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Indian education system


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Indian education system

  1. 1. Problems in Indian Education System Presented by – Praveen Srivastava (13040)
  2. 2. Introduction Indian Department of Education : Ministry of Human Resources Development . Headed by : Shri M.M. Pallam Raju National Budget : 52,057 crore Literacy Rate Total Male Female 74.04% 82.14% 65.46%
  3. 3. Present Scenario National Council For Education Research Training is the apex body for Curriculum NCERT provides research and Training and Research assistance to various Schools. Other Bodies ICSE (Indian School Certification Examination) State Boards National Institute for Open Schooling
  4. 4. NCERT is an autonomous body fully funded by the Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD).  The NCERT was established in 1961. India's higher education system is the third largest in the world, after China and the United States. The current scheme for universalization of Education for All is the SARVASHIKSHA ABHIYAN which is one of the largest education initiatives in the world.
  5. 5. Issues 1.Work Force Quality  25% of the Public Sector teacher and 40% of Public Sector Medical worker were absent.  Absence Rate ranged from 15% in Maharashtra to 30% in Bihar
  6. 6. 2.Infrastructure  59% of the school had no drinking water and 89% had no Toilets  3.5% of primary schools in Bihar and Chhattisgarh had toilets only for Girls  The number of secondary School is almost half the number of upper primary School in the country
  7. 7. 3.Participation  Lower secondary level enrolment rate is 52%  Senior Secondary level it is 28%  Preschools is merely is 18%  48% drop-out rate in elementary education 4.Curriculum Issues  Rote learning rather than problem solving
  8. 8. 5.IES ‘over-regulated and under-governed The Centre’s budgetary allocation is up 6x in the 11th Plan; the GOI spends a whopping $30bn on education (3.5% of GDP, at the global average) AND YET 1. India has one of the lowest GERs (general enrollment ratios) globally!! 2. 40% of the total student base is enrolled in private schools – 7% of total capacity! 3. 0.85% of the $30bn spend is on capital expenditure and 80% spent on teacher’s salaries .
  9. 9. Grim Reality A need for change..
  11. 11. Strength