Presentation on IK in Kerala's 10th Five Year Plan

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Presentation on IK in Kerala's 10th Five Year Plan

  1. 1. INCORPORATING IK INTO KERLA’S TENTH FIVE YEAR PLAN -A CASE STUDY PROF. G. M. NAIR, DIRECTOR Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute Pacha-Palode, Thiruvananthapuram 695562, Kerala, India www.tbgri.org gmnair@rediffmail.com
  2. 2. GENESIS OF THE PROGRAMME • ORGANISED A PRE-WORKSHOP BRAIN STORMING SESSION ON INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE STRATEGIES FOR KERALA, AT GOVERNMENT SECRETARIAT, THIRUVANANTHAPURAM, UNDER THE CHAIRMANSHIP OF HON’BLE CHIEF MINISTER OF KERALA SRI A. K. ANTONY , ON 20TH SEPTEMBER 2002 THROUGH ASSISTANCE FROM WORLD BANK IK GROUP • SENIOR BUREAUCRATS OF GOVERNMENT OF KERALA, HEADS OF DEPARTMENTS, PLANNERS, SENIOR SCIENTISTS, REPRESENTATIVES FROM WORLD BANK IK GROUP AND DELEGATES FROM KENYA, UGANDA AND ETHIOPIA PARTICIPATED.
  3. 3. RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE BRAIN STORMING SESSION 1. IDENTIFY A NODAL AGENCY FOR ADVISING THE GOVERNMENT, FOR IMPLEMENTING IK PROGRAMMES 2. PREPARE AN INVENTORY OF IK FROM DIFFERENT SECTIONS OF THE COMMUNITIES 3. PRIORITISE IK FOR SHORT TERM AND LONG TERM PROJECT PROPOSALS 4. EAR MARK A CERTAIN PERCENTAGE OF BUDGETARY PROVISION FROM CONCERNED DEPARTMENTAL ALLOCATIONS FOR IK RELATED ACTIVITIES 5. SUBMIT TO THE GOVERNMENT OF KERALA AND THE KERALA STATE PLANNING BOARD, CONCRETE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF IK RELATED ACTIVITIES IN THE 10TH PLAN
  4. 4. FOLLOW UP PROGRAMME • ORGANISED A WORKSHOP ON “INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE STRATEGIES FOR KERALA” FROM 7-9 OCTOBER 2002, AT THIRUVANANTHAPURAM, WITH THE SUPPORT OF IK PROGRAMME, WORLD BANK, WASHINGTON DC. • WORKSHOP WAS INAUGURATED BY HON’BLE CHIEF MINISTER OF KERALA STATE, SRI A. K. ANTONY • SRI V. RAMACHANDRAN, VICE-CHAIRMAN, KERALA STATE PLANNING BOARD DELIVERED THE KEY-NOTE ADDRESS • SRI S. M. VIJAYANAND, SECRETARY, PLANNING AND ECONOMIC AFFAIRS, GOVERNMENT OF KERALA WAS ALSO PRESENT ON THE OCCASION •ATTENDED BY ABOUT 120 INVITEES, WHO ARE EXPERTS IN THEIR RESPECTIVE AREAS. PLANNERS, BUREAUCRATS, SCIENTISTS, ACADEMICIANS, FARMERS, MEDIA-PERSONS, TECHNOLOGISTS, TRIBALS AND TRADITIONAL MEDICAL PRACTITIONERS.
  5. 5. FOLK DANCE TRADITIONAL FIRE DANCE
  6. 6. OBJECTIVE •THE WORKSHOP WAS ORGANISED WITH A VIEW TO DEVELOP CONCRETE IK BASED PROPOSALS FOR SUBMISSION TO THE KERALA STATE PLANNING BOARD, SO THAT THESE PROPOSALS COULD BE INCORPORATED INTO THE 10TH FIVE YEAR PLAN. OUTCOME SPECIFIC SHORT-TERM AND LONG–TERM PROPOSALS, SUBMITTED AFTER DISCUSSION AND DEBATE BY VARIOUS GROUPS AND PANELS DURING THE WORKSHOP, WERE SUBMITTED TO THE GOVERNMENT OF KERALA.
