Explore India - Prathiksha jain


Published on

Indian Monuments :

Stands unique for its ancient cultures and traditions.

Helps in exploring the history & ancient civilizations of India.

Attracts tourist around the globe.

Monuments built in the center of big lakes,

Himalayan valleys, large rivers, deserts, deep forest .

  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Rich heritage, rich culture of India has been reflected in this art – hence this slide as a background.
  • Jaisalmer : lodurva.
  • 41 palaces in rajasthanhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_palaces_in_Rajasthan
  •  purdah (the practice of preventing women from being seen by men), had to be given opportunity to witness proceedings in the market centre and watch the royal processions and festivities sitting behind the stone carved screens.having rooms of different coloured marbleswhile fountains adorn the centre of the courtyard”Royal family of Jaipur, during their reign, also used the palace as a hot weather retreat, during the suffocating summer season of Jaipur, for several years, since the unusually designed window screens provided the much needed cool breeze and ventilation.[6]
  • City Palace, Jaipur, which includes the Chandra Mahal and Mubarak Mahal palaces and other buildings, is a palace complex in Jaipur, the capital of the Rajasthan state, India. It was the seat of the Maharaja of Jaipur, the head of the Kachwaha Rajput clan. The Chandra Mahal palace now houses a museum but the greatest part of it is still a royal residence.The palace was built between 1729 and 1732,The architects achieved a fusion of theShilpa Shastra of Indian architecture with Rajput, Mughal and European styles of architectureMUBHARAK MAHAL : Mubarak Mahal, meaning the 'Auspicious Palace', was built with a fusion of the Islamic, Rajput and European architectural stylesCHANDRA MAHAL : It is a seven-storeyed building and each floor has been given a specific name such as the Sukh-Niwas, Ranga-Mandir, Pitam-Niwas, Chabi-Niwas, Shri-Niwas and Mukut-Mandir or Mukut Mahal. It contains many unique paintings, mirror work on walls and floral decorations
  • Interior ofchandramahal and sabhamahal(where visitors allowed it’s a museum now)
  • meaning the 'Auspicious Palace', was built with a fusion of the Islamic, Rajput and European architectural styles in the late 19th century by Maharaja Madho Singh II as reception centre.There are two huge sterling silver vessels of 1.6 metres (5.2 ft) height and each with capacity of 4000 litres and weighing 340 kilograms (750 lb), on display here. They were made from 14000 melted silver coins without soldering to carry the water of the Ganges to drink on his trip toEngland in 1901 (for Edward VII's coronation) as he was finicky about committing religious sin by consuming the English water. Hence, the vessels are named as Gangajelies
  • Panoramic view the Udaipur City Palace Complex at night
  • The present owner of the Palace is Maharaj Gaj Singh. The Palace is divided into three functional parts - a luxury Taj Palace Hotel (in existence since 1972), the residence of the erstwhile royal family, and a Museum focusing on the 20th century history of the Jodhpur Royal Family. The opening hours of this museum are 9 am to 5 pm.
  • Lake Palace (formerly known as Jag Niwas) is a luxury hotel, of 83 rooms and suites featuring white marble walls, located on a natural foundation of 4 acres (16,000 m2) rock on the Jag Niwas[1] island[2] in Lake Pichola, Udaipur, India. The hotel operates a boat which transports guests to the hotel from a jetty at the City Palace. It has been voted as the most romantic hotel in India.The palace was constructed facing east, allowing its inhabitants to pray to the Sun god at the crack of dawn.[3] The successive rulers used this cool haven as their summer resort,Lake Palace on Lake Pichola, Udaipur, India
  •  palace located in the middle of the Man Sagar Lake in Jaipur city, the capital of the state of Rajasthan, India. The palace and the lake around it were renovated and enlarged in the 18th century by Maharaja Jai Singh II of AmberThe Jal Mahal palace has got an eye-popping makeover. Traditional boat-makers from Vrindavan have crafted the Rajput style wooden boats. By Rajasthan govt. During 1596 AD, when there was a severe famine in this region there was consequent acute shortage of water. The then ruler of Ajmer was, therefore, motivated to build a dam to store water to overcome the severe hardships caused by the famine to the people inhabiting the region.
