Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model                City made by “Baugemeinschaften”…HTWG Konstanz|Prof Leonhard Sche...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model               What is a “Baugemeinschaft”?                 Source: http://www.wo...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model                What is a “Baugemeinschaft“ or “Baugruppe“?                      ...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model                    Where does it come from?                                     ...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model               Where does it come from?               The principle “Private Buil...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model               Where does it come from?               First as bottom-up movement...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen ModelSource: Stadt Tübingen/Photo: Alexander Gonschior               Tübingen: 85 000 ...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model                                                        ?                        ...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen ModelTransformation into new Urban Quarters
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model                   Photo: L. Schenk„look-a-like urbanity look a like“            ...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model                                                                 Source: www.terj...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model              The urban parcel of land           Dieter Hoffmann-Axthelm, 1991   ...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model1992 – Competition 1. price, LEHEN drei, Stuttgart       Competition, 1 price    ...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model                              Photo: City of Tübingen   Photo: L. Schenk1993/94 –...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen ModelFranzösisches Viertel/French Quarter
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model                                                              Photo: GroheFranzös...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen ModelLorettoareal/Loretto Quarter
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model                                                       Foto: Grohe               ...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model                                                  Tool Box                       ...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model                                                     Living and Working          ...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model                          Photo: LEHEN drei/L. Schenk1.1 Diversity & Density free...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model                                                     Continuous functional mixed ...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen ModelPhotos: L. Schenk2.2 Functional Mixture - in every private building
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model                      Photo: De Maddalena, Tübingen                     Photo: L....
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model Photo: L. Schenk                                               Photo: De Maddale...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model                                                  direct & i                     ...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model                    Photo: L. Schenk                                          Pho...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model                                                               Photos: L. Schenk ...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen ModelAdvantage / Vorteil                      Drawback / Nachteil• you pay what you re...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen ModelService of the City of Tübingen                            gfor „Baugemeinschafte...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model           Photo: Lehen drei                             Photo: De Maddalena, Tüb...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model                                                    Photos: De Maddalena, Tübinge...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model…different „Baugemeinschaften with different programs… different Baugemeinschafte...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model                            Source: Hähnig + Gemmeke Freie Architekten BDA / City...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model                               Source: Hähnig + Gemmeke Freie Architekten BDA / C...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model                                    Source: City of Tübingen / Architektenkammer ...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model                Source: www.stadtentwicklung.berlin.de        Source: http://baug...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model                    Source: City of BerlinBerlin Townhouses
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model                                            Source: www.berlin-townhouses.deBerli...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model                                                      Source: http://www.baugrupp...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model                                       Photo: L. SchenkJenseits von Tübingen - Ne...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen ModelSource: www.hamburg.deJenseits von Tübingen - Neue Initiativen: Berlin Friedrichs...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model  Are “Baugemeinschaften” of use for the          g  Municipality?  + creating pr...
Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model                                    dank u wel ...HTWG Konstanz|Prof Leonhard Sch...
