km]l/bfF zx/ clg cj;/ (Changing Cities, Building                                         Opportunities)       zx/;Fu dfgj ...
-v_+ u/LjdvL zx/L of]hgfM–                       gfM–                          em§ x]bf{ zx/sf jfl;Gbf eGg] ljlQs} xfdL To...
oftfoftsf] kxFr, ;~rf/ ;ljwf, ahf/ cflb b[li6sf]0fn] u|fdL0f If]q;Fu a9LeGbf a9L ;DjGw :yfkgf ug{tkm{ cu|;/ xgkb{5 .-3_ k|...
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Article world habitat day 2012

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Article world habitat day 2012

  1. 1. km]l/bfF zx/ clg cj;/ (Changing Cities, Building Opportunities) zx/;Fu dfgj ;dfhsf] ;DaGw cfh ljuteGbf klg w]/} ;b[9 / dxTjk"0f{ xFb} uPsf] 5 . ljZj hg;+Vofsf] %!k|ltzt dflg;sf] af;:yfg zx/ b|t ultdf eO/x]sf] kl/jt{gsf ;+jfxs klg dflgG5g . xg t dflg;sf] ;d[4 / ;DkGg hLjgz}nLsf] /x/n] g} lgdf{0f ePsfn] zx/ cfkm}+df k|ult / gjLgtfsf k|tLsxg, t/ oL cfkm}+ klg ;d:ofaf6 dQm eg] 5}gg . k|ljlw, ;fdflhs / ;fF:s[lts cGt/3ng / ljsf;sfg]t[Tjstf{ xbfFxb}F klg sltko zx/ ljljw ;d:ofsf] rk]6fdf k/]sf 5g .cJojl:yt ?kdf eO/x]sf] a;fFO–;/fOn] lgDTofPsf] hg;+Vof j[l4, of]hgfa4 ljsf;sf] cefj, hnjfo kl/jt{gn]kof{j/0fdf kf/]sf] c;/ cflb g]kfnh:tf ef}lts ljsf;tkm{ nlDsb} u/]sf dnssf zx/x?n] ef]Ug k/]sf s]xL68sf/f ;d:ofx? xg, h;sf] ;dfwfg xfdLn] clxn] ug{ ;s]gf} eg] tL slxNo} klg ;dfwfg xg]5}gg . xfdLn] xfd|f zx/x?df s]xL 7f]; kl/jt{gx? ug{k/]sf] 5 . o;n] ;du| b]zdf g} gofF cj;/sf nflu 9f]sfvf]Ng]5 . tL dWo] s]xL lgDg adf]lhd xg;S5g M–-s_ jftfj/0f d}qL zx/ M– jftfj/0f-d} jftfj/0f k|bif0f cfh ljZjsf] ;j}eGbf HjnGt ;d:ofsf] ?kdf v8f ePsf] 5 . emg hnjfokl/jt{g / o;n] kfg]{ b"/ufdL gsf/fTds k|efjx?sf] af/]df aflx/ cfO/x]sf gofF tYox?n] xfdLnfO{ jftfj/0fsf] ;+/If0fug{ afx]s bf];|f] ljsNk xfdL;Fu g/x]sf] :ki6 kf5{ . xfdLn] hnjfo kl/jt{gsf sf/stTjx? h:t} sfa{g pT;h{g sdug]{, phf{sf] cgfjZos vkt / rxfj6 xg glbg] cflbsf ;fy} To;af6 k[YjLdf b]vfkl/;s]sf sk|efjx?sf] s;/L ;fdgfug]{ eGg]jf/]df 7f]; /0fgLlt to u/]/ tTsfn sfo{ ug{kg]{ cj:yf cfPsf] 5 . sn zx/L If]qsf] #* k|ltzt xl/t I{f]qsfod /fVg] l5d]sL b]z rLgsf zx/af6 xfdLn] l;Sgkg]{ s/f w]/} 5g .
