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1
Beyond nutritionism
the sociocultural dimensions
of food habits
Prof. Jean Pierre Poulain
sociologue et anthropologue
Ch...
The Anglo-Saxon thinking
guiding the world…
Key Messages
• Food is multifunctional - Biological,
Hedonic, Social and Cultural – is does
not only fulfil a biological r...
Obstacle to think interactions
between culture(s) and nutrition
The epistemological
statements of social
science
• Autonom...
Jean-Pierre Poulain
Food is a social event
What constitutes food and, therefore,
what can be eaten; how it is to be
prepar...
What are
food studies?
“Food studies” represents a
new interdisciplinary
perspective in social
sciences and humanities,
fo...
Food Social Space: The social
dimensions of food (Condominas, 1980; Poulain, 1997 et 2002)
Cultures
Room of Freedom
Social...
Inventory
of food models
The progress of science
US 1930, an
« evidence based health policy »
Two “simple” messages
• Avoid fruits and vegetables…
...
Où en sommes nous aujourd’hui ?
• Les « sciences de la
nutrition » ont fait
beaucoup de progrès
mais,
• …nous sommes à la
...
12
New windows of dialogue between
social and genetic
Epi-génétique
Nutri-génétique
Génétique des
population
Nutri-
génomique...
Movements in Food Modernity
Jean-Pierre Poulain
1. Medicalization
2. Judiciarization
3. Patrimonialization
4. Politicizati...
16
Argentine Colombie
japon
Rwanda
Portugal
• Food consumption
– Vegetable
– Meat and fish
– Diary
• Nutrients
– Carbohydrate
– Fat
– Protein
– Micro-nutrients
• Vari...
What is the purpose
of a FB ?
1. To study food patterns
2. It differs from nutritional survey but is
complementary
3. To d...
Food Barometer
Organization
19
Outcomes
COther items
- Food market
- Restaurant industry
- Public Health
- Food Crise moni...
Malysian food barometer Conceptual
framework
20
Independants variables Dependants variables
Food Studies:
Food, Cultures and Health
21
Malaisie – Chair of Food Studies
LIA CNRS Food, Cultures and Health
Pour en savoir plus
 J.-P. Poulain, Dictionnaire des cultures alimentaires , PUF, 2012..
 J.-P. Poulain, Sociologie de l...
Beyond nutritionism  the  sociocultural dimensions  of food habits
Beyond nutritionism  the  sociocultural dimensions  of food habits
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Beyond nutritionism the sociocultural dimensions of food habits

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12th European Nutrition Conference, Berlin, 20-23 October, 2015

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Beyond nutritionism the sociocultural dimensions of food habits