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Presentatie Leonhard Schenk

  1. 1. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model City made by “Baugemeinschaften”…HTWG Konstanz|Prof Leonhard Schenk|Urban Planning and Design Konstanz|Prof.Delft, 10.05.2012
  2. 2. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model What is a “Baugemeinschaft”? Source: http://www.wohnportal-berlin.de/projekt/marie-marienburger-strasse-40Introduction
  3. 3. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model What is a “Baugemeinschaft“ or “Baugruppe“? Baugemeinschaft Baugruppe ? (In English: “Private Building Cooperation” or “Joint Building Venture”) A “Private Building Cooperation” is a kind of joint venture between several private households who plan and build their own house together. Usually they are supported by an architect. Often „Private Building Cooperations“ are able to realize high-quality living space at prices that are well below going market rates. g g When the house is finished, normally it will be divided into individually owned properties.Introduction
  4. 4. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model Where does it come from? Source: Stadt Freiburg im BreisgauIntroduction
  5. 5. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model Where does it come from? The principle “Private Building Cooperation” is not new. In Germany it became popular in the 1990th in South Germany, in Freiburg and Tübingen (both University Cities) - during the conversion of former French barracks into new housing areas…Introduction
  6. 6. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model Where does it come from? First as bottom-up movement: In Freiburg “Private Building Cooperations” were promoted Private Cooperations by citizens who wanted to build ecological houses. First as top-down movement: top down In Tübingen the city council promoted “Private Building Cooperations” to realize the mixed used city structures in the “Südstadt”. Meanwhile the “Private Building Cooperation”- movement spilled over to many other German towns: Berlin, Hamburg, Leipzig, Munich, Stuttgart and many others…Introduction
  7. 7. Citizens making City – The Tübingen ModelSource: Stadt Tübingen/Photo: Alexander Gonschior Tübingen: 85 000 inhabitants, incl. +/-24.000 Students 85.000 inhabitants incl +/ 24 000
  8. 8. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model ? ?1991 – French Military leaves Tübingen
  9. 9. Citizens making City – The Tübingen ModelTransformation into new Urban Quarters
  10. 10. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model Photo: L. Schenk„look-a-like urbanity look a like“ „mono functional mono functional“
  11. 11. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model Source: www.terjenet.com Photos: L. SchenkMixture of Functions Human Scale Public SpaceLiving & Working Diversity & Density Participation
  12. 12. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model The urban parcel of land Dieter Hoffmann-Axthelm, 1991 German Urban Planner and Architecture Theoretician - is an autonomous, flexible device - stabilizes the urban structure [the whole system does not break down if one cell fails] - strengthens the public space - generates urbanity by variety and density g y y y y - serves as historical memory device - forms a social unity - serves as a perception unity - creates a own address / identificationTransformation into new Urban Quarters
  13. 13. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model1992 – Competition 1. price, LEHEN drei, Stuttgart Competition, 1 price drei
  14. 14. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model Photo: City of Tübingen Photo: L. Schenk1993/94 – Städtebaulicher Rahmenplan/Masterplan
  15. 15. Citizens making City – The Tübingen ModelFranzösisches Viertel/French Quarter
  16. 16. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model Photo: GroheFranzösisches Viertel 2007
  17. 17. Citizens making City – The Tübingen ModelLorettoareal/Loretto Quarter
  18. 18. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model Foto: Grohe Photo: GroheLorettoareal 2007
  19. 19. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model Tool Box Photo: L. SchenkSüdstadtentwicklung Tübingen - Werkzeugkasten
  20. 20. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model Living and Working Integration of different Needs Social Infrastructure High Density = lower land costs Photo: Grohe Photo: L. Schenk1. Diversity & Density1 1 Vielfalt und Dichte 1.
  21. 21. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model Photo: LEHEN drei/L. Schenk1.1 Diversity & Density free parcels flexibility Density, parcels,
  22. 22. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model Continuous functional mixed structure Mixed structure means: Housing + Commercial, free lance, social or cultural use - at least in the ground floor! Photo: City of Tübingen Photo: L. Schenk2.2 Functional Mixture - in every private building
  23. 23. Citizens making City – The Tübingen ModelPhotos: L. Schenk2.2 Functional Mixture - in every private building
  24. 24. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model Photo: De Maddalena, Tübingen Photo: L. Schenk4. Public and Private Space4 3 Öffentlicher Raum und privates Grün 3.
