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Under the Guidance of
Dr.G.Arul Elango,
Associate Professor,
Dept. of ECE.
1
2/27/2018
Presented by
Batch no. 1867
G.Gayathri 15125A0414
G.Radhika 15125A0417
G.Sudhakar 15125A0418
M.Deepa 15125A0430
K.Prem Chand 15125A0426
SREE VIDYANIKETHAN ENGINEERING COLLEGE
(Autonomous)
(Approved by AICTE,Accredited by NBA and Affiliated to JNTUA,Anantapur)
2017-2018
2/27/2018
2
NIGHT TIME VEHICLE DETECTION FOR AUTOMATIC
HEADLIGHT BEAM CONTROL
Conclusion
Proposed System
Existing System
Introduction
Objective
OBJECTIVE
2/27/2018
4
 In order to avoid accidents due to temporary driver blindness, a wireless sensor network
(WSN) based controller is devised to quickly transmit sensor data between cars.
 To minimize temporary blindness headlight intensity adjustment is allowed by low latency.
 Due to fatigue caused by repeating switching, laziness, or both, this is mostly neglected by
drivers, As a result, the headlights are left on high beam continuously, resulting in the
problems alluded.
INTRODUCTION
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5
 Headlamp performance has steadily improved throughout the automobile age, spurred by
the great disparity between daytime and nighttime traffic fatalities the US National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration states that nearly half of all traffic-related fatalities occur in the
dark, despite only 25% of traffic travelling during darkness by these road accidents at night
time increases day by day.
 Around 33% of the traffic accidents are mainly attributed to the impairment in vision caused
by the glare of impending headlights during the night travel.
Cont….
2/27/2018
6
 To avoid such incidents, an embedded prototype of Automatic Headlight adaptor module is
proposed. This embedded module automatically switches the high beam to low beam and
returns backs to high beam, thus reducing the sudden glare effect.
 It also eliminates the requirement of manual switching by the driver to switch back to low
beam Automatic Headlight adaptor module is a unique solution to achieve the above
objective, the headlight intensity of the incoming vehicles causing the glare is automatically
attenuated to low beam wirelessly by the nearby vehicles affected by high beam.

2/27/20187
S.N
O
AUTHOR’S NAME NAME OF PAPER
METHODOL
OGY JOURNAL
YEAR OF
PUBLISH
1 Victor Nutt,Shubhalaxmi
Kher
Headlight Intensity Controller
Design using Wireless
Sensors
WSN
Special Issue of
International Journal
of Computer
Applications
NOV- 2012.
2
Amiya Kumar Tripathy,
Deepali Kayande,Joel
George, Jerome John, Bejoy
Jose
Wi Lights - A Wireless
Solution To Control Headlight
Intensity
HIC-WSN
International
Conference on
Technologies for
Sustainable
Development
Feb 04-
06,2015
3
Okrah. S.K, Williams. E.A,
Kumassah. F
Design And Implementation
of Automatic Headlight
Dimmer For Vehicles Using
Light Dependent Resistor
(LDR) Sensor
Zigbee Tx &
Rx
International Journal
of Emerging
Technology and
Innovative
Engineering
April 2016
4
A S M Asaduzzaman,
Mohammad Islam,
Shuva Paul
Automatic High Beam
Controller for Vehicles
IR-Tx & IR-
Rx
International Journal
of Scientific and
Engineering
Research
April 2013
5 Jyotiraman De
Universal adaptive Headlight
System
LED,RELAY,
POT
International
Conference on
Vehicular Electronics
and Safety
16-17, DEC-
2014.
Literature Survey
1. Mercedes Benz
 “Adaptive High beam assist – The Intelligent Headlamp”
2. Toyota
 “Headlight regulation using camera”
E
EXISTING SYSTEMS
2/27/2018
8
Adaptive High beam assist – The Intelligent
Headlamp
2/27/2018
9
Fig.1 CLS250 Fig.2 CLS250
Headlight regulation using camera
-Toyota
2/27/2018
10
Fig.3 2008 GMC Serria Fig.4 2008 GMC Serria
Problem In Existing System
 In the existing systems, every vehicle
would sense the incoming headlight’s
intensity breach and regulates their own
headlight accordingly.
