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Pratt SILS Knowledge Organization Spring 2010


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Pratt SILS Knowledge Organization Spring 2010

  1. 1. Personal Information Management Alexandra Basen, Andrea Gilmer, Elizabeth Legere & Sarah Zimmermann What is PIM? PIM Tools The practice and the study of the activities PIM tools are types of applications and people perform in order to acquire, organize, software that work like a personal organizer. maintain, retrieve and use information items for Types of information managed by PIM tools everyday use to complete tasks (work-related or include journals, address books, e-mail etc. not) and fulfill a person‘s various roles. Optimizing human-machine interaction is the main long-term goal of successful PIM tools. Figure 3. Gmail inbox PIM and E-mail Figure 1. Wikipedia page for personal information Email has become our primary means of management…and cat! communication. We use our email to schedule appointments, save important memories, and The Human Brain and PIM share information with others. Figure 5. Locked journal – information security To design effective PIM tools, we must understand how our brains store, process, and PIM and Security retrieve information. Good PIM tools aid knowledge organization by capitalizing on our As our personal information becomes cognitive strengths. more digitized, we open doors for others to access our information. This problem with security that we face is difficult to solve since it also ties into privacy laws and what exactly should be protected. References Claessens, J. P., Bart; Vandewalle, Joos. (2002). A tangled World Wide Web of security issues. 1396-0466. Jones, W. (2004). Finders, keepers? The present and future perfect in support of personal information management. First Monday, 9(3-1). Jones, W.P. & Teevan, J. (2007). Personal information management. Washington: University of Figure 4. Comparison of the Apple Newton to the Washington Press. Figure 2 Model of the human brain iPhone
  2. 2. Oral History Collections: Organization & Access Our Research and Interview Questions: LaGuardia and Wagner Archive: Permissions and Access Rutgers and Brooklyn Historical 1. How are Oral History Archives being organized? Society: A Comparison of 2. What are some of the challenges that OHAs face • Item level organization through Practices in organizing the collections? specialized enumeration system • Goal of both: to provide at least 3. What are the access points that OHAs provide to • Access point on the web site is the public? through a finding aid one access point to oral history 4. Is it possible to develop a more universal • Donor rights and permissions are projects. BHS also aims to unite standard for OHA organization and access? key legal components to provide audio with transcripts and users access to the interviews place collection online • Utilizing new media such as • Internal organization based on Facebook, Flickr, and YouTube to existing resources. Rutgers uses provide user access in new ways collection level MARC; BHS uses Past Perfect museum collection management • The priority level of OH projects within the institution Our Conclusions: References influences the level of access Grimsley, R.L., & Wynne, S. C. (2009). Creating access to provided • Individualized approach: using a mix of oral histories in academic libraries. College & Undergraduate Libraries, 16 (4), 278-299. Dance Oral History, NYPL: cataloging and archival standards McKay, N. (2004). Curating oral history: Survey results. Donations, Item Formats and • Budget, staffing capabilities and internal Retrieved from MARC records priorities influence access levels publications/curating-oral-histories-2007/research/survey- • Material formats and donor rights also results • Item level MARC records determine if and how the interviews are Nicolas, Y. (2005). Folklore requirements for bibliographic records: Oral traditions and FRBR. • Donated materials uncontrolled made accessible Cataloging & Classification Quarterly, 39 (3/4), 179-195. and in various audio formats • Donated interviews are uncontrolled and can Wynne, S. C. (2009). Cataloging oral histories: Creating and conditions lack proper documentation MARC records for individual oral history interviews. • Multiple records for one Cataloging & Classification Quarterly, 47 (6), 561-582. interview, especially post preservation...solution: FRBR? How feasible is a universal standard for Paul Clarke, Lee Ann Fullington & • Access online records at NYPL Cassie Mey the organization and access of LIS 653-03, Professor Pattuelli catalog and WorldCat using faceted search of spoken word Oral Histories? 4/22/10 Final Project
