Skin care in_ayurveda_by_Dr.pragathi Hegde/Shetty

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Skin care in Ayurveda based on doshas, season

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Skin care in_ayurveda_by_Dr.pragathi Hegde/Shetty

  1. 1.   
  2. 2. AAPNA 76th Academic Teleconference Call Tuesday, March 20, 2012 6:00 pm (PST) 9:00 pm (EST) All are welcome. To participate in a conference call:Call 712-451-6000 and enter access code 656037#
  3. 3. SKIN CARE IN AYURVEDA PRESENTER :           DR. (VAIDYA) PRAGATHI HEGDE                                    BAMS, YOGA INSTRUCTOR, REIKI HEALER                                    PHOENIX, AZ                                    EMAIL : dr.pragathi.hegde@gmail.com
  4. 4. CONTENTS Introduction. Functions of Skin Twak According to Ayurveda Anatomy of Skin Nidana – Causative factors Samprapthi – Patho-Physiology Skin type and Care based on Doshas Skin Care and Treatment Skincare Tips
  5. 5. INTRODUCTION• The skin not only protects the body but also performs many excretory and metabolic functions.• It is also the seat of complexion, which maintains beauty and personality.• The incidence of Skin diseases is on increasing as latest survey displays that a very large proportion of population suffers from skin diseases
  6. 6. FUNCTIONS OF SKIN • Skin is the seat of sense organ. The senses oftouch, pain, temperature pressure are felt by it.• Skin is the essentially largest organ in the body. It covers & protects the underlying muscles & organs. It acts as an Insulation. It plays a major role in synthesis of Vitamin D.• The physical toughness of the skin prevents the easy entry of harmful chemicals and invading organisms such as bacteria and viruses into the body.
  7. 7. TWAK ACCORDING TO AYURVEDA  According to Ayurveda, SKIN is a mirror to an individuals health.  Twak (SKIN) is a Matruja Avyava i.e. derived from mother or having maternal origin.  Twak (Skin) gives clue to ones Ayurvedic constitution (DOSHA). This is usually understood by the type of skin one has. Twak is known as an Upadhatu (secondary tissue product ) of the rakta dhatu (Blood). Hence it reflects the qualities of rakta and rasa dhatu (bodys plasma tissue).
  8. 8.   TWAKIn Ayurveda according to sushrutha Acharya the twak hasseven layers namely :                     AVABHASINI LOHITA SHWETHA TAMRA VEDINI ROHINI MAMSADHARAThese layers when get affected by imbalanced doshas ( vitalenergetic forces of the body ) give rise to different twak rogas( skin diseases )               
  9. 9. DHATUS AND SKINRASA – PLASMA (Lymph, Avabhasini – Stratum Circulates nutrients,blood plasma ) Corneum – external horny, makes skin smooth and keratin layer soft.RAKTA – BLOOD (Red Lohita – Stratum lucidum Oxygenation, maintainsblood cells ) – contains blood colour of skin and lips. capillariesMAMSA – MUSCLE Sweta – Stratum Skin covers the muscle and(Skeletal muscle ) Granulosum provides protection and movement.MEDA – ADIPOSE (Fat in Tamra – Stratum Sebaceous secretion.limbs) spinosum ( Pigmentation layer )ASTHI - BONE Vedini – Stratum Teeth, gives support , germinosum firmness.MAJJA – NERVES Rohini – Dermis Papillary Provides sensation of touch, heat, cold, pain and love.SHUKRA – Mamsadhara – Reticular Provide ojas, immunity,REPRODUCTIVE (BOTH Contains OJAS stamina....MALE AND FEMALE)
  10. 10. SKIN EPITHELIAL TISSUES  • Skin is made up of multiple layersof epithelial tissues.• The microscopic section of theskin shows 3 distinct parts namely: EPIDERMIS DERMIS SUB-CUTANEOUS TISSUE.
  11. 11. ANATOMY OF SKINEPIDERMIS : is the top mostand thin layer.Melanocytes : melaninDERMIS : It is the middle layerofthe skin and is thicker then theEpidermis.SUB-CUTANEOUS TISSUE : Itis the lowest layer. It regulates thebody temperature.