 So, the incoming vehicles (opposite)
would be benefited, but the high beam of
the incoming vehicle would still remain
causing temporary blindness to the
source vehicle .
2/27/2018
11
Fig.5 Pictorial representation of the operation of universal
automobile headlight control module
Problem In Existing System
2/27/2018
12
 On receiving headlight breach and regulated their vehicle is just benefited to others we will face
glare for temporary time.
 The main problem that effected these system are, headlight intensity will change on receiving
any kind of light like street light not only vehicle light.
 These make no sense where our headlight varies its intensity on receiving every kind of light,
so to overcome these type of problems we proposed a new system using Wireless sensor
network.
Proposed Experimental Setup System
2/27/2018
13
C ON TR IBU TION OF OU R W OR K:
 So a newer system was thought upon which would sense the intensity of the headlights
as in the earlier system but instead of reducing their own headlight intensity with respect
to the other vehicle.
 It would reduce the intensity of the oncoming vehicle and vice versa so the problem of
temporary blindness is completely avoided.
Proposed Experimental Setup System
2/27/2018
14
Fig. 7: Experimental Set upFig. 6: Schematic of WSN controller
Block Diagram
BASIC MODEL:
 MICROCONTROLLER
 LIGHT INTENSITY SENSOR
 RF MODULE AS TRANSRECIVER
 THRESHOLD INTENSITY
 HEADLIGHT SYSTEM
2/27/2018
15
MICROCONTROLLER
2/27/2018
16
 The function of the microcontroller in the system is to compare the intensity value of the
oncoming headlight with the threshold headlight intensity which would be set into the
system.
 The intensity obtained to the microcontroller is in the form of digital signal.
 The microcontroller to be used in the system is Arduino uno with an ATmel microcontroller.
Fig.8 Block diagram of the Working of the Microcontroller
Cont…
2/27/2018
17
WHY ARDUINO?
 The Arduino software is easy-to-use for beginners,
flexible enough for advanced users. It runs on Mac,
Windows, and Linux.
 Inexpensive, Cross-Platform, Simple, clear
programming environment, Open source and extensible
software, Open source and extensible hardware.
Fig.9 Generic Board
Light Intensity Sensor
2/27/2018
18
 LDR MODULE 3 PIN LM393
 Operating voltage 3.3V-5V
 Able to detect ambient brightness and light intensity Adjustable
sensitivity (via blue digital potentiometer adjustment)
 Output: DO digital switch output (0 and 1), AO analog voltage
output Compatible with Arduino, Raspberry and other
microcontroller boards
 A small PCB board size: 3.4 x 1.4cm Weight 9 grams
Fig.10 LM393
RF Module As Transreciver
2/27/2018
19
 Developed by Digi Xbee
 IEEE 802.15.4
 Transmit Power: 1 mW
 ISM (Industrial, Scientific & Medical) 2.4 GHz frequency band
 ISO 9001:2000
 300ft distance covers
Fig.11 XB24CZ7WIT-004
RF Module As Transceiver
2/27/2018
20
 nRF24L01 is a single-chip radio transceiver for the worldwide 2.4-
2.5 GHz ISM band.
 It works same as X-Bee in these system as transceiver and
interfaced to microcontroller in every module.
 The main drawback of X-bee to us in these project is X-bee is not
economical compared to nRF24L01 where nRF24L01 can cover
more than 1000m whereas X-bee limits to 200m.
 Ultra-small,with built-in 2.4GHz antenna
Fig.12: 81033
Cont..
 Developed by Digi Xbee
 Low data rate (250kbit/s) and low
power consumption
 IEEE 802.15.4
 1mW wired antenna
 300ft distance covers
 2.4GHz(ISM)
 Developed by Nordic RF
 Transmission speed of up to 2Mbps.
 Easy to develop, the link layer is fully
integrated on the module
 Supports 6-channel receiving, with a
transmission speed of up to 2Mbps.
 Ultra low power consumption –
months to years of battery lifetime
 2.4GHz(ISM)
2/27/2018
21
X-Bee transceiver nRF24L01
Arduino IDE
Proteus
Software Requirements
2/27/2018
22
What We Learnt?
2/27/2018
23
 Proteus PIC Bundle is the complete solution for developing, testing and virtually prototyping
your embedded system designs based around the Microchip Technologies TM series of
microcontroller. This software allows you to perform schematic capture and to simulate the
circuits you design.