  7. 7. IK in Agriculture Animal husbandry Fisheries Art & Culture Biodiversity Conservation and Utilization Architecture Rural technology etc. Health care Diversity of Indigenous Knowledge (IK) TOPICS DISCUSSED
  8. 8. ACTION INTEGRATING WITH 10TH FIVE YEAR PLAN, KERALA STATE PLANNING BOARD SANCTIONED A PROJECT ON PROMOTION OF TRADITIONAL TECHNICAL KNOWLEDGE VIDE ORDER NO. A1-7033/03/SPB. DATED 23/10/2003 AT A TOTAL COST OF RUPEES 30 LAKHS, DURING THE YEAR 2003 AND 2004 FACILITATING INSTITUTIONS IN KERALA 1. TROPICAL BOTANIC GARDEN AND RESEARCH INSTITUTE, PALODE, THIRUVANANTHAPURAM. 2. KERALA FOREST RESEARCH INSTITUTE, THRISSUR 3. KERALA AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY, THRISSUR 4. CENTRE FOR WATER RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT (CWRDM), KOZHIKODE 5. KIRTADS, KOZHIKODE 6. AHADS, PALAKKAD
  9. 9. INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE “ Indigenous Knowledge (IK) is a community based functional knowledge system developed, preserved and refined by generations of people through continuous interaction, observation and experimentation with their surrounding environment. It is a dynamic system, ever-changing,adapting and adjusting to the local situations and has close links with the culture, civilization and religious practices of the communities. IK covers all spheres of human activity such as art, literature, health, education, agriculture, environment etc.”
  10. 10. Real observers/ protectors/ beneficiaries of Biodiversity is Indigenous/ local communities. Indigenous knowledge on biodiversity is the asset of the country which ensures the food, health and economic security of the nation. INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE
  11. 11. IK related to traditional medicine in India Classical Health Tradition (CHT) Oral Health Tradition (OHT) Source • Traditionally trained folk healers/ village physicians • Not traditionally trained but experienced in certain health practices (eg.Dai,bonesetters,specialists in treating poisons, jaundice, mental disorders) • Aged people or different ethnic communities including women treating the patients based on the knowledge acquired from their predecessors. • Individuals who acquired(educated group) certain knowledge from their predecessors. • Tribal- tribal communities/ physicians/ aged individuals. • Vedic / classical texts and treatise like Rigveda, Atharvaveda, Charakasamhita (Text on ancient Indian Medicine) Susrutha samhita (Text on ancient Indian surgery ),Ashtangahridaya ((Text on ancient Indian medicine & surgery) &other numerous related text books in both sanskrit and regional languages
  12. 12. PRECISE OBJECTIVES 1. Survey, collection, inventory and documentation of tribal / local / folk medicines of the districts of Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam and Pathanamthitta. 2. Recording of traditional use and knowledge system on the local flora. 3. Study, analysis and organisation of the data and preparation of computerised database. 4. Preparation of report on the indigenous / traditional use of medicinal plants.