  12. 12. WHAT SPOILS THE BEAUTY OF SKIN? (NIDANA)Healthy internal radiance is the true definition of BEAUTY.( According to AYURVEDA )Several internal and external causes spoil the beauty of skin.AHARAJA (DIET ) • Junk • spicy • oily
  13. 13. NIDANA- CAUSATIVE FACTORSADDICTION :• Alcohol• Tobacco• DrugsVIHARAJA :• lack of exercise - leads to dull looking skin• sun - Tan• Seasonal Changes - Dry , oily skin• Air Pollution - air pollutants like Dust, smoke, smog, dirtcan clog pores & cause acne & pimples.
  14. 14. NIDANAMANASIKA : • STRESS MENTAL : causes dark circles, loss of complexion and appearance of permanent lines on facial skin. • EMOTIONAL : Anger • PHYSICAL : exercising too much, working too much or straining the body over a period of time - causes dryness, rough & aged skin.ANYA :Lifestyles : SLEEP - Lack of sleepcauses dark circles and diminishes theglow of skin.
  15. 15. SAMPRAPTHI THESE ACCUMULATED NIDANA TOXINS AFFECT THE HEALTH OF SKIN DUE TO FOOD ENTERS INDIGESTION TOXINS AMASHAYA ACNE GETS ACCUMULATED ALL OVER THE BODY PIMPLEDIMINISHED AGNI LOWERS THE BODY RESISTANCE FORMATION OF APAKWA ANNA RASA (IN- FAILS TO NOURISH DIGESTED FOOD) THE DHATUS
  16. 16. KNOW YOUR AYURVEDIC SKIN TYPE AND GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS VATA SKIN PITTA SKIN     • • FAIR, SENSITIVE, SOFT DRY, THIN , DELICATE & COOL TO TOUCH WARM & OF MEDIUM THICKNESS. • EASILT GETS DEHYDRATED • LESS TOLERANCE TO HEAT, • VULNERABLE TO DRY TEMP WINDY WEATHER • • MORE PRONE TO AGE FASTER, TENDS TO DRY, ROUGH & FLAKY . FRECKLES, MOLES • WHEN OUT OF BALANCE, CAN FLARE UP IN RASHES, ACNE OR SUNSPOTS.
  17. 17. KNOW YOUR AYURVEDIC SKIN TYPE  AND GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS  CHARACTERISTICS                                          KAPHA SKIN   TRIDOSHA SKIN             • OILY, THICK, PALE, SOFT, • VATA- PITTA THAT IS DRY & COOL SENSITIVE • MORE TOLERANT TO SUN • KAPHA- PITTA SKIN IS OILY & SENSITIVE • KAPHA SKIN TENDS TO AGE SLOWER & FORM LESS • VATA- KAPHA SKIN IS DRY & WRINKLES OILY. • STRUGGLE WITH DULL COMPLEXION, ENLARGED PORES, EXCESSIVE OIL, BLACKHEADS, PIMPLES, MOIST TYPE OF ECZEMA & WATER RETENTION
  18. 18. SKIN CARE BASED ON DOSHAS VATA TYPE SKIN CAREINTERNALLY :DIET : WARM, UNCTUOUS FOODS &FAVOUR THE SWEET, SOUR & SALTY TASTES • ORGANIC MILK, WHOLE GRAINS & GREEN LEAFY VEG • DRINK LOTS OF LUKEWARM WATER EVERYDAY FOR INTERNAL HYDRATION • EAT PLENTY OF SWEET JUICY FRUITS • INCLUDE A HEALTHY FAT GHEE / OLIVE OILEXTERNALLY :EXTERNALLY  • WARM OIL SELF MASSAGE WITH ORGANIC SESAME OIL • GOING TO BED ON TIME & PRANAYAMA PRACTICE.
  19. 19. VATA TYPE SKIN CARECLEANSING : Rose water and MilkEXFOLIATING : Rice/ almond powderSTEAMING : Plain water with fresh mint leaves.MASSAGING : Malai (milk cream) Aloevera Gel (For all skin types)Avocado MaskAvocado is great for vata skin becauseit’s creamy, smooth, and will hydrateyour skin in no time. Mash up an avocadountil there are no lumps and apply to yourface. You can wash it off in 20 minutes.Your skin will feel soft, smooth,and hydrated.MOISTURIZING : Almond Oil
  20. 20. PITTA TYPE SKIN CAREINTERNALLY :   DIET : • FOOD HAVING THE TASTES OF SWEET, BITTER & ASTRINGENT - SWEET, JUICY FRUITS, COOKED GREENS, WATER • EAT SOME ROSE PETALS JAM IN COOL MILK EVERYDAY. • COOK WITH COOLING SPICES SUCH AS FENNEL & LICORICE. EXTERNALLY : • MASSAGE WITH COCONUT OIL / OLIVE OIL / SANDALWOOD OIL.PROTECT YOUR SKIN BEING EXPOSED TO SUNYOGA, PRANAYAMA, BRISK WALK, SWIMMING
  21. 21. PITTA TYPE SKIN CARECLEANSING : Rose waterCLEANSINGEXFOLIATION : Milk + sugar candyEXFOLIATIONSTEAMING : Neem leavesSTEAMINGMASSAGING : Sandalwood / coconut oilMASSAGINGMASK : Crushed rose petals+ milk+MASK sandalwood powder.Certain herbs that are good for pitta skin care Bhringaraj, Aloevera, Amla, Red sandalwood and white sandalwood. These helpin drawing out excess heat from the skin and providenourishment to the tissues of the skin to withstand the changes intemperature and helps in keeping skin clear and healthy.               
