Pstti enhancing reading skills to a preschooler

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Pstti enhancing reading skills to a preschooler

  1. 1. Enhancing reading skills In a pre-schooler By L.Vidhya Student, PSTTI
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION Reading and its importance…..  Reading is a means of communication, sharing of ideas/information.  Gateway for entering the vast world of knowledge and thereby wisdom.  Children have lot of distraction  Playing  Socialising  Watching T.V/computer  Chatting with others  Reading takes last preference.
  3. 3. Advantages of reading with Respect to pre-schoolers  Pre-schoolers – critical learning period.  Natural tendency to grasp and understand new concepts.  We should teach the pre-schooler that the words they read are related to the words they speak or hear.
  4. 4. problems faced by pre-schoolers while reading  May feel reading a whole boring exercise – New to the child.  Confuses the letters and numbers that look alike. Letter O with Number 0 (zero) Letter I with Number 1 (one) Letter S with Number 5 (five)  Dislikes and avoids reading – It is a new world to them.  Remembering and recollecting the sounds associated with a particular letter.
  5. 5. Enhancing reading skills in a Pre-schooler In order to overcome above mentioned hurdles, the following activities are suggested. ACTIVITY 1 PHONIC AWARENESS  FLASH CARDS  We should ask the children to listen carefully, to identify the first sound in the word. Example: Bin - B ,Dog – D, last sound in the word Example: Cab – B , Pin - N
  6. 6. oInvite the child to go to any room in the house carrying with him a number of alphabet cards. oChild has to recognise the first syllable of the item and place the corresponding index card on the item. Example – T - Table P - Pen B - Book
  7. 7. ACTIVITY 2 READING ALOUD  Children sit around the teacher, reading a story aloud.  Hold the book so that children can see the illustrations.  Pause a second and ask questions about the story.  Allow them to make predictions on what will happen next?
  8. 8. ACTIVITY 3 Reading Comprehension Wonder Why? When a character does something in a story, ask the child, why the child think the character did it. Notice new words: Stress those new words repeatedly and ask for the meaning. If not, explain meaning. Reading Review: When reading a favourite story over again, pause in the midway and ask the child for the further course.
  9. 9. ACTIVITY 4 Sequencing Explain the story from beginning to end and repeat it many times with illustrations – of course, with modulation and action Re-arrange the illustrations in an irregular manner and ask the child to arrange it according to the story
  10. 10. ACTIVITY 5 Library Reading Programme Teach Library manners to the preschooler ….. Maintain silence ….. Replace the books in the same order Allow the children to select their choice of book Make sure that they get some knowledge while reading Be with them while reading and help them to clear doubts, if any.
  11. 11. SUGGESTIONS o Create an interest in reading o Reading is a continuous process, so, keep practicing oHelp your child to learn to recognise words on local street signs, cereal boxes, food items, advertisements on buses / flex boards etc oHowever we engage the child in a variety of activities, the child should also equally enjoy itself. So, ensure rewarding the child periodically with star markings or smiley faces for all achievements.
  12. 12. CONCLUSION Teacher must ensure that the child, even if not becoming a great reader, should not start disliking the books either. The positives are many and the benefits are enormous. So, try to inculcate the wonderful habit of reading to a preschooler In the process, do not overstretch the child Our approach should be with perseverance, softness and interest-inducing.
  13. 13. Bibliography …. (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) www.learningdisability.about.com www.educationspace360.com www.prokerala.com www.education.com www.familyeducation.com

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