  13. 13. TRAINING / AWARENESS ON DOCUMENTATION OF IK (INSTITUTE LEVEL) METHODOLOGY TRAINING/ AWARENESS ON IK DOCUMENTATION (PANCHAYATH LEVEL) RAPPORT ESTABLISHMENT WITH LOCAL BODY MEMBERS AND OWNERS OF IK TEAM BUILDING AND VISION DEVELOPMENT ENTRY TO PANCHAYATH INTERVIEW / MEETING WITH INDIVIDUALS/ IK HOLDERS DATA POOLING AND ANALYSIS PREPARATION OF DATABASE IK DOCUMENTATION SUGGESTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
  14. 14. Documentation of Indigenous Knowledge (IK) Name of district Name of Gramapanchayath selected for study 1. Thiruvananthapuram 1. Peringammala 2. Vithura 3. Perinkadavila 4. Kuttichal 5. Amboori 2. Kollam 1. Sooranad North 2. Pooyappalli 3. Thevalakkara 4. Thrikkaruva 5. Aryankavu 3. Pathanamthitta 1. Eraviperoor 2. Ezhumattoor 3. Konni 4. Thannithodu 5. Mailapra LOCATION OF THE STUDY AREA The study area is in the Southern Zone of Kerala, comprising the districts of Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam and Pathanamthitta
  15. 15. Inaugural address Dr.G.M.Nair Director, TBGRI Presidential Address Shri.Ozhukupara Aziz,Member, Peringammala Gramapanchayath A view of the audience ONE DAY SEMINAR ON IK AWARENESS HELD AT TBGRI ON 8TH DECEMBER 2003 CONTACT PROGRAMME AT INSTITUTE LEVEL
  16. 16. Theme lecture Dr.S.Rajasekharan, TBGRI Mrs.Ammukkutty amma (82), Birth attendant A custodian of IK from Peringammala Gramapanchayath Introductory remarks Dr.V.George,TBGRI
  17. 17. CONTACT PROGRAMME AT PANCHAYAT LEVEL ONE DAY SEMINAR ON IK AWARENESS
  18. 18. IK DOCUMENTATION
  19. 19. Sl. No Particulars Item/ Unit Target Achievement Remarks During the month Progress ive total A PHYSICAL ACHIEVEMENTS 1. Preliminary training on team building and vision development (a) No.of trainings 1 Local body representatives and selected IK bearers including local healers - December 2003 Target achieved as per schedule Institute level at TBGRI (b) No.of participants 65 Local body representatives and selected IK bearers including local healers December 2003 Target achieved as per plan Including TBGRI faculties
  20. 20. 2 PRAs/Workshop s/ meetings (specify) Panchayath level training (a)No. 3 Local body representatives and selected owners of IK including local healers December 2003 Target achieved as per plan 1. Peringammala (Thiruvananthapuram) 2. Sooranadu North (Kollam) 3. Eraviperoor (Pathanamthitta) (b) No.of participants 275 Local body representatives and selected owners of IK including local healers December 2003 Target achieved as per plan 1. Peringammala (Thiruvananthapuram) 2. Sooranadu North (Kollam) 3. Eraviperoor (Pathanamthitta) (a)No. 3 Local body representatives and selected owners of IK including local healers January 2004 Target achieved as per plan. 1. Vithura (Thiruvananthapuram) 2. Pooyappalli (Kollam) 3. Ezhumattoor (Pathanamthitta) (b) No.of participants 200 Local body representatives and selected owners of IK including local healers January 2004 Target achieved as per plan. 1. Vithura (Thiruvananthapuram) 2. Pooyappalli (Kollam) 3. Ezhumattoor (Pathanamthitta)