  • Aksharadhama :Construction on the temple began on 8 November 2000 and Akshardham was officially opened on 6 November 2005,The main monument,  carved details of flora, fauna, dancers, musicians, and deities.constructed entirely from Rajasthani pink sandstone and Italian Carrara marble, and has no support from steel or concrete. 234 ornately carved pillars, nine domes, and 20,000 murtis and statues of Hinduism’s sadhus, devotees, and acharyas It contains 148 scale sized elephants in total and weighs a total of 3000 tonsGuinness world record :On 17 December 2007, Michael Whitty, an official world record adjudicator for Guinness World Records, traveled to Ahmedabad, India to present a new world record to Pramukh Swami Maharaj, the spiritual leader of BAPS SwaminarayanSanstha, for the Akshardham complex.[45]The record was presented for Akshardham as the World’s Largest Comprehensive Hindu Temple (certificate).[46][47]The certificate states,"BAPS SwaminarayanAkshardham in New Delhi, India, is the world's largest comprehensive Hindu temple. It measures 356 ft (109 m). long, 316 ft (96 m). wide and 141 ft (43 m). high, covering an area of 86,342 sq ft (8,021.4 m2). The grand, ancient-style, ornately hand-carved stone temple has been built without structural steel within five years by 11,000 artisans and volunteers.AkshardhamGandhinagar has attracted millions of visitors from across the world, including Bill Clinton who commented, "Akshardham is not only a unique place in India but in the whole world. It is even more beautiful than what I had imagined. Taj Mahal is definitely beautiful, but this place, along with beauty, has a beautiful message.
  • dream project of Nitish Kumar, Nālandā: ancient center of higher learning in Bihar, IndiaHoused more than 2,000 professors.Free education to more than 10,000 studentsNalanda was one of the world's first residential universities.It is also one of the most famous universities.Nalanda had eight separate compounds and ten temples, many meditation halls and classrooms. On the grounds were lakes and parks. The library was located in a nine storied building library had three main buildings as high as nine stories tall, Ratnasagara (Sea of Jewels), Ratnodadhi (Ocean of Jewels), and Ratnarañjaka (Delighter of Jewels)    Decline and end In 1193, the Nalanda University was sacked by[citation needed] the fanatic BakhtiyarKhilji, a Turk; Thousands of monks were burned alive and thousands beheaded as Khilji tried his best to uproot Buddhism and plant Islam The burning of the library continued for several months., 
  • Shravanbelagola Bahubali (Sanskrit: बाहुबली) also called Gomateshwara (Kannada: ಗೊಮ್ಮಟೇಶ್ವರ Tulu: ಗೊಮ್ಮತಾ) was a Jain monk : 60 feet (18 m) above a hill in a place called Shravanabelagola in the Hassan district of Karnataka state, India. It was built in the 10th century AD.This statue is regarded as one of the largest monolithic statues in the world.t Shravanabelagola, the Mahamastakabhisheka festival is held once in 12 years, when the image of Gommateshvara is bathed in milk, curds, ghee, saffron and gold coins.The saint is  (55 ft) high and is visible from a distance of 30 km.
  •  Konark Sun Temple Bynarasimhadeva 1 ,using sandstone  Orissan architecture of Ganga dynasty Konark Sun Temple orissa.The Sun Temple, built in the thirteenth century, was conceived as a gigantic chariot of the Sun God, Surya, with twelve pairs of exquisitely ornamented wheels pulled by seven horses.Sun Temple of Konark in OrissaConsidered as one of the worlds best architectural structures, the massive Konark Temple is one of the earliest temples for sun worship. Every year Indian devotees travel to this site to celebrate the Chandrabhaga Festival. Dedicated to the Sun God, the monument was built to look like a horse-drawn chariot used by the deity while traveling the heavens. Konark King Narasimhadev built the structure around 1238 to 1264 AD to landmark his triumph over the Muslims. Legend has it that a huge lodestone on top of temples dome disrupted compasses and this leds to the sinking of nearby ships. UNESCO currently declared The Konark Temple as a World Heritage Site due to the intricate designs, sculptors and engravings throughout the structure.
  • Explore India - Prathiksha jain