  3. 3. LibraryThing and Social Cataloguing Main Entry: Libraries Using LibraryThing References folksonomy Part of Speech: n -Lawson, K. (2009) Mining Social Tagging Data Danbury Public Library Definition: for Enhanced Subject Access for Readers and a type of classification system for online Researchers. The Journal of Academic content, created by an individual user who tags First library to use LTFL in May 2007 Librarianship, 25, 574-582. information with freely chosen keywords; also, “Adding tags makes our catalog a win-win situation for the cooperation of a group of people to create everyone - librarians get to keep our subject headings, -Rolla, P. J. (2009) User Tags versus Subject such a classification system and patrons get keywords and tags that they understand.” Headings: Can User-Supplied Data Improve Etymology: -Merry Uk, Webmaster, Danbury Public Library Subject Access to Library Collections? Library 2005; folk + taxonomy Resources & Technical Services, 53(3), 174-184. tax·on·o·my Seattle Public Library [tak-son-uh-mee] -Shirky, Clay. "Ontology is Overrated: Catagories, –noun Monthly Statistics Links, and Tags." Clay Shirky's Writings About the 1. -14,000+ similar title links clicked through Internet. 2 Oct. 2009 the science or technique of classification. -1,300+ variant edition links clicked on 2. -3,000+ multi-click tag sessions Biology. the science dealing with the description, identification, naming, and -13,000+ reviews viewed -Reamy, Tom. "Folksonomy Folktales." classification of organisms. -Lare Mischo, Systems Librarian, Seattle Public Library 29 Sept. 2009. KM World. 2 Oct. 2009 “Left-Wing” “Right-Wing” LibraryThing and Users ?ArticleID=56210&PageNum=1 Folksonomy Taxonomy Where it works best: Where it works best: Domain Domain Current Use: -Earley, Seth. "Folksonomy versus Taxonomy." • Large corpus • Small corpus User driven content descriptions, classification, Not Otherwise Categorized. 15 Feb. 2007. Earley • No formal • Formal categories & Associates. 3 Oct. 2009 categories • Stable entities reviews, tag clouds, etc. • Unstable entities • Restricted entities • Unrestricted entities • Clear edges nomy-versus-taxonomy/ • No clear edges Users “People don’t want a library that acts Users • Expert catalogers like just a glorified card catalog online. • Large corpus • Authoritative source They want a catalog that’s as good as • No formal of judgment Google or Amazon.” -Gail Richardson, LIS 653 Spring, 2010 categories • Coordinated users • Unstable entities • Expert users Oakville Public Library (ONT.) Corinne Neary • Unrestricted entities Michael Hollitscher • No clear edges Possibilities Ricca Gaus Incorporation of user-created tags into existing controlled vocabularies.
  4. 4. Cataloging Body Art Elissa Hunter, Gretchen King, Kay Menick, Keisha Miller Using ICONCLASS to classify Cataloging tattoos Different Websites catalog in different ways: 0 Abstract, Non-representational If you have the tattoo artist's actual drawing, then you 1 Religion and Magic can classify it as "art original" and give that tattoo 2 Nature artist credit. You would have a physical object that Blogs use tag clouds to organize 3 Human being, Man in general you could then describe and therefore catalog. their entries. 4 Society, Civilization, Culture 5 Abstract Ideas and Concepts If the tattoo is on the body of a person, a photograph Tattoo design Websites organize 6 History of the tattoo must be made. The photograph their designs according to very 7 Bible becomes your physical object and you can then broad categories. 8 Literature catalog it. 9 Classical Mythology and Tattoo shop Websites usually Ancient History group their tattoos by artist. Once you get to that level, you have to scroll to find what you want. Flickr and other sharing sites group tattoos under tags determined by the users, which doesn’t really provide cohesiveness to searches. They do, however, usually include the stories behind the tattoos. 2. Nature Can FRBR be used for tattoos? 25. Earth, world as celestial body Yes, if fully implemented. 25F. Animals 25F7. Lower animals Offers a more detailed approach to areas – in this 25F71. Anthropods case, culture, specifically art form, i.e. mehndi or 25F711. Insects henna tattoos. 25F711(BUTTERFLY)
