SYMBOL SYSTEM (E.G., MATHEMATICS , MUSIC , LANGUAGE) OR SET OF SENSORIMOTOR SKILLS (PAINTING , DANCE, SPPORTS)
  7. 7. CHARACTERISTIC OF GIFTED CHILDREN LEARNING CHARACTERISTICS SELF DETERMINATION CHARACTERISTICS CREATIVE THINKING CHARACTERISTICS SOCIAL LEADERSHIP CHARACTERISTICS MOTIVATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS
  8. 8. LEARNING CHARACTERISTICS  DISPLAYS LOGICAL AND ANALYTICAL THINKING  QUICK TO SEE PATTERNS AND RELATIONSHIP  MASTERS INFORMATION QUICKILY  EASILY GRASPS UNDERLYING PRINCIPLES  SEEKS TO REDEFINE PROBLEMS, IDEAS  FINDS AS WELL AS SOLVES PROBLEMS  CAN RECALL A WIDE RANGE OF KNOWLEDGE  INDEPENDENTLY SEEKS TO DISCOVER THE WHY AND HOW OF THINGS
  9. 9. SELF DETERMINATION CHARACTERISTICS  QUESTIONS ARBITRARY DECISIONS  PUSHES TEACHERS AND ADULTS FOR EXPLANATIONS  SHOW INTEREST IN ‘ADULT’ PROBLEMS  EASILY BORED WITH ROUTINE TASKS  EXPRESSES IDEAS AND OPINION  RELATES WELL TO OLDER CHILDREN AND ADULTS  ASKS AND SEARCHING QUESTIONS
  10. 10. CREATIVE THINKING CHARACTERISTICS  PRODUCES ORIGINAL IDEAS  SHOW THEIR IMAGINATION AND FANTASY  CREATES ORIGINAL THINGS OR INVENTS THINGS  HAVE GREAT SENSES OF HUMOUR  GENERATES UNUSUAL INSIGHTS  HAPPY (ENJOY) TO THINK ABOUT THE FUTURE  DEMONSTRATES AWARENESS OF AESTHETIC QUALITIES  NOT AFRAID TO BE DIFFERENT  GENETATES A LARGE NUMBER OF IDEAS  IS PREPARED TO EXPERIMENT WITH NOVEL IDEAS
  11. 11. SOCIAL LEADERSHIP CHARACTERISTICS  TAKES THE INITIATIVE IN SOCIAL SITUATIONS  IS POPULAR WITH PEERS  COMMUNICATES WELL WITH OTHERS  ACTIVELY SEEKS LEADERSHIP IN SOCAIL SITUATIONS  SHOWS ABILITY TO INSPIRE A GROIP TO MEET GOALS  PERSUADES A GROUP TO ADOPT IDEAS OR METHODS  SELF-CONFIDENT  ADAPTABLE AND FLEXIBLE IN NEW SITUATIONS  SOCIALLY MATURE  WILLING TO TAKE RESPONSIBILITY
  12. 12. MOTIVATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS  STRIVES FOR HIGH STANDARDS OF PERSONAL ACHIEVEMRENT  SELF DIRECTED  IS HIGHLY SELF MOTIVATED AND SETS PERSONAL GOALS  BECOMES COMMITTED TO AND ABSORBED IN TASKS  TENDS TO BE SELF CRITICAL AND EVALUATIVE  IS RELIABLE  PREFERS TO WORK INDEPENDENTLY
  13. 13. VISUALLY IMPAIRED CHILDREN
  14. 14. American medical association (1934) LEGALLY, A BLIND PERSON IS SAID TO BE ONE (i) who has visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye even with correction,(ii) or whose field of vision is so restricted that it subtends an angle of 20 degree or less in the better eye after correction. world health organization (2006) THERE ARE 4 LEVELS OF VISUL FUNCTION, ACCORDING TO THE INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFICATION OF DISEASES- • NORMAL VISION • MODERATE VISUAL IMPAIRMENT • SEVERE VISUAL IMPAIRMENT • BLINDNESS
  15. 15. Characteristics of visually impaired children • Learning and cognition • Movement and posture • Emotional and behavioural • Social behaviour • Language development
  16. 16. ORTHOPEDIC handicapped The crippled child in the orthopaedic sense is one who has a defect which causes a deformity or interference with normal functions of the bones, muscles or joints. It may be due to disease, accident or heredity.
  17. 17. Characteristics of orthopaedic handicapped  May have limited mobility  May have difficult writing if upper extremities are involved  Slurred speech  Body pain and discomfort  Fatigue  Lack of ability to accomplish a particular motor movement
  18. 18. classification of orthopaedic handicapped Physical disabilities can be classified in different ways. Congenital - Disabilities present in a child from birth. They are subdivided into Hereditary - conditions which are passed from parents to a child Developmental - embryological defects in the foetus. Abnormalities which occur in prenatal (before birth) or perinatal period (during birth) Acquired - Disabilities which develop later in the child who was born normal. There are two reasons Accidents Diseases
  19. 19. REFERENCES  Educational psychology of teaching learning process – S k mangal  S k mangal  prarup  www.Britannica.com  WWW.nagc.org  www.gifted.org.nz  www.who.int
  20. 20. THANK YOU

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