  22. 22. PITTA TYPE SKIN CARE• Also Triphala, Neem and Manjishta are helpful for Pitta skin types as they purify the skin while retaining the moisture and youthfulness of the skin. Ayurvedic formulations for pitta skin types include combining these herbs with soothing oils that balance the pitta dosha.• A particular herb called Flame of Forest helps in protecting the Pitta skin types from the harmful effects of sun rays. Should be used in combination with other drugs.
  23. 23. PITTA TYPE SKIN CAREI have extremely freckly, red, hot pitta skin and Icame up with this to cool off.Lime evens out dry skin spots, discoloration, andhelps with pimples and excess oil; the rind will bea mild exfoliant.Squeeze the juice of 3-4 organic limes. Grate upthe rind with a small grate and add to the juice.Pour your mixture into an ice cube tray –distributing the rind evenly.. After the lime is fullyfrozen you can rub it on your face – and take extratime under your eyelids if they’re puffy.
  24. 24. KAPHA TYPE SKIN CAREINTERNALLY :DIET : Warmer, lighter, less oily & free of heavy,hard to digest foods, bitter, astringent & pungenttastes.Eat plenty of organic fruits & vegetables.Cook with warming spices - ginger & black pepper.EXTERNALLY :A warm oil massage and regular physical exercise willimprove blood circulation to the skin. Also using a mud-mask at-least once a week and scrubbing the skin with agentle clay for exfoliation will help in external cleansing ofthe skin.
  25. 25. KAPHA TYPE SKIN CARECLEANSING : That contains a citrus FULLERS EARTHsuch as lemon, orange.EXFOLIATION: Sea salt + honeyEXFOLIATIONSTEAMING : Mint leavesMASSAGING : Aloe-vera + turmericFACE MASK : Multani mitti + honey + rosewater. TULASICertain herbs like Manjishtha (IndianMadder), Neem, Tulasi, Triphala andturmeric help in balancing the kapha dosha inthe skin. Apart from nourishing the skin, they TURMERIC also help in detoxification. They also adds upto [tag]skin brightness[/tag] and clarity andbalances the oiliness of the skin.
  26. 26. KAPHA TYPE SKIN CAREBananas ( ripe) and almonds are bothheating foods – heating is good for Kapha.Because kapha tends to accumulateama (toxin) build-up easily, you’ll wantto make sure and wash this off thoroughly after you’re done.For this scrub you’ll need 1/4 cup sea salt, a handful ofalmonds, and 1/4 of a ripe banana. With a pestle and mortaror food processor, grind almonds until coarse and set aside.In a bowl mash the banana until smooth, and add almondsand salt & stir. The trick to this mask is that it is exfoliatingso when you apply it to your face, scrub with vigor for 3-5minutes. Wash thoroughly and apply an astringent. 
  27. 27. FOR COMBINATION SKIN TYPEYou’ll need 2 medium carrots, 1/4 cup oforganic unbleached sugar (for pitta) or sea salt(for vata/kapha), and 1 TBSP of honey. Carrotsare a wonderful source of anti-oxidants andRetinol; honey is a sacred substance inAyurveda, called “Madhu” in Sanskrit andaccording to the ancient texts it is scraping, dry, and astringent– all great for scrubbing the skin. You can use sugar if you’vegot pitta skin (because sugar is cooling), and if you’ve got vataor kapha skin use sea salt (because salt is heating). In a bowlmix the sugar and honey together and set aside. Blend your twocarrots into a pulp using a food processor. Mix the carrots inwith the honey and sugar. Apply to your face, wait a fewminutes, and wash off.
