Crude oil presentation 130317


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Crude oil presentation 130317

  1. 1. Crude Oil in Ulster County “Virtual Pipeline” – Real Risks March 17, 2014 Presentation to the Ulster County Legislature Kate Hudson Riverkeeper Watershed Program Director
  2. 2. Crude Oil in Ulster County: “Virtual Pipeline” – Real Risks • What is crude oil? • Where is the oil coming from? • How is it transported, how much is being transported, and where is it going? • What are the risks? • What is being done to reduce risks? • What is Riverkeeper’s role? • What can Ulster County residents, and Ulster County legislators do?
  3. 3. What is crude oil? • Crude oil is different from home heating fuel, diesel fuel, gasoline, ethanol or any of the other petroleum products that have previously been shipped on the Hudson River. • No significant amounts of crude oil were shipped on the Hudson River until recent years, and the volume shipped has increased rapidly. • The impacts of a crude oil spill would be dramatically different than the impacts of a spill of refined petroleum products.
  4. 4. Where is the crude oil coming from? Source: New York Times
  5. 5. Where is the oil coming from? • Most of the crude oil now moving through the New York State is from the Bakken formation in North Dakota, Montana and the Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan and Manitoba. • Some may now or soon come from the Alberta tars sands. Source: EIA
  6. 6. Not all crude oil is the same Bakken crude is volatile. It floats. Tar sands oil is heavy. It sinks. Photo: Ben Garvin Photo: DOI
  7. 7. Crude oil by rail in the U.S. 2008: 9,500 carloads 2013: 400,000 carloads
  8. 8. By Train How is crude oil transported? CSX moves 2 crude oil trains per day through the Hudson Valley. CSX has expanded capacity on its Hudson Line. Each oil train carries 80-120 cars. Each car holds about 30,000 gal. That’s 6 million gal. per day–2.2 billion gal. per year. This crude oil is destined for refineries near Philadelphia, which have expanded capacity. Traffic may increase with proposed expansion of Global Partners LP oil terminals in New Windsor. Oil trains along the Hudson. Photo: Riverkeeper
  9. 9. By Barge and Ship How is crude oil transported? 2 oil terminals in the Port of Albany— owned by Global Partners LP and Buckeye Partners LP—are permitted to transfer 2.8 billion gallons per year of crude oil from trains to Hudson River ships and barges. Approximately one articulated river barge per day on the Hudson, with about 4 million gallons of crude oil each. The tanker Afrodite holds 7 million gallons or more, and fills in Albany about every 8-10 days. This oil is destined for refineries in New Jersey and New Brunswick, Canada. Afrodite at Walkway Over the Hudson State Park. Photo: Riverkeeper
  10. 10. What are the risks? 1. A train derailment involving Bakken crude oil, resulting in a spill and explosive fire, with great risk to life and property. 2. A spill of Bakken crude oil in water. A successful spill response in the Hudson might recover 15-20% of the oil. 3. A spill of tar sands crude oil in water. A successful spill response might recover just 5% of the oil.
  11. 11. Lac-Megantic, Quebec July 2013 47 people killed, downtown buildings leveled, after Bakken oil train derailment. Photo: Sûreté du Québec
  12. 12. Aliceville, Ala. November 2013 “Dark, smelly crude oil still oozing,:” four months after Bakken oil train derailment–AP Photo: John Wathen, Hurricane Creekkeeper
  13. 13. Casselton, N.D. December 2013 Thousands evacuated within five miles of Bakken oil train derailment. Photo: EcoWatch
  14. 14. Crude oil spilled by rail in the U.S. 1975-2012: 800,000 gal. 2013: 1,150,000 gal. Source: McClatchy News
  15. 15. Mississippi River February 2014 65 miles of river closed after 31,500 gallons of Bakken crude oil spill following barge crash. Photo: The Advocate
  16. 16. NYS “Virtual Pipeline” Accidents December 2012, New Baltimore: The Stena Primorsk runs aground in Hudson with 12 million gallons. The Exxon Valdez spilled 11 million gallons 25 years ago. December 2013, West Nyack: Empty oil train hits tractor trailer. December 2013, Cheektowaga: Oil train derailment. February 2014, Town of Ulster: Empty oil train derailment. February 2014, Selkirk: Oil train derailment. Ulster oil train derailment. Photo: Chad Gomes / Riverkeeper
  17. 17. Communities What is at risk in Ulster County? Saugerties Town of Ulster Kingston Esopus Lloyd Marlborough At-grade crossing, Town of Esopus. Photo: Riverkeeper
  18. 18. Public Health, Economy and Quality of Life What is at risk in Ulster County? Port Ewen drinking water Town of Lloyd drinking water Public investments in waterfront restoration and public access Waterfront businesses Tourism Real Estate Recreation (fishing, sailing, kayaking, swimmi ng) Bass fishermen near Saugerties Lighthouse. Photo: Riverkeeper
  19. 19. Environment What is at risk in Ulster County? There are 7 state-designated significant habitats on the Hudson River in Ulster County, and on the Esopus, Rondout and Black creeks, each deemed “irreplaceable.” Ulster Landing Sojourner Truth County Park / Turkey Point State Forest. Photo: Riverkeeper
  20. 20. Food web at risk Fish, including striped bass, American shad, river herring, largemouth and smallmouth bass, and Atlantic and shortnose sturgeon (both endangered species). • Birds, including bald eagles, waterfowl, shore- and wading birds. • Mammals, like river otter, muskrat and beaver. Heavy crude oil largely sinks, and would contaminate the food web from the river bottom up. Bakken crude oil largely floats, and would blacken the shoreline. Oiled geese from a 2010 tar sands crude spill in the Kalamazoo River, Michigan. Three-plus years later, the cleanup is still incomplete. Photo: USFWS
  21. 21. Billions of dollars invested in restoration At Risk: Hudson River National Heritage River $3.1 billion Hudson Valley tourism economy $1 billion PCBs cleanup—three- fourths complete Public investments: • toxic waste cleanups • sewage treatment infrastructure • public parks and access