    1. 1. Explore IndiaPresentation By : Prathiksha Jain.Presented on : 05/03/2012.prathikshajain@hotmail.comprathikshajain.blogspot.com/
    2. 2. Abstract :I. Indian monuments.II. North Indian Monuments.III. East Indian Monuments.IV. South Indian Monuments.
    3. 3. Indian monuments. Stands unique for its ancient culturesand traditions. Helps in exploring the history & ancientcivilizations of India. Attracts tourist around the globe. Monuments built in the center of big lakes, Himalayan valleys, large rivers, deserts, deepforest .
    4. 4. North Indian monuments.I. Rajasthan.1. Hawa Mahal2. City Palace (udaiPur/JaiPur)3. Jal Mahal. (udaiPur/JaiPur)4. Umaid Bhawan PalaceII Delhi :1. Aksharadhama (Delhi)III. Patna1. Nalanda university.
    5. 5. Hawa Mahal (JaiPur) "Palace of Winds" or “Palace of the Breeze” Built 1799,by Maharaja Sawai Prathapsingh. Design : - Fusion of Hindu Rajput/Islamic Architecture(alike panch Mahal- Fatehpur Sikri). - Five-story pyramidal shaped . - Height of 50 feet. - Designed by Lal Chand Ustad - form of the crown of Krishna/akin to honey comb. - 953 small windows called jharokhas (For Purdhas ). - Built of red and pink sandstone.
    6. 6. City Palace (JaiPur) Includes the ChandraMahal and Mubarak Mahal. Built between 1729. Design : - Fusion of Shilpa Shastra Rajput, Mughal and European architecture.
    7. 7. Mubarak Mahal : Gangajelies (Silver Vessels) •Two huge sterling silver vessels. (5.2 ft) • Each with capacity of 4000 liters and weighing 340 kilograms •were made from 14000 melted silver coins without soldering - Recorded by the Guinness Book of World Records as the worlds largest sterling silver vessels.
    8. 8. City Palace (Udaipur) Built by Maharana Udai Singh II, in 1559. Includes 11 small separate palaces Inside. Design : Rajasthani, Mughal, Medieval,European and Chinese Architecture)• Distinctly homogeneous and eye catching.• Granite and marble.
    9. 9. Umaid Bhawan Palace• located at Jodhpur in Rajasthan,India, is one of the worlds largestprivate residences.• Construction work wascompleted in 1943.• Monument has 347 rooms.principal residence of Jodhpurroyal family.• The present owner of the Palaceis Maharaj Gaj Singh.
    10. 10. Lake Palace Udaipur• known as Jag Niwas.• Located Udaipur, India.• Is a luxury hotel, of 83 rooms• Marble walls,• Located on a natural foundationof 4 acres (16,000 m2) rock on theJag Niwas island• On the Lake Pichola, Udaipur.• Hotel Taj (Trivia)• Summer Resort for the Rulers ofUdaipur.• Facing East (Worship the sun).
    11. 11. Jal Mahal• Located on the Man SagarLake, Aravali hillsJaipur,(Maharaja Jai Singh II ofAmber)• Builtin the Rajputand Mughal styles of architecture.During 1596,sandstone• 5 storied building, of which fourfloors remain under water whenthe lake is full and the top floor isexposed.
    12. 12. Aksharadhama (Delhi) Guinness world record : * On 17 December 2007.Construction 8 November 2000 - 6 The World’s Largest ComprehensiveNovember 2005, Hindu Temple. * It measures 356 ft (109 m). long, 316 ftThe main monument (96 m).details Flora, fauna, dancers, musi * wide and 141 ft (43 m). high,cians, and deities. * covering an area of 86,342 sq ft (8,021.4 m2). * The grand, ancient-style, ornately hand-Design : carved stone temple * has been built without structural steel 1. Rajasthani pink sandstone and within five years * by 11,000 artisans and volunteers.Italian Carrara marble, 2. No support from steel orconcrete. Bill Clinton : "Akshardham is not only a3. 234 ornately carved pillars, nine unique place in India but in the whole world. It is even more beautifuldomes, and than what I had imagined.4. 20,000 murtis Taj Mahal is definitely beautiful, but this5. 148 scale sized elephants in place, along with beauty,total and weighs a total of has a beautiful message.3000 tons.
    13. 13. Nālandā universityNālandā: (ancient center of higher learning)1. worlds first residential universities.2. Most famous universities.3. Eight separate compounds .4. Ten temples.5. meditation halls and classrooms.6. Library 9 Story TallDecline and end• In 1193, the Nalanda University wassacked by the fanatic Bakhtiya Khilji, a Turk;• Thousands of monks were burned aliveand thousands beheaded as Khilji tried hisbest to uproot Buddhism and plant Islam• The burning of the library continued forseveral months.,
    14. 14. South Indian monuments.Bahubali GomateshwaraShravanbelagola•. A Jain monk.• 60 feet (18 m)• The saint is (55 ft) high and isvisible from a distance of 30 km.• It was built in It was created around 983 AD by Chavundaraya.• This statue is regarded as one ofthe largest monolithic statues in theworld• Mahamastakabhisheka festival isheld once in 12 years, ( bathed inmilk, curds, ghee, saffron and gold
    15. 15. Konark Sun TempleNatya mandir,konarkKonark Sun Temple orissa1. Orissan architecture of Ganga dynasty2. sandstone , built in the thirteenth century3. Built the structure around 1238 to 1264 AD.Design :• A gigantic chariot of the Sun God,Surya• Twelve pairs ornamented wheelspulled by seven horses.• One of the worlds best architecturalstructures,• UNESCO currently declared TheKonark Temple as a World HeritageSite due to the intricate designs,sculptors.
    16. 16. Explore More…… The seven wonders of India, in the order of their voting are the following: 1. Gomateshwara - a place called Shravanabelagola in the Hassan district of Karnataka state 2. Harmandir Sahib (Golden temple) - located in the city of Amritsar in Punjab 3. Taj Mahal - located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh 4. Hampi - located in a village in northern Karnataka 5. Konark Sun Temple - located a small town in the state of Orissa 6. Nalanda - an ancient university near Patna in Bihar 7. Khajuraho - a village in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh
    17. 17. References :http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hawa_Mahalhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaipurhttp://indianmonuments.tripod.com/http://indianmonuments.tripod.com/monuments-south-india.htmlhttp://indianmonuments.tripod.com/monuments-west-india.htmlhttp://indianmonuments.tripod.com/monuments-north-india.htmlhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akshardham_(Delhi)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Konarkhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bahubalihttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/nalanda