  28. 28. FOR COMBINATION SKIN TYPEAloe-Vera has the ability to provideessential nutrients, kill bacteria, viruses,fungi, yeasts and reduce inflammation.Aloe Vera is a natural anti-inflammatorythat is much more delicate on the humanbody. Aloe Vera is comprised of approximately 99% waterLi-gin – This cellulose substance is found in the gel has noknown medical properties except it posses the property ofpenetrating the human skin. 
  29. 29. FOR COMBINATION SKIN TYPE HONEY is having the propertiesantimicrobial, antioxidant, and hygroscopicwhich means when exposed to air, it naturallyabsorbs moisture in from the air. it helps keepskin hydrated and fresh and prevents drying. It contains an enzyme that produceshydrogen peroxide which is believed to be themain reason for the antimicrobial activity ofhoney
  30. 30. SKIN CARE ACCORDING TO SEASON When climate is hot and humid the skinfeels sticky due to sweat. Microbial activityincreases on wet skin. Bathe daily to keep the skin clean andlower the microbial activity. Use a mixture of soap nut powder, besan(gram flour) and sandal wood powder toscrub the skin. Drink plenty of water to compensate theloss of fluid through sweat.
  31. 31. SKIN CARE ACCORDING TO SEASON• When climate is cold and dry the moisture level of skin lowers and skin becomes dry and it tends to crack.• Smearing fresh aloevera juice improves moisture levels of skin.• Massage your body with gingelly oil (til oil) once in a week.• Always wear warm cotton clothes & socks.• Regular foot massage with warm gingelly oil or castor oil prevents fissuring of heels and foot.• Drink plenty of warm water to keep the skin well hydrated and to prevent dryness.
  32. 32. Treatment for skin disease:The holistic management of health problemsin ayurveda comprises the three fold scientificapproach towards diseases through diet,lifestyle and medicine.Ayurveda has stated that skin diseases occurprimarily due to sluggish liver function,which leads Pitta and Kapha Dosha dysfunction when toxins build upand the liver is overwhelmed, then the impurities show up in break-outs and other skin problems.Another vital factor that contributes to healthy appearance is the cleanbowel: hence the need for regular and complete bowel evacuation. Inorder to achieve this, a mild laxative like Trifala and a light diet areadvisable if one suffers from constipation.Also, be sure to drink lots of water throughout the day to help flush outthe impurities. In spring you can sip hot water to help melt the ama(digestive impurities) that have accumulated.
  33. 33. Treatment for skin disease:Scientifically treatments have beenclassified as shodhana & shamana.Sodhan Chikitsa:When doshas are vitated in large guantity & disease is chronicthen shodhan chikitsa should apply first.Acharyas have classified shodhana as Basti, Vaman,Virechana, Raktamokshana (Blood letting) & nasya.
  34. 34. Treatment for skin disease:Shaman Chikitsa:When doshas are minimally imbalanced & the ACACIAbody is weak. Shaman Treatment is more CATECHUimportant.Shaman treatment can be classifiedas external & internal.Administration of proper food, medicines bymouth is internal treatment & the applicationof medicated oil, lepa (ointment), etc is external CASSIAtreatment. FISTULAAyurveda has said that for all skin diseasesKhadira is best as oral medicine andAragwad is best for local application.Shirish, Lamajjak, Nagkesara and Lodhra areused for Hyperhydrosis and as an antisweating agent.
  35. 35. Treatment for skin disease:Shaman Chikitsa:Tejpatra, Ambu, Lodhra, Abhay {Khas}and Chandan are used as Daurghandya-har {to prevent body odour} Charakahas mentioned a group of 10drugs, which are promoters ofcomplexion.They are known as the Varnya Dravya:Chandan (Sandalwood), Lal Nagkesar(Fragrant Poon), Padmaka(HimalayanCherry),Ushir (Cuscus Grass),Madhuka(Liquorice),Manjishtha(Madder) ,Payasa(WhiteYam, shita ( white scutch grass), lata( black scutch grass).
  36. 36. AYURVEDIC FORMULATIONSShata Dhout Ghruta (100 times washed ghruta)Traditional Ayurvedic Skin Cream -Its completely natural and chemical free.Very useful for achiving radient and glowing skin.Shatadhout Ghruta is preapred from organic ghee(made from cow milk) by washing it repeatedly 100times using specific method prescribed inThis process transforms the ghee into a soft ,cooling, nourishing,Ayurveda.silky cream.use: It is an excellent Astringent, Moisturiser, Anti-wrinkle &Cleansing cream. Can be used as a daily moisturizer on the face (orwhole body) or for facial massage. Also, has calming effect onreddish or burned skin, and on eczema and rosacea.
