Robotics<br />
Prologue<br />Major evolution in Science: Robot<br />A mechanical being<br /><br /><br />Term Robot means “Forced Labor”...
Technology has already made us a Cyborg.<br />Cyborgs<br />A Cybernetic Organism.<br />3<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />...
Android<br />Resemble a human species<br />4<br />Behavior<br />&<br />Appearance<br />Term android was first used in…<br ...
Speech Recognition<br />
What is… ?<br />It’s the process of converting… <br /><br /><br />Emerged over the last few years<br /><br /><br />For...
Applications<br />7<br /><br /><br />Automatic translation <br />Automotive speech recognition <br />Dictation <br />Han...
Drawbacks<br />8<br />It never works in a noisy environment<br /><br /><br />N.L.P<br />A new program was developed<br /...
Natural Language Processing<br />
N.L.P is…<br />10<br />Evolution of Speech Recognition…<br /><br /><br />Basically a program that performs…<br /><br />...
Importance<br /><br /><br />	It can read newspaper.<br />	Store information in its database.<br />	Translate words into ...
Why NLP is Hard<br />Lack of common sense. <br />Problem in co-relating the two<br />information's.<br />Expect a complete...
N.L.U is…<br />13<br /><br /><br />System that uses NLP.<br />Example – Elisa System.<br />Understands simple sentences....
Perfect NLU System<br />14<br /><br /><br />Tell your personal assistant NLU system, “Get me all back issues that have t...
15<br />Bot with an Understanding<br />
16<br />Contd…<br />
Artificial Intelligence<br />Study and design of intelligent agents<br />The term was first used by John McCarthy <br />AI...
Methods includes:<br />	Expert systems<br />	Case based reasoning<br />	Bayesian networks<br />	Behavior Based Artificial ...
Applications<br />Banks use artificial intelligence systems to organize operations.<br />A medical clinic can use artifici...
Computational Intelligence<br />Successor of Artificial Intelligence.<br />Closely associated with Soft Computing.<br />In...
Genetic Algorithm<br />
Genetic Algorithm<br />  Search technique used in computing.<br />  Inspired by Darwin’s theory of evolution.<br />  Faste...
Procedure<br />	Formation of  initial population chromosomes<br />Individual selection through a fitness based process.<br...
Contd…<br />24<br />Reproduction:<br /><br /><br />Generation of a second generation population using genetic operators,...
A Bot-Eat-Bot World<br />
A Bot-Eat-Bot World<br />26<br />Developed  12 “Free-Thinking” robots.<br />Robots were divided in two categories<br /><b...
Contd…<br />Sounds like a science fiction film Plot.<br />Was the largest experiment ever in <br />Artificial Intelligence...
	  Neural Network<br />Programming system based on working of a Human Brain.<br />Robots Brain : 32-bit Hitachi<br />				m...
How Would they Evolve ?<br />By uploading their “Electronic Genes”.<br />With these genes, Offspring’s will be<br />create...
Experiment Ends….<br />Prof. also said there is no need for us to worry.<br />Ended in August 2003.<br />Now aims to build...
Conclusion<br />
>>  www.thinkdigit.com<br />>>  www.robots_dreams.com<br />>>  www.google.com<br />>>  www.cyc.com<br />>>  www.doc.ic.ac....
Bibliography<br />>>  Digit Magazine<br />>>  P C Quest Magazine<br />33<br />
Thank you !!!<br />
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Robotics

