WinXP Installation A-Z


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Windows XP Installation (A to Z)

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WinXP Installation A-Z

  1. 1. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERIES 1| Introduction Windows XP was originally brought as an operating system which combine d the best features of the latest business operating system of the time, Windows 2000, which by then was quite mature and develop, having had a few years of use in the 1 robust version of a home-use business community, and Windows 98 Second Edition (SE), which was far and away the most operating system 2prior to XP. In todays computing environment, Windows XP can be useful for both small business and home users by making system problem recovery and digital media transfer easier. It also features history and Service Pack 2 and 3 features a better security for the user. Many users prefer to remain with Windows XP, rather than upgrade to the latest Microsoft Operating system, Windows Vista. Introducing the Windows XP Professional operating system installation. Technical points have been sort out in such a good and easy way that average computer users can easily install Windows XP. Windows XP, Attractive environment, interesting in browsing and wonderful in use. Best and fastest performance over Internet, safe and secure features made XP one of the best and popular operating system among windows users. (See Pg#6 for Windows XP History and other Features)  I M P O R T A N T  FILE SYSTEMS: (See FAT/FAT32, NTFS Page # 3) ---------------------------------------------------------------------- A file system is the method (system) by which information stored on a Hard Disk. Before installing Windows XP, you should decide which file system you will use. Windows XP supports NTFS file system or one of the file allocation table file systems (FAT or FAT32). If you using a dual-boot configuration (using both Windows XP and other operating system on the same computer), you will not be able to gain access to files on NTFS partitions from the other operating system (Win 98 –FAT/FAT32) on your computer. For this reason, you should probably use FAT32 or FAT if you want a dual-boot configuration. Let see an example; 1 Healthy, strong 2 Previous, past FrontierCollege of IT, Charsadda 091-6511690Prepared By. Asim Jan 0314- 9002839 Javaid Khan 03139210048
  2. 2. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERIES 2| BOOT: A Process by which computer getting start or restart. Generally there are two types of boot.  Cool Boot: - When computer getting start for the first time  Warm Boot: - When computer getting starts and then restarts BOOTABLE DISK ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Bootable disk is that Compact Disk (CD) which boots your computer at startup. R e s u m e e m u s e R First goes to computer setup and change the Boot sequence. In Advance Bios Setup feature choose first boot device and set it to CD Rom and seconds boot device set to Hark disk.  In many PCs Boot options available in Advance Bios setup. However, it will depend on user Pc that which type of setup in his/her pc. Although Setup option always remains same but some options are different. Similarly CD Rom and Hard Disk options may be different like CD Rom CA, HDD-0 etc. Ok go ahead, save you settings and exit. Insert Bootable Disk Insert Bootable Disk in CD Rom. After a while a message will appear Press a key to Boot from CD… >>>Here Press a key to start installation… Welcome to Setup:  To setup windows XP press Enter   To repair windows XP installation using recovery console press R  To quit setup without installing Windows XP press F3 >>>If user wants to repair his/her XP Installation, he/she should choose R. EULA Agreement: In User License Agreement, user must accept the terms and conditions of the product (Windows XP)  F8: I Agree   Esc: I don’t agree o To setup windows XP on the selected item press Enter  o To create a partition in the Un-partitioned space press C FrontierCollege of IT, Charsadda 091-6511690Prepared By. Asim Jan 0314- 9002839 Javaid Khan 03139210048
  3. 3. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERIES 3| o To delete the selected partition press D o To continue setup using this partition press C  o To selected a different partition press Esc 1. Format the partition using the NTFS file system (quick). 2. Format the partition using the FAT file system (quick). 3. Format the partition using the NTFS file system. 4. Format the partition using the FAT file system.  >>> Recommended for most users 5. Convert the partition to NTSF. 6. Leave the current file system intact (no change). See the following table carefully and then decide what type of file system you should use. Format Type Description NTFS (Quick) NTFS (Quick) will only format the partition. The NTFS file system is the recommended file system use in Windows 2000 Plus. NTFS has some . extra ordinary features like, o Security  Better folder and file level security. o Compression  Better disk Compression. o Disk Quota  Allocate quota (Capacity to store date) to users. o Support for large hard disks, up to 2 terabytes. o The maximum drive size for NTFS is much greater than that for FAT, and as drive size increases, performance with NTFS doesnt degrade as it does with FAT.) NTFS is not for common computer user. Although not very difficult in use but especially for Advance Users and System Administrators. FAT (Quick) FAT (Quick) will only format the partition. FAT / FAT32 is an enhanced version of the FAT file system that can be used on drives from 512 megabytes (MB) to 2 TB in size. If You’re setting up a dual-boot configuration, you should probably use FAT or FAT32. File Allocation Table (FAT) usually used in other operating system like Windows 98 etc. It is very simple type of format. NTFS Format the partition as well as scan the clusters (check hard disk for errors etc) FAT Format the partition as well as scan the clusters (check hard disk for errors etc) Convert the partition to It will convert the required partition to NTFS. NTFS Leave the current file system It will keep your previous file system. It means that you can install another operating system on the intact (no change) same partition.  To format the drive press F   To select a different partition for Windows XP press Esc Message from computer: Please wait while setup copies files to the windows installation folder this may take several minutes to complete. After completing the above process, your computer will reboot in 14 seconds. FrontierCollege of IT, Charsadda 091-6511690Prepared By. Asim Jan 0314- 9002839 Javaid Khan 03139210048
  4. 4. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERIES 4| After re-starting computer, the Windows XP splash screen will appear with colorful screen. In right pane, all the processes will be shown that will be completed like;  Collecting information  Dynamic update  Preparing Installation  Installing windows  Finalizing Installation  Setup will complete in approximately in 39 minutes etc During this time, your computer screen may be flicker for 1 or 2 times. Don’t worry. After completing the process, the message will appear in a dialog box. Regional & Language Option: To change these setting click customize. ((Customize))  If you click customize, will see the following options. • Regional Option, Language, Advance • Supplemental language support o Language (Install files format complex script and right to left languages include Thailand (12MB)  o Install files format east languages (230MB)  Selecting the above sub-options, user can use different “East languages” and “Right to Left writing” facility even by Right-click in a simple program such as Note Pad. >>>Ok To view or change your current configuration click Detail. ((Detail))  Detail about different settings like Keyboard setting (language) etc. >>>Next Personalize your Software: Type your full name and name of your company. Name A’ Jays Organization FCC >>> Ok Your Product Key: Enter 25 characters long installation key that will be labeled on CD Cover. RHKG3-8YW4W-4RHJG-83M4Y-7X9GW  FrontierCollege of IT, Charsadda 091-6511690Prepared By. Asim Jan 0314- 9002839 Javaid Khan 03139210048
  5. 5. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERIES 5| OR QW4HD-DQCRG-HM6M-6GJRK-8K83T >>>Next FrontierCollege of IT, Charsadda 091-6511690Prepared By. Asim Jan 0314- 9002839 Javaid Khan 03139210048
  6. 6. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERIES 6| Computer Name and Administrator Password: Computer Name Gateway Type an administrator password ***** Confirm password ***** >>> Ok Administrator Password: The administrator is an authorized person who can do any thing in computer. The administrator password is a unique feature of windows XP that is why it cannot be recovered if user lost or forget this password. If user does not get a copy of his/her password on floppy etc, although it is possible to recover by some software’s, Its own file, but very hard and difficult for most common users. Date & time Setting: >>>Chose correct Date & Time setting. Regional Time Zone. Time Zone Islamabad Karachi Tashkent >>>Next Now again installation progress bar will start with installing different settings.  Network setting  Typical Setting  Customize setting >>>Next Workgroup or computer domain: Computer asks if your Pc is the member of any domain or not chose the one option in the following. Do you want this computer to be a member of a domain? o No this computer is not on a network or is on a network without a domain makes this computer of the following workgroup. Whistler FrontierCollege of IT, Charsadda 091-6511690Prepared By. Asim Jan 0314- 9002839 Javaid Khan 03139210048
