Organic Agriculture and the Green Economy

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Presentation delivered by Alexander Kasterine, ITC and Asad Naqvi, UNEP at the 14th Poverty Environment Partnership Meeting in Geneva, Switzerland.

Download this presentation and more from the meeting here: http://www.povertyenvironment.net/pep14

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Organic Agriculture and the Green Economy

  1. 1. Organic Agriculture and the Green Economy Increasing food security Generating environmental benefits A presentation to: UNEP PEP By: Alexander Kasterine, ITC and Asad Naqvi, UNEP Date: March 27, 2009
  2. 2. The Need for Sustainable Agriculture • Double challenge of food security and environmental stewardship • IAAKST « the way the world grows its food will have to change radically to better serve the poor and hungry if the world is to cope with a growing population and climate change while avoiding social breakdown and environmental collapse » • Therefore need for greater investment in sustainable agriculture • Generate private and public benefits jointly – how?
  3. 3. Sustainable Agriculture (Organic) Agricultural commodities Environmental goods
  4. 4. What is organic? • Production management system that promotes and enhances biodiversity, biological cycles and soil biological activity • Key features
  5. 5. No pesticides or agrochemicals Sources:Jekrub and Ahhyeah, flickr
  6. 6. Building soil structure and fertility through crop rotations (carbon sequestration)
  7. 7. And mulches and manures
  8. 8. Socio economic benefits (private) • Employment creation • $US 50 billion trade • Integration of smallholders into the market
  9. 9. Environmental benefits (public) • Biodiversity • Landscape • Water and soil protection • Carbon sequestration
  10. 10. Strengthening organic agriculture in the tropics • Coordinated policies • Agricultural research • Investment in « hard » and « soft » infrastructure • Keeping standards open and fair
  11. 11. Reflections for Green Economy • Win wins are possible but government support necessary • Consumer led demand (higher income groups) • Mutual support feasible between trade and environment regimes (also EGS)
  12. 12. References • UNEP-UNCTAD (2008) Organic Agriculture and Food Security in Africa • IFAD (2005) Evaluation of Organic Agriculture in Asia • ITC/FIBL/IFOAM (2009) The World of Organic Agriculture • ITC/FIBL (2008) Organic Agriculture and Climate Change
  13. 13. Thank you Alexander Kasterine Senior Market Development Adviser (Trade and Environment) International Trade Centre (WTO/ UNCTAD) Geneva, Switzerland kasterine@intracen.org Asad Naqvi Programme Officer United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Geneva, Switzerland Asad.naqvi@unep.ch

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