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Viva- Voce Ph. D (Education )

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Prakash Srinivasan Ph. D Viva- Voce power point presentation on 14.02.2014, Department of Education, M.S. University, Tirunelveli.

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Viva- Voce Ph. D (Education )

  1. 1. Good morning WELCOME TO ALL
  2. 2. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 2
  3. 3. • , Prof. Dr. A. MUTHUMANICKAM convener REGISTRAR i/c, PROFESSOR AND HEAD, SCHOOL OF EDUCATION, MADURAI KAMARAJ UNIVERSITY, MADURAI. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 3
  4. 4. GUIDE Dr. S. AMALADOSS XAVIER. S. J Assistant Professor in Physical Science, St. Xavier’s College of Education, Palayamkottai. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 4
  5. 5. CO GUIDE Dr.S.P.DENISIA Professor & Director in Women Studies Mother Theresa Women University, Madurai. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 5
  6. 6. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 6 Dr. M. KANMANI Assistant Professor and Head i/c, Department of Education, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University. Tirunelveli .
  7. 7. ALL FACULTY MEMBERS, Department of Education, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 7
  8. 8. Ph.d, M.Phil, M.Ed Scholars, Department of Education, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 8
  9. 9. INTRODUCTION • An attitude is an emotional reaction towards a person or thing. It is a personal response to an object, developed through experience which can be characterized as favourable or unfavourable. • The use of science as the object or stimulus of these feelings delineates that set of attitudes known as ‘attitude towards science’ Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 9
  10. 10. INTRODUCTION • Developing positive attitudes towards science has been an exposed goal of most of the curriculum development efforts since the 1950s (Welch 1979). • It was hoped that increasing interest in science would result in increased science enrolment which in turn would yield a larger science workforce pool and a science-literate public. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 10
  11. 11. REVIEW OF RELATED STUDIES Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 11
  12. 12. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 12
  13. 13. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY • Having undergone the process of education, every individual forms some kind of attitude towards science. These attitudes are likely to be permanent. Student teachers (B.Ed. Trainees) are adults who have chosen teaching as their profession with a willingness to undergo a teacher training to perform various duties as a teacher. • It becomes easier if the student teacher possesses the right attitude towards science. • Hence the secondary school science teachers are expected to possess positive attitudes towards science which helps to improve themselves and to motivate the students in learning science and also in encouraging learning, training and research in the field of science. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 13
  14. 14. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY • An individual’s learning to think, feel and behave in an adult way is the function of socialization Age, gender, area, attitudes, aptitudes and other physical make-up and mental potentialities have an immense impact on it. This ultimately results in a set of reaction habits which is known as a personality trait. • Hence the researcher viewed that these psycho- socio – economic variables may have some effect on the development of attitude towards science. • So the researcher felt the need to study the attitude of student teachers towards science in relevance to psycho- social factors and decided to work on this problem. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 14
  15. 15. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM There is a great need to identify and develop positive attitude towards science subject. Now the time has come to increase our efforts to develop positive attitude towards science subject among teachers, student teachers and school children. This is an immediate requirement of the present day. Reviewing the past literature, the researcher felt the need to study the attitude of student teachers towards science and its relation to psychosocial factors. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 15
  16. 16. OPERATIONAL DEFINITION • Attitude The investigator means by attitude a mental or neural state of readiness organized through experience, expecting a direct or dynamic influence upon the individual’s response to all objects and situations with which it is treated. • Student teachers Those students, who are undergoing Bachelor’s degree in Education (B.Ed.) programme in Colleges of Education, Madurai revenue district, affiliated to Tamilnadu Teachers Education University, Chennai. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 16
  17. 17. OPERATIONAL DEFINITION • Science As a cumulative and endless series of empirical observations which result in the formation of concepts and theories, with both the concepts and theories being subject to modification in the light of further empirical observations. • Psychosocial factors Personality and Socio Economic Status as psychosocial factors. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 17
  18. 18. OPERATIONAL DEFINITION • Personality As an integrated system of habitual adjustment to the environment, particularly to the social environment . • Extroversion-Introversion Extroversion as a person’s energy usually flowing outwards and introversion as a person’s energy normally flowing inwards. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 18
  19. 19. OPERATIONAL DEFINITION • Self concept As a person’s perception (or) view of himself. Self concept is what the individual thinks as his actual self. • Dependence-Independence As a person who is friendly with others and relies upon them for his thoughts and expressions. An independent person is a person who expresses his own thoughts and ideas by himself without taking the help of others. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 19