  25. 25. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model Photo: L. Schenk Photo: De Maddalena, Tübingen6. Reactivating Altbauten6 4 Reaktivierung vonof old buildings 4. – first cheap buildings for first, commercial uses
  26. 26. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model direct & i di t innovative kind of participation ti ki d f ti i ti maxim of the municipality: To sell the land to private citizens p p preferred Photo: L. Schenk7. Participation: Private7 5Baugemeinschaften 5. Building Cooperations
  27. 27. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model Photo: L. Schenk Photo: Grohe 5. 5 Participation: Private Building CooperationsDas eigene - individuelle - Haus in einem vielfältigen, städtischen Umfeld…
  28. 28. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model Photos: L. Schenk Photos: LEHEN drei/L. Schenk5.5 Private Building Cooperations
  29. 29. Citizens making City – The Tübingen ModelAdvantage / Vorteil Drawback / Nachteil• you pay what you really get • time need for tuning… (saving potential) (discussions and decitions)• Realisation of your own • readiness to solve inner di t l i dreams and needs group conflicts…• Participation in design and • In the beginning, you don‘t g g building process know the exact cost• To get know your future cohabitants• Possibility of shared facilities - like roof garden, common workshops etc.
  30. 30. Citizens making City – The Tübingen ModelService of the City of Tübingen gfor „Baugemeinschaften“+ service buero+ does reservations of plot of land (6 months option)+ offers a data bank (offerer and interested)+ special arrangements (Bauherrenbörse)
  31. 31. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model Photo: Lehen drei Photo: De Maddalena, Tübingen“Lofthaus”, office, flats, Arch.“Lofthaus” 1 office 2 flats Arch LEHEN drei, Stuttgart drei
  32. 32. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model Photos: De Maddalena, Tübingen“Turmhaus”, Tübingen, office/shop, flats, Arch.“Turmhaus” Tübingen 1 office/shop 6 flats Arch LEHEN drei, Stuttgart drei
  33. 33. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model…different „Baugemeinschaften with different programs… different Baugemeinschaften“ programs
  34. 34. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model Source: Hähnig + Gemmeke Freie Architekten BDA / City of TübingenTübingen,“Mühlenviertel“Tübingen “Mühlenviertel“ (former industrial area)
  35. 35. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model Source: Hähnig + Gemmeke Freie Architekten BDA / City of Tübingen / GroheTübingen,“Mühlenviertel“Tübingen “Mühlenviertel“
  36. 36. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model Source: City of Tübingen / Architektenkammer Baden-WürttembergTübingen,“Mühlenviertel“Tübingen “Mühlenviertel“
  37. 37. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model Source: www.stadtentwicklung.berlin.de Source: http://baugemeinschaft-berlin.deJenseits von Tübingen - Neue Initiativen: Berlin Friedrichswerder – Berlin Townhouses Private Building Cooperations in Berlin
  38. 38. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model Source: City of BerlinBerlin Townhouses
  39. 39. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model Source: www.berlin-townhouses.deBerlin Townhouses
  40. 40. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model Source: http://www.baugruppen- architekten-berlin.dePrivat Network of 16 Architects
  41. 41. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model Photo: L. SchenkJenseits von Tübingen - Neue Initiativen: Berlin Friedrichswerder – Berlin Townhouses Zanderrotarchitekten, Zanderrotarchitekten Baugemeinschaft sc 11, Berlin 11
  42. 42. Citizens making City – The Tübingen ModelSource: www.hamburg.deJenseits von Tübingen - Neue Initiativen: Berlin Friedrichswerder – Berlin Townhouses Private Building Cooperations in Hamburg
  43. 43. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model Are “Baugemeinschaften” of use for the g Municipality? + creating property for a wide range of peoplel + direct (civil) participation - also in values + housing: needs based (average flat size in Tübingen: 108 square metres) + Identification of the citizens with their town, urban quarters and houses q + Creation of urban variety + Strengthening of the social structure + Support of local company structures and local construction firms. Photos: De Maddalena, TübingenAbout the use of „Private Building Cooperations” Private
  44. 44. Citizens making City – The Tübingen Model dank u wel ...HTWG Konstanz|Prof Leonhard Schenk|Urban Planning and Design Konstanz|Prof.Delft, 10.05.2012

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