  1. 1. 1 Beyond nutritionism the sociocultural dimensions of food habits Prof. Jean Pierre Poulain sociologue et anthropologue Chair of « Food Studies: Food, Cultures and Health » Taylor’s Toulouse University Center
  2. 2. The Anglo-Saxon thinking guiding the world…
  3. 3. Key Messages • Food is multifunctional - Biological, Hedonic, Social and Cultural – is does not only fulfil a biological role but also contributes to build individual & collective identity • Food styles (Cooking, Ingredients, Table manners…) are diversified around the world and contribute to maintain eaters’ identity and some social functions… but food cultures are changing . • So the challenge is not only in the nutritional quality of food but in the quality of food style (meals, how they are cooked/prepared) and life style Cultures Room of Freedom Social Dimensions of Food Physiological and biological constraints Ecological constraints Impact of the culture on the genetic structure of population Impact of the culture on the biotope • Edible/ Inedible • Food System • Culinary • Consumption Patterns • Food Temporality • Social Differentiation • Political dimensions
  4. 4. Obstacle to think interactions between culture(s) and nutrition The epistemological statements of social science • Autonomy of social • Definition of “social fact” The definition of culture • Culture of elites versus popular cultures. • National cultures versus social group’s cultures and versus ethnic cultures • Cultures are changing
  5. 5. Jean-Pierre Poulain Food is a social event What constitutes food and, therefore, what can be eaten; how it is to be prepared, presented, and consumed; with whom you eat and so forth express complex relationships to class, ethnicity and gender. Food studies uncover the complexity behind an everyday life material that affects and effects multiple social networks, wherein food is both the material and symbol by which class, race/ethnicity, sex/gender are socially constructed.
  6. 6. What are food studies? “Food studies” represents a new interdisciplinary perspective in social sciences and humanities, forming linkages and interconnections among food-related issues. (Power and Koç 2008: 2).
  7. 7. Food Social Space: The social dimensions of food (Condominas, 1980; Poulain, 1997 et 2002) Cultures Room of Freedom Social Dimensions of Food Physiological and biological constraints Ecological constraints Impact of the culture on the genetic structure of population Impact of the culture on the biotope• Edible/ Inedible • Food System • Culinary • Consumption Patterns • Food Temporality • Social Differentiation
  8. 8. Inventory of food models
  9. 9. The progress of science US 1930, an « evidence based health policy » Two “simple” messages • Avoid fruits and vegetables… Only cellulose non digestible and water… • Prefer fater piece of meet More energy • The dominant conception of nutrition is an energetic one • Even some articles on micronutrients, vitamins, … non energetic 10
  10. 10. Où en sommes nous aujourd’hui ? • Les « sciences de la nutrition » ont fait beaucoup de progrès mais, • …nous sommes à la veille d’une « révolution scientifique » dans le champ de la nutrition… 11 • Paris, 2000 conférence de l‘Institut Danone : « Enfin Harvey ! Nous avons fait beaucoup de progrès… »
  11. 11. 12
  12. 12. New windows of dialogue between social and genetic Epi-génétique Nutri-génétique Génétique des population Nutri- génomique Conception Naissance
  13. 13. Movements in Food Modernity Jean-Pierre Poulain 1. Medicalization 2. Judiciarization 3. Patrimonialization 4. Politicization 5. Environmental concern 6. Relation Men Animal
  14. 14. 16 Argentine Colombie japon Rwanda Portugal
  15. 15. • Food consumption – Vegetable – Meat and fish – Diary • Nutrients – Carbohydrate – Fat – Protein – Micro-nutrients • Variety  Eating out  Food intakes – Food days – Meals and snacking , structures and compositions  Representations on food  Perception of risk 17 Nutritional surveys Socio-anthropological surveys Interdisciplinary Dialogue Public Health Sensorial analysis Socio-cultural determinants Food lifestyles Eating decision Food Barometer
  16. 16. What is the purpose of a FB ? 1. To study food patterns 2. It differs from nutritional survey but is complementary 3. To develop interdisciplinary dialogue: – between nutrition and anthropology for the benefice of public health – between sensorial analysis and sociological analysis to explore food decision 18
  17. 17. Food Barometer Organization 19 Outcomes COther items - Food market - Restaurant industry - Public Health - Food Crise monitoring Operational Objectives Scientific Objectives Social-Demographic characteristic include ethnicity & social mobility Food & eating norms Food practices & recall of 24 hours Purchase & cooking practices Representations on foods and eating include risk perception Ethnic group's boundaries, crossbreeding Specific Outcomes per Stakeholder Specific focus (...)
  18. 18. Malysian food barometer Conceptual framework 20 Independants variables Dependants variables
  19. 19. Food Studies: Food, Cultures and Health 21 Malaisie – Chair of Food Studies LIA CNRS Food, Cultures and Health
  20. 20. Pour en savoir plus  J.-P. Poulain, Dictionnaire des cultures alimentaires , PUF, 2012..  J.-P. Poulain, Sociologie de l’obésité, PUF, 2009.  J.-P. Poulain, Sociologies de l’alimentation, PUF, 2013.  J.-P. Poulain et E. Neirinck, Histoire de la cuisine et des cuisiniers, Lanore, 2004.  J.-P. Corbeau et J.-P. Poulain, Penser l’alimentation, entre imaginaire et rationalité, Privat, 2002, 2008.  J.-P. Poulain, Manger aujourd’hui, Attitudes, normes et pratiques, Privat, 2001, 2008.

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