Crossroads uk20102011

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This was a presentation prepared for the Citizen Science and Biodiversity: meeting at the Crossroads in October 2011 in UK

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  • http://www.cepf.net/grants/project_database/western_ghats_and_sri_lanka/Pages/strategic_direction_1.aspxList of Projects funded by CEPF on the Western Ghats. http://www.cepf.net/grants/project_database/western_ghats_and_sri_lanka/Pages/strategic_direction_2.aspxList of Projects funded by CEPF on the Western Ghatshttp://maps.atree.org/cepf_sites.php
  • This slide can be made more colorful with IFP and Strand logos
  • The perpetual beta is one of the principles of web2.0.It will be in constant evolution and change. It is a web application and can be updated with the latest application and features at one point. There is no complication of shipping patches and updates to desktops and upgrading them.The latest stable code base will be deployed on the portal. We are planning updates minimally every quarter, but would like to update every month.
  • Add curating data Add getting species information from other sources
  • Crossroads uk20102011

    1. 1. India Biodiversity PortalWestern Ghats Portalhttp://indiabiodiversity.orghttp://thewesternghats.inOctober 2011
    2. 2. Outline of Slide Deck Biodiversity Portals in India Background of India Biodiversity Portal (IBP) and Western Ghats Portal (WGP) Under the hood: Technology and Structure Citizen Participation
    3. 3. Biodiversity Portalsin India
    4. 4. Biodiversity Portals in India We believe there is a lot of information on the Biodiversity in India that is dissipated among many people. We believe strategic investment in collating, aggregating, and publishing already available information on Indian biodiversity will provide huge dividends. Over the last few years there have been many initiatives to address this.
    5. 5. Species Pages InitiativesURL Focus Content PeopleButterflies of India Butterfly 576 species; Krishnameghttp://ifoundbutterflies.org/ Species Pages 178 lifecycles; h KunteJanuary 2010 3 keys; Ecologist 8500 ImagesIndian Bio-resource Plants Flora digitized; KNInformation Network (IBIN) Species Pages Large content; Ganeshiah ,http://sec.org.in/programs/india Spatial data Distribution UAS,nbioresources data in grids; Bangalorehttp://www.bisindia.org/ Distributed2001 Nodes.Project Brahma All Species 670 species PhDhttp://www.projectbrahma.org/ Species Data StudentsSummer 2010Flowers of India Flowering Plants Many species Dineshhttp://www.flowersofindia.in Species Data ValkeMay 2005 Identification Keys indiatreepix
    6. 6. Species Pages InitiativesURL Focus Content PeopleFrench Institute of Pondicherry Western Ghats 500 species BR Rameshhttp://www.ifpindia.org/biodiver Tree Species 6 vegetation IFPsityportal/index.php?lang=en Herbarium data maps2008 Identification Keys Eco Databases Vegetation mapsFlora of Nilgiri. Species Page 271 species T Balahttp://opendata.keystone- Keystonefoundation.org Foundation2008efloraindia website Plants Many PM Garghttps://sites.google.com/site/efl Species Photos indiatreepixoraofindia/June 2007Traditional medicine Medicinal Plant 6198 species; Darshanhttp://envis.frlht.org/ Species Pages Herbarium; Shankar,~2006 Atlas; FRLTH Species Names IBP Partner
    7. 7. Species Pages InitiativesURL Focus Content PeopleAVIS-IBIS Species pages for ~1000 bird Arpithttp://avis.indianbiodiversity.or birds species Deomurari,g/ Expanding to other FESDecember 2010 taxa IBP partnerIndia Biodiversity Portal Species Pages 611 species ATREE, IFP,Western Ghats Portal Checklists 150 maps Consortiumhttp://indiabiodiversity.org Species Distribution 112127 of partnershttp://thewesternghats.in Biodiversity occurrenceDecember 2008 Conservation recordsMadhya Pradesh Forest Governance and Maps Anil Oberoi,http://mpforest.org/ monitoring Government Forest~2006 initiatives Officer Data source for protected areas
    8. 8. Citizen Science InitiativesURL Focus Content PeopleMigrantWatch Citizen Science 30 species Suhelhttp://www.migrantwatch.in/ Bird migration 1400 Quader,July 2007 participants NCBSSeasonsWatch Citizen Science. 100 trees Suhelhttp://www.seasonwatch.in/ Tree Phenology 800 participants Quader,Jan 2011 and seasons. Expanding NCBSJackals: Past and Present Distribution of 470 MDhttp://conservation.in/jackal/ind Golden Jackals observations Madhusudanex.php 60 day survey NCFJune 2011Conservation Threats Conflict and 100 records of Harihttp://conservationthreats.org/ threats in conflict Krishnan.December 2009 conservation Location details Personally on a map supportedIndia Nature Watchhttp://www.indianaturewatch.net/
    9. 9. Mailing ListsURL Focus Content Peopleindiatreepix Tree photograph Photos and PM Garghttps://groups.google.com/grou identification species notep/indiantreepix/about?hl=en 1728 membersJune2007 6000 message 1200 p/monthdiversityindia: Picture sharing Pictures Vijay Barvehttp://www.facebook.com/grou and identificationps/DiversityIndia/Feb 2011NATHISTORY-INDIA Any topic on Diverse and Princetonlistserv@princeton.edu natural history of miscellaneous University India notes 1118 members 75 p/month
    10. 10. Background of IndiaBiodiversity Portal andWestern Ghats Portal
    11. 11. IBP Phase I:Mar 2008 - Dec 2008 Endorsed by the National Knowledge Commission, Govt. of India Placed in civil society Focused on map-based biodiversity information Species referencing system was a hard problem with many big players.
