Beyond sex, colour, religion,
race, sexual preferences
what matters
is
Character
Attributed to the Rev Jesse Jackson
a clo...
Keep in mind
We are all born naked
2
thanks to
someone who is special to me
and others that inspired and assisted
Renaud Legrand of Terraneuves who :
First of ...
Context
Until the late ‘80s we lived in a bi-polar world run on a fragile equilibrium of the Mutual Auto
Destruction (M.A....
Hate, injustice, poverty, diseases, dictatorships, authoritarianism.
The context in which they exists can generate percept...
Objective of the
course
“”To those people in the huts and villages of half the globe struggling to break the bonds of mass...
Key words
talk totalk to,, understandunderstand,, argue withargue with,, discuss withdiscuss with,, dispute over something...
from
Prejudices
to
Stereotypes
to
Reality
Assumptions
9
1.1. a thing that isa thing that is assumedassumed as trueas true..
2. the action of assuming responsibility or control.
3...
definition of Stereotype
1.1. anan imageimage or idea of a particular type of person oror idea of a particular type of per...
1.1. preconceivedpreconceived opinion that is not based on reason oropinion that is not based on reason or
actual experien...
1.1. the state of things as theythe state of things as they actuallyactually exist, as opposedexist, as opposed
to an idea...
1.1. the circumstances that form thethe circumstances that form the settingsetting for an event,for an event,
statement, o...
definition of culture
4. the cultivation of plants.
Concise Oxford English Dictionary © 2008 Oxford University Press
1.1. ...
definition of personality
Concise Oxford English Dictionary © 2008 Oxford University Press
1.1. the combination ofthe comb...
Definition of behaviour
Concise Oxford English Dictionary © 2008 Oxford University Press
1.1. the way in which someonethe ...
WHO WHERE & WHEN WHY
StereotypeStereotype
Self
PrejudicePrejudice
Context
&
Time
Culture
Personality Behaviour
Personal Pr...
Stereotypes
Stereotypes, generally the less reliable ones, come from factors such as:
 Minimal knowledge
 Minimal or no ...
Stereotypes
We use stereotypes , regardless they are accurate or inaccurate, to help us make sense of the world,
Especiall...
Stereotypes
May be helpful as a tool as long as
a. You know that it is a stereotype
b. It is accurate and based on sound, ...
before we move on you all need to
understand the definition and use - in
context - of the following
terms/words
Stakhanovi...
Who was Aleksej Grigor'evi Stachanovč
Aleksej Grigor'evič Stachanov was a mine worker in the Soviet Union who regularly su...
today’s Definition of Stakhanovist
Stakhanovist means a person :
A. who for any reason follows a routine gruelling pace in...
Aleksej Grigor'evi Stachanovč
l’homme d’acier (the iron man)
25
Source Wikipedia.com
Who was von Sacher-Masoc
Leopold Rittervon Sacher-Masoch (27 January 1836 – 9 March 1895) was an Austrian writer and journ...
definition and use - in context - of the word/term
masochism
1.1. willingness or tendency to subject oneself to unpleasant...
Définition du mot Masochisme : Jouissance par la souffrance
Le masochisme est la recherche du plaisir dans la douleur.
Cet...
Italians eat bad food ?eat bad food ?
French are excessive but adaptable ?are excessive but adaptable ?
Are Israelis triba...
Reading this list I ask myself
• Are many stereotypes of other negative ?
• Are many stereotypes of self positive?
• Do we...
Italians cheatcheat
French vote to the right nationally and to the left locallyvote to the right nationally and to the lef...
Should I agree with the following stereotypes ?
French vote to the right nationally and to the left locally
Northern count...
Observe
Yourself
1. In Time
2. In Space
Orient yourself
Based on
Knowledge
Up – to - date information
Your socio-cultural ...
An there is where
PERSONALITY comes into
play
34
PERSONALITY
dimensions
what dimension is missing ?
35
personality wise
we are
36
We are
Bashful
He is very, very shy!
He‘s always blushing and twisting his beard into knots.
He loves listening to stories...
We are
Doc
very wise and likes to think carefully about problems.
He tries to be the leader but he’s not always very good ...
We are
Dopey
Dopey isn’t really dopey.
He just likes having fun and playing tricks.
He never minds if he looks silly while...
We are
Grumpy
No matter what anyone says, Grumpy is always complaining.
He never agrees with anyone!
But, if any of his fr...