  21. 21. (a)No. 3 Local body representative s and selected owners of IK including local healers February March 2004 Target achieved as per plan. 1. Kuttichal (Thiruvananthapuram) 2. Thevalakkara (Kollam) 3. Konni (Pathanamthitta) (b) No.of participants 175 Local body representative s and selected owners of IK including local healers February March 2004 Target achieved as per plan. 1. Kuttichal (Thiruvananthapuram) 2. Thevalakkara (Kollam) 3. Konni (Pathanamthitta) (a)No. 3 Local body representative s and selected owners of IK including local healers March April 2004 Target achieved as per plan. 1. Amboori (Thiruvananthapuram) 2. Thrikkaruva (Kollam) 3. Mylapra (Pathanamthitta) (b) No.of participants 160 Local body representative s and selected owners of IK including local healers March April 2004 Target achieved as per plan. 1. Amboori (Thiruvananthapuram) 2. Thrikkaruva (Kollam) 3. Mylapra (Pathanamthitta)
  22. 22. (a)No.of participants 3 Local body representativ es and selected owners of IK including local healers April May 2004 Target achieved as per plan. 1. Peringadavila (Thiruvananthapuram) 2. Aryankavu (Kollam) 3. Thannithodu (Pathanamthitta) (b) No.of participants 125 Local body representativ es and selected owners of IK including local healers April May 2004 Target achieved as per plan. 1. Peringadavila (Thiruvananthapuram) 2. Aryankavu (Kollam) 3. Thannithodu (Pathanamthitta) June 2004 Target achieved as per plan. Preparation and submission of final consolidated report
  23. 23. NAME OF THE DISTRICT NAME OF THE GRAMA PANCHAYAT NO. OF SPECIFIC CASE STUDIES NO. OF NON SPECIFIC CASE STUDIES OTHERS SINGLE DRUG COMBINATIO -NS TOTAL Thiruvananthapuram Peringammala 37 33 3 54 369 423 Vithura 51 33 14 138 282 420 Perinkadavila 25 31 19 97 116 213 Kuttichal 32 30 22 147 198 345 Amboori 32 35 12 184 166 350 OBSERVATIONS / RESULTS DETAILS OF THE CASE STUDIES RECORDED (DISEASE WISE)
  24. 24. OBSERVATIONS / RESULTS DETAILS OF THE CASE STUDIES RECORDED (DISEASE WISE) NAME OF THE DISTRICT NAME OF THE GRAMA PANCHAYAT NO. OF SPECIFIC CASE STUDIES NO. OF NON SPECIFIC CASE STUDIES OTHERS SINGLE DRUG COMBIN ATIONS TOTAL Kollam  Sooranad North 44 50 31 388 353 741 Pooyappalli 36 32 47 247 84 331 Thevalakkara 42 35 23 333 192 525 Thrikkaruva 43 37 33 298 122 420 Aryankavu 40 25 25 150 95 245
  25. 25. OBSERVATIONS / RESULTS DETAILS OF THE CASE STUDIES RECORDED (DISEASE WISE) NAME OF THE DISTRICT NAME OF THE GRAMA PANCHAYAT NO. OF SPECIFI C CASE STUDIES NO. OF NON SPECIFIC CASE STUDIES OTHERS SINGLE DRUG COMBI NATIO NS TOTAL Pathanamthitta  Eraviperoor    19 21 7 376 205 581 Ezhumattoor 52 43 36 67 381 448 Konni 43 44 57 454 336 790 Thannithodu 34 39 19 375 181 556 Mailapra 23 29 27 142 67 209