    12. 12. IBP Phase I:Mar 2008 - Dec 2008 Three teams: Development, Curation and Design At launch, 100 map layers Funding: ~ USD 100K as contributions from Jamshedji Tata Trust, JRS Foundation, private donor, in-kind contribution Managed by consortium of Partners http://indiabiodiversity.org
    13. 13. Phase II: WGPNov 2010 – June 2013 http://thewesternghats.in Multi-site Drupal system with IBP Feature set for phase II  Species Pages  Participation Interface  Identification tools and application Funding: ~450K USD from CEPF; $150K for development and $300K for campaign and content.
    14. 14. CEPF Projects in the Western Ghats Biodiversity Hotspot One of the most densely populated biodiversity hotspots CEPF ~$4.5-million over five year investment. 20 Large Grants > $20,000 and 27 Small Grants < $20,000 Large grant to build a open access, public participatory information portal.
    15. 15. Project Execution plan Project Duration (32 months): Nov 2010 to June 2013Data Assimilation and Campaign for ParticipationCuration: Led by French led by IFP and StrandInstitute of Pondicherry (IFP) * Field campaigns for voluntary * IFP has over 5 decades of work in participation of data among allthe Western Ghats stakeholders of the Western Ghats * Additional sub-grants to curate dataCEPF projects data Platform Development led by Strand Life Sciences
    16. 16. Phase-I Phase-II Phase-III Project Details June2011 June2012 June2013Review of state-of-the art of web-GIS and conservationportals.Deploy all CEPF projects with distributed upload andmechanisms for authentication and review.Enhanced Web GIS platform with intuitive interfaces forsearch and serve.Deploy species pages and identification tools conforming toglobal standards.Deploy application tools for data visualization via a chartingand plotting module.Deploy collaborative module for easy participation andupload of data in collaboration with user groups.Expose Application Programming Interfaces andcollaboration with global biodiversity portals.Campaign to build an Open Source community and activeparticipation for long-term sustainability
    17. 17. The perpetual beta application The portal with basic features launched in June 2011 Development by the Agile method The site will be in perpetual beta constantly under development The application will be enriched with periodic updates of features The site will be enriched with regular updates of curated and contributed data
    18. 18. Content Strategy India centric and India focused Data management by French Institute Data from CEPF grantees and WGP partners Partner with IBIN as IBIN node, sharing and exchanging species information Aggregate species information from other India based sites Support data curation by EoL Rubenstein Fellow
    19. 19. Content Strategy Set up community based validation mechanisms Campaign among young researchers (YETI) to participate and contribute Provide APIs to share information with other sites. Crowd source for distribution information Inclusive and participatory governance
    20. 20. Implementation Partners
    21. 21. Team G Muthusankar, IFP Ayyappan, IFP BR Ramesh, IFP Arunabha Ghosh, Strand Sravanthi, Strand Chitra Ravi, ATREE Prabhakar, Strand Rahul Yadav, StrandSabah Rubina, ATREE D Balasubramanian, IFP Devayani Khare, IFP
    22. 22. Under the hood
    23. 23. Design Principles Conform to global standards for map data and species data Use publicaly available services  GNIname service  GeoNames server  IUCN conservation status APIs … Integrate maps and species pages Expose APIs for data exchange Contribute to global databases
    24. 24. Species Application
    25. 25. Data Model
    26. 26. Species Page Schema
    27. 27. Citizen Participation
    28. 28. Citizen participation plans Build icon library for species representation, identification and navigation Expand biodiversity information, conservation status, and occurrence records for species through citizen participation Enhance collaboration and participation for data generation and validation
