1558: Camera ObscuraIt was the first optical deviceto project an image of itssurroundings on a screen.Although some evidence of itsexistence dates back to 1000AD but it was perfected in1558 by Giambattista dellaPorta.
1836: DaguerreotypesLouis Daguerre invented anew camera to capture apermanent image on a screen.It used a process of coating acopper plate with silver whichwas later treated by iodinevapor to make it lightsensitive.The projected image was then developed by mercury vaporwhich was later fixed with a solution of ordinary salt.
1841: Alexander Wolcotts CameraThis camera got the first USpatent for photography. Thecamera used daguerreotypeplate placed in front of afocusing system usingconcave mirror to projectimages. A sliding shutterprevented further exposureafter capture.
1861: Panoramic cameraThe first wide angle lenscamera used a 76 mm lens.The lens was made up of twohollow glass hemispheres. Thespherical lens was filled withwater that would project animage onto a curved plate.The flap in the front had to be lifted to capture an image.
1888: KODAKGeorge Eastman pioneeredphotographic films in camera.His first camera was called"Kodak". It used a simple boxhaving a fixed focus lens and asingle shutter speed.It had enough film for arounda hundred photographs.The detachable film could be taken out to be processed in afactory and a new film could be reloaded in the camera.
1900: BrownieThis was the camera whichrevolutionized the photoindustry for the public. It wasa basic cardboard box camerawith a simple meniscus lenswhich captured images on afilm role.It was priced at $1 and wasextremely simple to use.
1913: LEICAThe Leica was the firstpractical 35 mm camera thatused standard cinema 35 mmfilm built by Oskar Barnack in1913.It transports photographicfilm horizontally, extendingframe size to 24×36 mm, witha 2:3 aspect ratio. It was bestsuited for landscape photos.
1933: ExaktaFirst single-lens reflexcamera (SLR) for 127 rollfilm. In later models itpioneered the first built-inflash socket, activated by theshutter.In 1936, the first SLR for 35mm film was built.
1939: Argus C3Best-selling 35mm camera inthe world for three decades.It used a simple diaphragmshutter built into the camerabody allowing it to useinterchangeable lenses withoutthe need for a complex focalplane shutter.The rangefinder was separate from the viewfinder and wascoupled to the lens through a series of gears located on theoutside of the camera body.
1948: PolaroidWorlds first instant-picturecamera. It used a patentedchemical process to producefinished positive prints fromthe exposed negatives in undera minute. In spite of the highprice, the camera remains oneof the top-selling cameras ofall time.
1949: Disposable CameraA company called Photo-Pac produced a cardboard camerabeginning in 1949 which shot 8 exposures and was mailed-in forprocessing.
1980: Sony MavicaIt was one of the first analogcamera. In essence it was avideo movie camera thatrecorded single frames, 50 perdisk in field mode and 25 perdisk in frame mode. The imagequality was considered equalto that of then-currenttelevisions.
1988: Fuji DS-1PIt was the first true digital camera that recorded images as acomputerized file. Recorded images to a 16 MB internalmemory card powered by a battery to retain data.
1991: Kodak DCS 100First commercially availabledigital single-lens reflexcamera (DSLR) camera.Aimed at the photo journalismmarket & worked well for thefield.Was mounted on a Nikon F3body and released by Kodak inMay 1991.
1999: Nikon D1At 2.74 megapixel thiscamera was the first digitalSLR developed entirely by amajor manufacturer, andaffordable cost which wastargeted at professionalphotographers and high-end consumers.
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