  26. 26. Example I CASE STUDIES - PERINGAMMALA GRAMAPANCHAYATH We have recorded case studies on the following 37 specific diseases, 33 non-specific diseases and 3 other conditions based on 423 (54 single formulations + 369 combinations) information gathered on 287 medicinal plants. Specific Non-specific Others 1.  Arthritis 2.  Asthma 3.  Blood cancer 4.  Burns 5.  Cataract 6.  Centipede bite 7.  Chicken pox 8.  Chronic wounds 9.  Conjunctivitis 10.  Diabetes 11.  Diarrhoea 12.  Fever 13.  Filariasis 14.  Goitre 15.  Hypertension 16.  Infant diarrhoea 17.  Insanity 18.  Intestinal parasites 19.  Jaundice 1.   Allergy 2.   Blood purifier 3.   Body pain 4.    Burning (chest region) 5.   Burning (scalp) 6.   Chest pain 7.   Cholesterol 8.   Cough 9.   Dandruff 10.  Dry cough 11.  Fatigue 12.  Gas trouble 13.  Hair tonic 14.  Head ache 1. Health promotive 2. Pre-natal care 3. Post-natal care
  27. 27. Specific Non-specific Others 20.  Leucorrhoea 21.  Measles 22.  Migraine 23.  Oral cancer 24.  Psoriasis 25.  Scabies 26.  Scorpion bite 27.  Spider poison 28.  Stomatitis 39.  Stroke/ Cerebral haemorrhage 30.  Sinusitis 31.  TB 32.  Thyroid 33.  Tineapedis 34.  Tonsillitis 35.  Traumatic affections 36.  Ulcer/ Peptic ulcer 37. Vitiligo 15.  Inflammation/ swelling 16. Insect bite 17.  Intestinal colic 18.  Itching 19.  Joint pain 20.  Liver disorders 21.  Lumbago 22.  Nail infection 23.  Neurological disorders 24.  Otalgia 25.  Respiratory disorders 26.  Respiratory infection 27.  Retention of Urine (children) 28.  Rhinitis 29.  Skin diseases/ various dermatological conditions 30.  Sprain 31.  Tooth ache 32.  Vomiting 33. Wound due to snake bite
  28. 28. Undisclosed Disclosed Partially disclosed Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute  DATA SHEET FOR ETHNO-MEDICO-BOTANICAL SURVEY OF MEDICINAL PLANTS General Information :  1 Name of tribal settlement and the adjoining forest area / place surveyed: Kochuvila – Peringammala Gramapanchayath 2. Date of Survey 17 12 2003 3. Source: a. Oral Individual  Group b. Documental record Writing Drawing c. Historical importance / mode of transmission of Indigenous Knowledge (IK). 4. Botanical details a. Scientific name: Genus Cassia Species occidentalis Auhtor Linn. ssp. Family Fabaceae (Leguminosae) subfamily: Caesalpinioideae Example- Disclosed
  29. 29. b. Tribal/ local name Oolan thakara c. Sanskrit name d. State of plant Wild  Cultivated Introduced Semi cultivated e. Habit Herb Shrub  Tree Climber f. Habitat Open waste land g. Voucher specimen (i) Herbarium specimen Filed number - Place of collection - Date of collection - Name of collector - Special collection if any: - Herbarium deposit - (ii) Photograph (Y/N):
  30. 30. h. Distribution Common  Rare 5. Utility based categorization of the plant Aromatic Fumigation Timber Construction Gums and resins Mushrooms Dyes Medicinal  Ornaments Edible Pesticide Oil Fibre Piscicide Narcotics Fodder Rituals Toxic Fuel Masticators Others Others specify…………………………….
  31. 31. Indigenous Knowledge 1. Part used Root  Leaf  Gum Root bark Pollen Thorn Whole plant Flower Any other: Nectar Fruit Stem bark Seed Heart wood Resin In combination(specify): 10 gm fresh leaves of Cassia occidentalis + 5 gm Allium cepa 2. Collection/ Harvesting a. Plant part Root, Leaf b. Time of year for collection No specific time c. Time of day for collection No specific time d. Harvesting methods e. Physical reaction if any (Allergic, Itching, boils, sneezing etc.)