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Robotics

  1. 1. Robotics<br />
  2. 2. Prologue<br />Major evolution in Science: Robot<br />A mechanical being<br /><br /><br />Term Robot means “Forced Labor” <br /><br /><br />What is Robot ?<br />Other terminologies<br /><br /><br />There are two major types...<br /><br /><br />Cyborgs<br />&<br />Androids<br />2<br />
  3. 3. Technology has already made us a Cyborg.<br />Cyborgs<br />A Cybernetic Organism.<br />3<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />Integration of Artificial and Natural systems.<br /><br /><br />A C-LEG system<br /><br /><br />Term Cyborg was coined in 1960.<br /><br /><br /><br />Two types of Cyborgs...<br /><br />Cyborg: Evolution of the<br /> Superman<br />Restorative<br />Enhanced<br />&<br />
  4. 4. Android<br />Resemble a human species<br />4<br />Behavior<br />&<br />Appearance<br />Term android was first used in…<br />Tomorrow's Eve<br />The first full body walking android<br />"Albert Hubo"<br />
  5. 5. Speech Recognition<br />
  6. 6. What is… ?<br />It’s the process of converting… <br /><br /><br />Emerged over the last few years<br /><br /><br />For Example: In Mobiles...<br /><br /><br />Performance is specified in terms of<br /><br /><br />Accuracy<br />Speed<br />Real Time Factor<br />Word Error Rate<br />6<br />
  7. 7. Applications<br />7<br /><br /><br />Automatic translation <br />Automotive speech recognition <br />Dictation <br />Hands-free computing<br />Interactive voice response <br />Mobile telephony<br /><br /><br />& Robotics <br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  8. 8. Drawbacks<br />8<br />It never works in a noisy environment<br /><br /><br />N.L.P<br />A new program was developed<br />Produce an unexpected results<br /><br /><br />Requires you to speak in exactly the same way<br /><br /><br />
  9. 9. Natural Language Processing<br />
  10. 10. N.L.P is…<br />10<br />Evolution of Speech Recognition…<br /><br /><br />Basically a program that performs…<br /><br /><br />It can understand you really wanted to say.<br /><br /><br />Used In :<br /><br /><br />Almost everywhere …<br />
  11. 11. Importance<br /><br /><br /> It can read newspaper.<br /> Store information in its database.<br /> Translate words into your language.<br /> Advance search features.<br /> Doesn’t sound machine-like.<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />11<br />
  12. 12. Why NLP is Hard<br />Lack of common sense. <br />Problem in co-relating the two<br />information's.<br />Expect a complete sentence.<br />Needs full information.<br />12<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  13. 13. N.L.U is…<br />13<br /><br /><br />System that uses NLP.<br />Example – Elisa System.<br />Understands simple sentences.<br />If it doesn’t understands.<br />Had no common sense.<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  14. 14. Perfect NLU System<br />14<br /><br /><br />Tell your personal assistant NLU system, “Get me all back issues that have the phrase ‘natural language’ in them.<br />We are still very far from where we would like to be<br />Store information and perform actions<br />Imagine that you work for a magazine and have perfected NLU systems all around your office.<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  15. 15. 15<br />Bot with an Understanding<br />
  16. 16. 16<br />Contd…<br />
  17. 17. Artificial Intelligence<br />Study and design of intelligent agents<br />The term was first used by John McCarthy <br />AI is studied in overlapping fields of computer science<br />17<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />The science and engineering of making intelligent machines<br /><br /><br />
  18. 18. Methods includes:<br /> Expert systems<br /> Case based reasoning<br /> Bayesian networks<br /> Behavior Based Artificial Intelligence<br />Contd…<br />AI systems are built around automated inference<br />Applications are generally divided into two types:<br />Conventional AI mostly involves methods<br />18<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />&<br />Classifiers<br />Controllers<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  19. 19. Applications<br />Banks use artificial intelligence systems to organize operations.<br />A medical clinic can use artificial intelligence systems to organize bed schedules.<br />19<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  20. 20. Computational Intelligence<br />Successor of Artificial Intelligence.<br />Closely associated with Soft Computing.<br />Involves iterative development.<br />Research is focusing on building human-like robots<br />20<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  21. 21. Genetic Algorithm<br />
  22. 22. Genetic Algorithm<br /> Search technique used in computing.<br /> Inspired by Darwin’s theory of evolution.<br /> Faster than other algorithms.<br /> Gene is a Bit.<br /> Chromosomes are String of Bits.<br />22<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /> <br /><br /><br />
  23. 23. Procedure<br /> Formation of initial population chromosomes<br />Individual selection through a fitness based process.<br />23<br /><br /><br />Initialization:<br />Selection:<br /><br /><br />
  24. 24. Contd…<br />24<br />Reproduction:<br /><br /><br />Generation of a second generation population using genetic operators, Crossover and Mutation<br />Termination<br /><br /><br />Generational process is repeated until a termination condition has reached<br />
  25. 25. A Bot-Eat-Bot World<br />
  26. 26. A Bot-Eat-Bot World<br />26<br />Developed 12 “Free-Thinking” robots.<br />Robots were divided in two categories<br /><br /><br />Aim:<br />If and how bots evolve an Ecosystem.<br />Prof. Noel Sharkey, technical adviser for<br />BCC’s TechnoGames.<br /><br /><br />Predators<br />&<br />Prey<br />
  27. 27. Contd…<br />Sounds like a science fiction film Plot.<br />Was the largest experiment ever in <br />Artificial Intelligence.<br />It wasn’t science fiction, it was science fact.<br />Prey had to charge their solar batteries.<br />Predators had to suck the battery power of Prey.<br />27<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /> <br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  28. 28. Neural Network<br />Programming system based on working of a Human Brain.<br />Robots Brain : 32-bit Hitachi<br /> microcontrollers.<br />Object powered with Neural Network, can learn from its own Actions.<br />That is they can Evolve by themselves.<br />28<br /><br /><br /><br /> <br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  29. 29. How Would they Evolve ?<br />By uploading their “Electronic Genes”.<br />With these genes, Offspring’s will be<br />created.<br />The unexpected turn ….<br />Prof. said he was thrilled that robots<br />have evolved.<br />29<br /><br /><br /><br /> <br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  30. 30. Experiment Ends….<br />Prof. also said there is no need for us to worry.<br />Ended in August 2003.<br />Now aims to build more intelligent Robots.<br />For Exploring distant planets<br />Which can adapt to changing environmental<br />condition.<br />30<br /><br /> <br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  31. 31. Conclusion<br />
  32. 32. >> www.thinkdigit.com<br />>> www.robots_dreams.com<br />>> www.google.com<br />>> www.cyc.com<br />>> www.doc.ic.ac.uk<br />Webliography<br />32<br />
  33. 33. Bibliography<br />>> Digit Magazine<br />>> P C Quest Magazine<br />33<br />
  34. 34. Thank you !!!<br />

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