In India the construction industry is the second largest employer next to agriculture whereas it is next to the road accidents in our country. The number of fatalities occurring from construction work in the industry is quite disturbing and fall of person from height and through openings are the major causes for serious accidents. Due to the advancement in technology & engineering there are improvements & innovations in the construction safety management. With strong planning, effective implementation and continual training with focused safety management a good safety record could be achieved comparable to international level.
INTRODUCTION DEFINATION OF CONSTRUCTION SAFETY MANAGMENT Construction Safety Management is defined as the precaution i.e. carried out to avoid accidents while construction procedure is takes place. DEFINATION of SAFETY It is defined as freedom from danger or risk. DEFINATION OF SAFETY ENGINEERING Safety Engineering is a term for all efforts on the part of the management to prevent accidents.
LEGAL ASPECT• Innovation in the training methodologies to achieve higher effectiveness of training among the contractor employees. • Developing and implementing behaviour based Safety Program to improve orientation of work force towards safety in work.• Implementation of innovative engineering measures to strengthen the safety requirements at design stages to achieve safe working environment during construction.• Training and certification, in Industrial Safety requirement, of line managers and others responsible for construction activity essentially to enhance their perception and appreciation for industrial safety.
COMPENSATION Workers’ compensation is one of the most pressingproblem areas in the construction industry. The industry,due to the nature of work involved and the demand forsafety, is constantly challenged to improve itsmanagement of workers’ compensation. The currentcosts of coverage and administration are often thought tobe excessive in the industry, while the protection andbenefits provided to employees are sometimesperceived as unsatisfactory. This paper was developedfrom the findings of a Construction Industry Institute (CII)research project that was conducted to identify improvedmethods of management by contractors for their in-house workers’ compensation insurance program.
The loss to a company by an accident can be broken into: lost working hours of an injured employee. Cost of repair or replacement of property damage, whether it is an equipment or an element of the permanent construction. Insurance premiums increase. Rescheduling costs or even delay costs in some cases.
SAFETY MANAGEMENT BY CONTRACTORS & SUBCONTRACTORS
THIS TYPE OF HUGE MACHINARIES ARE USED AT SITE FOR SAFETY
Excavation & Trenching In this section, find out about the many hazards associated with digging in the dirt. Stairways & Ladders This section provides information on how to properly guard stairways, correctly use ladders, and reduce the risk of accidents. Tools & Equipment Learn about the dangers of hand/power tools and equipment and necessary safety precautions. Hazard Communication Find out what information must be communicated to workers using hazardous chemicals/materials and methods to protect them from injury or illness. Fall Protection This section addresses how to keep workers from falling off the structure using both conventional and alternative fall protection. Personal Protective Equipment This section provides information on how to protect your head, eyes, ears, face, hands, and feet. Scaffolding Learn about the most common scaffold violations and how to protect workers using a variety of scaffolding types.
ADVANTAGES Less chances of accidents Less time required for completing the task No loss of equipments No loss of skilled laboures Less chances of time loss Cost required for completing the task is minimized No chances of delay in project Increase in the production rate
These type of cranes helps in reducing thecost of the construction work, less time will require for completing the task
Conclusion While concluding my talk on this important topicof construction safety, I would like to refresh you all thateach site poses its own unique challenges in terms ofindustrial safety requirements which have to be tackledby sincerity and professionalism. Modern managementand machinery are helpful in achieving these objectiveswhen used in a disciplined way.