  32. 32. f. Processing: Equipments (if any) - Need for processing - Processing materials (name if any) - Final price - By products (if any) - g. Storage method - h. Attack of pests/ insects (if any) - i. Place of collection - j. Seller (direct / indirect) - k. Buyer (direct / indirect) - l. Price - m. Quantity per month / year - 3. Ingredients Name of the plant Part Part condition 1. Cassia occidentalis Root Dried/ fresh 2. Cassia occidentalis Root Dried/ fresh Allium cepa Bulb Fresh
  33. 33. 4. Method of preparation  1. 10 – 15 gm dried/ fresh root of Cassia occidentalis, prepared in the form of paste administered internally along with 30 - 60 ml milk. 2. 10 gm fresh leaves of Cassia occidentalis + 5 gm Allium cepa in the form of pounded mass 5. Administration of Drug. a. Dosage 10-15 gm paste b. Time and duration Twice daily c. Mode of administration Oral d. Vehicle used if any Cow’s milk e. Therapeutic effect Preventive Corrective ON Humans  Plants Promotive Curative  Animals f. Status of use (Common, Unique etc.) Unique g. Restrictions prescribed (if any) Sugar free diet 6. Indications a. Local name of ailment Prameham b. Ayurvedic terminology Madhumeham c. Modern terminology Diabetes mellitus  7. Alternate plants used if the drug plant is not available (substitute)
  34. 34. Consent form
  35. 35. Undisclosed  DisclosedPartially disclosed Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute  DATA SHEET FOR ETHNO-MEDICO-BOTANICAL SURVEY OF MEDICINAL PLANTS General Information :  1 Name of tribal settlement and the adjoining forest area / place surveyed: Elanjium Kani tribal settlement – Peringanmala Gramapanchayath 2. Date of Survey 26 12 2003 3. Source: a. Oral Individual  Group b. Documental record Writing Drawing c. Historical importance / mode of transmission of Indigenous Knowledge (IK). 4. Botanical details a. Scientific name: Genus - Species - Auhtor - Ssp. Family - Example- undisclosed
  36. 36. 4. Method of preparation  1. Decoction 2. Medicated oil 3. Pounded mass 5. Administration of Drug. a. Dosage - b. Time and duration - c. Mode of administration - d. Vehicle used if any - e. Therapeutic effect Preventive Corrective ON Humans  Plants Promotive Curative  Animals f. Status of use (Common, Unique etc.) Unique g. Restrictions prescribed (if any) 6. Indications a. Local name of ailment Arbumdam, Rektha sammardam b. Ayurvedic terminology Arbudam, Rekthadi mardam c. Modern terminology Cancer, Hypertension  7. Alternate plants used if the drug plant is not available (substitute)
  37. 37. Consent form
  38. 38. Enumeration of Indigenous knowledge Indigenous knowledge related to medicinal plants gathered from Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam and Pathanamthitta districts are enumerated Panchayat wise. Example-I (single drug) Botanical name: Ocimum sanctum Linn. Family: Lamiaceae Habit: Herb Vernacular name: Krishnatulsi (PML, VTR, KUT, AMB, PDL, SDN, PPL, TLK, TKR, AYK, EPR, EMR, KNI, MPA, TND)* Parts used: Roots Method of preparation: Paste form. Mode of administration: Oral Dosage: 5-10 g, twice daily Vehicle: Cows milk Indication: Spider poison (SDN, TKR) During the survey we have collected 62 informations on Tulsi as a single drug to treat 55 specific and nonspecific diseased conditions from 15 Grama Panchayats. * PML-Peringammala, VTR-Vithura, KUT-Kuttichal, AMB-Amboori, PDL-Peringadavila, SDN- Sooranadu North, PPL-Pooyappalli, TLK-Thevalakkara, TKR-Trikkaruva, AYK-Aryankavu, EPR-Eraviperoor, EMR- Ezhuhattoor, KNI-Konni, MPA-Mailapra, TND-Thannithodu
  39. 39. Example-II combinations Ingredients: Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum) – Leaves Kudukkamooli (Aristolochia indica)- Roots Kurumulaku (Piper longum) – Seed Jaggery (Palm) Method of preparation: Decoction Mode of administration: Oral Dosage: 30 ml, thrice daily Vehicle: ---- Indication: Fever (EMR) Example-III combinations Ingredients: Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum) – Leaves Kuzhimundan (Orthosiphon glabratus) – Leaves Cheriyaulli (Allium cepa) – Bulb Method of preparation: Decoction Mode of administration: Oral Dosage: 60 ml, thrice daily Vehicle: ---- Indication: Chickenpox (AMB) In combination, we have collected 154 information on Tulasi for treating 62 specific and nonspecific diseased conditions from 15 Grama Panchayats.
