Presentatie henk cornelissen

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  • Verschil tussen community en wijk/buurt is primair dat een community gevormd wordt door bewoners die zichzelf en omwonende beschouwen als community terwijl een buurt/wijk gedefinieerd is aan de hand van geografische indeling
    Focus op economie
  • Presentatie henk cornelissen

    1. 1. The “Big Society” Phillip Blond Director, ResPublica ‘’You cannot have popular capitalism if the poor don’thave any capital’’ 1
    2. 2. The Core Problems • The ECONOMIC problem - concentration of assets • The SOCIAL problem - erosion of social capital • The CIVIC problem - not enough people are getting involved • The POWER problem - power has pooled in the state 2
    3. 3. The Economic Problem Assets have become concentrated •The wealthiest half of households hold 91% of the UK’s total wealth •Bottom half of society has just 1% of liquid capital • Source: ONS, Wealth in Great Britain – Main Results from the Wealth and Assets Survey 2006/08 (2009) 3
    4. 4. The Social Problem Social capital is declining •97% of communities have become more socially fragmented over the past three decades Source: Changing UK (Dec 2008), BBC Report •The level of social trust has almost halved over the last 40 years Source: Civic Culture Study 1959; European and World Values Surveys 1990-2002/03 4
    5. 5. The Civic Problem Civic engagement has decreased •Only 31% of Britons now provide nearly 90% of all volunteer hours Source: Third Sector Research Centre (2010) •Netherlands, high concentrations of low income households = lower volunteering, voter turnout and contacts with relatives Source: Schmeets & te Riele (Jan 2010) 5
    6. 6. The Power Problem Power has pooled in the state •Nearly three out of four Britons agree that “the state intervenes too much” Source, David Halpern, “The Wealth of Nations” (2007) •48% of people would like to be more involved in local decision-making Source: Ipsos MORI (2010) 6
    7. 7. The Diagnosis Problems with the ‘right’ and ‘left’ •Both welfarism and the ‘monopolised market’ have encouraged bureaucracy and asset concentration •The state and the market have squeezed out the ‘civic middle’, stripping it of capital and capacity 7
    8. 8. Britain’s Big Society 8 Transparency Democracy Locality •Demand side: Localism Bill: the right to buy, challenge and build - Public asset transfer, budgetary take over – self defining neighbourhoods •Supply side: Mutualisation of public services, payment by outcome, new providers •Devolving economic power and participation
    9. 9. Britain’s Big Society 9 Transparency Democracy Locality •Demand side: Localism Bill: the right to buy, challenge and build - Public asset transfer, budgetary take over – self defining neighbourhoods •Supply side: Mutualisation of public services, payment by outcome, new providers •Devolving economic power and participation
    10. 10. For public authorities • Define budgets not by services or silos but by areas and by outcome • Explore social finance models – move beyond social impact bonds for prisoners – to wider policy possibilities • What scope for the council to be a bridge for funding current action from future savings? 10
    11. 11. The new civic agenda • Economic – self and community build – platform for mass bottom up enterprise • Social – associate to create capital and skills • Civic – begin where people are - foster relationships and fraternity • Power – change governance – go bottom up 11
    12. 12. 12
    13. 13. Development Trusts Community Trusts Bewonersbedrijven
    14. 14. ar e: • I ndependent • Led by l ocal peopl e • Dr i vi ng soci al change • Tr adi ng f or communi t y benef i t • Devel opi ng communi t y asset s and owner shi p Communi t y t r ust s
    15. 15. Whi l st al l t r ust s ar e di f f er ent , t hey t ypi cal l y: • Ar e smal l wi t h i ncome of bet ween £100k and £500k • Focus on ver y speci f i c nei ghbour hoods of up t o 5, 000 peopl e • Own an asset or have use of a bui l di ng or pr oper t y • Ar e pr i mar i l y l ed and dr i ven by up t o 3 or 4 i ndi vi dual s, even t hough boar ds may be much bi gger • Ar e successf ul i n over comi ng ongoi ng Communi t y Tr ust s
    16. 16. Most t r ust s have a mi x of i ncome sour ces, t he mai n ones: • Gr ant s ( e. g. f r om Gover nment , Lot t er y, gr ant maki ng t r ust s) – aver age of 70% but var i es enor mousl y • Donat i ons and f und r ai si ng ( t i ny %) • Cont r act s wi t h publ i c or gani sat i ons t o pr ovi de ser vi ces • Rent al and r oom hi r e i ncome • Soci al ent er pr i se i ncl udi ng caf é/ cat er i ng, consul t ancy, weddi ngs, conf er ences, I ncome
    17. 17. • DTA Founded 1993 • Emphasi s on asset s and ent er pr i se • I n pr act i ce si mi l ar or gani sat i ons t o set t l ement s • Rol e of st at e f unded r egener at i on pr ogr ammes i n t he r api d gr owt h of t he movement – Ci t y Chal l enge - SRB – NDC Development Trusts  Rooted in the vision of there being "another way", a way of combining community-led action with business expertise and enterprise.
    18. 18. The t op r easons f or success 1. People/Leadership/Management 2. People/Leadership/Management 3. People/Leadership/Management 4. Services and community engagement
    19. 19. De verschillen met Nederland • Community (wijk) bepaald door bewoners niet door geografie • Bewoners hebben meerderheid in bestuur • Focus op wijkeconomie, niet op welzijn • In bezit van eigen vermogen/vastgoed en daardoor mogelijkheid om inkomsten te verwerven • Door eigen inkomsten niet alleen afhankelijk van subsidie • Professionals worden ingehuurd en werken letterlijk in dienst van
    20. 20. Experiment Bewonersbedrijven • Conferentie ruimte voor burgers 27 juni 2011 • 14 bewonersgroepen zijn aan voorbereidingen begonnen • Start experimenten eerste helft 2012 als goed bedrijfsplan is gemaakt • Experimenten krijgen hulp van LSA en enig startkapitaal afhankelijk van plan • Onderzoek UK/NL gelijktijdig 20
    21. 21. A f or mul a f or success Leadership + Passion + Determination + Focus on need + Business skills = Success

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