  2. 2. -v_+ u/LjdvL zx/L of]hgfM– gfM– em§ x]bf{ zx/sf jfl;Gbf eGg] ljlQs} xfdL ToxfFsf] rsdwds / ;d[l4sf] sNkgf ug{ kU5f} . t/jf:tljstf o;sf] w]/} k/ 5 . cfh xfd|} /fhwfgL sf7df08f}df ;d]t !# k|ltzt AolQm dfgj hLjgsf Go"gtdcfjZostfsf] cefjdf si6s/ hLjg ljtfO/x]sf] tYon] xfdLnfO{ "zx/"sf] kgM kl/efiff ug{kg]{ l:ytL b]vfpF5 .lrNnf ;8ssf] 5]pdf plePsf km;|f cgxf/ / uugrDaL 3/sf cl3lNt/ lgxl/Psf lz/n] zx/L ljsf;sf If]qdf xfdLn]cem} w]/} ug{kg]{ af]w u/fpF5 . zx/sf ljsf;sf of]hgf agfpFbf To:tf zx/L u/Lax? k|fyldstfdf gk/];Dd / pgLx?nfO{ cfjf; / /f]huf/Lsf]sfo{of]hgfn] g5Fbf;Dd xfd|f ljsf;] of]hgfx?n] d"t{?k kfPsf] dflgg]5}g .-u_ zx/ / ufpFsf] cGt/;DjGwsf] ljsf;M– ljsf;M– ufFp ;|f]t-;fwgsf lx;fjn] ;DefjgfoQm xG5g eg] zx/ pTkfbg / ahf/sf b[li6n] . oLbO{aLrsf] ;~hfnnfO{ hlt rnfodfg / ;b[9 agfpg ;lsG5 , ljsf;sf] ult To;d} lge{/ /xG5 . t;y{ xfd|f zx/x?
  3. 3. oftfoftsf] kxFr, ;~rf/ ;ljwf, ahf/ cflb b[li6sf]0fn] u|fdL0f If]q;Fu a9LeGbf a9L ;DjGw :yfkgf ug{tkm{ cu|;/ xgkb{5 .-3_ k|ljlwsf] pRrtd pkof]uMM– – jt{dfg ljZj k|ljlws} ;xf/fdf afFlr/x]sf] 5 eGbf cTolQm gxf]nf . cfh ljZjsf cltljsl;tzx/x? ltg} jg]sf 5g hg gjLgtd k|ljlwsf] pTkfbg / k|of]usf b[li6n] cu|k+lQmdf 5g . xfdLn] klg zx/sf] ljsf; /lj:tf/ clg ;dfg ;Defjgf / rgf}lt af]s]sf cGo b]zsf zx/x?;Fusf] ;xsfo{df k|ljlwsf] clwstd k|of]uug{kg]{ cfjZostf b]lvG5 . x/]s gofF rgf}ltn] cj;/ klg lnP/ cfpg] ePsfn] zx/x? kl/jlt{t xg] qmddf ltgn] yk|} ;Defjgfx? klgaf]s]sf xG5g M–-!_ /f]huf/Lsf] >[hgf M– hgf M– zx/sf] jftfj/0f ;wf/df xf]; jf ljkGg ju{ nlIft sfo{qmd jf u|fdL0f If]q;Fusf] ;DjGw ljsf;jf k|ljlwsf] If]q ;a}df gofF hgzlQmsf] cfjZostf kb{5 . o;/L kl/jlt{t xg] qmddf zx/n] /f]huf/Lsf] cj;/ >[hgfug{ ;Sb5 .-@_ ljsf;df g]t[Tj MM– – b]zsf] lbuf] ljsf;df zx/n] k¥ofpg ;Sg] of]ubfg ctngLo xG5 . bIf hgzlQm, ef}ltsk"jf{wf/ / k|ljlwdf kxFrsf sf/0fn] ;du| /fi6«sf] ljsf;df zx/L If]qn] phf{ lbg] sfd ub{5 .-#_ nlIft ju{sf] pTyfg MM– – zx/x?n] hnjfo kl/jt{gn] l;h{gf u/]sf c;/x?;Fu hWg] qmddf ltgaf6 k|efljtxg ;Sg] ;Defljt cfly{s / ;fdflhs ?kn] lk5l8Psf ju{sf nflu ;d]t ljz]if sfo{of]hgf ;+rfng ug]{ xgfn] To;af6ljkGg ju{sf hgtfsf] l:ytLdf klg ;wf/ xg hfG5, h;n] b]zsf] u/LjL lgjf/0fdf klg 7f]; of]ubfg k¥ofpFb5 . ;du|df zx/x? lg/Gt/ kl/jt{gsf] qmddf /x]sf 5g / ltgsf] ;sf/fTds kl/jt{gn] ;dfhdf ljsf;sf yk|}cj;/x? /rgf ug]{ xgfn] ;/sf/, lghL If]q / zx/L jfl;Gbfsf] xft]dfnf] cj ckl/xfo{ eO;s]sf] 5 ...

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