  20. 20. OPERATIONAL DEFINITION • Temperament A characteristic level of reactivity and energy, often thought to be constitutional. • Anxiety A fearful mood that has a vague or no specific focus and is accompanied by bodily arousal Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 20
  21. 21. OPERATIONAL DEFINITION • Socio Economic Status The level of indicative of both the social and economic achievement of an individual or group. • Study The application of mind to a problem or a subject. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 21
  22. 22. OBJECTIVES Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 22
  23. 23. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 23
  24. 24. HYPOTHESES Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 24
  25. 25. There is no significant difference between Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 25 Attitude towards science Personality male and female Women and coeducation Government aided and self finance urban and rural
  26. 26. There is no significant difference among Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 26 Attitude towards science Personality Hindu/Muslim/Christian OC/BC/MBC/SC&ST Arts/Science/Language UG/ PG/M.Phil First/ Second/ Third and above
  27. 27. There is no significant association of Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 27
  28. 28. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 28 There is no significant association between
  29. 29. There is no significant correlation between Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 29
  30. 30. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 30 There is no significant influence of
  31. 31. There is no factor with significant positive loading Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 31 Attitude towards science Socio Economic Status Personality
  32. 32. METHOD Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 32 The investigator has adapted survey method
  33. 33. POPULATION The population for the present study consists of student teachers studying in colleges of Education, Madurai revenue district affiliated to Tamilnadu Teacher Education University, Chennai. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 33
  34. 34. SAMPLE The investigator used random sampling technique. 21 colleges of education affiliated to Tamilnadu Teachers Education University were selected randomly. Totally, the sample consists of 1080 student teachers in Madurai revenue district Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 34
  35. 35. RESEARCH TOOLS • Attitude towards science scale was prepared and validated by the investigator. • Multidimensional personality inventory developed by Manju Rani Agarwal (1979) Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 35
  36. 36. STATISTICS USED • Arithmetic mean • Standard Deviation • Large sample independent ‘t’ test • ANOVA test • Post ANOVA test (Duncan) • Chi-Square test • Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation • Regression Analysis • Factor Analysis • • Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 36
  37. 37. FINDINGS Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 37
  38. 38. DESCRIPTIVE ANALYSIS Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 38 level Moderate
  39. 39. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 39 Level of attitude of student teachers towards science and its dimensions in terms of total sample
  40. 40. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 40 Level of personality and its dimensions of student teachers in terms of total sample
  41. 41. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 41 Level of socio economic status of student teachers for the total sample
  42. 42. DIFFERENTIAL ANALYSIS Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 42
  43. 43. DIMENSIONS RESULT REMARKS Personal confidence about the subject matter NS Involvement with the subject NS Usefulness of the subject content NS Perception of teacher’s attitude NS Attitude towards science in total NS Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 43
  44. 44. DIMENSIONS RESULT REMARKS Personal confidence about the subject matter NS Involvement with the subject NS Usefulness of the subject content NS Perception of teacher’s attitude NS Attitude towards science in total NS Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 44
  45. 45. DIMENSIONS REMARKS RESULT Personal confidence about the subject matter S Govt.aided(28.36)>self finance (25.66) Involvement with the subject S Govt.aided(27.14)>self finance (25.94) Usefulness of the subject content S Govt.aided(22.90)>self finance (20.27) Perception of teacher’s attitude S Govt.aided(12.02)>self finance (I0.82) Attitude towards science in total S Govt.aided(90.24)>self finance (82.46) Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 45
  46. 46. DIMENSIONS REMARKS RESULT Personal confidence about the subject matter NS Involvement with the subject NS Usefulness of the subject content NS Perception of teacher’s attitude S Urban(11.13)>Rural (10.77) Attitude towards science in total NS Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 46
  47. 47. DIMENSIONS RESULT REMARKS Personal confidence about the subject matter NS Involvement with the subject NS Usefulness of the subject content NS Perception of teacher’s attitude NS Attitude towards science in total NS Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 47
  48. 48. DIMENSIONS REMARKS RESULT Personal confidence about the subject matter NS Involvement with the subject NS Usefulness of the subject content NS Perception of teacher’s attitude S BC(11.14)>SC/ST(10.84)> MBC(10.46)>OC(10.26) Attitude towards science in total NS Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 48
  49. 49. DIMENSIONS RESULT REMARKS Personal confidence about the subject matter NS Involvement with the subject NS Usefulness of the subject content NS Perception of teacher’s attitude NS Attitude towards science in total NS Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 49