We are
Happy
Happy is always cheerful and happy about everything.
He thinks everything is funny and just can’t help making...
We are
Sleepy
Sleepy is very lazy.
He likes to sleep as much as he can when he’s not at
work in the mine.
He yawns so much...
We are
Sneezy
Sneezy doesn’t sneeze all the time,
just at the wrong time like when he doesn’t want anyone to know where
he...
OPEN
PERSONALITY
Other
I am BLIND
I do not see
Others do
I HIDE
Others do not
see
UNKNOWN
I & Others
do not see
known
Un-k...
PERSONALITY/BEHAVIOUR
based on the four dimensions
Relation Management or How do you relate to the other
Introvert Extrove...
This will result in a possible personality wheel
46
Team Management Wheel by Mergerison – McCann is a TMS Copyright
Personality wise we are
47
Explorer-Promoter - Persuader, "seller"; Likes varied, exciting, stimulating
work; Easily bored; Influential and outgoing
...
Source : The Canadian Institute for Enneagram studies
Personality wise we are
49
behaviour wise we are
50
Where do you position yourself ?
51
Question
if context changes do
prejudices change ?
52
Question
When you do not know the
other what do you ask
yourself ?
53
and
you ask him/her
Who are you?
Who is he ?
54
You know what the fellow said - in Italy, for thirty years under the Borgias,
they had warfare, terror, murder and bloodsh...
Ask not what you can do for your Country
Ask what's for lunch.
Orson Wells
56
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Is It True That (Presentation Intercultural Management Course 2011) Version 1.19 24122011

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Knowing the Other - Understanding Each Other - Facing the Other - Challenging the Other - Confronting the Other
INTERCULTURAL DUELS & COMPROMISES

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Is It True That (Presentation Intercultural Management Course 2011) Version 1.19 24122011

  1. 1. Beyond sex, colour, religion, race, sexual preferences what matters is Character Attributed to the Rev Jesse Jackson a close associate of dr. Martin Luther King in the Civil rights struggle 1
  2. 2. Keep in mind We are all born naked 2
  3. 3. thanks to someone who is special to me and others that inspired and assisted Renaud Legrand of Terraneuves who : First of all he gave me the book that is an integral part of this presentation The mindful International Manager (competences for working efficiently across cultures) Jeremy Comfort and Peter Franklin York Associates International First edition, 2008 Secondly. Patiently looked over parts of this paper and gave me some advices. Thirdly. Is a man of intellect& a professional whom I highly respect. A thanks also to Laurent Philibert of Personnalité who mentioned to me for the first time of the 7 dwarfs metaphor which I was inspired to use it in this presentation. Finally a thank to two French guys who shared, off-the- record and over lunch, their ideas about stereotypes and people over lunch in Paris on August 10th , 2011 4
  4. 4. Context Until the late ‘80s we lived in a bi-polar world run on a fragile equilibrium of the Mutual Auto Destruction (M.A.D.) policy of Nuclear deterrence between the U.S.S.R. and satellites Countries and the Western World, lead by the USA. With the fall of the Berlin Wall the world became suddenly UNIPOLAR. The USA felt that the fall of the Soviet Union and the disbanding of the European Eastern Block demonstrated the validity of principles/pillars that had governed America for over 200 years, i.e.: parliamentarian democracy, free enterprise, equal opportunity for all citizens, etc... This lead to a UNIPOLAR world run for over ten years by the USA. 9/11 was the outcome. Hate, injustice, poverty, diseases, dictatorships, authoritarianism are realities of today and will stay with us tomorrow. 5
  5. 5. Hate, injustice, poverty, diseases, dictatorships, authoritarianism. The context in which they exists can generate perceptions which often transform themselves into stereotypes and prejudices leading to possible low intensity a-symmetrical (e.g.:Afganistan) conflicts of today or large scale ones tomorrow between Nations (e.g.: Water Management of the Mekong River, Deforestation of the Amazons, Intensive Land Exploitation in sub-Saharan Africa, etc... ). That is where Intercultural Management fits. You will be the future players, deciders, leaders, actors or simply citizens of the world of today. By understanding what is useful and not good in Stereotypes, what leads to Prejudices (which are blind judgements) and at the same time the importance of the role played by CULTURECULTURE as well as context you will become citizens of the world, as I am, remaining who I amremaining who I am (Personality), not denying where I come fromwhere I come from & whose cclass product I amlass product I am (Culture) as well as keeping in mindkeeping in mind where & when I have operated inwhere & when I have operated in (Context & Time) and how (Behaviour) 6
