NGOs ININDIA<br />From National Awakening to Nation Building<br />
Hieun Tsang in 630 AD wrote: <br />“Towards the west of the junction of the two rivers (Ganga and Yamuna at Allahabad) the...
SHORT VIDEO<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vo5e_wnW9Y0<br />
Journey towards mainstreaming…<br />
1800 - 1900<br />
<ul><li>1810-1820s-  social development led by Religious Missionaries
1820s- Social reforms  - Empowerment of Women
Throughout the century socio-religious movements
1870s-  Emergence of Caste based  associations especially of Lower caste systems</li></ul>Societies Registration Act of 18...
<ul><li>Organizations began working on Conservation overall development  ( BNHS 1883, RKM 1897 )
Building schools, colleges, dispensaries, and hospitals
Focus on social reform increased & spread around the country
1885- Indian National Congress
1886- Muslim Organizations were formed to conserve the interest of their group </li></ul>Trusts Act of 1882<br />
1900- 1947<br />
<ul><li>Early 1900s- Politics becomes a focus area for NGOs
Organizations formed to gain political rights
Religious activities  continue
1913- Gandhi Returns back
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NGOs in India - From National Awakening to Nation Building

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This preentation presents major contributions of the Non Governmental organization or more generically the Voluntary sector in India since early 1800s.

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  • Christian missionaries in the early 1810s -they started to build schools, colleges, dispensaries, and orphanages around the 1810s and 1820s1820s - Raja Ram Mohan Roy - social reform, abolition of child marriage and polygamy, the improvement of the social status of women, the promotion of women&apos;s education, and remarriage of widows. 1800s - and organizations formed by other religions1870s also saw the emergence of dormant caste associations (such as Kurmi Mahasabha13 and NadarMahajan Sangam.14 These associations were formed mainly by lower castes&apos; elite to promote their social and political mobility
  • AryaSamaj- 1869Brahma Samaj 1870sAccording to our assessment, the mostimportant organizational offshoot of the nineteenth century reform movement and subsequent national consciousness was the establishment of the Indian National CongressConference to discuss the problems of Indian Muslims and promote national brotherhood amongthem.
  • Muslim League was launched in 1906 lobby for Muslim political rightsThe Suddhi movement was launched by the AryaSamaj in retaliation to the Muslim conversion that was taking place in the early 1920s. Its aim was to proselytize fallen Hindus(recently converted Hindus) and borderline MuslimsThe organization also nourished the growth of a fundamentalist Hindu organization, RashtriyaSwayamSerakSangh (RSS), the National Corps of Volunteers. Gandhi returns from South AfricaIntroduces the concept of concept of development included all aspects of life: social, political, economic, cultural, and spiritualrural development was constructing self-supporting, self-governing, and self-reliant village communities where everyone&apos;s needs were satisfied and everyone lived in harmony and cooperation Introduces Constructive program&quot; to achieve egalitarianism in Indian society by introducing basic education and sanitationGandhi. The volunteers called upon volunteers of the Congress Party to participate in India&apos;s independence movement in turn cooperated with Gandhi in mobilizing the masses to achieve political autonomy from the British through passive resistance.
  • First, there was a need for relief work because of the regular occurrence ofdisasters such as famines, floods, and cyclones in this period of Indian history. The need for relief work was further exacerbated by the Bangladesh War, in 1971, which led to a massive influx of refugees into India Bihar Famine 1966, Maharashtra 1970- 1973
  • 198 Development &amp; promotion of Participatory Methodologies1983 Occupational &amp; environmental health &amp; safety Strengthening Institutions of Panchayati Raj 1994 onwards Support to state Govts in devolution of awarenessReforming Municipal Governance in small &amp; medium towns -
  • 74th Amendment – still not functional
  • VilasraoSalunke –gram gauravprathisthan-PaniPanchayat – Stockholm Water award 1986 Gram ShikshanMohimMovement for literacy in the rural areas was started in 1959  1947 was only 14 per cent and female literacy was abysmally low at 8 per cent. Movement for literacy in the rural areas was started in 1959 Adult Education through Voluntary Agencies: To ensure greater participation of voluntary agencies, the Central Scheme of Assistance to Voluntary Agencies was revived in April 1982
  •  Voluntary agencies did not receive willing co- operation from State Government ( Adult Education )
  • NGOs in India - From National Awakening to Nation Building