  40. 40. CONCLUSIONS / SUGGESTIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS 1. To conserve / preserve / protect the IK, various awareness programmes have to be designed and implemented among the people. It is urgent, otherwise these knowledge will be wiped out gradually due to the changing lifestyle and social set up of the people. 2. Since scientific documentation of IK is a continuing programme, a sectoral wise IK documentation wing should be established in the respective R&D organization currently involved in the documentation work. 3. A Coordinating Centre may be established at TBGRI for coordinating the documentation work and also for providing guidelines for preparing new policies / legislations, programmes etc to protect the IK of Kerala State. 4. Digitalizing the IK is the need of the hour to save the same from piracy. New policies / programmes may be formulated for the preservation and protection of IK.
  41. 41. CONCLUSIONS / SUGGESTIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS 5. Develop new programmes / models to integrate IK into the planning process through effective participation of people at grass root level. 6. Develop new models / legislations for protecting IK under sui- generis system. 7. Encourage and give priority to conduct scientific research on IK for developing new technologies / new scientifically validated herbal drugs / nutraceuticals / other plant based products like cosmetics, functional food etc. This will help to generate additional income at local / National and even at Global level and further it will improve our health, food and economic security. 8. For patenting the new products arising of IK based research studies, a fast track policy may be evolved at Govt. level.
  42. 42. CONCLUSIONS / SUGGESTIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS 9. Explore the possibilities of identifying suitable funding agencies for the implementation of IK related activities including documentation at state level. 10. During the survey we have come across interesting informations such as preparation of Thulasi pillow, Thevalakkara Puttu (a traditional / ethnic food item), several medicated oil for external application, single / simple herbal formulations etc. As an out come of the survey, can we think of a small scale / large scale production centre for thulasi pillows having some therapeutic effect like relieving stress / tension, ensure good sleep, remove lice etc. as claimed by the people of Peringamala Panchayat. Can we take up a popularization programme for production of traditional food items like ‘Thevalakkara puttu’ for relieving back ache as claimed by the people of Thevalakkara. Can we go for preparing single /simple herbal combinations for effective management of primary health care. 11. Another notable factor recorded was the keen interest shown by the people during the documentation work of the IK. Majority of them believe that IK is very important and it should be conserved / preserved and should be effectively utilized. Therefore a separate budgetary provisions may be provided to the Panchayats to enable them to implement IK related programmes.
  43. 43. CONCLUSIONS / SUGGESTIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS 12. The local body members also showed their keen interest and welcomed the integration of IK into the planning process. This is to be encouraged and supported. 13. Documentation of IK should be undertaken at Panchayat level involving students, NGOs, Youth and Nature Clubs. Necessary funds should be made available to them. 14. Whenever IK is utilized for a profitable / money generating venture, the IPR of the original custodians should be respected and there should be a just and equitable sharing of the benefit. 15. IK is chiefly applied for problem solving and as such has sufficient proven technical and scientific content. This should be expanded and developed and applied at a larger scale by creating necessary infrastructure and facilities.
  44. 44. Pittosporum neelgherensis (Analivegom) Snake bite
  45. 45. Barringtonia acutangula (Samudrakai) Sinusitis, Head ache
  46. 46. Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (Adukkuchemparuthi) Scalp & Hair cleaning (as shampoo / medicated oil)
  47. 47. Lawsonia inermis (Mylanchi) Jaundice
  48. 48. Vitex nigundo (Karunochi) Lumbago, Nervous disorders
  49. 49. Wrightia tinctoria (Dandapala) Skin diseases
  50. 50. Eclipta alba (Kaithonni) Anaemia, Hair tonic
  51. 51. Zingiber zerumbet (Kattuchanna) Insect bite / Insect repellent
  52. 52. Cycas circinalis (Kalanga) Health promotive (edible)
  53. 53. Caesalpinia bonducella (Kayatti) Intestinal colic / Hernia
  54. 54. Pellionia heyneana (Chakklipplan) Snake bite / Immuno enhancer
  55. 55. THANK YOU

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