Toh Chin Chye


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Toh Chin Chye

  1. 1. Founding Father: TOH CHIN CHYE, 杜进才 BY : AMY AU MANYING (1) TOH JIA HUI (12) LIM RUI BING (24) LIM YAN CHEN (25)
  2. 2. Background <ul><li>Born: December 10, 1921 (age 89) </li></ul><ul><li>Nationality: Singaporean </li></ul><ul><li>Political party: People's Action Party </li></ul><ul><li>Spouse: Yeapp Sui Phek (deceased) </li></ul><ul><li>Child: Toh Ai Chu (deceased) </li></ul><ul><li>Education: Raffles College (1964, first class diploma </li></ul><ul><li>in science ) </li></ul><ul><li>University of London (1949, Ph.D . in Physiology ) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Titles & Job Description <ul><li>Chairman of Malayan Forum (London) </li></ul><ul><li>Co-founder and Chairman of PAP (1951 – 1981), first Chairman in overseeing organisation and policy-making </li></ul><ul><li>Deputy Prime Minister (1959 - 1968), takes up position of acting prime minister </li></ul><ul><li>Member of Parliament (1959 - 1988), act as a bridge between the Government and the people in the country </li></ul><ul><li>Minister for Science and Technology (1968 - 1975) </li></ul><ul><li>Vice-Chancellor of NUS ( 1968 - 1975 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Minister for Health ( 1975 - 1981 ), provides info, raising health awareness, ensuring accessibility, monitoring quality </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>CHALLENGES: </li></ul><ul><li>The need to get the National Flag upon independence and self-governing </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT HE DID: </li></ul><ul><li>He led a committee set up to design the state crest, state anthem and state flag. </li></ul><ul><li>Toh Chin Chye says: “Although we were self governing it was necessary right from the beginning that we should rally enough different races together as a Singapore nation... Apart from the anthem we have to produce the flag and the crest, we insisted that it was a Singapore state flag and should be flown side by side with the Union Jack.” </li></ul>Contribution (Flag)
  5. 5. <ul><li>BENEFITS: </li></ul><ul><li>SOCIALLY </li></ul><ul><li>Singaporeans at least know why and what they are protecting for. </li></ul><ul><li>Singaporeans are more bonded, united both literally and physically </li></ul><ul><li>LONG-TERM EFFECTS: </li></ul><ul><li>Proud to be Singaporean </li></ul><ul><li>Even now every period before National Day, there will be Singapore flags hanging all around the whole country in pride. </li></ul>Contribution (Flag)
  6. 6. Contribution (Vote) <ul><li>CHALLENGES: </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1959 general elections where PAP won, there were two candidates that are up for the Prime Minister post: </li></ul><ul><li>PAP’s Secretary-General, Lee Kuan Yew </li></ul><ul><li>A popular mayor of Singapore, Ong Eng Guan </li></ul><ul><li>The PAP’s Central Executive Committee(CEC) had to pick its Prime Minister, but there was an even split and thus a deadlock. </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT HE DID: </li></ul><ul><li>Cast the vote on Lee Kuan Yew </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>BENEFITS: </li></ul><ul><li>POLITICALLY </li></ul><ul><li>It was Toh Chin Chye’s vote that led Lee Kuan Yew to be able to take control of the Singapore affairs and lead to Singapore now. </li></ul><ul><li>LONG-TERM EFFECTS </li></ul><ul><li>This vote is a big decision that affects the whole history of Singapore. Every things that are happen since that day till now are actually affected by the vote. </li></ul><ul><li>If Toh voted differently, the history of Singapore will also be very different; but of course, LKY also can stage a political comeback later. </li></ul>Contribution (Vote)
  8. 8. Value (Peserverance) <ul><li>1961 : PAP split (Left & Right). </li></ul><ul><li>13 Left Wing formed Barisan Socialis. </li></ul><ul><li>Took 35 branch committees, 19 of the 23 organizing secretaries and an estimated 80 percent of the membership. </li></ul><ul><li>In September 1963, he presided over the PAP’s historic election victory over the breakaway Barisan Sosialis. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Value (Courage) <ul><li>“ Sometimes, I wonder what would have happened to our basement group had I not pushed for it to register as a political party. What if I had not come back to Singapore? You know, in 1953, I was advised to go to USA to continue my research. If I had gone that route, would anyone have started the PAP? Would the basement crowd have remained in Kuan Yew’s house? Would it have come together at all? </li></ul><ul><li>Dr Toh Chin Chye </li></ul><ul><li>“ I was awakened to the injustices of colonial society during the Japanese Occupation… … the war really taught me that life was a struggle against inequality. It seemed the only way to fight the inequality of the colonial system and the economic system” </li></ul><ul><li>Dr Toh Chin Chye </li></ul>
  10. 10. Conclusion <ul><li>Toh Chin Chye was part of a group that led the tiny island nation through her most critical years, laying the foundation and shaping the Singapore success story. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Resources <ul><li>Websites: </li></ul><ul><li>1. (a) </li></ul><ul><li>(b) Thrasymachus </li></ul><ul><li>(c) February 22, 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>(d) Part II: True Founders of Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>2. (a) </li></ul><ul><li>(b) Tien, Mui Mun </li></ul><ul><li>(c) October 9, 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>(d) Toh Chin Chye </li></ul>Books: 1. (a) Lee’s Lieutenants, Singapore’s Old Guard (b) edited by Lam Peng Er and Kelvin YL Tan (c) Year 1999 (d) Chapter 1: The organisational utility men Toh Chin Chye & Lim Kim San   2. (a) Singapore Politics Under the People’s Action Party (b) Diane K. Mauzy and R.S. Milne (c) Year 2002 (d) Related to Toh Chin Chye
  12. 12. Resources <ul><li>3. </li></ul><ul><li>Author: Thrasymachus </li></ul><ul><li><27 April 2011> </li></ul><ul><li>Part II: True Founders of Singapore The Man Who Made PAP & The Man Who Made Singapore: Story of Dr Toh Chin Chye and Dr Goh Keng Swee </li></ul><ul><li>4. Author: Peace </li></ul><ul><li><27 April 2011> </li></ul><ul><li>Toh Chin Chye </li></ul>