  6. 6. Objective of the course “”To those people in the huts and villages of half the globe struggling to break the bonds of mass misery, we pledge our best efforts to help them help themselves, for whatever period is required -- not because the Communists may be doing it, not because we seek their votes, but because it is right. If a free society cannot help the many who are poor, it cannot save the few who are rich.”” JFK, extract from the Inaugural Speech, January 21st 1960   How to talk totalk to each other, understandunderstand each other, argue withargue with each other, discuss withdiscuss with each other, dispute over something withdispute over something with the Other, agree withagree with the Other, compromise withcompromise with the Other, grow withgrow with the Other, coming from different horizons, different cultural backgrounds, different countries in order to know, in the event we have to fight, who are we fighting, why we are fighting and what we are fighting for! This is the aim of this course 7
  7. 7. Key words talk totalk to,, understandunderstand,, argue withargue with,, discuss withdiscuss with,, dispute over something withdispute over something with,, agree withagree with,, compromise withcompromise with,, grow withgrow with each other, each other, each other, each other, the Other, the Other, the Other, the Other 8
  8. 8. from Prejudices to Stereotypes to Reality Assumptions 9
  9. 9. 1.1. a thing that isa thing that is assumedassumed as trueas true.. 2. the action of assuming responsibility or control. 3. arrogance or presumption (archaic) definition of Assumption 4. (Assumption) the reception of the Virgin Mary bodily into heaven, according to Roman Catholic doctrine. the feast in honour of the Assumption, celebrated on15 August. Concise Oxford English Dictionary © 2008 Oxford University Press 10
  10. 10. definition of Stereotype 1.1. anan imageimage or idea of a particular type of person oror idea of a particular type of person or thing that has become fixed through being widely heldthing that has become fixed through being widely held Concise Oxford English Dictionary © 2008 Oxford University Press 11
  11. 11. 1.1. preconceivedpreconceived opinion that is not based on reason oropinion that is not based on reason or actual experienceactual experience.. 2.2. unjustunjust behaviour formed on such a basisbehaviour formed on such a basis. Definition of Prejudice 3. (legal) harm or injury that results or may result from some action or judgement. Concise Oxford English Dictionary © 2008 Oxford University Press 12
  12. 12. 1.1. the state of things as theythe state of things as they actuallyactually exist, as opposedexist, as opposed to an idealistic or notional idea of themto an idealistic or notional idea of them. 2.2. a thing that isa thing that is actuallyactually experienced or seenexperienced or seen. 3. the state or quality of having existence or substance. Definition of reality 4. (Television) denoting television programmes based on real people or situations, intended to be entertaining rather than informative: reality TV. Concise Oxford English Dictionary © 2008 Oxford University Press 13
  13. 13. 1.1. the circumstances that form thethe circumstances that form the settingsetting for an event,for an event, statement, or ideastatement, or idea.. 2. the parts that immediately precede and follow a word or passage and clarify its meaning definition of context Concise Oxford English Dictionary © 2008 Oxford University Press 14
  14. 14. definition of culture 4. the cultivation of plants. Concise Oxford English Dictionary © 2008 Oxford University Press 1.1. the arts and other manifestations of human intellectualthe arts and other manifestations of human intellectual achievement regarded collectivelyachievement regarded collectively. 2.2. a refined understanding or appreciation of thisa refined understanding or appreciation of this. 3.3. the customs, ideas, and social behaviour of athe customs, ideas, and social behaviour of a particular people or groupparticular people or group . 15
  15. 15. definition of personality Concise Oxford English Dictionary © 2008 Oxford University Press 1.1. the combination ofthe combination of characteristics or qualitiescharacteristics or qualities thatthat form an individual's distinctive characterform an individual's distinctive character.. 2. lively, engaging qualities: she's always had loads of personality. 3. (showbiz) a celebrity 16
  16. 16. Definition of behaviour Concise Oxford English Dictionary © 2008 Oxford University Press 1.1. the way in which someonethe way in which someone behavesbehaves.. 2. the way in which an animal or person responds to a situation or stimulus . 17
  17. 17. WHO WHERE & WHEN WHY StereotypeStereotype Self PrejudicePrejudice Context & Time Culture Personality Behaviour Personal Preferences 18 how both interact between with themselves , operate in and determine
