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Communications part 4


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Communications part 4

  1. 1. PART 4 Practice plumbing exams ©
  2. 2. Practice plumbing exams ©
  3. 3. Describe in general terms the structure of the construction industry. Explain how companies are structured. Explain how plumbing fits into the construction industry. At the end of this session you should be able to - Practice plumbing exams ©
  4. 4. The four main areas of construction are – Building Civil engineering Mechanical engineering Electrical engineering Under these headings list who and what type of work might be involved in these key areas. Practice plumbing exams ©
  5. 5. The four main areas of work are – • New build schemes. • Refurbishment. • Restoration. • Maintenance. •Under these headings list and describe what type of works might be undertaken. Practice plumbing exams ©
  6. 6. •The Construction Industry Training Board (CITB) is Sector Skills Council for the construction industry. This is now known as CONSTRUCTION SKILLS, from the 30.3.2007. •It liaises with Government,Employers,Employees,and educational Establishments to meet the needs of the industry with regard To training, education, employment, and legislation. •It estimates there are 165,000 companies working in construction. •80% of plumbing companies employ between 1 and 4 people Practice plumbing exams ©
  7. 7. Sole trader. Partnerships. Limited companies.(PRIVATE). Public limited companies.(PLC’S). Whatever size of company is being operated it has to have legal status, this involves being registered with the inland revenue. Producing accounts and having adequate public and employee Liability insurance. These are minimum requirements Can you think of four different types of company? Practice plumbing exams ©
  8. 8. One person owns the business and overseas everything although he may employ a small workforce. Advantages Owner takes all the profits Less legislation to comply with. Disadvantages Liable for all debts incurred.So sole trader runs the risk of losing personal savings and assets. Shoulder considerable responsibility themselves Practice plumbing exams ©
  9. 9. Often created through Husband and Wife, or trades which compliment each other. Advantages Fulfilling working relationships develop over many years. Workload and responsibility shared. Disadvantages All profits shared. Sometimes uneven share of work load and responsibility leads to breakdown of friendships and partnerships. Practice plumbing exams ©
  10. 10. Most businesses if they begin to expand,tend to go limited Two main reasons •Tax advantages •The individuals running the company are not liable for any debts incurred by the company Disadvantages •Trading accounts available to be examined at Companies House. •More detailed accounting system i.e. wages systems Practice plumbing exams ©
  11. 11. 2 main types Private limited companies – Cannot trade shares on the stock Market. Public limited companies – Allowed to trade on stock market Providing they have share capital in excess of 50,000 pounds. •Make your own list of well known Private Limited Companies. Practice plumbing exams ©
  12. 12. At the end of this session you will be able to • Recognize the structure of the team. •Each individuals responsibilities •And the skills and trades of each crafts person Practice plumbing exams ©
  13. 13. A company may consist of Project Manager, Contract Supervisor, Plumbing Supervisor and Craft Operatives. We’ll look at what their jobs involve how they might affect you. And how they link into the big picture. Page 76-78 JTL Please read through pages 74 –76 JTL and discuss the relevant points Practice plumbing exams ©
  14. 14. May have overall responsibility for running several different contracts. Mainly office based but work closely with construction. management teams to provide a link to the managing director or Chief Executive Officer. Their job will involve site visits, meetings etc, although this role is often shared between the CEO/ MD and other construction managers Practice plumbing exams ©
  15. 15. To provide quality control inspection services on projects, from start to finish. To monitor projects and ensure that all works are carried out in accordance with the contract drawings and specification. Carry out pre-handover inspections, end of defects inspections and recording outstanding items for enforcement by contract administrator. Practice plumbing exams ©
  16. 16.  Developing a strategy for the construction of the project or plan.  Ensuring site and construction processes are carried out safely.  Communicating with clients representatives to report progress and further information.  Motivating the workforce. On large contracts they could have the support of a -  Site supervisor (foreman)- in charge of trade supervisor and a variety of trades.  Trade supervisor (Charge hand)- in charge of a specific trades and reports to site supervisor. Practice plumbing exams ©
  17. 17. Often called Commercial Managers or Cost Consultants – They report to the contractor and advise on and monitor the costs of a project. Duties include- Managing costs to ensure the initial budget is not exceeded. Negotiating with the clients private Quantity Surveyor on payments and final account. Arranging payments to Sub Contractors. Organizing the allocation of work to smaller more specialized Sub contractors. He also looks after the materials and costs of materials. Practice plumbing exams ©
  18. 18. Estimators will take into account how much a project will cost, taking into account Plant hire, materials and labor costs, this will form the basis of a tender the contractor submits to a client. Duties include • Identifying most cost effective construction methods. •Establishing costs for labour, plant, Equipment and materials. •Calculating cash flows and margins. •Liaising with other professionals in the contractors organization. •Seeking clarification on contract documents where information is missing or unclear.Practice plumbing exams ©
  19. 19. Ensures technical aspects of the construction projects are correct. They have a key role in ensuring things are built correctly and to the right quality. Duties include – •Setting the site out so things are in the right place. •Interpreting drawings plans and documents. •Liaising with workforce and sub contractors on practical matters. •Checking quality by inspecting and checking measurements •Supervising parts of construction. Practice plumbing exams ©
  20. 20. The company rep may visit site This can be a variety of reasons. One could be to prepare invoices for interim payments . Practice plumbing exams ©
  21. 21. Building services includes-water, heating ,lighting ,electrical, gas, communications and other services including lifts and escalators. May be in excess of 50% of the project cost. Duties include- •Designing the services mostly using computer aided design packages. •Planning, installing maintaining and repairing services. •Making detailed calculations and drawings. Most Building Services Engineers work for manufacturers large construction companies, engineering consultants, Architects practices, or local authorities.Practice plumbing exams ©
  22. 22. The building control officer is employed by the local authority. He is employed to make sure the work is being done to the BUILDING REGULATIONS. The Building Control officer can issue notices to ensure the work is done the Building Reg's. Practice plumbing exams ©
  23. 23. There are several different types of plans. Building plans, this will contain details of room sizes, where rooms are located and where appliances are located. Site plans, are plans of the whole site and not each dwelling. Services plan, will show where pipes and cables are to be run. Practice plumbing exams ©