  22. 22. Federal actions to reduce risk U.S. Department of Transportation • Emergency Order on testing Bakken crude • Voluntary agreement with American Association of Railroads to lower speed in designated cities (only Buffalo and NYC), routing and train improvements, increased track inspections and attention to emergency response. Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Admin. • Warnings on flammability of Bakken crude oil National Transportation Safety Board • Warnings on dangerous inadequacy of DOT-111 tank cars
  23. 23. State actions to reduce risk Gov. Andrew Cuomo Executive Order • Called for federal action • Ordered a 3-month state agency review of emergency preparedness Joint state-federal inspection “blitz” • Identified 42 defects in just six miles of track in Albany and Buffalo • Found more than 8 defects in oil train DOT-111 cars NYS Comptroller • 2013 audit found deficiencies in state’s railroad bridge inspection program, and identified corrective action
  24. 24. Local actions to reduce risk Albany County • Moratorium on Global Partners LP oil terminal expansion pending Health Department investigation (The company claims county lacks jurisdiction) Rockland County • Speed check on oil trains City of Albany • Call for hearings and environmental justice review of proposed Port of Albany expansion • Mayor has called on Albany Planning Board to issue a “positive declaration” on SEQRA review of proposed Global Partners oil terminal permit to facilitate transfer of heavy crude from rail car to barge
  25. 25. What risks remain? “Bomb trains” using outdated and dangerous DOT-111 cars continue to transport crude oil through the Hudson Valley. Barge and tanker traffic continues on the Hudson despite inadequate spill response capabilities. The Department of Environmental Conservation still has not studied the environmental impacts or risks to communities of this new industry. The tanker Afrodite is loaded with crude oil in the Port of Albany. Photo: Riverkeeper
  26. 26. What is Riverkeeper’s role? Call for moratorium on NYS crude oil shipments A barge like those that carry crude oil travels toward the Kingston-Rhinecliff Bridge in Winter 2014. Photo: Michael Neil O’Donnell
  27. 27. What is Riverkeeper’s role? No transport of heavy crude on the Hudson. • Best-case cleanup of 5% recovery shows this is product is too risky for the Hudson River. No transport of any crude oil by rail until: • all obsolete, dangerous DOT-111 cars are retired, and other precautions are in place. No transport of Bakken crude on the Hudson until: • federal and state agencies complete a full review of spill response plan for Hudson River to account for new “worst case scenario” spill of crude oil, and test response to ensure its adequacy (best-case cleanup of 20% recovery is not adequate); • DEC completes full environmental impact study for proposed Global Partners LP oil terminal expansions in Albany and New Windsor; and, • DEC re-opens and completes full environmental impact reviews for existing permits that allowed Port of Albany crude oil throughput to increase from zero to 2.8 billion in two years.
  28. 28. What Can Ulster Legislature Do? County and local actions • Negotiate with CSX to share operational information about crude oil and other hazardous materials shipments, as Pennsylvania Emergency Management Agency has done. • Order review of county/local preparedness for an emergency response to a crude oil spill from a train or river vessel. • Investigate insurance risk for county-owned property at risk from a spill, fire and/or explosion. Approach railroads and shippers about risks, and determine if their commercial insurance is adequate to cover liabilities for response and claims, so the county is not left with the bill, as in Lac Megantic, Quebec. • Study and report on specific risks to Ulster County, including designated habitats of significance in the Hudson. Suggest communities with Local Waterfront Revitalization Plans (LWRPs) raise concerns with NYS DEC and DOS about the inconsistency of crude oil transport and increased risk of spill. • Order speed checks on trains, as Rockland County Sheriff has done.
  29. 29. What Can Ulster Legislature Do? Call for New York State action • Demand training, equipment and financial assistance for county and local emergency responders. • Send a written request to the governor to include local and county emergency responders in the state-driven review of local preparedness that his Executive Order initiated and is in process right now. • Submit formal comments to DEC requesting full environmental review of proposed Global Partners oil terminal, specifying risks of heavy crude to the Hudson River and Ulster County’s shoreline. • Urge full environmental impact study for proposed Global Partners oil terminal expansions in New Windsor, which could increase oil train traffic in Ulster County. • Urge DEC to re-open existing permits that allowed for Port of Albany crude oil throughput to increase from zero to 2.8 billion in two years • Request “inspection blitz” on Ulster County rail lines. • Request information from NYS DOT and/or Comptroller about railroad bridges in Ulster County, given 2013 findings of problems in inspection program.
  30. 30. What Can Ulster Legislature Do? Call for federal action Pass a resolution calling on federal agencies to enact a statewide moratorium on crude oil shipments in NYS Call on the U.S. Representatives and U.S. Senators to advocate in Washington and in NY State for more protection: • Immediate phase out of dangerous DOT-111 rail cars • Speed reduction of crude oil trains • Routing of crude oil trains to avoid communities • Classification of crude oil as a hazardous material • Advance information sharing • Emergency planning • Local and county emergency response capacity • Training and resources
  31. 31. What Can Ulster County Residents Do? • Take action at to support full study of environmental and community risks of crude oil transport facilitated by expansion of Albany and New Windsor oil terminals. • Write to your elected leaders at all levels, and write letters to the editor expressing your concerns • Document oil trains in your community, highlighting risks publicly. Send photos to • Use social media to spread the word about your concerns using the hashtag #NotOnMyWatch
  32. 32. Contact Kate Hudson Dan Shapley 914-478-4501 x226 Source: Riverkeeper