 We learned simulating Arduino Uno and RF module using Proteus.
Conclusion
2/27/2018
24
 The proposed embedded design system strives to remove the temporary blindness caused
to the drivers during the night vision travel. The universal embedded module automatically
switches the high beam into low beam and returns backs to high beam based on road
conditions, thus reducing the sudden glare effect.
 The interconnected modules connected wirelessly at every vehicle independently control the
headlight by evaluating various parameters like vehicle speed, current GPS location,
direction of vehicle.
References
2/27/2018
25
 “NIGHT-TIME VEHICLE DETECTION FOR AUTOMATIC HEADLIGHT BEAM CONTROL”, International Journal of
Computer Applications (0975 – 8887) Volume 157 – No 7, January 2017
 Available: http://www.ijcaonline.org/archives/volume157/number7/sevekar-2017-ijca-912737.pdf
 “DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF AUTOMATIC HEADLIGHT DIMMER FOR VEHICLES USING LIGHT
DEPENDENT RESISTOR (LDR) SENSOR”, International Journal of Emerging Technology and Innovative Engineering
Volume 2, Issue 4, April 2016
 Available: http://www.ijetie.org/articles/IJETIE_201623012.pdf
 “WI LIGHTS - A WIRELESS SOLUTION TO CONTROL HEADLIGHT INTENSITY”, 2015 International Conference on
Technologies for Sustainable Development (ICTSD-2015), Feb. 04–06, 2015, Mumbai, India.
 Available:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283877578_Wi_lights__A_wireless_solution_to_control_headlight
_intensity
References
2/27/2018
26
 “Universal adaptive Headlight System” , 2014 IEEE International Conference on Vehicular
Electronics and Safety (ICVES) December 16-17, 2014. Hyderabad, India.
 http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7063715/
 "Headlight Intensity Controller Design using Wireless Sensors (HIC-WSN)", Special Issue of
International Journal of Computer Applications On Issues and Challenges in Networking,
Intelligence and Computing Technologies, November 2012.
 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/241279147_Headlight_Intensity_Controller_Design_Using_Wir
eless_Sensors_HIC-WSN
ThAnK yOu
2/27/2018
27

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NIGHT TIME VEHICLE DETECTION FOR AUTOMATIC HEADLIGHT BEAM CONTROL

  • 1. Under the Guidance of Dr.G.Arul Elango, Associate Professor, Dept. of ECE. 1 2/27/2018 Presented by Batch no. 1867 G.Gayathri 15125A0414 G.Radhika 15125A0417 G.Sudhakar 15125A0418 M.Deepa 15125A0430 K.Prem Chand 15125A0426 SREE VIDYANIKETHAN ENGINEERING COLLEGE (Autonomous) (Approved by AICTE,Accredited by NBA and Affiliated to JNTUA,Anantapur) 2017-2018
  • 2. 2/27/2018 2 NIGHT TIME VEHICLE DETECTION FOR AUTOMATIC HEADLIGHT BEAM CONTROL
  • 4. OBJECTIVE 2/27/2018 4  In order to avoid accidents due to temporary driver blindness, a wireless sensor network (WSN) based controller is devised to quickly transmit sensor data between cars.  To minimize temporary blindness headlight intensity adjustment is allowed by low latency.  Due to fatigue caused by repeating switching, laziness, or both, this is mostly neglected by drivers, As a result, the headlights are left on high beam continuously, resulting in the problems alluded.
  • 5. INTRODUCTION 2/27/2018 5  Headlamp performance has steadily improved throughout the automobile age, spurred by the great disparity between daytime and nighttime traffic fatalities the US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration states that nearly half of all traffic-related fatalities occur in the dark, despite only 25% of traffic travelling during darkness by these road accidents at night time increases day by day.  Around 33% of the traffic accidents are mainly attributed to the impairment in vision caused by the glare of impending headlights during the night travel.
  • 6. Cont…. 2/27/2018 6  To avoid such incidents, an embedded prototype of Automatic Headlight adaptor module is proposed. This embedded module automatically switches the high beam to low beam and returns backs to high beam, thus reducing the sudden glare effect.  It also eliminates the requirement of manual switching by the driver to switch back to low beam Automatic Headlight adaptor module is a unique solution to achieve the above objective, the headlight intensity of the incoming vehicles causing the glare is automatically attenuated to low beam wirelessly by the nearby vehicles affected by high beam. 