  18. 18. Stereotypes Stereotypes, generally the less reliable ones, come from factors such as:  Minimal knowledge  Minimal or no experience  Hearsay  Media  Out-of-date books Stereotypes are fixed, general imagesimages that a lot of people believebelieve represent a particular group of people. These images may be accurate in describing what the group is like in reality or, they may be rudimentary,rudimentary, incomplete and inaccurateincomplete and inaccurate !!!!!! These inaccurate and less reliable stereotypes can be harmful in a number of ways. In particular, they may be result in us seeing only the stereotypes when we encounter somebody from a different culture. We must thus ignore the individual, who may - in fact – be different from the stereotype !!!! Source :The mindful International Manager 19
  19. 19. Stereotypes We use stereotypes , regardless they are accurate or inaccurate, to help us make sense of the world, Especially when we have little information about the situation we are in and when we have little time This allows us to reduce the complexity of perceiving, understanding and handling new or unknown Situations For this reason, and because we often unconsciously use stereotypes in dealing with newsituations , it is important that our stereotypes are based on knowledge which is accurate and up-to-date. Source :The mindful International Manager 20
  20. 20. Stereotypes May be helpful as a tool as long as a. You know that it is a stereotype b. It is accurate and based on sound, up-to- date and reliable knowledge and availabele information c. You can modify it on the basis of further knowledge, information and first hand experience d. It does not evaluate (or express a judgement of) a group but only describe it e. You know it describes the group norm and not every member of the group May be harmful because it may  Lead to ignoring the individuality  Be based on very limited knowledge, information and experience, hearsay or the media  Influence the way we process information and what we remember  Fail to take account of the new knowledge, information and experience which contradict the stereotype  Create expectations and self-fulfilling prophecies Source :The mindful International Manager 21
  21. 21. before we move on you all need to understand the definition and use - in context - of the following terms/words Stakhanovism Masochism 22
  22. 22. Who was Aleksej Grigor'evi Stachanovč Aleksej Grigor'evič Stachanov was a mine worker in the Soviet Union who regularly surpassed production quotas and was specially honored and rewarded On 31 August 1935, Stachanov had mined a record 102 tonnes of coal in 5 hours and 45 minutes (14 times his quota). On 19 September 1935, Stakhanov was reported to have set a new record by mining 227 tonnes of coal in a single shift. His example was held up in newspapers and posters as a model for others to follow, and he even appeared on the cover of Time Magazine. Sources Wikipedia.com 23
  23. 23. today’s Definition of Stakhanovist Stakhanovist means a person : A. who for any reason follows a routine gruelling pace in a certain activity, B. who works so tirelessly (often with additional negative connotations, such as lack of respect for self).   The adjective Stakhanovism has become synonymous with total (and excessive) dedication to work Sources www.dictionary.reference.com Wikipedia.com 24
  24. 24. Aleksej Grigor'evi Stachanovč l’homme d’acier (the iron man) 25 Source Wikipedia.com
  25. 25. Who was von Sacher-Masoc Leopold Rittervon Sacher-Masoch (27 January 1836 – 9 March 1895) was an Austrian writer and journalist, who gained renown for his romantic stories of Galician life. The term masochisms derived from his name. During his lifetime, Sacher-Masoch was well known as a man of letters, a utopian thinker who espoused Socialist and humanist ideals in his fiction and non-fiction. An example of his private life which will tell you something about him On 8 December 1869, Sacher-Masoch and his mistress Baroness Fanny Pistor signed a contract making him Her slave for a period of six months, with the stipulation that the Baroness wear furs as often as possible, Especially when she was in a cruel mood. Sacher-Masoch took the alias of "Gregor," a stereotypical male servant's name, and assumed a disguise as the servant of the Baroness. The two traveled by train to Italy. As in Venus in Furs, he traveled in the third-class compartment, while she had a seat in first-class, arriving in Venice (Florence in the novel), where they were not known, and would not arouse suspicion. SourceWikipedia.com 26
