Water is nature’s gift to us.
Water is also used to create electricity.
Water power that is used to create electricity
is called hydroelectric power.
Dams use moving water to make electricity
in places where there are large bodies of water.
Hydroelectric power can run mills that produces
Let’s learn about fossil fuels, which are non-
renewable energy resources.
Fossil fuels are formed from the remains
of plants and animals that lived and died
Over time, the remains of dead plants and
animals are changed into energy-rich
fuels, called fossil fuels.
Some examples of fossil fuels are-
II. Petroleum (oil)
Where can we find fossil fuels?
We can find these natural Resources
under the Ground!
As you can tell, it takes longer to get more of
the nonrenewable resources.
That’s why we need to conserve our
We need to use them wisely and not waste
Worlds primary energy consumption is
growing by 5.6%.
The Asia Pacific Region continues to lead
Global energy consumption 38.1% of the
world and for 67.1% of Global coal
Within the Asia Pacific countries, Coal is the
dominant fuel accounting for 52.1% of energy
The 20 richest countries of the World consume
nearly 80% of the natural gas, 65% of oil,
and 50% of coal produced each year.
These 20 countries account for less than 20%
population which consumes 50% of the
commercial energy supply.
There is direct co-relation between energy
consumption and the level of Economic
1973 OIL CRISES
An OPEC oil export embargo by many of the
major Arab oil producing states, in response to
western support of Israel during the Yom
1979 ENERGY CRISES
Cause: The Iranian Revolution.
1990 SPIKE IN THE PRICE OF OIL
Cause: The Gulf War.
The 2000-2001 CALIFORNIA
Cause: failed deregulation and business
THE UK FUEL PROTEST OF 2000
Cause: raise in the price of crude oil and
combined with already relatively high taxation
on road fuel in the UK.
NORTH AMERICAN NATURAL GAS
ARGENTINE ENERGY CRISES OF 2004
POLITICAL RIOTS OCCURING DURING
Burmese anti-government protests were
sparked by rising energy prices.
Over dependence on conventional sources of
energy, especially on hydro-carbon based fuels.
Natural oil and gas shortages due to war or
other political disturbances.
Market failure is possible when monopoly,
manipulation of markets occur.
A crises can develop due to industrial actions
like organized strikes and govt. embargoes.
A crises could emerge after infrastructure
damage such as damage to pipeline etc.
Attack by terrorists on oil production and
Political events and changes.
Government/ Monarchy collapse.
Changes in Laws and Policies in different
Energy conservation means more efficient
utilization of energy resource ensuring the
same level of economic activities with lesser
inputs of energy.
Improve efficiency of equipments, machinery
Upgrade all equipments through technology.
Substitutes should be made available.
Non- renewable sources should only be used
when the substitutes are not available.
Alternatives should be made available.
Energy Audits should be made compulsory in
large production units.
Budget allotment should be made for energy
Improvise management and maintenance to
Need for modernization and renovation of
Increasing use or railways as compared to
Efficient systems for household sectors.