  7. 7. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERIES 7| o Yes, make this computer a member of the following domain >>>Next Now again progress bar will start with Copying files, Registration components etc. After A while computer will restart. After restarting, a message will appear before you. To improve the appearance visual elements, windows will automatically adjust your screen resolution. If you see the text click (Ok, Cancel) >Ok< Set the screen resolution and enjoy Windows XP…………… History Windows XP came into being around the year 2000/2001. It came as a logical progression from Windows 98 SE for many users although it had a look and feel about it much like Windows 2000 Professional. XP was originally brought into being as an operating system which would combine the best features of the latest business operating system, Windows 2000, which by then was quite mature and evolved, having had a few years of use in the business community, and Windows 98 Second Edition (SE), which was far and away the most robust version prior to XP. To say that Windows Millenium (ME) was any more than a cut-down version of Windows 2000 Professional would hide some of the inherent problems in that O/S. In fact it stands out from the others, rather like the version of MS-DOS known as version 4.00 (four point oh oh.) See Windows for a more detailed description of all the Microsoft Windows operating systems. It should be noted that now there are more flavors of Windows in place than ever before, with the introduction of Windows Vista. But there are basically three versions of Windows XP. The two other versions, (apart from Windows XP Professional) are: Windows_XP_Home and Windows_XP_Media_Center_Edition. And all of these three are designed around the same O/S, Windows_XP, and accommodate the NTFS file system, designed by Helen Custer. (See the Wikipedia article on NTFS and its author, Helen Custer). A more rugged version of Windows XP was launched later with the introduction of Service Pack 2. This added basic security with the introduction of the Windows Firewall and other lock-downs, and support for more multi-media hardware. It provides enhanced security measures that have hopefully improved defenses against viruses, worms and hackers, along with increased manageability and an improved experience for users. In addition to security and bug fixes, it changed many default settings to improve security, but it may have also created some problems for users because of the increased security. Nevertheless, Windows XP Professional is a software product which a lot of users prefer over the latest version, Windows Vista, which introduced still more security features along with the enhanced visual effects. Hardware Microsoft Windows XP Professional can be normally run on a X86 32bit processor PC, and also on a 64bit processor, for which there is special software. It is important to note that only certain software is capable of leveraging the advanced features of 64bit. Among these are Adobe and Microsoft software products which have been extensively developed within the 64bit environment. It is interesting to note that this flavor of Windows can also be run on an Apple Macintosh computer as a sub-process. Also, Windows XP Professional is capable of being run in a dual or triple boot environment where the other OSs are on a separate partition. Other OSs which run multiple-boot with Windows XP Professional are Linux and Windows 98. Generally speaking, Windows XP will not run well with a processor slower than 700 Mhz and there should be at least 512 mbytes of RAM, (even though the specifications allow for much less.) Wireless networking has been improved considerably with Service Pack 2, allowing for 3WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access ). A computer with lower hardware specifications would probably have a better chance of success using Windows 2000 Professional. Other considerations are the use of USB and IEEE 1394 standards, removing the need for a parallel port for the printer and introducing the concept of a USB hub. The first release of Windows XP was held on 25th October in the year 2001, and released data of more than 400 million to use in 2006 January. Successor of XP The successor of Windows XP is Windows Vista which was released on 8th November in the year 2006 to some licensed customers and to worldwide on 30th January in the year 2007. 3 Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) and Wi-Fi Protected Access II (WPA2) are two security protocols and security certification programs developed by the Wi-Fi Alliance to secure wireless computer networks. FrontierCollege of IT, Charsadda 091-6511690Prepared By. Asim Jan 0314- 9002839 Javaid Khan 03139210048
  8. 8. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERIES 8| Components & Types of XP • Windows XP Professional boasts various components such as two physical processors and support for Windows Server domains and its aim at power users and business customers. • Windows XP Media Center Edition also possess extra multimedia characteristics that boosts the capability to record and view DVD movies, watch TV shows, and listen to music. • Windows XP Tablet PC Edition is created to run the ink-aware Tablet PC podium. • Windows XP 64-bit Edition for IA-64 (Itanium) processors and Windows XP professional x64 Edition for x86-64 also released two separate 64-bit versions. • Windows XP is popular for its competence over the 9x versions of Microsoft Windows and enhanced constancy. • It boasts an appreciably redesigned graphical user interface and thus a modified Microsoft is more endorsed as making it user-friendly. • It is also treated as the first version of Windows to utilize the product activation to conflict software piracy. • Windows XP was ultimately amalgamated into the Whistler project, which later designed as Windows