    29. 29. Icons for Species Icons to navigate species pages  Which other species are insect pollinated?  Which other species have fleshy fruit?  Which species fruit during March – April?  Which other species share the same habitat? Identify species with icons  Selecticons for species characteristics  Narrow-down searches
    30. 30. Species Habit Leaf Flower Fruit Special Type Margin Shape Type Color Type Armed HairyBaccaurea Othercourtalensis colorsActinodaphnemalabaricaCinnamomummalabatrum whiteScleropyrumpentandrum Arenga wightii
    31. 31. Actinodaphne malabaricahasHabit hasFlowerTypehasHabit Cinnamomum hasFlowerType malabatrumhasHabit hasFruitType Scleropyrum pentandrum hasFruitType hasHabit Arenga hasFruitType wightii
    32. 32. Habit (Trees, Shrubs, Climbers, Herbs, Palms etc.,)http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#Morphology LeafType (Simple, Compound) LeafMargin (Entire, Lobed etc.,) hasIdentificationCharacteristics LeafShape (Peltate, tri/palmi nerved etc.,) FlowerType (Cauliflorus, axillary/terminal etc.,) FlowerColor (white, green, etc.,) FruitType (Pod, Drupe, Berry, Capsule etc., ) ArmedNature (thorns etc.,)
    33. 33. XML of Species InformationMangifera indica<spm:hasInformation> <spmt:Morphology rdf:ID=“Morphology"> <spm:context xml:lang="en">Western Ghats, India</spm:context> <spm:hasContent xml:lang="en"> Mangifera indica is a large erect evergreen tree, … Leaves alternate, simple, leathery, oblong-lanceolate, 16-30 x 3-7 cm, on flowering branches, … There is great variation in the form, size, color and quality of the fruits. These drupes may be nearly round, oval, ovoid-oblong, or somewhat kidney-shaped </spm:hasContent> </spmt:Morphology></spm:hasInformation>
    34. 34. XML of Species with ICMangifera indica<spm:hasInformation> <spmt:Morphology rdf:ID=“Morphology"> <spm:context xml:lang="en">Western Ghats, India</spm:context> <spm:hasContent xml:lang="en"> Mangifera indica is a large erect evergreen tree, … Leaves alternate, simple, leathery, oblong-lanceolate, 16- 30 x 3-7 cm, on flowering branches, … There is great variation in the form, size, color and quality of the fruits. These drupes may be nearly round, oval, ovoid-oblong, or somewhat kidney-shaped </spm:hasContent> <st:hasHabit>Tree</st:hasHabit> <st:hasLeafType>Simple</st:hasLeafType> <st:hasFruitType>Drupe</st:hasHabit> </spmt:Morphology></spm:hasInformation>
    35. 35. Icon Resource TableTaxonomy Taxon SPMInfoIte IC IC IC Value IC IconRank Concept m Concept DescriptionRoot All (0) Size Min … NA LengthRoot All (0) Size Max … NA LengthRoot All (0) Size Avg … NA Length… … … … … … …Root All (0) Uses Medicine …Root All (0) Uses Cooking …… … … … … … …Kingdom Plantae (0.0) Morphology Habit … (Tree / Shrubs / Climbers …)Kingdom Plantae (0.0) Morphology Leaf … (Entire / Lobed …) MarginKingdom Animalia (0.1) Morphology Skeleton … (External / Type Internal)Phylum Arthropod Morphology Skeleton … External (0.1.0) TypeClass Insecta Morphology Wings … (0.1.0.0) * IC = Identification Characteristic
    36. 36. Expand Species Occurrence records Harvest occurrence records from checklists and map layers Use map module for crowd sourcing species distribution Use applications on mobile devices to report species occurrences with spatial coordinates Populate occurrence table with Location, Species, Source, and Accuracy
    37. 37. Participation for Data Generationand Validation Critical mass required for data generation and validation Explore text mining of mailing lists to extract information (indiatreepix) Design for three roles for each unit (Species Page and Map Layers): Member, Validator, Administrator Maintain revision history How to maintain history on map layers??
    38. 38. Roles for ParticipationRole PrivilegesUnit Member Add data to the unit Modify added data Delete added dataUnit Validator Add data to the unit Validate data of members Delete data membersUnit Administrator Add / delete any data Assign roles
    39. 39. Thank youOctober 2011

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