  • 7. 2/27/20187 S.N O AUTHOR’S NAME NAME OF PAPER METHODOL OGY JOURNAL YEAR OF PUBLISH 1 Victor Nutt,Shubhalaxmi Kher Headlight Intensity Controller Design using Wireless Sensors WSN Special Issue of International Journal of Computer Applications NOV- 2012. 2 Amiya Kumar Tripathy, Deepali Kayande,Joel George, Jerome John, Bejoy Jose Wi Lights - A Wireless Solution To Control Headlight Intensity HIC-WSN International Conference on Technologies for Sustainable Development Feb 04- 06,2015 3 Okrah. S.K, Williams. E.A, Kumassah. F Design And Implementation of Automatic Headlight Dimmer For Vehicles Using Light Dependent Resistor (LDR) Sensor Zigbee Tx & Rx International Journal of Emerging Technology and Innovative Engineering April 2016 4 A S M Asaduzzaman, Mohammad Islam, Shuva Paul Automatic High Beam Controller for Vehicles IR-Tx & IR- Rx International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research April 2013 5 Jyotiraman De Universal adaptive Headlight System LED,RELAY, POT International Conference on Vehicular Electronics and Safety 16-17, DEC- 2014. Literature Survey
  • 8. 1. Mercedes Benz  “Adaptive High beam assist – The Intelligent Headlamp” 2. Toyota  “Headlight regulation using camera” E EXISTING SYSTEMS 2/27/2018 8
  • 9. Adaptive High beam assist – The Intelligent Headlamp 2/27/2018 9 Fig.1 CLS250 Fig.2 CLS250
  • 10. Headlight regulation using camera -Toyota 2/27/2018 10 Fig.3 2008 GMC Serria Fig.4 2008 GMC Serria
  • 11. Problem In Existing System  In the existing systems, every vehicle would sense the incoming headlight’s intensity breach and regulates their own headlight accordingly.  So, the incoming vehicles (opposite) would be benefited, but the high beam of the incoming vehicle would still remain causing temporary blindness to the source vehicle . 2/27/2018 11 Fig.5 Pictorial representation of the operation of universal automobile headlight control module
  • 12. Problem In Existing System 2/27/2018 12  On receiving headlight breach and regulated their vehicle is just benefited to others we will face glare for temporary time.  The main problem that effected these system are, headlight intensity will change on receiving any kind of light like street light not only vehicle light.  These make no sense where our headlight varies its intensity on receiving every kind of light, so to overcome these type of problems we proposed a new system using Wireless sensor network.
  • 13. Proposed Experimental Setup System 2/27/2018 13 C ON TR IBU TION OF OU R W OR K:  So a newer system was thought upon which would sense the intensity of the headlights as in the earlier system but instead of reducing their own headlight intensity with respect to the other vehicle.  It would reduce the intensity of the oncoming vehicle and vice versa so the problem of temporary blindness is completely avoided.