  5. 5. Cultural Heritage: Access and Digitization in the Modern World Dr. Pattuelli LIS 653-03 Ariella Feller & Elisabeth Gattullo Logo W3C Preserving Offensive Images -World Wide Web Consortium that -Are cultures obligated to preserve develops standards for the web materials that have affected them if -Ultimate goal is to provide long- they find the materials offensive? term web growth Ex: Danish cartoons and Questions Raised Islamic cultural institutions 1. What types of programs are in place Access to Native American Culture PrestoSpace to secure the protection of cultural -Who really owns American Indian -Goal of the project is to develop heritage items? Culture? technical solutions and integrated 2. Do countries have a duty to protect systems for the digital preservation cultural materials? -What is the best way to preserve of audio-visual material 3. Does the move to digitization help or and protect culture while leaving it hinder the overall purpose of cultural accessible to the society it comes Calimera heritage preservation? from? Conclusions -Developed for ordinary citizens to Cultural artifacts remain a vitally important access cultural heritage services part of any society’s history and as such must be preserved for the study of future -Interested in providing access on a generations. local level Using new digitization technologies, librarians the world over, help keep cultural heritage relevant and accessible. References Cultural Heritage and War Cloonan, M. V. (2007) The Paradox of preservation. Library Trends, 56 (1), 133-47. Fischer, A. (2008) Pride, preservation, -Cultural heritage artifacts are progress: native rights advocate speaks on almost always a casualty of war cultural heritage. Library of Congress Information Bulletin, 67(12), 229. -Iraq and the destruction of the Frank, R. (2005) Jerusalem conference on the national archives digitisation of cultural heritage. Library Hi Tech News, 22(1), 10-11.
  6. 6. SUBJECT ACCESS for VISUAL MATERIALS LIS 653-02 DAISY CAMPBELL, CHRISTINE CLISURA, SARA MEDLICOTT SA AND MAPS WHAT IS SUBJECT ACCESS (SA)? Subject access in maps rests largely on ―If the focus of the bibliographic description is the geographic expanse, however there is some artifact—the precise capture of its physical and textual facts— dispute as to whether that is considered a the focus of subject headings work is the library user and his subject heading or not. The cataloger must or her content-related needs and expectations.‖ make a careful assessment to determine - Jeffrey Garrett, ―Subject Headings in Full-Text whether map labeling is correct or not. Environments‖ Library of Congress is currently working to revise the genre/form headings for WHY IS SA IMPORTANT? cartographic materials, but it will likely be a Figure 2. ARTstor metadata for C. Y. A. Azaglo, challenge for libraries to implement those Untitled (1964) revisions. SA, Artwork, and ARTstor Iconography complicates the issue of creating subject access for a work of art, such as a digital image of an artwork as one would find in ARTstor. In order to create strong subject terms, image catalogers must be aware of the point at which they make the transition from a factual reading to an interpretive reading. ARTstor uses VRA Core 4.0 to create metadata for its images, but the fact that the ‗subject‘ element in this schema is optional, combined with the individualized Figure 4. Lionel Pincus and Princess Firyal Map methodology of ARTstor‘s many Division Figure 1. The value of subject headings in the OPAC. From T. Gross & A. G. contributors, means that subject access in Taylor, ―What Have We Got to Lose?‖ References ARTstor‘s collection is highly irregular at Garrett, J. (2007). Subject headings in full-text best. environments: The ECCO experiment. In 1876, Charles Cutter first proposed the function of subject access in the library catalog, revolutionizing the College & Research Libraries, 68(1), 69-81. discovery of available resources by information seekers. Gross, T., & Taylor, A. (2005). What have we Today, even with the luxury of keyword and cross-field got to lose? The effect of controlled OPAC searches, subject headings still provide that crucial vocabulary on keyword searching results. College & Research Libraries, 66(3), 212- third discovery point: succinct assessment of the topic or 30. aboutness of an item. Subject heading terminology often provides the most relevant or the only hits in a keyword Jesperson, H.P. & Jesperson, J.K. (2004). The problem of subject access to visual search. materials. Journal of Educational Media & Conceptual analysis presents challenges even for Library Sciences, 42(1), 37-48. traditional print materials, but image catalogers face a Library of Congress. (1991). Map cataloging number of unique issues and challenges in trying to Figure 3. ARTstor metadata for George Bellows, manual. Washington, D.C.: Cataloging Pennsylvania Excavation (1907-1909) determine and describe the subject of visual materials. Distribution Service, Library of Congress.