Definition of models of teaching
Characteristics of models of teaching
Types of model of teaching
Mastery learning model
Merits and demerits of mastery learning model
The term ‘model’ carries different meaning in our day
to day life we look at the model of Taj Mahal and find
it an exact replica of the original . This is why models
prove a quite effective aid us a substitute for reality in
the class-room situation.
The meaning of a model can also be made clear in
these words –’an effort to draw some meaning from
experience’. In the field of education , this effort helps
in educational talk related to the subject, i.e. helps in
the talk and thinking regarding guidance.
4. Definitions of teaching of models
According to Joyce and weil .”Teaching models are just
instructional designs. They describes the process of
specifying and producing environmental situation which
cause the student to interact in such a way that specific
change occurs in his behavior.”
• According to N.k.jangira and others , “ A models of
teaching is a set of inter-related components arranged in
a sequence which provides guidelines to realize specific
goal.it helps in designed instructional activities and
environmental facilities, carrying out of these activities
and realization of the stipulated objectives
5. Characteristics of teaching models
1.The development of teaching model is based
on certain assumptions.
2.The teaching models depend on the
individual differences . Their structure is
3.The teaching models use the interests of the
4.These models are based on one or the other
5.The basis of teaching models also includes
6. 6.With the help of models , teaching can be
seen as an art.
7.Models prove helpful in developing the
teacher’s personality qualitatively.
8.Teaching models are based on scientific
9.All the teaching models have their own
10.Teaching model determines what the pupils
have learnt after the instructions.
7. Types of teaching model
There are four types of teaching model according to
Bruce Joyce and Marsha Weil:-
• Social interaction
9. Mastery learning model
Mastery learning is an approach for organizing instructions
.This approach was formulated by John B. Carroll and
B.S.Bloom.mastery learning helps in attaining a
satisfactory level of performance in school subjects. It
belongs to the behavioral systems family of models as
classified by Joyce and Weil. Mastery learning provides a
compact and interesting way to increasing the likelihood
that more students will attain a satisfactory level of
performance in school subjects
The core theoretical ides in mastery learning is based on
the meaning of aptitude as suggested by John Carroll. ,
aptitude is that feature of student that is direct related to
11. Is an instructional strategy in which students learn one
topic before moving on to the next subsequent topic.
Students must demonstrate competence in one area before
proceeding to the next.
Mastery learning is based on 3 assumptions:
1. Almost every student can learn a topic to mastery
2. Some students need more time than others
3. Some students need more help than others
Therefore most students can learn if given sufficient time and
instruction to do so.
12. Mastery Learning 4 Components
1. SMALL DISCRETE UNITS-The subject matter is
broken up into a bunch of little lessons that covers a
small amount of material
2. A LOGICAL SEQUENCE-The basic concepts and
procedures are learned before the more complex
3. DEMOSTRATION OF MASTERY AT END OF EACH
LESSON- Students can’t move to the next lesson
until they show that they mastered the proceeding
13. 4. ADDITIONAL ACTIVITIES FOR STUDENTS
NEEDING EXTRA HELP OR PRACTICE TO
ATTAIN MASTERY- Support and resources are
tailored to individual needs. Examples could
include a different instructional approach, different
material, study groups, or individual tutoring.
14. Characteristics of mastery learning
According to Bloom ,The characteristics of mastery
learning model are :-
1.Mastery of any subject is defined in terms of sets of
measure objectives which represent the course of unit.
2.The substance is then divided into a larger set of
relatively small learning unit. Each unit accompanies
its own objectives. These objectives are parts of larger
ones .These are considered essentials for there
15. 3.Learning materials are then identified.
After this, the instructional strategy is
4.Each unit is accompanied by brief
diagnostic tests to measure the pupils’
progress. Also these diagnostic tests
identified those particulars problems which
each pupil is facing.
5.The data obtained from these diagnostic
tests is used to provide supplementary
instruction to the student to help him
overcome his problems.
16. Description of mastery learning model
in terms of the basic elements
Focus:- Its aim is to control the pace of the
students ,his aptitudes, his previous knowledge of the
subject. It is based on the assumption that all students
of a class can learn and attain the mastery level if
sufficient time ,adequate instructions and timely help
is provided to them according to their interests and
abilities. Therefore the model focuses to attain the
The structure of model involve six steps :-
Planning for Mastery
Teaching for mastery
formative evaluation for diagnosing mastery
mastery providing for differential teaching
Re-evaluation and remedial work for mastery
summative evaluation and mastery for other
18. Phase 1:- Planning for Mastery
Phase 2:- Teaching for
Phase 3:-formative evaluation
for diagnosing mastery
Phase 4:-mastery providing
for differential teaching
Phase 5:- Re-evaluation and
remedial work for mastery
evaluation and mastery for
other learning units
19. Social system
A social system of any teaching model provides
information regarding the teacher and the student
relationship. In this model , teacher plays an important role
. The teacher helps the student in attaining the mastery on
the subject by keeping in view their individual differences .
The teacher is entirely responsible for the success and
failure of the student.
For the attainment of mastery by all student of the class,
the teacher has to organize the class in small groups, take
the help of early masters as monitor and help the student
individually as a tutor.so the model provide opportunities
not only for teacher-pupil interaction but pupil-pupil
interaction as well.
20. Support system
Implementation of this model requires some
additional support other than usually available in
normal classroom situation in the form of :
Diagnostic test in every unit
Development of self confidence slow learner.
Development of self initiation among students .
Development of self analysis and inspiration among
Development of problem solving qualities in students.
Helps obtaining mastery in school subject.
23. Merits of mastery learning model
Helps students what they have learned and what they need
to learn better.
Correctives are individualized.
Prevents minor learning difficulties from accumulating and
becoming major learning problems.
Help students overcome their individual learning
Offers students a second chance at success.
Special enrichment activities to broaden learning
24. Reduces the variation in students achievement levels.
Students are given extended time to master the
Can break cycle of failure .
No single method of instruction works for all.
Teachers must increase variation in their
teaching to decrease variation in results.
Students may need additional time to learn.
Implementation of mastery learning will
require more time at first.
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Technology. New Delhi: PHI Learning Private Limited.
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Delhi: S.S. Publishers .