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Communications part 1


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Communications part 1

  1. 1. PART 1 Practice plumbing exams ©
  2. 2. Practice plumbing exams ©
  3. 3.  Describe in general terms the structure of the construction industry.  Explain how companies are structured.  Explain how plumbing fits into the construction industry. At the end of these lessons you should be able to - Practice plumbing exams ©
  4. 4. Building services engineer The structure of the site management team Client Architect Clerk of works Building contractor Buyer Estimator Structural engineer Building surveyor Quantity surveyor Civil engineer SuppliersSubcontractor Local authority Health and safety officer Building control officer Practice plumbing exams ©
  5. 5. Architects plan and design buildings. The range of their work covers a wide range of jobs and can include the design and buying of new buildings, refurbishment alteration of existing buildings. An architect’s work includes:  meeting and talking with clients  design solutions and solving of problems  preparing detailed specifications and drawings  preparing legal documents and obtaining planning permission  choosing building materials  planning and managing in some cases the building process  Speaking with the construction team  Inspecting work installations on site  Informing the client on contractors which ones are good . Practice plumbing exams ©
  6. 6. The project manager or clerk of works takes overall responsibility for the job there the eyes and ears of the Architect. They do the planning, coordination, management and financial control of a construction project. They also work for local authorities, or as a consultant to the client. A project manager will ensure the client’s specifications are met and that the project will be completed on time and within there budget. their responsibilities can start from the beginning of the project and carry on until the end Practice plumbing exams ©
  7. 7. A project manager’s/clerk of work’s job includes:  Making sure the specifications of the client are done  providing advice to the client  organising people working on the project  ensuring quality standards are met by all people involved in the project.  Keeping a detailed track of the progress  accounting, costing and billing. Practice plumbing exams ©
  8. 8. Structural engineers help planning the structural design of buildings and structures and any excess like bridges or viaducts. The role of the structural engineer is to ensure that these structures safe to use. They can also asses existing structures to make sure there safe. Practice plumbing exams ©
  9. 9. Building surveyors are involved in the maintenance, refurbishment and restoration of buildings. A building surveyor’s work includes:  organising and carrying out structural surveys  legal work including speaking with the local authorities  preparing plans and specifications for the job  Advising people on building matters Practice plumbing exams ©
  10. 10. Building services engineers design, install and service the equipment and systems found in buildings like offices and shops. This can include heating and ventilation, hot and cold water systems, lighting, electrical cabling and telecommunications networks. A building-services engineer’s work includes:  designing the services, mostly using computer-aided design packages  planning, installing, maintaining and repairing of services  making detailed calculations and drawings. Practice plumbing exams ©
  11. 11.  quantity surveyor manages all costs relating to building and civil engineering projects, from the initial calculations to the final figures. They seek to minimise the costs of a project and enhance value for money, while still achieving the required standards and quality.  Pays out interim payments to all contractors Practice plumbing exams ©
  12. 12. Merchandise buyers, also known as purchasing agents, must assess what products their company should sell, how much of that product they should buy and which supplier will best fit their needs. Practice plumbing exams ©
  13. 13.  An estimator in the construction industry is responsible for compiling estimates of how much it will cost to provide a client or potential client with products or services. He or she will do this by working out how much a project is likely to cost and create budgets accordingly. The job involves assessing material, labor and equipment required and analysing different quotes from sub-contractors and suppliers. Practice plumbing exams ©
  14. 14.  As a construction contracts manager, you might be responsible for a single large contract or a number of smaller ones. You would also be the main point of contact for clients, site managers and building contractors throughout the project. Practice plumbing exams ©
  15. 15.  Will oversee the day-to-day running operations of a building construction project. You might be responsible for the whole site, or leading a sub-team responsible for one area of the project. Depending on the project and your role within it, you may be required to start work before the project begins by recruiting a team of tradesmen, architects, engineers, surveyors, health and safety officers and other workers (such as admin staff). Practice plumbing exams ©
  16. 16. A construction subcontractor is hired by a general contractor to finish a specific job within a construction project. Plumbers, painters, electricians and other specialists may be considered construction subcontractors. Due to the range of different trades, there is no single educational track leading to a career as a construction subcontractor, but licensing may be required. Practice plumbing exams ©
  17. 17. Plumbing is not the only part of the contract that is subcontracted. Other trades include:  Electrical  Heating and ventilation  Refrigeration  Service and maintenance  Ductwork  Gas Practice plumbing exams ©
  18. 18. Site supervision is a vital role in the construction industry, where safety is a key issue that needs a lot of attention. As the site supervisor, it’s your job to both assess and manage safety hazards in the workplace. Responsibilities may also include managing and instructing the site workers, setting goals for the team and seeing projects through to completion. The trade supervisor is used only on large jobs, overseeing the work of operatives from a specific trade Practice plumbing exams ©
  19. 19. Building control inspector – Building control surveyors make sure that building regulations and other legislation are followed when houses, offices and other buildings are designed and constructed. These regulations cover areas such as:  public health  fire safety  energy conservation and sustainability;  building accessibility. They also check that property alterations, including extensions and conversions, meet regulations. Practice plumbing exams ©
  20. 20. The water inspector is employed by the water undertaker and may have a number of roles as part of their job: Schedule and carry out Water Fittings Regulations inspections and water efficiency audits • Record the results of the inspections/audits and progress made, and issue letters/leaflets as required • Liaise with third parties when required – plumbers, architects, builders etc • Provide advice regarding the Regulations and water efficiency to customers and other Company employees • Promote the Water Industry Approved Plumbers Scheme Practice plumbing exams ©
  21. 21. Electrical inspectors are types of construction and building inspectors. Using meters and other devices, they examine wiring, lighting, motors, generators and sometimes heating and air-conditioning systems and other appliances to make sure they're safe and compliant with government standards designed to protect the public. Working by hand or on computers, they keep records and write reports; those who work for government agencies may act on their findings by notifying contractors of violations and, when necessary, stopping the construction of non-compliant installations. Practice plumbing exams ©
  22. 22. Health and safety inspectors work to protect people's health and safety by making sure that risks in the workplace are properly controlled. They ensure employers comply with all aspects of health and safety laws and that workplaces are not the cause of ill health, injury or even death. They will give out improvement notice if your health and safety practice is not up to scratch. They will give a probation notice if you are found doing anything un-safe that may lead to injury of death. ( this means you must stop work immediately until notice in given Practice plumbing exams ©