  50. 50. DIMENSIONS RESULT REMARKS Personal confidence about the subject matter NS Involvement with the subject S UG(26.28)>PG(25.32)> M.Phil(24.57) Usefulness of the subject content NS Perception of teacher’s attitude S UG(11.02)>PG(10.72)> M.Phil(9.95) Attitude towards science in total S UG(83.63)>PG(81.49)> M.Phil(80.19) Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 50
  51. 51. DIMENSIONS RESULT REMARKS Personal confidence about the subject matter NS Involvement with the subject NS Usefulness of the subject content NS Perception of teacher’s attitude NS Attitude towards science in total NS Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 51
  52. 52. DIMENSION RESULT REMARKS Extroversion-Introversion S Male(43.53)>female(42.29) Self concept NS Dependence- Independence NS Temperament NS Anxiety NS Personality in total NS Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 52
  53. 53. DIMENSION RESULT REMARKS Extroversion-Introversion S Co.edn(43.27)>Women(42.08) Self concept NS Dependence- Independence NS Temperament NS Anxiety NS Personality in total NS Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 53
  54. 54. DIMENSION RESULT REMARKS Extroversion-Introversion NS Self concept S Govt.aided(47.23)>self finance(44.76) Dependence- Independence S Govt.aided(47.82)>self finance(44.47) Temperament S Govt.aided(41.47)>self finance(39.93) Anxiety NS Personality in total NS Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 54
  55. 55. DIMENSION RESULT REMARKS Extroversion-Introversion S Urban(43.42)>Rural(42.09) Self concept S Urban(45.75)>Rural(44.40) Dependence- Independence NS Temperament S Urban(42.09)>Rural(40.79) Anxiety S Urban(42.81)>Rural(41.41) Personality in total S Urban(219.11)>Rural(213.23) Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 55
  56. 56. DIMENSION RESULT REMARKS Extroversion-Introversion S Hindu(42.88)>Christian(41.85)>Muslim(41.56) Self concept NS Dependence- Independence NS Temperament S Hindu(41.67)>Muslim(40.37)>Christian(39.57) Anxiety S Hindu(42.24)>Muslim(41.31)>Christian(40.76) Personality in total S Hindu(216.72)>Muslim(212.93)>Christian (210.16) Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 56
  57. 57. DIMENSION RESULT REMARKS Extroversion-Introversion NS Self concept NS Dependence- Independence S BC(45.23)>MBC(44.43)>OC(44.26)>SC/ST(43.9) Temperament NS Anxiety NS Personality in total S BC(45.23)>MBC(44.43)>OC(44.26)>SC/ST(43.8) Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 57
  58. 58. DIMENSION RESULT REMARKS Extroversion-Introversion NS Self concept NS Dependence- Independence NS Temperament S Science(41.71)>Arts(41.69)>Language(40.72) Anxiety NS Personality in total S Science(217.03)>Art(216.28)>Language(213.7) Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 58
  59. 59. DIMENSION RESULT REMARKS Extroversion-Introversion NS Self concept NS Dependence- Independence S UG(45.01)>PG(43.98)>M.Phil(43.05) Temperament NS Anxiety NS Personality in total NS Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 59
  60. 60. DIMENSION RESULT REMARKS Extroversion-Introversion NS Self concept NS Dependence- Independence NS Temperament NS Anxiety NS Personality in total NS Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 60
  61. 61. ASSOCIATION ANALYSIS Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 61
  62. 62. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 62 Father’s educational qualification NS NS NS NS NS
  63. 63. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 63 Mother’s educational qualification NS NS NS NS NS
  64. 64. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 64 Father’s occupation NS NS S NS S
  65. 65. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 65 Mother’s occupation NS S S NS S
  66. 66. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 66 Father’s income NS NS NS NS NS
  67. 67. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 67 Mother’s income NS NS NS NS S
  68. 68. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 68 Father’s educational qualification NS NS NS S S S
  69. 69. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 69 Mother’s educational qualification S NS NS NS S S
  70. 70. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 70 Father’s occupation S NS NS NS S S
  71. 71. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 71 Mother’s occupation S NS S S S S
  72. 72. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 72 Father’s income NS NS NS NS NS NS
  73. 73. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 73 Mother’s income NS NS NS NS NS NS
  74. 74. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 74 Socio Economic Status NS NS NS NS NS
  75. 75. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 75 Socio Economic Status S S NS NS NS S
  76. 76. CORRELATION ANALYSIS Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 76
  77. 77. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 77 Attitude towards science and its dimensions Personality and its dimensions Significant Inter correlation
  78. 78. EI SC DI TEM ANX PER PCS S S S S NS NS IS S S S S S S USC S S S S NS S PTA S S S S S S ATS NS S S NS S S Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 78 Inter correlation between attitude towards science and personality dimensions
  79. 79. REGRESSION ANALYSIS Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 79
  80. 80. Influence of personality and socio economic status on attitude towards science Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 80 Significant
  81. 81. Relative contribution Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 81 Significant Attitude towards science
  82. 82. Relative contribution Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 82 Non significant Attitude towards science
  83. 83. FACTOR ANALYSIS Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 83
  84. 84. Factors with positive loading Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 84 Personal confidence about the subject matter Involvement with the subject Usefulness of the subject content Perception of teacher’s attitude Self concept Dependence-independence Temperament Anxiety Socio Economic Status single factor MIND-SET STIMULATING TRAITS (MST)
  85. 85. RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE STUDY Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 85
