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Reduce Plastics Use And Global Warming

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This presentation is made by me as a part of ongoing effort to increase awareness on Abusive use of plastics and its impact on Global Warming.

Reduce Plastics Use And Global Warming

  1. 1. PLASTICS - BOON OR BANE? By Pratima Pandey Objective – To create awareness about Global Warming and (Ab)use of Plastics
  2. 2. Each one can make a difference! 5/7/2009 FAMILIAR SIGHT..? 500 billion plastic bags distributed annually worldwide , and less than 3% of those bags recycled. They are typically made of polyethylene and can take up to 1,000 years to biodegrade in landfills that emit harmful greenhouse gases. 2
  3. 3. Each one can make a difference! 5/7/2009 PLASTICS - WHY SO POPULAR? Water-proof High tensile strength as compared to paper Light weight Multipurpose Usually comes free with Why So Popular? purchased goods 3
  4. 4. Each one can make a difference! 5/7/2009 HOW PLASTICS ARE HARMFUL? • Animals consume • Clogging of the plastics disposed in drainages, a civic landfills and water menace • 1 million sea creatures • Disposed Plastics result killed every year (www. in littering; an eye-sore green.ndtv.com) No natural Danger to process of animal life degradation Contd. 4
  5. 5. Each one can make a difference! 5/7/2009 HOW PLASTICS ARE HARMFUL? Human health hazard Phthalates, a chemical used to make plastics pliable, may have hormone disrupting effects on unborn baby boys; also linked to obesity and diabetes in men ( CBC News (2008), URMC Press(2007)) Enters food chain as it is ingested by sea and land animals For more negative health effects, see http://www.ecologycenter.org/ factsheets/plastichealtheffect s.html#plastichealthgrid Contd. 5
  6. 6. Each one can make a difference! 5/7/2009 HOW PLASTICS ARE HARMFUL? Plastics in land fills emit greenhouse For more on gases which trap heat and contribute to GW, click me! Global Warming (GW) 6
  7. 7. Each one can make a difference! 5/7/2009 IS THERE A WAY OUT? R– R– R – REUSE REDUCE RECYCLE 3 R Mantra from Green Peace Contd. 7
  8. 8. Each one can make a difference! 5/7/2009 IS THERE A WAY OUT? Using refillable containers and reusable bags Buying in bulk Buying things that don‟t need much packaging, and buying things in recyclable and recycled packages 8
  9. 9. Each one can make a difference! 5/7/2009 INITIATIVES ROUND THE WORLD Click for India Click for UAE Click for Other countries Efforts by mega-marts and retail chains in this direction can go a long way. 9
  10. 10. Each one can make a difference! 5/7/2009 INDIA Lalji Tandon, BJP Candidate from Lucknow, for a plastic-less campaign in 2009 elections Delhi to outlaw use of plastic bags – implementation to be carried out in phases (Guardian (UK), January 2009) • 10
  11. 11. Each one can make a difference! 5/7/2009 UAE Geant supermarket putting nominal charge to discourage use of plastic shopper bags (Gulf News,2008) Gulf News “No to plastic bags” campaign for creating awareness in UAE in March, 2008 11
  12. 12. Each one can make a difference! 5/7/2009 OTHER COUNTRIES Rwanda, Bhutan and Bangladesh imposed bans on use of plastic bags (Guardian (UK), January 2009) 7 Supermarkets in UK (including Marks & Spencer, Sainsbury's and others) sign up a voluntary agreement that obliges them to halve the numbers of single use carrier bags compared with 2006 levels. (Guardian, December 2008) National phase out policy by Australian Govt in 2002 led to a reduction of 34% from 2002 to 2005 saving 2 billion bags from being produced „Say no to plastic bags‟ campaign by Environmental Society of Oman started in March, 2009 seeing enthusiastic response (Khaleej Times, March 2009) 12
  13. 13. Each one can make a difference! 5/7/2009 REFERENCES Australian Retailers Association  (2008), http://www.noplasticbags.org.au/home/default.aspx ,accessed April 6, 2009. BBC (2004), http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/3666474.stm, accessed April 6, 2009.  CBC News (2008), http://www.cbc.ca/health/story/2008/06/04/f-  phthalates.html, accessed March 17, 2009 Khaleej Times (2009)  http://www.khaleejtimes.com/DisplayArticleNew.asp?col=&section=middleeast&xfile= data/middleeast/2009/March/middleeast_March247.xml, accessed April 6, 2009. Guardian (2009) http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/jan/16/plastic-bags-india-  delhi-ban, accessed April 6, 2009 National Geographic http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-  warming/gw-effects.html, accessed April 6, 2009 Time (2007)  http://www.time.com/time/specials/2007/environment/article/0,28804,1602354_16030 74_1603179,00.html, accessed April 5, 2009 URMC Press Room  (2007), http://www.urmc.rochester.edu/PR/news/story.cfm?id=1405, accessed March 17, 2009 13
  14. 14. Each one can make a difference! 5/7/2009 Thank You 14
  15. 15. Each one can make a difference! 5/7/2009 WHAT IS GLOBAL WARMING? It is the increase in mean temperature of Earth due to increase in green house gases in the atmosphere, which trap in the sun‟s infrared rays. Greenhouse gases are Carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, methane and water vapours. 15
  16. 16. GLOBAL WARMING AND Each one can make a difference! 5/7/2009 CONSEQUENCES Ice melting - includes mountain  glaciers, ice sheets covering West Antarctica and Greenland, and Arctic sea ice Researcher Bill Fraser has tracked the  Decline of the 7 April 2009 penguins on Antarctica (from 32,000 breeding pairs to 11,000 in 30 years) Movement of butterflies, foxes, and alpine  plants have moved farther north or to higher, cooler areas Precipitation (rain and snowfall) has  increased across the globe, on average. Sea level rise became faster over the last  century (So: National Geographic) 16
  17. 17. Each one can make a difference! 5/7/2009 GLOBAL WARMING AND NATURAL DISASTERS No. of Natural Death from Natural Disasters Disasters 400 100000 337 83000 80000 261 300 53000 60000 200 40000 100 20000 0 0 1990 2003 1990 2003 Risk factors: City growth, climate change, environmental degradation (So: International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, UN Agency , reported to BBC, September, 2004 ) 17
  18. 18. Each one can make a difference! 5/7/2009 GLOBAL WARMING – A REALITY – WORLD SPEAKS… Nine out of ten say that action is necessary to address global warming .(BBC World Service poll in 2007 of 22,000 people in 21 countries) Global warming is quot;unequivocalquot; and that human activity is the main driver, quot;very likelyquot; causing most of the rise in temperatures since 1950. (The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change of the United Nations 2007 Assessment report) “We now know without a doubt that global warming is threatening us with higher temperatures, more drought, more wildfire, more flooding, and more erosion of our coastal communities…the overwhelming scientific evidence has proven this over and over again. We must act now with the rest of the world to curb 18 emissions” Barack
  19. 19. Each one can make a difference! 5/7/2009 EFFECTS OF GLOBAL WARMING Why go far…Just recall the last time we remarked or discussed about the climate change in our area? 19
  20. 20. Each one can make a difference! 5/7/2009 TO KNOW MORE ABOUT GW.. Important Sources of Information •http://www.stopglobalwarm ing.org/sgw_learnmore.asp •http://environment.about.co m/od/faqglobalwarming/f/gr eengases.htm •http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Greenhouse_gas •http://environment.national geographic.com/environme nt/ •http://www.globalwarming. (Co: www.globalwarming.org.in) org.in/global-warming- facts.php 20

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