• A pre-defined step-by-step method to accomplish a task• A computer model that takes an order and structures a sequence of trades• Computer programs that generate buy and sell orders and make lightning-quick trades• It is the automated execution of trading orders decided by quantitative market models.
Objectives: • Minimize cost compared to a defined benchmark • Maximizing fill rate • Minimizing execution risk • More reliable and faster execution platforms (computer sciences) • More comprehensive and accurate prediction models (mathematics)
What are the trends behind it? • Regulatory Changes • Electronification of Markets • Improve Scale & Efficiency • Desire for Anonymity • Realization that Trading Is a Source of “Incremental Alpha” • Desire to Reduce Explicit and Implicit Trading Costs
Various Types of Algorithms in the Market • Arrival price • Time weighted average price (TWAP) • Volume weighted average price (VWAP) • Market-on-close (MOC)
Areas of Concern while setting Algorithms• Lack of Visibility• Algorithms Acting on Other Algorithms• Which Algorithm to Use?• Missing Ingredient—The Trader’s Gut Feel
What is the process? 1. Generate or improve a trading idea. 2. Quantify the idea and build a model for it. 3. Back test the strategy. 4. Collect the performance statistics. 5. If the statistics are not good enough, go back to #1. 6. If the strategy does not add significant value to the existing portfolio, go back to #1. 7. Implement the strategy on the execution platform. 8. Trade.
Simple trading system designa strategy a strategy a strategy a strategy a strategy a strategy a strategy BROKER Exchanges
What are the advantages? • Move First • Customise Quickly • Rapidly Evolve • Gain Access to Multiple Liquidity Pools • Operate within Multiple Asset Classes ...
Cont…• Integrate Real-time News into Algorithmic Trading• Design for Low Latency Decisions• Research and Back test Strategies• Learn from Experience• Integrate Risk Management with Algorithmic Trading
Issue with the Algorithmic Trade • Filtration • Consistency • Internal Order Matching • Rapid Strategy Implementation • Safety
Conclusion• Algo trading is a very competitive field in which technology is a crucial factor.• With the help of the algorithmic trading system the trade activity becomes faster.• But after all it is totally depends on the technology• There are lots of example of crashing in the market due to algorithmic trade system.• So one has to not depend fully on the algorithmic system.