    1. 1. NGOs ININDIA<br />From National Awakening to Nation Building<br />
    2. 2. Hieun Tsang in 630 AD wrote: <br />“Towards the west of the junction of the two rivers (Ganga and Yamuna at Allahabad) there was a great plain, called The Arena of Charitable offerings, as from very ancient times Kings from different parts of India frequented this spot for the purpose of practicing charity”<br />1.2 Million NGOs <br />in 2007 <br /> source: PRIA<br />
    3. 3. SHORT VIDEO<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vo5e_wnW9Y0<br />
    4. 4.
    5. 5. Journey towards mainstreaming…<br />
    6. 6. 1800 - 1900<br />
    7. 7. <ul><li>1810-1820s- social development led by Religious Missionaries
    8. 8. 1820s- Social reforms - Empowerment of Women
    9. 9. Throughout the century socio-religious movements
    10. 10. 1870s- Emergence of Caste based associations especially of Lower caste systems</li></ul>Societies Registration Act of 1860<br />
    11. 11. <ul><li>Organizations began working on Conservation overall development ( BNHS 1883, RKM 1897 )
    12. 12. Building schools, colleges, dispensaries, and hospitals
    13. 13. Focus on social reform increased & spread around the country
    14. 14. 1885- Indian National Congress
    15. 15. 1886- Muslim Organizations were formed to conserve the interest of their group </li></ul>Trusts Act of 1882<br />
    16. 16. 1900- 1947<br />
    17. 17. <ul><li>Early 1900s- Politics becomes a focus area for NGOs
    18. 18. Organizations formed to gain political rights
    19. 19. Religious activities continue
    20. 20. 1913- Gandhi Returns back
    21. 21. Rural Development – Swaraj (self reliance)
    22. 22. Works for eradication of Untouchability </li></ul>- Volunteers participate in Freedom movement<br /><ul><li> 1940s-Relief Work </li></ul> -1943 Bengal Famine<br />
    23. 23. 1947 - 2000<br />
    24. 24. <ul><li> 1947- 1960s- Guiding Government in Development Programs
    25. 25. 1960- 1970s</li></ul>- CBOs began to be formed with focus on empowerment of communities<br /><ul><li>Welfare organizations formed in mid 1960s and early 1970s were focused on rehabilitation and relief work
    26. 26. Post partition massacre</li></ul>*There was a need for relief work because of the regular occurrence of disasters such as famines, floods, and cyclones in this period of Indian history<br />1953 – Central Social Welfare Board to support the NGOs working in the field<br />
    27. 27. 1970s – 90s<br />NGOs grew rapidly and prolifically<br />
    28. 28. <ul><li>1992 Earth Summit – UN conference on Environment and Development - Recognizes of NGOs role </li></li></ul><li>NGOs finally get HEARD<br />
    29. 29. <ul><li>1992 The 74th Amendment of the Constitution of India recognizes the role of local governance and encourages participatory development
    30. 30. 2000 planning Commission becomes the interface between the Government and NGOs
    31. 31. 2007 National Policy of Voluntary Sector</li></li></ul><li>
    32. 32. Short Comings<br /><ul><li> Leadership
    33. 33. Focus
    34. 34. Research
    35. 35. Capacities</li></li></ul><li>PHOTO CREDITS <br />http://www.cs.ust.hk/faculty/dimitris/metro/june01/india02.jpg<br />http://photoofthemoment.wordpress.com/<br />http://farm1.static.flickr.com/13/14790118_d878386237.jpg<br />http://www.ucc.ie/en/hr/equality-wellbeing/health/mental/religion/imgcol,32904,en.png<br />http://www.ucc.ie/en/hr/equalitywellbeing/health/mental/religion/imgcol,32904,en.png<br />http://farm2.static.flickr.com/1055/1332745110_3cc25ce9ba.jpg<br />http://oldindianphotos.blogspot.com/<br />http://i33.tinypic.com/w0mb6h.jpg<br />http://en.wikivisual.com/images/a/af/India_topo_big.jpg<br />http://blog.artwolfe.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/07/sjs42601.jpg<br />http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9a/Xuanzang_w.jpg<br />Holding Hands: http://www.saintalbanschurch.co.uk/images/silhouettes-holding-hands.jpgHolding<br />
    36. 36. REFERENCES<br />www.pria.org/<br />http://www.cafindia.org/pages/voluntary%20sector%20in%20India.pdf<br />http://planningcommission.nic.in/data/ngo/vac_prced.pdf<br />http://www.vaniindia.org/Download/National_Policy-May2007_EN.pdf<br />Non-State Provision of Basic Services<br />Historical Background of The Nonprofit Sector In India + PRIA -<br />CNP_Working_Papers/CNP_WP12_India_1993.pdf<br />http://www.idd.bham.ac.uk/research/pdfs/India_Scoping_Study.pdf<br />www.outlookindia.com | Ambedkar’s Desiderata<br />http://www.adb.org/Documents/Reports/Civil-Society-Briefs/IND/CSB-IND.pdf<br />Civil Society in Indiawww.outlookindia.com |<br />The State At The Doorstepwww.outlookindia.com |<br />The Axis YearOutlook Search<br />India Together: Believers in free air - October 2004<br />India Together: Freeing our heroes from parochialisation - October 2004<br />India Together: Why India survives - RamachandraGuha - October 2004<br />India Together: Search Results<br />Civil society's failure is government's blessing - upiasia.com<br />On civil society: issues and ... - Google Books<br />

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