  • 14. Proposed Experimental Setup System 2/27/2018 14 Fig. 7: Experimental Set upFig. 6: Schematic of WSN controller
  • 15. Block Diagram BASIC MODEL:  MICROCONTROLLER  LIGHT INTENSITY SENSOR  RF MODULE AS TRANSRECIVER  THRESHOLD INTENSITY  HEADLIGHT SYSTEM 2/27/2018 15
  • 16. MICROCONTROLLER 2/27/2018 16  The function of the microcontroller in the system is to compare the intensity value of the oncoming headlight with the threshold headlight intensity which would be set into the system.  The intensity obtained to the microcontroller is in the form of digital signal.  The microcontroller to be used in the system is Arduino uno with an ATmel microcontroller. Fig.8 Block diagram of the Working of the Microcontroller
  • 17. Cont… 2/27/2018 17 WHY ARDUINO?  The Arduino software is easy-to-use for beginners, flexible enough for advanced users. It runs on Mac, Windows, and Linux.  Inexpensive, Cross-Platform, Simple, clear programming environment, Open source and extensible software, Open source and extensible hardware. Fig.9 Generic Board
  • 18. Light Intensity Sensor 2/27/2018 18  LDR MODULE 3 PIN LM393  Operating voltage 3.3V-5V  Able to detect ambient brightness and light intensity Adjustable sensitivity (via blue digital potentiometer adjustment)  Output: DO digital switch output (0 and 1), AO analog voltage output Compatible with Arduino, Raspberry and other microcontroller boards  A small PCB board size: 3.4 x 1.4cm Weight 9 grams Fig.10 LM393
  • 19. RF Module As Transreciver 2/27/2018 19  Developed by Digi Xbee  IEEE 802.15.4  Transmit Power: 1 mW  ISM (Industrial, Scientific & Medical) 2.4 GHz frequency band  ISO 9001:2000  300ft distance covers Fig.11 XB24CZ7WIT-004
  • 20. RF Module As Transceiver 2/27/2018 20  nRF24L01 is a single-chip radio transceiver for the worldwide 2.4- 2.5 GHz ISM band.  It works same as X-Bee in these system as transceiver and interfaced to microcontroller in every module.  The main drawback of X-bee to us in these project is X-bee is not economical compared to nRF24L01 where nRF24L01 can cover more than 1000m whereas X-bee limits to 200m.  Ultra-small,with built-in 2.4GHz antenna Fig.12: 81033
  • 21. Cont..  Developed by Digi Xbee  Low data rate (250kbit/s) and low power consumption  IEEE 802.15.4  1mW wired antenna  300ft distance covers  2.4GHz(ISM)  Developed by Nordic RF  Transmission speed of up to 2Mbps.  Easy to develop, the link layer is fully integrated on the module  Supports 6-channel receiving, with a transmission speed of up to 2Mbps.  Ultra low power consumption – months to years of battery lifetime  2.4GHz(ISM) 2/27/2018 21 X-Bee transceiver nRF24L01
  • 23. What We Learnt? 2/27/2018 23  Proteus PIC Bundle is the complete solution for developing, testing and virtually prototyping your embedded system designs based around the Microchip Technologies TM series of microcontroller. This software allows you to perform schematic capture and to simulate the circuits you design.  We learned simulating Arduino Uno and RF module using Proteus.
  • 24. Conclusion 2/27/2018 24  The proposed embedded design system strives to remove the temporary blindness caused to the drivers during the night vision travel. The universal embedded module automatically switches the high beam into low beam and returns backs to high beam based on road conditions, thus reducing the sudden glare effect.  The interconnected modules connected wirelessly at every vehicle independently control the headlight by evaluating various parameters like vehicle speed, current GPS location, direction of vehicle.
  • 25. References 2/27/2018 25  “NIGHT-TIME VEHICLE DETECTION FOR AUTOMATIC HEADLIGHT BEAM CONTROL”, International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 – 8887) Volume 157 – No 7, January 2017  Available: http://www.ijcaonline.org/archives/volume157/number7/sevekar-2017-ijca-912737.pdf  “DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF AUTOMATIC HEADLIGHT DIMMER FOR VEHICLES USING LIGHT DEPENDENT RESISTOR (LDR) SENSOR”, International Journal of Emerging Technology and Innovative Engineering Volume 2, Issue 4, April 2016  Available: http://www.ijetie.org/articles/IJETIE_201623012.pdf  “WI LIGHTS - A WIRELESS SOLUTION TO CONTROL HEADLIGHT INTENSITY”, 2015 International Conference on Technologies for Sustainable Development (ICTSD-2015), Feb. 04–06, 2015, Mumbai, India.  Available:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283877578_Wi_lights__A_wireless_solution_to_control_headlight _intensity
  • 26. References 2/27/2018 26  “Universal adaptive Headlight System” , 2014 IEEE International Conference on Vehicular Electronics and Safety (ICVES) December 16-17, 2014. Hyderabad, India.  http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7063715/  "Headlight Intensity Controller Design using Wireless Sensors (HIC-WSN)", Special Issue of International Journal of Computer Applications On Issues and Challenges in Networking, Intelligence and Computing Technologies, November 2012.  https://www.researchgate.net/publication/241279147_Headlight_Intensity_Controller_Design_Using_Wir eless_Sensors_HIC-WSN