  37. 37. AYURVEDIC FORMULATIONSLodhradi Lepa LodhraSpecially prepared mixture of quality Ayurvedicherbs - Varnya Dravyas mentioned by Charaka.Specially useful for acne vulgaris. It also improvesskin complexion.use: Acne vulgaris, Black heads, Pimples , Skin Sandleblemishes.Sandal Herbal Facial packThis Sandal Facial Pack, cleans off the dirt, deadcellsand infections of the facial skin & helps to maintain Red Sandleit live, soft , healthy and Glowing.
  38. 38. DAILY/WEEKLY REGIMEN FOR BEAUTIFUL SKIN Drink 7-9 glasses of pure lukewarm water everyday, it helps to eliminate body wastes & toxins. it keeps constipation at bay.  Let fresh organic fruits & vegetables occupy major portion of your diet. Dark green, orange vegetables & fruits have antioxidants & also pocess cancer fighting properties. Avoid junk, deep fried, choclates.... Have good 8hrs of sleep. Take bath everyday with lukewarm water. wash your face with herbal natural scrubs like besan, methi powder, green gram flour, masoor dal flour etc. splash clean water on face as soon as you wash Doing pranayama & yoga daily for 15min keep the skin healthy & radiant.
  39. 39. DAILY/WEEKLY REGIMEN FOR BEAUTIFUL SKIN Do facial with natural fresh herbs, fruits, vegetables once in a week. Cucumber, carrot, watermelon, pomegranate, grapes, sandalwood paste, turmeric can be used according to skin types & season.  Drink a glass of lukewarm water with a spoon full of honey in empty stomach, this should be one of your daily routine.  Allow skin to breathe. Avoid Sunlight: Direct sunlight can affect your skin. So when you go out cover your face or carry an umbrella to avoid direct exposure to sunlight. 
  40. 40. MY PERSONAL SKIN CARE TIPS• Take organic Aloe Vera every morning on  an empty  stomach.  It  is  known  as  ‘kumari’ in Sanskrit  which  means  ‘princess’  or  ‘young maiden’  as  Aloe  Vera  is  known  to keep  you looking  healthy  and  young. It  helps  to  clear excess  pitta,  to  nourish plasma  tissue  and  to clean the liver.•  Take  organic  rose  water  as  a  most  delicious  drink  to  rejuvenate  the skin. Put one teaspoon of organic rose water in a glass of pure mineral water- pure heaven• Another good idea is to wash your face in organic rose water; its mild astringency  tones,  cleans  and  strengthens  the  skin  and  you  smell fantastic afterwards.
  41. 41. MY PERSONAL SKIN CARE TIPS• Ayurveda recommends a daily oil massage using sesame, coconut or almond oils.  This leaves your skin feeling soft, supple and nourished. The skin actually absorbs the oil and nourishes the tissues.• Don’t wash with soap too much, its just too drying.• If you suffer from dry skin and have a tendency to feeling nervous use organic sesame oil as it contains calcium and it is warming, heavy and calming.• If you suffer from a light skin prone to sunburn and rashes use organic coconut oil. This can help to clear some of the heat toxins that are building up under the skin.• If you suffer from acne try taking 2 organic Neem capsules 3x/day. Use the leaf of the Neem tree that is very bitter and cleansing for the skin. It flushes heat and inflammatory toxins from the body.
  42. 42. A QUICK GLANCE INTRODUCTION  FUNCTIONS TWAK VS SKIN SKIN CARE BASED ON DOSHIC TYPE BASED ON SEASON SKIN DISEASES TREATMENT IN AYURVEDA SKIN CARE TIPS
  43. 43. CONCLUSION Just as with one’s diet and daily routine,knowledge of the doshas is the answer to your skinquestions. Naturally, the health and radiance ofour skin depends as much on our general health aswhat materials we use to wash and moisturize.• Your skin is your protective barrier betweenyour world and the outer world. The quality of your skin reflectsinneryour inner vitality and health.. Look after your skin so that you areprotecting yourself as well protecting your world. No amount of bleaching, chemical creams or application of make-up through dexterity of a skilled beautician can hide the shallowlook if the skin is unhealthy. Ayurveda says WHAT YOU EAT YOU APPLY OVER  FACE 
  44. 44. ANYQUERIES

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