  86. 86. RECOMMENDATIONS TO STUDENT TEACHERS In order to improve the attitude towards science, student teachers should, • develop interest in reading magazines and journals related to science and enhance their attitude. • participate in co-curricular and extracurricular activities conducted in the institution to promote awareness about science • active members of various science related clubs in the institution • actively participate in seminars, symposiums, conferences and workshops conducted in the institution related to science. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 86
  87. 87. RECOMMENDATIONS TO TEACHER EDUCATORS To develop attitude towards science among student teachers, teacher educators should, • provide vocational guidance regarding various science related opportunities waiting for the student teachers. • give counseling to students • self-respect of student teachers should always be given due consideration while adopting any program for the development of attitudes • provide experiences that will naturally tend to result in the desired attitude formation. • organise group interactions. • motivate the student teachers to learn science with interest Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 87
  88. 88. RECOMMENDATIONS TO TEACHER EDUCATORS Strategies to develop personality of student teachers • Develop inquiry nature of student teachers • Encourage free and independent thinking • Create an effective classroom environment Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 88
  89. 89. RECOMMENDATIONS TO TEACHER EDUCATORS Strategies to reduce anxiety • Guide properly with necessary guidance programs • Meditation programs to be practiced. • Short term relaxation techniques to be introduced Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 89
  90. 90. RECOMMENDATIONS TO TEACHER EDUCATORS Strategies to develop Self concept • Praising the student teacher’s accomplishments in specific domains. • Avoid making negative comments • Classroom intervention such as peer tutoring, cooperative learning to be practiced. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 90
  91. 91. RECOMMENDATIONS TO TEACHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS • Self finance institutions can provide rich environment to improve the science learning skills of the students • Science club, eco club and nature club should be established • Arrange for outdoor activities • The mass media available may be properly utilized • Include Personality development programmes for student teachers Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 91
  92. 92. RECOMMENDATIONS TO UNIVERSITY • Courses in personality development and projects in school science can be made compulsory for student teachers • The existing life skill courses can be given more lecture hours and the skills taught should be specified. • Inter disciplinary approach to be followed Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 92
  93. 93. RECOMMENDATIONS TO GOVERNMENT • Government College of education should be started in every district of a state. • Qualified, efficient and effective teacher educators should be appointed in all the colleges to cater the needs of student teachers. • More financial allocations should be made for promotion of teacher education in the country. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 93
  94. 94. CONCLUSION • The present study clearly shows that personality of student teachers influences their attitude towards science. • The role of student teachers as future teachers is pivotal in improving the quality of education process. • So it is necessary for the present day student teachers to have a sound personality and a positive attitude towards science in total to inculcate these psychological values in their students. • This study throws some light on the present day situation and some rectifying measures that can be taken to improve them Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 94
  95. 95. CONCLUSION “The future of India is secure if it invests in basic science and science education. Only countries that have advanced scientifically have made progress, while those who neglected it are not known. “ Dr. C.N.R.Rao Eminent Scientist Bharath Ratna awardee Ref: The Hindu , Nov 18, 2013 Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 95
  96. 96. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 96
  97. 97. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 97
  98. 98. VOTE OF THANKS Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 98
  99. 99. VOTE OF THANKS Prof. Dr. A. MUTHUMANICKA Convener REGISTRAR i/c, PROFESSOR AND HEAD, SCHOOL OF EDUCATION, MADURAI KAMARAJ UNIVERSITY, MADURAI. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 99
  100. 100. VOTE OF THANKS Dr. S. AMALADOSS XAVIER. S. J Assistant Professor in Physical Science, St. Xavier’s College of Education, Palayamkottai. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 100
  101. 101. VOTE OF THANKS Dr.S.P.DENISIA Professor & Director in Women Studies Mother Theresa Women University, Madurai. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 101 .
  102. 102. VOTE OF THANKS Dr. M. KANMANI Assistant Professor and Head i/c, Department of Education, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University. Tirunelveli . Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 102
  103. 103. VOTE OF THANKS ALL FACULTY MEMBERS, Department of Education, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 103
  104. 104. VOTE OF THANKS Ph.d, M.Phil, M.Ed Scholars, Department of Education, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 104
  105. 105. VOTE OF THANKS THE RESEARCH SECTION Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 105
  106. 106. VOTE OF THANKS MANAGEMENT AND STAFFS OF • PENIEL RURAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION ,VEMPARALI • VELAMMAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, LADANENTAL Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 106
  107. 107. VOTE OF THANKS MY FAMILY FRIENDS & RELATIVES Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 107
  108. 108. Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 108
  109. 109. VOTE OF THANKS Ph.d viva voce Examination MS university. 109

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