A postage stamp is a small piece of paper that
is purchased and displayed on an item of mail as
evidence of payment of postage.
Stamps are printed on special custom-made
paper, show a national designation and a
denomination (value) on the front, and have a
gum adhesive on the back.
Stamps are usually rectangular, but triangles or
other shapes are occasionally used.
The stamp is affixed to an envelope or other
postal cover (e.g., packet, box, mailing cylinder)
the customer wishes to send.
Postage stamps have facilitated the delivery of mail
since the 1840s.
Before then, ink and hand-stamps (hence the word
'stamp'), usually made from wood or cork, were often
used to frank the mail and confirm the payment of
The first adhesive postage stamp, commonly referred
to as the Penny Black, was issued in the United
Kingdom in 1840.
Although a number of people laid claim to the concept
of the postage stamp, it is well documented stamps
were first introduced in the United Kingdom on 1 May
1840 as a part of postal reforms promoted by Sir
Postage stamps are sometimes issued
in souvenir sheets or miniature
sheets containing one or a small number of
stamps. Souvenir sheets typically include
additional artwork or information printed on
the selvage, the border surrounding the
stamps. Sometimes the stamps make up a
greater picture. Some countries, and some
issues, are produced as individual stamps as
well as sheets.
The main components
of a stamp:
4. Country name
School: Shree Baldevadas Kikani
Vidyamandir Hr. Sec. School
Teacher: Parimala Devi