XP. • The two foremost editions are Windows XP Professional, generally made for business and power-users and Windows XP Home Edition, created for home users. • Other editions of Windows XP include specialized hardware and limited-feature versions sold in Europe and to some other countries. Characteristics • The facility to become part of a Windows Server domain where a cluster of computers that distantly manage one or more central servers. • A refined access control system that permits precise authorizations on files to be approved to definite users under regular situations. • Moreover, tools other than Windows Explorer like cacls or File Manager, or restart to Safe Mode to adapt entrance control lists can be used users. • Offline Folder and Files also permit the PC to robotically store a copy of files from another networked computer and perform with it although disconnected from the network. • Remote Desktop server permits PC to be functioned by Windows XP user over a local area network or the Internet also. • Centralized management characteristics include Windows XP Software installer (Automatic Software Installation) and Maintenance Group Policies, Remote Installation Service and Roaming User Profiles. • Encrypt File System, as it encrypts files stored on the computers hard drive so that it cannot be read by another user, even with physical access to the storage means. • Windows Management Instrumention Console is a command-line tool created to ease WMI information recovery about a system by utilizing easy keywords. • Maintains two physical central processing units (CPU) and the multicore CPUs are assisted by using XP Home Edition. • Internet Information Services (IIS), FTP Server and Microsofts HTTP. FrontierCollege of IT, Charsadda 091-6511690Prepared By. Asim Jan 0314- 9002839 Javaid Khan 03139210048
  9. 9. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERIES 9| • Microsoft has also customized Windows XP to ensemble varieties in markets. • Six diverse versions of Windows XP for definite hardware were created and two of them particularly for 64-bit processors. • Windows XP Professional x64 is dependent on the code base and supports the x86-64 expansion of the Intel IA-32 design. • x86-64 is put into operation by AMD as "AMD64", which was established in AMDs Opteron and Athlon 64 chips, and executed by Intel as "Intel 64 which was originated in Intels Pentium 4. • Windows XP Embedded is an edition for precise customer electronics, medical devices, set-top boxes, ATMs, kiosks, point-of-sale terminals, arcade video games, and Voice over Internet Protocol features. • Windows XP Media Center Edition is created for media center PCs. • The Media Center Edition in 2003 was updated as "Windows XP Media Center Edition 2003", which enhanced with extra characteristics such as FM radio tuning. • Windows XP Tablet PC Edition is planned for creating notebook or laptop computers known as tablet PCs. • The Tablet PC Edition is attuned with a pen-sensitive display, sustaining handwritten notes and portrait- oriented monitors. • Microsoft in July 2006, launched a "thin-client" version of Windows XP termed as Windows Fundamentals for Legacy PCs, which aimed older machines and is obtainable to Software Pledge consumers. • Windows XP Starter Edition is eco-friendly version of Windows XP obtainable in Malaysia, India, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil, Bolivia, Thailand, Indonesia, Turkey, Argentina, Russia, Mexico, Chile, Uruguay and Peru. • Microsoft wanted to name the version as Reduced Media Edition, but European Union regulators put an objection and the Edition N name was suggested, as the N resembles not with Media Player for both Home and Professional editions of Windows XP. • Windows XP can be obtained in numerous languages and add-ons translating the user line are also offered for some languages. New Features of Windows XPOperating Systems: Windows XP launched various new characteristics to the Windows line such as: • Fast user switching permits a user to store the present state and release applications of the desktop and assigns another user to sign in without losing any information. • Faster start-up and hibernation successions • Provide support for DSL modems and wireless network connections, as well as Bluetooth and networking over FireWire. • The capability to abandon a newer tool driver in support of the previous one termed as driver rollback. • The ClearType font representing mechanism is created to develop text readability on Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) and analogous screens. • It is user-friendly line, including the framework for increasing themes for the desktop environment. • Remote Desktop functionality, which allows users to connect to a computer running Windows XP from across a network or the Internet and access their applications, files, printers, and devices. FrontierCollege of IT, Charsadda 091-6511690Prepared By. Asim Jan 0314- 9002839 Javaid Khan 03139210048
  10. 10. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERIES Prepared By: Javaid Khan 03139210048 Senior Computer Instructor (FCIT) Asim Jan 0314-9002839 Hamdul@yahoo.comTaj Plaza Mills Road Charsadda 091-6511690