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Problems and challenges of animal husbandry extension

This ppt deals about veterinary extension

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Problems and challenges of animal husbandry extension

  1. 1. PROBLEMS AND CHALLENGES OF ANIMAL HUSBANDRY EXTENSION SUBMITTED BY, DR.S.PREETHI, M.V.SC 1ST YR, DEPT OF LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION AND MANAGEMENT, CVAS, RAJUVAS, BIKANER. SUBMITTED TO, DR.NEERAJ KUMAR SHARMA, ASST PROFESSOR, DEPT OF VETERINARY EXTENSION EDUCATION, CVAS, BIKANER.
  2. 2. EXTENSION AND OBJECTIVES  Stretching out to the people, beyond limits of educational institutions .  Out of school education. OBJECTIVES  To take every new innovation to doorstep.  To impart skill training, knowledge etc.  To improve living standards of livestock farmers.
  3. 3. EXTENSION SYSTEM IN INDIA  Agriculture, livestock : state subject.  Policy, Programme formulation, Budgetary support by Central govt.  Implementation by State govt.  Besides this, ICAR, Agricultural, Veterinary Universities.  Extension prog : IADP, KVK, ATMA, T&V Sys, etc.
  4. 4. PROBLEMS  Majority of Indian population, depend on livestock directly or indirectly.  Agricultural sector to GDP 17.4%, livestock sector 4.4%, Population depended is 48.9%.  Poor livestock farmers contribute to production of milk, wool, meat, etc.  Shrinkage of land holdings.  Unorganised- livestock sector and marketing.  Lack of credible information source.
  5. 5.  Lack of interest and trust among farmers on technicalities.  Lack of knowledge in various sectors like banking, insurance, vaccination, hygiene, marketing etc.  Adherence to traditional knowledge.  Lack of functional autonomy.  Rigid hierarchical structures, leading to lack of innovative methods of providing extension services.  Co ordination failures at multiple levels, results in inefficient delivery of services.
  6. 6. CHALLENGES  How to reach millions of livestock owners, who are thriving in Complex, Diverse and Risk prone (CDR) environment.  How to improve the living standards of the rural livestock owners through livestock rearing ,when the pressure on land is increasing and common property lands are slowly fading out forcing the rural poor to maintain the animals on purchased fodders.
  7. 7.  How to sustain the production of livestock products with decreasing area under fodder and increase in the competition for feed resources.  How to change the decreasing interests of the people in livestock rearing.  How to take cognizance of the changes that are taking place in the society which include : Shift from farming to industry; Shift from rural to urban (migration ); Shift from grazing to stall feeding; Shift in focus from social to economic issues.
  8. 8.  How to face the emerging livestock development situation as a sequel to the technological and development interventions.  How to take information from research station to farmers and how to make them adopt new technology.  Taking livestock farmers problems to research station for solution and help them tackle.  How to motivate farmers to use new technology to improve production so as to increase income.
  9. 9.  Regular Supervision and inspection of technologies adopted by farmers.  How to minimize wastages in inputs in all operation.  How to harness the benefits of IT in livestock sector, to disseminate information on new innovation.  How to make this field as a demand driven service, so that need based information is provided to the livestock farmers.
  10. 10. TARGET GROUPS  Livestock development involves a number of target groups with whom the extension agents need to work with.  Livestock owners: dairy farmers, sheep and goat keepers, poultry farmers, etc.  Livestock service providers: Animal Husbandry department personnel, Marketing institutions Milk Cooperatives, APEDA, Training institutions like KVKs, NGOs, Research / Academic institutions – Veterinary Universities/ Colleges, ICAR animal science institutes, Bankers, Insurance agencies etc.  Input suppliers: Semen banks, feed mixing plants, Pharmaceuticals, Livestock product processing units, Agro related industries etc.  Policy makers: Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, Secretaries of AH organisations, Milk Federations,
  11. 11. THANK YOU
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This ppt deals about veterinary extension

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