  26. 26. definition and use - in context - of the word/term masochism 1.1. willingness or tendency to subject oneself to unpleasant or trying experiences.willingness or tendency to subject oneself to unpleasant or trying experiences. 2. gratification gained from pain, deprivation, degradation, etc., inflicted or imposed on oneself, either as a result of one's own actions or the actions of others, especially the tendency to seek this form of gratification. 3. The deriving of pleasure, or the tendency to derive pleasure, from being humiliated or mistreated, either by another or by oneself, tendency to find pleasure in self-denial, submissiveness, etc. 4. The deriving of sexual gratification, or the tendency to derive sexual gratification, from being physically or emotionally abused. Sources www.thefreedictionary.com www.dictionary.reference.com 27
  27. 27. Définition du mot Masochisme : Jouissance par la souffrance Le masochisme est la recherche du plaisir dans la douleur. Cette douleur peut être psychologique (humiliation) ou physique. Un écrivain autrichien du XIXe siècle, Sacher-Masoch, a décrit le plaisir particulier procuré à un individu par sa propre souffrance. Il a donné son nom au masochisme, qui subordonne la satisfaction sexuelle à un châtiment physique, ou mental comme l'humiliation, infligé par le partenaire. Sources : www.fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Masochisme freely adapted www.psychologies.com/Dico-Psycho/Masochism freely adapted 28
  28. 28. Italians eat bad food ?eat bad food ? French are excessive but adaptable ?are excessive but adaptable ? Are Israelis tribal ?tribal ? Chinese are cultivated?are cultivated? French are between themselves, have no sense of qualityare between themselves, have no sense of quality Northern countries (e.g.: Norway, Finland, Sweden, ) have all AAA Standard & Poor Ratingshave all AAA Standard & Poor Ratings ? Are English corrupt ?corrupt ? Are Africans show-offs?show-offs? Americans are rude ?are rude ? Israelis vote to the right nationally and to the left locally?vote to the right nationally and to the left locally? French are vigilant and “mondialiste”?are vigilant and “mondialiste”? Are Greeks inflexible egocentrics?inflexible egocentrics? Are Indians “Mafiosi” ?“Mafiosi” ? Are Pakistanis “”“”masochist stakanovists””masochist stakanovists””?? Are Italians cold & cynic calculators ?cold & cynic calculators ? Are Japanese corrupt ?corrupt ? Are Germans always look at their belly button?always look at their belly button? Are French out of step with today’s world?out of step with today’s world? American cheat ?cheat ? Are African doers ?doers ? English copy ?copy ? Chinese are uncultured arrogant that think only money ?are uncultured arrogant that think only money ? Are Russians conservative?conservative? Stereotypes /prejudices try toconnect (or not)(or not) the people with what you see as close stereotypes/Prejudicesstereotypes/Prejudices 29
  29. 29. Reading this list I ask myself • Are many stereotypes of other negative ? • Are many stereotypes of self positive? • Do we recognize with more ease stereotypes that define the group we belong to ? 30
  30. 30. Italians cheatcheat French vote to the right nationally and to the left locallyvote to the right nationally and to the left locally Israelis are rudeare rude Chinese copycopy French are cultivatedare cultivated Northern countries (e.g.: Norway, Finland, Sweden, ) have all AAA Standard & Poor Ratingshave all AAA Standard & Poor Ratings English are cold & cynic calculatorsare cold & cynic calculators Africans are tribalare tribal Americans are excessive but adaptableare excessive but adaptable Israelis are vigilant and “mondialiste”are vigilant and “mondialiste” French always look at their belly buttonalways look at their belly button Greeks are out of step with today’s worldare out of step with today’s world Indians are doersare doers Pakistanis are corruptare corrupt Italians are show-offsare show-offs Japanese areare masochist stakanovistsmasochist stakanovists?? Germans are inflexible egocentricsare inflexible egocentrics French are conservativeare conservative American are uncultured arrogant that think only moneyare uncultured arrogant that think only money African are corruptare corrupt English eat bad foodeat bad food Chinese are between themselves, have no sense of qualityare between themselves, have no sense of quality Are Russians are “Mafiosi” ?are “Mafiosi” ? thoughts of mine and talks with two Frenchmen August 2011 in Paris 31
  31. 31. Should I agree with the following stereotypes ? French vote to the right nationally and to the left locally Northern countries (e.g.: Norway, Finland, Sweden, ) have all AAA Standard & Poor Ratings Americans are excessive but adaptable Israelis are vigilant and “mondialiste” Indians are doers Italians are show-offs French are conservative American are uncultured arrogant that think only money African are corrupt Italians cheat English eat bad food Israelis are rude I find these stereotypes incorrect French are cultivated Chinese copy English are cold & cynic calculators Africans are tribal French always look at their belly button Greeks are out of step with today’s world Japanese are masochist stakanovists? Are the following stereotypes correct or not ? – I will find out ! Pakistanis are corrupt Germans are inflexible egocentrics Chinese are between themselves and have no sense of quality 32
  32. 32. Observe Yourself 1. In Time 2. In Space Orient yourself Based on Knowledge Up – to - date information Your socio-cultural background Your genetics Your environment The context And other tens, hundreds & thousands of factors that gyrate around you Decide for yourself by forming an open opinion Interact with the other 33
  33. 33. An there is where PERSONALITY comes into play 34
  34. 34. PERSONALITY dimensions what dimension is missing ? 35
  35. 35. personality wise we are 36
  36. 36. We are Bashful He is very, very shy! He‘s always blushing and twisting his beard into knots. He loves listening to stories and is always fluttering his eyelashes at Snow White. Bashful is often embarrassed by the presence of any attention directed at him. 37
  37. 37. We are Doc very wise and likes to think carefully about problems. He tries to be the leader but he’s not always very good at it because he gets very nervous. The leader of the seven dwarfs, . 38
  38. 38. We are Dopey Dopey isn’t really dopey. He just likes having fun and playing tricks. He never minds if he looks silly while he‘s playing his games! He is clumsy and mute, with Happy explaining that he has simply "never tried to speak 39
  39. 39. We are Grumpy No matter what anyone says, Grumpy is always complaining. He never agrees with anyone! But, if any of his friends are in trouble, he’s always first to the rescue. 40
  40. 40. We are Happy Happy is always cheerful and happy about everything. He thinks everything is funny and just can’t help making jokes. Happy is the joyous dwarf and is usually portrayed laughing. 41
  41. 41. We are Sleepy Sleepy is very lazy. He likes to sleep as much as he can when he’s not at work in the mine. He yawns so much because he just can’t stop himself. Sleepy is always tired and appears laconic in most situations. 42
  42. 42. We are Sneezy Sneezy doesn’t sneeze all the time, just at the wrong time like when he doesn’t want anyone to know where he is! 43
  43. 43. OPEN PERSONALITY Other I am BLIND I do not see Others do I HIDE Others do not see UNKNOWN I & Others do not see known Un-known known Un-knownSelf 44
  44. 44. PERSONALITY/BEHAVIOUR based on the four dimensions Relation Management or How do you relate to the other Introvert Extrovert Information treatement or How do you process & use information Down-to-earth creative Decision making or How do you make & take (come to) a decision analytical intuitive Organization or How do you organize the implementation of the decision structured flexible 45
  45. 45. This will result in a possible personality wheel 46
  46. 46. Team Management Wheel by Mergerison – McCann is a TMS Copyright Personality wise we are 47
  47. 47. Explorer-Promoter - Persuader, "seller"; Likes varied, exciting, stimulating work; Easily bored; Influential and outgoing Assessor-Developer - Analytical and objective; Developer of ideas; Enjoys prototype or project work; Experimenter Thruster-Organizer - Organizes and implements; Quick to decide; Results- oriented; Sets up systems; Analytical Concluder-Producer - Practical; Production-oriented; Likes schedules and plans; Pride in reproducing goods and services; Values effectiveness and efficiency Controller-Inspector - Strong on control; Detail-oriented; Low need for people contact; An inspector of standards and procedures Upholder-Maintainer - Conservative, loyal, supportive; Personal values important; Strong sense of right and wrong; Work motivation based on purpose Reporter-Adviser - Supporter, helper, tolerant; A collector of information; Dislikes being rushed; Knowledgeable; Flexible Creator-Innovator - Imaginative; Future-oriented; Enjoys complexity; Creative; Likes research work Source Team Management Systems 48
  48. 48. Source : The Canadian Institute for Enneagram studies Personality wise we are 49
  49. 49. behaviour wise we are 50
  50. 50. Where do you position yourself ? 51
  51. 51. Question if context changes do prejudices change ? 52
  52. 52. Question When you do not know the other what do you ask yourself ? 53
  53. 53. and you ask him/her Who are you? Who is he ? 54
  54. 54. You know what the fellow said - in Italy, for thirty years under the Borgias, they had warfare, terror, murder and bloodshed, but they produced Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci and the Renaissance. In Switzerland, they had brotherly love, they had five hundred years of democracy and peace – and what did that produce? The cuckoo clock Quote from Harry Lime interpreted by Orson Wells In « The third man » film adaptation of the book by Graham Greene 55
  55. 55. Ask not what you can do for your Country Ask what's for lunch. Orson Wells 56

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